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DIGITAL RESOURCESFOR YOUNG LEARNERSIN MONTENEGRO!"#" %&'()* ,(-)*'. ('/ ,0#'&)%(0)(*'12"*'3%0,%&'"*'%"3)4'. (' 2 *)' )%-2)(*'5" 2'&"6&)' ('0 ')78)(")0-)9'%04'. (' 2 *)' )%-2)(*'52 '2%:)'%0')7 )0*":)'This manual is aimed at those teachers with little)78)(")0-)'"0' )%-2"0#'/ ,0#'&)%(0)(*;'12)'3%0,%&'- 0 %"0*'%':%* '0,3 )(' .'%- :" )*'*," % &)'. ('&)%(0)(*'%#)4' ?@A' 2% 'or no experience, and for those teachers who have5"&&'*8%(B' 2)"('"0 )()* 9'-()% :" /'%04')0 2,*"%*3;'extensive experience in teachingyoung learners.The manual contains a vast number of activities'suitable for learners aged 6 14 that will spark theirinterest, creativity and

INTRODUCTIONTHE LEARNERSWe have put this manual together because we believethat teachers play an important role in language learning.It is primarily the teacher whose task is to motivate thelearners, inspire them and provoke their interest. Only inthis way will learners develop love for the language thatwill lead to successful language learning.We are all aware that young children have a short attentionspan, and therefore need shorter activities that willkeep their interest. It is for this purpose that the manualcontains activities that will require colouring in, cuttingwith scissors, singing songs, playing games and activitiesthat are not too demanding in the early stages of learningthe language. Grade one primarily focuses on TotalPhysical Response (TPR), which is an extremely usefuland adaptable teaching method. With TPR learners listento their teacher telling them what to do, and then do it.Instructions tend to range from very simple sentences tomore complex ones. However, bear in mind that childrentend to understand much more than they can produce.As we progress further, we have suggested activitiesand tasks that are relevant, more challenging, practical,motivating and at the same time enjoyable.WHO IS THIS MANUAL FORThis manual is aimed at teachers with little or noexperience, and for those teachers who have extensiveexperience in teaching young learners. The manualcontains a vast number of activities suitable for learnersaged 6 to 14 that will spark their interest, creativity andenthusiasm. We believe that the recommended activitiesfor each grade will lead to a high degree of motivation andmake the English classroom an enjoyable and stimulatingenvironment for everyone, including the teacher.WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF THE MANUALThis manual aims to assist teachers in the languageclassroom. It is not merely a compendium of methods,links, and tasks, but it is a resource that will help teachersintroduce Information and Communication Technologies(ICT) in the learning process from grade 1 to rnenglishkids

The main purpose of the manual is to:TEACHING ENGLISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGETO YOUNG LEARNERS Provide teachers with support when using IT technologyEnglish is a compulsory course in the nine-yearelementary education in the Republic of Montenegro.It is taught from grade 1 to grade 9 of the primaryeducation. As in many other European Union countrieswhere there have been tendencies to introduce English inthe education systems from the first year of the primaryeducation, a lot of emphasis has been placed on learningthe language in Montenegro as well. Aid teachers in accessing resources from British Council’sLearn English Kids and Learn English Teens portals Provide teachers with links and various communicativetasks, songs, stories and games Help teachers help their students develop the four skills– listening, speaking, reading and writing Provide teachers with fun activities.Children from Montenegro enter school when theyare six years old. This is a very early age for learningand pedagogical and methodological approaches varyimmensely, for example between grade 1 and grade 9. Allteachers need to take into account students’ physical andpsychological characteristics in all 9 grades. Therefore,teachers need to ask themselves the question: “What canmy students do at this particular level?”HOW TO USE THE MANUALThe manual is designed so that it gives a brief overview ofwhat can be found for each grade, starting from grade 1to grade 9. It is divided in two sections. The first sectionillustrates the types of activities, tasks, songs, stories andgames that can be used with learners in each grade, witha few illustrations that will guide you. The second sectiongives you the digital content, i.e. links for each grade plusadditional resources that will help you build on the existinggained knowledge. All of these activities may be usedin your classroom and make the learning process morestimulating and motivating for your learners.British Council in Montenegro initiated this project in orderto help teachers enrich the English language

TECHNOLOGY AS AN INSTRUMENT OF CHANGE Improving the quality of learning by motivating andengaging students in the learning process and“Making use of Information and CommunicationTechnologies (ICT) when learning a language at thebeginning of the 21st century is, for most members ofaffluent societies, an obvious, normal course of action.Just as technology has become woven into the fabric ofeveryday life, so language study has come to rely on formsof technological enhancement, from audio and videorecordings to forms of World Wide Web (www) resources”.- ICT and Language learning: From print to the mobile phone,Marie – Madeleine Kenning, Palgrave Macmillan, 2007. Enhancing the quality of teaching.The Law on Primary Education requires teachers in thepublic school system to use the IT technology. This manualwill enable all teachers who teach from grade 1 to 9 inMontenegro to incorporate ICT in their teaching processwith ease, as the recommended digital resources aresuitable for the age that you teach and are in accordancewith the topic taught.We hope you enjoy working with the manual!As stated in the quote, the use of Information andCommunication Technology (ICT) such as Internetapplications, CD-ROMs, Power Point presentations,video technology and various computer attachmentsand software programmes have caused many changesin society. These changes have also impacted the waywe live our daily lives. The use of ICT has also changedteaching in a number of ways. Teachers can now createtheir own material and thus have more control over thematerial used in the classroom. In addition, the use ofready-made web resources can enhance and complementthe teaching process. Therefore, we can say that ICTcertainly contributes to education by:A FINAL WORD“Education technology is not, and never will be,transformative on its own. computers cannot replaceteachers – teachers are the key to whether technology isused appropriately and effectively.”Carlson and Gradio, earnenglishkids

GRADES 1 3Methodological approaches in the first grade, and whenteaching very young learners, in general, are based onthe so-called TPR Method (Total Physical Response).This method emphasizes listening as a skill as it exposesstudents to the target language. Language productioncomes at a later stage, when the child is ready. However,as time progresses, learners gain more confidence as theycan understand and do what they have been asked.British Council’s free Learn English Kids website offers avariety of songs, games and other activities that learnerscan do at this particular level. To choose songs anddifferent activities, go to the Learn English Kids website to the Grade 1 curriculum, students areexpected to develop positive attitude towards languagelearning and to understand basic spoken language.There are a multitude of approaches, methods, principles,and techniques used in foreign language teaching.Needless to say, none of them is the right and the mostappropriate method. The teacher must decide on themethod she/he wants to use in teaching her/his org/learnenglishkids

Songs are very motivational when it comes to littlechildren. They can be a lot of fun, can produce excitementand have a positive effect in their development. Usingsongs to learn about something helps the learnersremember it quicker.Children learn through play and often are not aware thatthey are learning if they are enjoying the game. Games,apart from being motivating and educational, help childrenbe more creative. The visual and the sound effects onlyfurther enhance learning. A sample game is ‘Paint it’ wherechildren can visualize the animals and paint them with therequired colour, thus revising already learned

Stories, like songs, develop the child’s fluency. They areadditionally inspiring and meaningful. Again, learning isfacilitated with the visual and the sound input. Unlike thetraditional listening and reading of the story, with the ICTinput children get visual support, which makes it moreinteresting.Learners in grade 2 have been exposed to some listeningand speaking activities while in grade 1. Although theyunderstand basic classroom language, exposure tolanguage is crucial at this level. Besides word games,students will be exposed to the target language by doinga variety of different tasks and activities ranging fromlistening and watching short stories, acting out stories,singing songs and some hands-on activities. Teachers canprint materials to use in /learnenglishkids

Topic can be found on the right-hand side of the screen orgo to rnenglishkids

In the Make section, teachers can find ready-made materialsthat they can use with their students in class. They can findarts and craft worksheets, which can also be downloaded.All of these activities are accompanied by videos, whichactually show how children make these things.There are lots of games and videos on Learn EnglishKids to help teach children vocabulary and encouragespeaking.In the Listen and Watch section, teachers will find storiesand songs that they may use to consolidate the newlanguage. The stories and songs have worksheets that canbe downloaded and used in the classroom.The grammar section also offers ”Grammar with gran”videos that can be used to teach or revise certaingrammatical points. Even at this age there are videos thatcan help young learners learn, for example, prepositionsof place. The available worksheets that go along with thevideo will allow learners to practice this area of rg/learnenglishkids

GRADES 4 6Third grade students are already at the age whencognitive learning emerges and when they not onlyrecognize but, compare, share, and analyse things. Theyare able to recognize letters and copy and recognizewords.Suitable sections with these students are the Read andWrite section.In grade 3 students are slowly and gradually introduced tothe reading and writing skill.In the ”Kids games” section there are activities called”Label the picture”. They will help students first recognizethe written word visually. Students can practice movingthe words and labelling objects in the house/bedroom.They get to see the score, which is very motivational.Although this is early stage for beginning reading,teachers can probe or tap into students’ readingrecognition and

Quizzes and other fun ‘drag and drop’ activities can beused to help students practice vocabulary. These activitiescan be done online. In addition, much of the vocabulary ispresented through flashcards.At this stage, learners have the opportunity to registeron the site. They can create their own avatars, writecomments which are published and read comments fromother learners of English. All comments are moderated bysite editors to ensure a safe online environment. Recentlypublished comments are featured in the ‘Your comments’box on the home page for the world to see, which can bevery motivating for learners. Pupils can also participate inpolls to vote on various rg/learnenglishkids

In order to practice grammar structures in a fun andmotivational way, teachers may wish to listen to songsand do some additional vocabulary activities. The soundeffect and the authenticity of the language make the songmemorable for the students, whereas its rhythm and thevisual support also make an impact on learning.Children in grades 4-6 are able to read and write, eachchild at their own speed and knowledge. The complexity oflanguage learning is very much present and obvious here.Students are guided towards autonomy, however slowly.By carefully selecting activities and taking the sameactivities sometimes from previous levels, teachers canmake the requirements for the song, story or game moredifficult by letting students have the text in front of them(there is also a “Text off” option).Since reading and writing are considered to be morecomplex mental activities, teachers need to graduallyintroduce each org/learnenglishkids

Stories-Reading/Listening/SpeakingBefore doing the actual listening/reading, teachers maywish to do some pre-reading tasks. These tasks will helplearners approach any story with confidence. Meaningfor them becomes clear from the context. Apart fromdeveloping learners’ pronunciation skills, intonation andrhythm, teachers can go on to any further activities. Topractice speaking, learners may even act out the story orbe involved in role-playing activities on the same topic.WritingInitially, teachers may wish to encourage learners tocreate words out of given letters. The sounding signalassists the students in the writing process. The game isvery challenging, but very

To further improve learners’ writing, teachers can usethe Story Maker that can be found in the Make section.This particular activity allows students to create theirown stories and share them with the other learners. As anadditional task, teachers may wish to give students a taskto write their own simple story.In the Make section students can create their own stories,comics and monsters. Using their hands to create thingsenhances students .org/learnenglishkids

For 5th and 6th grade learners, the Learn English Kids websiteoffers texts, dialogues, twisters, songs, games and videoswhich can be used both in the classroom and at home.Audio and video activities are accompanied by printableworksheets that can be done in or out of the classroom.Grammar is taught in more explicit manner at this level.There are numerous things which can be done whenlearning or practicing grammar. Teachers and studentscan find grammar games, grammar videos, grammarquizzes and grammar tests at marThe expansion of the reading and writing skills is evenmore emphasized in the 5th and 6th grade.Students can compare and contrast, and share theirknowledge with the prior knowledge from other coursestaught in school. The skills of reading and writing can beemployed and practiced here in a controlled manner withsome student .org/learnenglishkids

Grammar games and activities are more challengingfor this level. However, they are still fun and motivating.They provide students opportunities to respond quickly,and guess the right word order in the sentence. Theencouraging sound effect is very supportive and leading.Grammar videos are also important for this level.Learners can also try out the grammar tests section tosee how much grammar they know. They can also read thegrammar rule if they need some help. Fun- Games provideopportunities for lots of fun where students employ

The section Read and Write and Speak and Spell can beused for ample opportunities of practicing these rg/learnenglishkids

More extensive reading is offered within the storiessection that also allows teachers to download and printworksheets. There is a possibility to print the text to thestories that may be used in the classroom while watchingand listening to the story. This section allows for practicingof all four skills with the students and there are a variety oftasks that offer opportunities for extra .org/learnenglishkids

GRADES 7 9Songs and stories for the highest grades are morecomplicated in terms of vocabulary and grammar. Arange of topics covered by the songs and stories is wide.While for some songs such activities and techniqueslike TPR and role-play are still effective, other songs aregood for discussing and doing projects (e.g. People Workand Planet Earth). As some stories and songs cover thesame topic (e.g. People Work song and What Will I BeWhen I Grow Up? story) they could be used together in alesson to enhance students’ comprehension of the topic.Drama gives learners additional opportunities to useEnglish authentically and addresses visual, auditory andkinesthetic learners. Some songs and stories are matchedwith particular lessons of relevant topics in the curriculum;however, it is the teacher who is to decide when toincorporate the materials in org/learnenglishkids

On LearnEnglish Teens, users can:At this level students should be exposed to another BritishCouncil’s free website called Learn English Teens Practise their reading, writing and listening skills.The LearnEnglish Teens website is designed especiallyfor 13-to-17-year-olds to fill the gap between theLearnEnglish Kids and LearnEnglish adult .org/learnenglishkids

Practice grammar and improve their vocabulary withvideos and exercises. Find top tips to help them pass their g/learnenglishkids

Find out about life in the UK by watching videos andreading stories and articles. Relax and learn at the same time by watching fun videos.Playing games and doing puzzles in the study

Find suitable material easily by level, topic or section. Read articles written by young people on a wide rangeof topics in the magazine section. Interact with each other and our moderators to practicetheir English by writing comments on the site.LearnEnglish Teens has a ‘responsive design’, whichmeans it works on different screen sizes such assmartphones, tablets and

Mapping the LearnEnglish Kidswebsite contentagainst English curriculaGRADES 1 3GRADES 4 6GRADES 7 englishkids

Mapping the LearnEnglish Kids website content against English curricula: GRADES 1 3Lexical Myself and others (family and /en/songs/bean-bag-helloSongHello, name, say, bagPossessive adjectives–my, yourPrintable text andactivities for the songImperativePrintable text andactivities for the, teeth, brush, smilehttp:/

FOR YOUNG LEARNERS IN MONTENEGRO This manual is aimed at those teachers with little or no experience, and for those teachers who have extensive experience in teaching young learners. The manual contains a vast number of activities suitable for learners aged 6 14 t

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