Physics And Astronomy

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Physics and AstronomyPHYSICS AND ASTRONOMY Hopkins is the nation’s first research university. That emphasison research continues to this day and forms the backbone of theundergraduate and graduate programs in the Department of Physics andAstronomy. The department’s research program is focused into four areasof excellence: Astrophysics Condensed Matter Physics Elementary Particle Physics Plasma PhysicsFor graduate students interested in these fields, the department offersworld-class research opportunities in a friendly and supportive setting.For undergraduates, JHU offers exposure to cutting-edge researchcombined with a level of personal attention that is typically found only inliberal arts colleges. Nearly all physics majors at JHU work on researchprojects and many begin as freshmen or sophomores.All research builds upon an established body of knowledge. To beeffective researchers, teachers, or professionals, both undergraduateand graduate students must acquire a core knowledge of physics. Ourundergraduate and graduate courses are designed to cover the coresubjects at the appropriate levels, leading to advanced courses on avariety of specialized topics. As a consequence, students having differentbackgrounds or different ultimate objectives can select those partsthat are most appropriate for them. The selections are made under theguidance of a faculty advisor. The advisor aids the student in makingthe most efficient use of his or her time and ensures that his or herprogram contains a reasonable balance among classroom and laboratory,mathematics, seminars, and introduction to research.Donald E. Kerr Memorial PrizeIn recognition of Dr. Kerr’s work in microwave physics, the departmentawards the Donald E. Kerr Memorial Prize each year to the mostoutstanding undergraduate major graduating in physics.FacilitiesThe Department of Physics and Astronomy’s first facility was Rowland’smeasuring engine for determining the solar spectrum in the 1880s. Eversince that time the Department has maintained a long and continuoushistory in instrumentation. In recent decades this has extended toinstrumentation for space missions. The Department maintains aClass-1000 clean room for microfabrication and nanofabrication, ahigh bay lab, professional and student machine shops, and supports aworld-renowned Instrument Development Group (IDG) with six full-timeengineers and three full-time machinists.Among the diverse techniques used for studying condensed matterphysics are magnetometry/susceptometry, specific heat and transportmeasurements, atomic force and magnetic force microscopy, X-ray andelectron diffraction, terahertz spectroscopy, and neutron scatteringat the nearby NIST Center for Neutron Research and at the SpallationNeutron Source, ORNL. A variety of cryostats, He3 refrigerators, andHe3-He4 dilution refrigerators together with high temperature ovens,electromagnets, and superconducting magnets allow measurements tobe made from 0.05 K to 1100 K and in magnetic fields up to 14 Tesla.Apparatus for the preparation of samples includes two image furnaces1for floating zone growth, single-crystal growth vacuum furnaces, box andtube furnaces, arc furnaces, several high vacuum and ultra-high vacuumchambers for thin film fabrication using evaporation, MBE, pulsed laserdeposition, sputtering, and focused ion beam (FIB) milling. Also availableon campus are cutting-edge transmission electron microscopes andscanning electron microscopes.In astrophysics, research groups have state-of-the-art laboratoriesfor testing cryogenic transition-edge bolometer detectors with SQUIDread-out electronics, and closed-cycle helium crogenics. Recentinstrumentation advances include the design and manufacture of largefree-standing polarization grids and novel high-bandwidth smooth-wallfeed horns. Current activities include development of microwave andmillimeter-wave instruments for far-infrared and microwave astronomyand cosmology.The research groups in the department have a wide range of state-of-theart computer facilities including high performance clusters with over athousand processors and the largest database at a university—over apetabyte. All undergraduate majors and graduate students have accessto high performance workstations.Financial AidGraduate students in good standing are normally supported by acombination of fellowships, research assistantships and teachingassistantships. The financial package covers full tuition, individual healthinsurance, and an academic year salary commensurate with that ofother leading research institutions. Teaching assistantship is a commonmode of financial support; experience in teaching is a valuable part ofthe Ph.D. program. A teaching assistantship supports the student duringthe academic year and is supplemented by a research assistantshipduring the summer. The assistant is expected to help in the teaching ofthe general physics course and other introductory and major courses.The typical teaching duties include leading a problem-solving section orlaboratory exercises and homework grading. Research assistantshipsare based on the availability of funding to the research advisor and arearranged directly with him/her. Research assistantships provide anopportunity for deep engagement in ongoing experimental or theoreticalresearch. In addition, the department and the University offer severalfellowships on a competitive basis, some covering travel, supplies orresearch expenses and some covering a semester’s or a year’s worth ofthe entire financial package. Some students are supported by externalfellowships, such as the pre-doctoral fellowship of the National ScienceFoundation.All fellows and teaching and research assistants in the Department ofPhysics and Astronomy register as full-time students and thus fulfill theirresidence requirements while holding appointments. Loans and workstudy arrangements are available from the Office of Financial Aid.Graduate ProgramsGraduate study in physics and astronomy at Hopkins is intendedprimarily to prepare Ph.D. graduates for careers in teaching and researchin physics and astronomy, or in applications such as biophysics, spacephysics, and industrial research. Entering students may elect to worktoward a Ph.D. in physics or a Ph.D. in astronomy and astrophysics.The two programs are similar in structure but have somewhat differentcourse requirements (see below). A wide range of research projects—both theoretical and experimental—are available for graduate studentsin Astrophysics ondensed Matter Physics ed-matter-physics/), Particle Physics (

2Physics and Astronomy morris/jhu hep/jhu hep.html), and Plasma Spectroscopy spectroscopy/).Programs Astronomy and Astrophysics, PhD my/astronomy-astrophysics-phd/) Physics and Astronomy, Bachelor of Arts nomy/physics-astronomy-bachelor-arts/) Physics, Bachelor of Science nomy/physics-bachelor-science/) Physics, Bachelor of Science/Master of Science my/physics-bachelor-science-masterscience/) Physics, Minor omy/physicsminor/) Physics, PhD omy/physicsphd/)For current course information and registration go to General Physics: Physical Science Major I. 4 Credits.First semester of a two-semester sequence in general physics coversmechanics, heat, sound, electricity and magnetism, optics, and atomicphysics. Midterm exams for every section are given during the 8 AMsection time! Accordingly, students registering for sections at timesother than 8 AM must retain availability for 8 AM sections as needed.Corequisite: AS.110.108-AS.110.109, AS.173.111-AS.173.112Area: Engineering, Natural SciencesAS.171.102. General Physics: Physical Science Major II. 4 Credits.Second semester of a two-semester sequence in general physics coversmechanics, heat, sound, electricity and magnetism, optics, and atomicphysics. Midterm exams for every section are given during the 8 AMsection time! Accordingly, students registering for sections at timesother than 8 AM must retain availability for 8 AM sections as needed.Recommended Course Background: A grade of C- or better in eitherPhysics I or the first semester of Intro to Mechanics I ( AS.171.101 ORAS.171.103 OR AS.171.105 OR AS.171.107 OR EN.530.103 )Area: Engineering, Natural SciencesAS.171.103. General Physics I for Biological Science Majors. 4 Credits.First-semester of two-semester sequence in calculus-based generalphysics, tailored to students majoring in one of the biological sciences.In this term, the topics covered include the basic principles of classicalmechanics and fluids as well as an introduction to wave motion.Recommended Corequisites: (AS.173.111) AND (AS.110.106 orAS.110.108 or AS.110.113).Midterm exams are given at 8am Tuesdays,so students must leave their schedules open at this time in order to beable to take these examsArea: Engineering, Natural SciencesAS.171.104. General Physics/Biology Majors II. 4 Credits.This two-semester sequence is designed to present a standard calculusbased physics preparation tailored to students majoring in one of thebiological sciences. Topics in electricity & magnetism, optics, and modernphysics will be covered in this semester. Midterm exams for every sectionare given during the 8 AM section time! Accordingly, students registeringfor sections at times other than 8 AM must retain availability for 8 AMsections as needed. Recommended Course Background: C- or better inAS.171.101 or AS.171.103; Corequisite: AS.110.109, AS 173.112.Area: Engineering, Natural SciencesAS.171.105. Classical Mechanics I. 4 Credits.An in-depth introduction to classical mechanics intended for physicsmajors/minors and other students with a strong interest in physics. Thiscourse treats fewer topics than AS.171.101 and AS.171.103 but withgreater mathematical sophistication. It is particularly recommendedfor students who intend to take AS.171.201-AS.171.202 or AS.171.309AS.171.310. Recommended Corequisites: AS.173.115 and AS.110.108Area: Engineering, Natural SciencesAS.171.106. Electricity and Magnetism I. 4 Credits.Classical electricity and magnetism with fewer topics than 171.101-103,but with greater mathematical sophistication. Particularly recommendedfor students who plan to take AS.171.201-AS.171.202. RecommendedCourse Background: C- or better in AS.171.105; Corequisite: AS.173.116,AS.110.109Area: Engineering, Natural SciencesAS.171.107. General Physics for Physical Sciences Majors (AL). 4Credits.This two-semester sequence in general physics is identical in subjectmatter to AS.171.101-AS.171.102, covering mechanics, heat, sound,electricity and magnetism, optics, and modern physics, but differs ininstructional format. Rather than being presented via lectures anddiscussion sections, it is instead taught in an "active learning" stylewith most class time given to small group problem-solving guidedby instructors. Midterm exams for every section are given during the8 AM section time! Accordingly, students registering for sections attimes other than 8 AM must retain availability for 8 AM sections asneeded. Recommended Corequisites: (AS.173.111) AND (AS.110.106 orAS.110.108 or AS.110.113)Area: Engineering, Natural SciencesAS.171.108. General Physics for Physical Science Majors (AL). 4Credits.This two-semester sequence in general physics is identical in subjectmatter to AS.171.101-AS.171.102, covering mechanics, heat, sound,electricity and magnetism, optics, and modern physics, but differs ininstructional format. Rather than being presented via lectures anddiscussion sections, it is instead taught in an "active learning" stylewith most class time given to small group problem-solving guidedby instructors. Recommended Course Background: A grade of C- orbetter in either Physics I or the first semester of Engineering Mechanics( AS.171.101 OR AS.171.103 OR AS.171.105 OR AS.171.107 OREN.530.103 )Area: Engineering, Natural Sciences

Physics and AstronomyAS.171.113. Subatomic World. 3 Credits.Introduction to the concepts of physics of the subatomic world:symmetries, relativity, quanta, neutrinos, particles and fields. The coursetraces the history of our description of the physical world from theGreeks through Faraday and Maxwell to quantum mechanics in the early20th century and on through nuclear physics and particle physics. Theemphasis is on the ideas of modern physics, not on the mathematics.Intended for non-science majors.Area: Natural SciencesAS.171.118. Stars and the Universe: Cosmic Evolution. 3 Credits.This course looks at the evolution of the universe from its origin ina cosmic explosion to emergence of life on Earth and possibly otherplanets throughout the universe. Topics include big-bang cosmology;origin and evolution of galaxies, stars, planets, life, and intelligence; blackholes; quasars; and relativity theory. The material is largely descriptive,based on insights from physics, astronomy, geology, chemistry, biology,and anthropology.Area: Natural SciencesAS.171.125. It's not magic, it's physics: Extraordinary Experiments. 3Credits.Students will learn key concepts of everyday physics throughexperimentation. They will design, build, and run experimentsthemselves. The course will be graded on participation and a graded finalpresentation.Area: Natural SciencesAS.171.133. Black Holes and Other Compact Objects: For Non-Majors. 3Credits.This is a lecture and discussion course aimed at undergraduate studentswho are not physics and astronomy majors. The topic of the lectures willbe a basic overview of the qualitative properties of and historical work oncompact astrophysical objects (such as black holes, neutron stars, whitedwarfs) and related phenomena.Area: Natural SciencesAS.171.201. Special Relativity/Waves. 4 Credits.Course continues introductory physics sequence (begins withAS.171.105-AS.171.106). Special theory of relativity, forced and dampedoscillators, Fourier analysis, wave equation, reflection and transmission,diffraction and interference, dispersion. Meets with AS.171.207.Area: Engineering, Natural SciencesAS.171.202. Modern Physics. 4 Credits.Course completes four-semester introductory sequence that includesAS.171.105-AS.171.106 and AS.171.201. Planck’s hypothesis, de Brogliewaves, Bohr atom, Schrodinger equation in one dimension, hydrogenatom, Pauli exclusion principle, conductors and semiconductors, nuclearphysics, particle physics.Area: Natural SciencesAS.171.204. Classical Mechanics II. 4 Credits.Principles of Newtonian and Lagrangian mechanics; applicationto central-force motion, rigid body motion, and the theory of smalloscillations. Recommended Course Background: AS.110.108 andAS.110.109, AS.110.202, AS.171.201, or AS.171.309. AS.110.201 orequivalent is strongly recommended.Area: Natural Sciences3AS.171.205. Introduction to Practical Data Science: Beautiful Data. 3Credits.The class will provide an overview of data science, with an introductionto basic statistical principles, databases, fundamentals of algorithmsand data structures, followed by practical problems in data analytics.Recommend Course Background: Familiarity with principles ofcomputing.Area: Natural Sciences, Quantitative and Mathematical SciencesAS.171.207. Special Relativity. 1 Credit.Three-week introduction to special relativity for students who elect totake AS.171.209 in place of AS.171.201.Area: Natural SciencesAS.171.301. Electromagnetic Theory II. 4 Credits.Static electric and magnetic fields in free space and matter; boundaryvalue problems; electromagnetic induction; Maxwell’s equations; and anintroduction to electrodynamics.Area: Natural SciencesAS.171.303. Quantum Mechanics I. 4 Credits.Fundamental aspects of quantum mechanics. Uncertainty relations,Schrodinger equation in one and three dimensions, tunneling, harmonicoscillator, angular momentum, hydrogen atom, spin, Pauli principle,perturbation theory (time-independent and time-dependent), transitionprobabilities and selection rules, atomic structure, scattering theory.Recommended Course Background: AS.110.302 or AS.110.306.Prerequisite(s): (AS.171.204 ) AND ( AS.110.201 OR AS.110.212 ) AND( AS.110.202 OR AS.110.211 )Area: Natural SciencesAS.171.304. Quantum Mechanics II. 4 Credits.Fundamental aspects of quantum mechanics. Uncertainty relations,Schrodinger equation in one and three dimensions, tunneling, harmonicoscillator, angular momentum, hydrogen atom, spin, Pauli principle,perturbation theory, transition probabilities and selection rules, atomicstructure, scattering theory. Recommended Course Background:AS.171.303, AS.171.202, AS.171.204, AS.110.202.Area: Natural SciencesAS.171.309. Wave Phenomena with Biophysical Application. 4 Credits.Introduction to wave phenomena, primarily through study of biophysicalprobes that depend on the interaction of electromagnetic radiation withmatter. Topics include Fourier Analysis; standing waves; sound andhearing; diffraction and crystallography; geometrical and physical optics– the physics of modern light microscopy; quantum mechanics – howliving things absorb light; NMR and MRI. Occasional laboratory exercisesare included.Area: Natural SciencesAS.171.310. Biological Physics. 4 Credits.Introduces topics of classical statistical mechanics. Additional topicsinclude low-Reynolds number hydrodynamics and E&M of ionic solutions,via biologically relevant examples.Area: Natural SciencesAS.171.312. Statistical Physics/Thermodynamics. 4 Credits.Undergraduate course that develops the laws and general theorems ofthermodynamics from a statistical framework.Prerequisite(s): Calculus II ( AS.110.107 or AS.110.109 or AS.110.113 ).It is recommended that students have also taken Quantum Mechanics(AS.171.303), Linear Algebra (AS.110.201 or AS.110.212) and Calculus III(AS.110.202 or AS.110.211)Area: Natural Sciences

4Physics and AstronomyAS.171.313. Introduction to Stellar Physics. 3 Credits.Survey of stellar astrophysics. Topics include stellar atmospheres,stellar interiors, nucleosynthesis, stellar evolution, supernovae, whitedwarfs, neutron stars, pulsars, black holes, binary stars, accretion disks,protostars, and extrasolar planetary systems. Recommended CourseBackground: AS.110.108-AS.110.109, AS.171.202Area: Natural SciencesAS.171.314. Introduction to Galaxies and Active Galactic Nuclei. 3Credits.This course will introduce student to the physics of galaxies and theirconstituents: stars, gas, dust, dark matter and a supermassive black holein the central regions.Area: Natural SciencesAS.171.321. Introduction to Space, Science, and Technology. 3 Credits.Topics include space astronomy, remote observing of the earth,space physics, planetary exploration, human space flight, spaceenvironment, orbits, propulsion, spacecraft design, attitude controland communication. Crosslisted by Departments of Earth andPlanetary Sciences, Materials Science and Engineering and MechanicalEngineering. Recommended Course Background: AS.171.101-AS.171.102or similar; AS.110.108-AS.110.109.Area: Engineering, Natural SciencesAS.171.324. Statistical thinking and data analysis. 3 Credits.We live in a data-rich world where the flux of information increasesexponentially. We will learn how to think statistically and see patterns andstructure in many system

Graduate study in physics and astronomy at Hopkins is intended primarily to prepare Ph.D. graduates for careers in teaching and research in physics and astronomy, or in applications such as biophysics, space physics, and industrial research. Entering students may elect to work toward a Ph.D. in physics o

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