Why We Wear Clothes Fashion Terms And Design Details

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8/28/15Why We wear clothesProtection Provides physical safeguards to the bodyPrevents harm from climate and environmentMaintains body temperatureKeeps you safe from harm or injury Ex. Football Players wear helmets, when you go boating, youwear a life vest Safety clothing is required in some occupations– Firefighters, policemen, medical workersModesty Modesty: Covering the body according to thecode of decency established by society Modesty standards are different in other cultures. Muslimwomen must cover their bodies and faces completely. Onlytheir eyes can show Guides in clothing choices. You want to feellike you belongStatus Establishing one’s position or rank incomparison to others– Military uniforms, designer clothing, etc.Adornment Using individual wardrobe toadd decoration orornamentation (Make-up,clothes, accessories, etc.) In some cultures, adornment isused to show traditions ordevotion to their religion. Othercultures use it as a way toenhance their appearance.Identification Clothing that establishes who someone is,what they do, or to which group they belong.– Police officers, sports teams, nurses/doctors1

8/28/15What your clothes sayValues Qualities, standard, principles and ideals youconsider important or desirable. They guide your actions and influence yourdecisions. The decisions you make about what you wearare often influenced by your values.First impressions Within a few seconds of meeting you, peoplewill form their impression of you. Clothing speaks for us! What first impression do you want others tohave of you?Personality Everything about you that makes you unique. Made up of many traits. Traits: qualities that make you different fromeveryone else. The way you dress expresses your personality.Self-Concept The mental picture you have of yourself. Your idea of who you are and what you arelike. These are usually personal or private. The way you dress and your overall appearancecan affect your self-concept. Studies have shown that your feelings aboutyourself usually show in your appearance.The Way you look The best looking people do not necessarily haveperfect features. The secret is to identify your good and badpoints and emphasize those good points youhave. You can use shape, color and design to helpenhance your good points.2

8/28/15Fashion TerminologyApparel-ADD IN All men’s, women’s and children’s clothing. Basically another term for clothing used in thefashion industry.Wardrobe All the apparel a person owns including allgarments and accessoriesFashion The currently accepted style A prevailing type of clothing that is favored bya large segment of the publicTrend The movement of fashion into and through themarket place How long a fashion remains popular Change in hemlines, waistlines, color, shoe style,etc.)Fashion Cycle A cycle of the rise, popularization, and declineof a particular style. Follows the sequence:– Introduction– Rise– Peak– Decline– Outdated3

8/28/15Garment Type A category of clothing. Dress, coat, suit, sweater, pants, etc.Silhouette (Add In) The shape of a clothing style shown by itsouter lines.Draped Wrapped or hung on the body and usually heldin place with pins, toggles, buttons, sash orbelt.Style A particular shape or type of apparel item. The style of garment is determined by thedistinct features that create it’s overallappearance Specific design details create specific styles(i.e. a sheath, shift, and princess are alldifferent styles of dress)Design Detail The various garment parts that distinguishstyles. Necklines, collars, sleeves, bodice, lapels,hemlines, etc. (A T-shirt is a garment type,the neckline changes the style of that garmenti.e. crew neck, Henley, v-neck etc.)Tailored A garment made by cutting fabric pieces andthen sewing them together to fit the body4

8/28/15Composite (ADD IN) A garment that is a combination of tailoredand draped.Haute Couture Pronounced oat-koo-tour The French term that literally means finesewing. It’s the finest clothing from fashionhouses by major designers These are original, one of a kind and expensivedesignsReady to Wear Clothing mass produced in standard sizes andsold to customers without alterationsFit (ADD IN) The right size or how tight or loose theclothing is on the person wearing it.Avant Garde Daring designs that are unconventional andstartling. Usually disappear after a few years.Accessories Articles added to complete or enhance anoutfit Shoes, belts, handbags, jewelry, etc.5

8/28/15ClassicFad/Craze Item of clothing that satisfies a basic needand continues to be in fashion acceptance overan extended period of time Timeless pieces A temporary, passing fashion. An item that has great appeal to many peoplefor a short period of time.Fad vs. ClassicFad vs. ClassicFad Go out of fashion veryquickly, very short lived Extreme styles Large accessoriesSome ExamplesFADCLASSICClassic Never go out of fashion Very simple in design May experience slightalterations, but basicallystays the sameDesign Details6

8/28/15Shirt Styles T-Shirt: a short-sleevedcasual top, generally madeof cotton. (Makes a “T”shape when spread outflat Henley: a casual top witha scoop neck and a shortrow of buttons in thecenter of the necklineShirt Styles Fitted/Blouse: A woman’sgarment resembling a shirt,typically with a collar,buttons, and sleeves Tuxedo: a man’s shirt,usually white, worn aspart of a formal eveningdress.Collar Styles Peter Pan: A close-fitting flator rolled collar with rounded endthat meet in front of a highround neckline Mandarin: a narrow, stand upcollar, not quite meeting at thefront Notched: a collar forming a notchwith the lapels of a garment atthe seam where collar and lapelsjoin.Shirt Styles Polo: a casual short-sleevedcotton shirt with a collarand several buttons at theneck Dress: garment with acollar, and a full-lengthopening at the front fromthe collar to the hem.Collar Styles Shirt: part of a shirt, coat,dress, blouse, etc. thatencompasses the necklineof the garment and issewn permanently to it Button-down: has buttonholes so it can be buttonedto the body of a shirtSleeve Styles Set-in: a sleeve joined tothe body of a garment atthe shoulder Raglan: begins at theneck and has a longslanting seam line fromthe neck the armhole.7

8/28/15Sleeve Styles Dolman: A sleeve taperedfrom a very large armholeto fit closely at the wrist(used on women’sgarments) Leg-O-Mutton: sleeveswith a lot of material atthe top and tapered atthe wristNecklines Jewel: Round necklinewithout a collar. Greatbackground for jewelry Scoop: a round, usually lownecklineNeckline Styles Sweetheart: low at thefront and shaped like thetop of a stylized heart Cowl: material draped inrounded folds around top ofshirt/dressSleeve Styles Shirt Cuff: a fold or bandserving as a finish forthe bottom of a sleeve French cuff: a double cuffformed by folding back awide band at the end ofa sleeve, usually fastenedby a cuff link.Neckline Styles Crew: a high, roundneckline finished with aknit band Boat/Bateau: a wide,high neckline that followsthe curve of thecollarboneDress Styles Sheath: a close-fitting dress,shaped by darts Shift: a straight, loosefitting, unwaisted dress8

8/28/15Dress Styles Empire: has a fitted bodiceending just below the bust,giving a high waistedappearance. The skirt isloosely fitting and skims thebody. Dropped waist: the waist isplaced at the hips insteadof a the natural waist.Skirt Styles Straight/Pencil: a tailoredskirt hanging straightfrom the hips and fittedfrom the waist (may havea vent in the front/back) A-line: fitted at the hipsand gradually widenstowards the hem (makesan “A” shape)Skirt Styles Gathered/Dirndl: a skirtwhose fabric is drawntogether around thewaist-usually gives itmore volume! Wrap: designed to wraparound the body andfastened (usually by atie)Dress Styles Shirtwaist: a dress withthe seam at the waist,it’s bodice incorporatinga collar and buttons (likea shirt) Princess: close-fittingbodice and flared skirt,cut in single pieces fromshoulder to hemSkirt styles Yoke: A skirt that has ayoke (a shaped patternpiece, usually fittingaround the hips for looserfitting garments) Gored: a skirt made up oftriangular pieces ofmaterial that are used toshape the skirtPant Styles Flared/Bootcut: slightlyflared at the bottom ofthe legs Straight: fitted to hipand then falls straight tohem. Tapered: Pants thatnarrow toward thebottom or taper in9

8/28/15Jacket Styles Blazer: lightweight,typically solid-colored notpart of a suit Double Breasted: a jackethaving fronts that overlapenough for two separaterows of buttonsJacket Styles Chanel: Tailored jacket,trimmed and decoratedwith edging, designed andworn by Coco ChanelJacket Styles Bolero: a croppedcardigan-like garmentwith short or longsleeves Tuxedo: also called adinner jacket, a man’sjacket for semi-formalevening dress, traditionalin blackCoat Styles Trench: a loose, belted,double-breasted raincoat inmilitary style Pea: a short, doublebreasted overcoat ofcoarse woolen clothAssignment First, practice yoursketching! Then, choose at least 4design details andincorporate them into adesign. Make sure toinclude color!Portfolio Expectations Background must be on white paper Boarders must be on black cardstock and theymust have STRAIGHT edges. Sketches must be outlined with a black finepoint sharpie and colored. A title must be included. You must use basic design details in yourdescriptions of the outfit. Be sure to explainWHERE on the design you created the conceptyou are assessing and underline the concept.LABEL the assignment next to title at thetop.10

8/28/15RHYTHM: Double StitchedButtonsThis outfit is made by the extra care givento the detail of the straight let pant andfitted, short sleeve jacket. The jackethas short cuffed sleeves and a fittedwaist. The buttons, used not only for afunctional purpose, are repeatedthroughout the design of the jacket.Rhythm by gradation can also be seen inthe different sizes of buttons throughoutthe design. The double stitching on thepockets, hem and side seams of the pantsgive a casual look to the straight legpants. The large belt loops of the pantsmake way for the jacket matching belt.The boot style shoes also have a simpledouble stitching to complete the outfit.The accented neutral color scheme ofbrown and blue also give a sharpopposition in the design for a color break.Tips Use pencil on rough drafts and PRACTICE!! Draw hair. The croquie looks stupid without hair. Do NOT draw a face. The croquie looks stupidwith a face. Think about how clothing sits on the human form.It is not skin tight. The croquie looks stupid withskin tight clothing. Use the croquie forms I provided you with. Be patient and have fun!!11

A temporary, passing fashion. An item that has great appeal to many people for a short period of time. Fad vs. Classic Fad vs. Classic Fad Go out of fashion very quickly, very short lived Extreme styles Large accessories Classic Never go out of fashion Very simple in design May experience slight

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