Newspaper-Brokered Slave Trade Advertisements In North .

8m ago
1.18 MB
8 Pages
Last View : Today
Last Download : 19d ago
Upload by : Alexia Money

Taylor, Jordan E. "Newspaper-Brokered Slave Trade Advertisements in North America,1704-1807." Journal of Slavery and Data Preservation 2, no. 2 r-Brokered Slave TradeAdvertisements in NorthAmerica, 1704-1807Dataset ArticleArticle AuthorsJordan E. TaylorDataset CreatorsJordan E. TaylorDescriptionThis dataset focuses on newspaper advertisements in which newspaper printers acted asbrokers in the sale of enslaved people. It extends from 1704, when the first long-runningnewspaper was published in North America, through 1807, after which the transatlantic slavetrade officially ended and gradual abolition schemes in the North meant that the internal slavetrade shifted slowly to the South. It contains more than 2,100 eighteenth-century NorthAmerican newspaper advertisements that document the possible trafficking of at least 3,000enslaved persons.JSDP (ISSN 2691-297X) 2: 2 (2021)

Enslaved: Journal of Slavery and Data Preservation - Newspaper-Brokered Slave TradeAdvertisments in North America - Dataset ArticleNewspaper printers in eighteenth-century America acted as crucial middlemen in the slavetrade, especially in northern cities. Every significant newspaper printer in early America (exceptfor those who operated in states where the slave trade was illegal) engaged in this practice ofbrokering the sale or rental of enslaved people, from North America’s earliest newspaper printer,John Campbell of the Boston News-Letter, to Benjamin Franklin of the Pennsylvania Gazette tothe many significant printers of the American Revolutionary era. Unlike “runaway”advertisements, which often documented the aspirations and experiences of a self-liberatedenslaved person, notices for the sale or purchase of enslaved persons were typically quiteabrupt and spare, often as short as “For sale, A Young Negro Woman, With three Children.Inquire of the Printer.”1This dataset documents newspaper printers’ involvement in the slave trade and, moreimportantly, provides useful evidence of particular transactions involving enslaved people.Because they were advertisements, they cannot fully document sales, as some advertisementslikely went unanswered. But they can demonstrate a buyer, seller, or renter’s aspirations for thetransfer of an enslaved person. These advertisements almost never identify an enslaved personby name, but usually provide a mix of information about an enslaved person’s age, health, andskills, alongside the terms of sale. They often echo the complex language of color andappearance from advertisements about self-emancipation that historian Sharon Blockdiscusses in Colonial Complexions.2The dataset sheds particular light on the northern slave trade, where a relatively small numberof enslaved people (compared to Caribbean or to the southern colonies/states of NorthAmerica) meant that the slave trade developed few economic institutions of its own, andnewspaper printers saw an opportunity to connect buyers and sellers. Indeed, in the northerncities, colonies, and states, the relatively limited number of enslaved people and transfers ofenslaved people could allow future researchers to harness this database to identify particularadvertisements with other documentation of enslaved peoples’ lives.This dataset is historiographically significant because it helps to document the extent and theparticular circumstances of the eighteenth-century American slave trade, as well as the degreeto which newspapers and newspaper printers served as mediators and brokers in the economyof slavery.3Dates of Data Collection2019-2020Dataset LanguagesEnglish1Independent Gazetteer (Philadelphia), July 14, 1792.Sharon Block, Colonial Complexions: Race and Bodies in Eighteenth-Century America (Philadelphia:University of Pennsylvania Press, 2018)3For a StoryMap related to this research, a24d34a08f1605e64c292e.2JSDP (ISSN 2691-297X) 2: 2 (2021)

Enslaved: Journal of Slavery and Data Preservation - Newspaper-Brokered Slave TradeAdvertisments in North America - Dataset ArticleGeographic CoverageNorth AmericaTemporal Coverage1704-1807Document TypesNewspapersSourcesAlbany CentinelAlbany GazetteAlbany RegisterAlexandria Daily AdvertiserAlexandria AdvertiserAlexandria TimesAmericanAmerican and Baltimore GazetteAmerican and Commercial Daily AdvertiserAmerican CitizenAmerican FarmerAmerican MercuryAmerican SpyAmerican TelegrapheAmerican Weekly MercuryApolloAugusta ChronicleAugusta HeraldBaltimore Daily IntelligencerBaltimore Evening PostBartgis's Maryland GazetteBoston Commercial GazetteBoston Evening-PostBoston GazetteBoston News-LetterBoston Post-BoyCarlisle GazetteCentinel of FreedomCentinel of LibertyCharleston CourierCharleston Evening GazetteCharleston Morning PostJSDP (ISSN 2691-297X) 2: 2 (2021)

Enslaved: Journal of Slavery and Data Preservation - Newspaper-Brokered Slave TradeAdvertisments in North America - Dataset ArticleCity GazetteColumbian CentinelColumbian HeraldColumbian MirrorColumbian MuseumCommercial AdvertiserConnecticut CourantConnecticut GazetteConnecticut JournalConstitutional GazetteCountry JournalDaily AdvertiserDaily Evening GazetteDelaware GazetteDiary or Loudon's RegisterEdward's Baltimore Daily AdvertiserEnquirerEssex GazetteEvening PostFarmers ChronicleFederal GazetteFederal IntelligencerFreeman's JournalGazette of the United StatesGenius of LibertyGeorgetown GazetteGeorgia GazetteGreenleaf's NY JournalGuardian of FreedomHudson GazetteIndependent ChronicleIndependent GazetteIndependent GazetteerIndependent JournalIndependent LedgerKentucky GazetteKnoxville GazetteLynchburg Weekly GazetteMaryland ChronicleMaryland GazetteMaryland HeraldMaryland JournalMassachusetts GazetteMassachusetts MercuryMassachusetts SpyJSDP (ISSN 2691-297X) 2: 2 (2021)

Enslaved: Journal of Slavery and Data Preservation - Newspaper-Brokered Slave TradeAdvertisments in North America - Dataset ArticleMercantile AdvertiserMiddlesex GazetteMinervaMirrorMirror of the TimesNational IntelligencerNew England CourantNew England Weekly JournalNew England ChronicleNew Jersey State GazetteNew York GazetteNew York JournalNew York MercuryNew-Jersey GazetteNew-Jersey JournalNew-London SummaryNew-York Daily GazetteNew-York Evening PostNew-York GazetteNew-York GazetteerNew-York JournalNew-York MercuryNew-York Morning PostNew-York PacketNew-York Weekly JournalNewport GazetteNewport MercuryNew-Hampshire GazetteNew Jersey JournalNorfolk and Portsmouth ChronicleNorfolk and Portsmouth HeraldNorfolk and Portsmouth JournalNorfolk GazetteNorwich PacketOtsego HeraldPatriotPennsylvania ChroniclePennsylvania Evening HeraldPennsylvania Evening PostPennsylvania GazettePennsylvania JournalPennsylvania LedgerPennsylvania MercuryPennsylvania PacketPeople's FriendJSDP (ISSN 2691-297X) 2: 2 (2021)

Enslaved: Journal of Slavery and Data Preservation - Newspaper-Brokered Slave TradeAdvertisments in North America - Dataset ArticlePetersburg IntelligencerPhiladelphia GazettePolitical BarometerPorcupine's GazettePoughkeepsie JournalProvidence GazetteRepublicanRepublican GazetteRepublican StarRichmond RecorderRights of ManRising SunRivington's NY GazetteerRoyal American GazetteRoyal Georgia GazetteSavannah RepublicanSouth Carolina State GazetteSouth-Carolina GazetteSouth-Carolina Independent GazetteSouthern CentinelState Gazette of South CarolinaStaunton EagleStewart Kentucky HeraldTelegraph and Charleston Daily AdvertiserTennessee GazetteTimesTrenton FederalistUlster GazetteUnited States ChronicleUtica GazetteVirginia ArgusVirginia ChronicleVirginia GazetteVirginia HeraldVirginia TelegrapheWashington FederalistWashington SpyWaterford GazetteWeekly RehearsalWestern AmericanThe newspapers utilized here were accessed via Readex's America's Historical Newspapersdatabase and Note that while many of these newspapers continuedpublication past 1807, this dataset only includes advertisements through that year. Somenewspapers were consulted for this project that are not included in the list above, or in theJSDP (ISSN 2691-297X) 2: 2 (2021)

Enslaved: Journal of Slavery and Data Preservation - Newspaper-Brokered Slave TradeAdvertisments in North America - Dataset Articledataset, because they did not return any relevant results. Most of those are newspaperspublished for only a short time.MethodologyI constructed this dataset by examining two digital databases of early American newspapers.Most useful was Readex’s America’s Historical Newspapers database, which includes themajority of early American newspaper issues. Additionally, the site helped tofill gaps in the Readex database in the early years of the Pennsylvania Gazette and WilliamBradford’s New-York Gazette. Except for the titles in (which has a limitedsearch functionality and which I examined issue-by-issue), I identified these advertisements bysearching for variants of the term “Enquire of the Printer” and “Apply to the Printer” that wereadjacent to terms such as “Negro,” “Indian,” “Black,” and “Slave.”The limitations of Optical Character Recognition (OCR) mean that I have inevitably missed someadvertisements. Without devoting years to combing through each issue of each newspaper, thiswas unavoidable. However, by comparing my OCR-driven text search of the Readex database tomy issue-by-issue analysis of the Pennsylvania Gazette and the New-York Gazette, I amconfident that my dataset contains the majority, if not the vast majority, of such advertisementsfrom 1704 through 1807.Most of these advertisements are fairly straightforward and contain relatively little transcribabledata. Whereas advertisements for self-emancipated enslaved people often documented anenslaved person’s aspirations, advertisements that seek out potential buyers often described anidealized enslaved person. Nevertheless, many of the advertisements contain some valuableinsight into the lives and experiences of particular enslaved people.Most of these advertisements described one or more enslaved person, their age, their genderor descriptor (Fellow, Child, Woman, Boy, Wench, etc.), their characteristics relevant to a sale(health, “likely,” “breed,” strength, special skills), as well as terms about the transfer (“To begiven away,” “Sold for no Fault, but for want of Employment,” “Has about nine years to serve,”“Cash will be paid”). I have transcribed these descriptors and variables as accurately as possiblein each column, though I have not transcribed the full text of each advertisement.The dataset I created contains columns for each of the descriptors of enslaved people containedin the advertisement. It also includes a date for the initial advertisement (I have not includedsubsequent iterations of the advertisements, which sometimes ran for several issues) as well asthe city and colony/state of publication and the name of the publication. The date is sequencedin YYYY-MM-DD format.Date of PublicationAugust 2021JSDP (ISSN 2691-297X) 2: 2 (2021)

Enslaved: Journal of Slavery and Data Preservation - Newspaper-Brokered Slave TradeAdvertisments in North America - Dataset ArticleUse PermissionsCC BY-NC-SA 4.0 Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 InternationalData LinksDataset Repository: Harvard Dataverse this ArticleTaylor, Jordan E. "Newspaper-Brokered Slave Trade Advertisements in North America,1704-1807." Journal of Slavery and Data Preservation 2, no. 2 t 2021 Jordan E. Taylor. This article is distributed under the terms of the CreativeCommons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0), whichpermits non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction provided the original creator andsource are credited and transformations are released on the same license. .0/.JSDP (ISSN 2691-297X) 2: 2 (2021)

Aug 24, 2021 · Newspaper-Brokered Slave Trade Advertisements in North America, 1704-1807 Dataset Article Article Authors Jordan E. Taylor Dataset Creators Jordan E. Taylor _ Description This dataset focuses on newspaper advertisements inwhich newspaper printers acted as brokers in the sale of enslaved people. It extendsfrom 1704, when the first long-running

Related Documents:

Newspaper Louisville Times Newspaper Front Range News Newspaper Aurora Sentinel . Newspaper Castle Rock News Press Newspaper Englewood Centennial Journal Newspaper Evergreen Canyon Courier Newspaper Greenwood Village The Villager Newspaper Littleton Independent Newspaper Loveland Daily Report Newspaper El Hispano Newspaper Urban Spectrum

FDIC Issues Frequently Asked Questions on Identifying, Accepting, and Reporting Brokered Deposits SUMMARY On January 5, 2015, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (the "FDIC") issued a Financial Institutions Letter (FIL-2-2015) (the "Guidance"), setting forth sweeping guidance regarding brokered deposits in the form of FAQs.

Letter (FIL-42-2016) providing revised guidance regarding brokered deposits in the form of Frequently Asked Questions (the "2016 FAQs"). The 2016 FAQs followed the FDIC's issuance of brokered deposit FAQs in January 2015, which created substantial industry concerns regarding the breadth of the definition

Similarly, advertisements can provide existing investors with information about new or revised services. Accordingly, advertisements can provide existing and prospective investors with useful information as they choose among investment advisers and advisory services. At the same time, advertisements present risks of

advertisements and strict enforcement of provisions related to misleading advertisements in the existing laws. 3 I. Methodology The following methods and framework were used for gathering the information required for the study. Literature Review This study is an attempt to see the role of advertisements in the present scenario. .

to the slave and at the same time the slave device also want to transfer the 0b00110010(0 32) data to the master. By activating the CS (chip select) pin on the slave device, now the slave is ready to receive the data. Prior to a data exchange, the master and slave load thei

This aircraft is being brokered by Flight Source International, Inc. Flight Source International, Inc. has not conducted a pre-purchase inspection of this aircraft to verify mechanical condition, airworthiness or accuracy of specifications. Prospective purchasers are encouraged to conduct their own independent pre-purchase inspection as Flight .

place. 5 and.origination.are.incurred.upfront.With.minimal. .year,.

National Federation of Press Women National Newspaper Association Netherlands Association of Newspaper Editors Newspaper Association of America Newspaper Guild-CWA . Exiled owner, The Daily Observer, Banjul, Gambia Craig Branson American Society of Newspaper Editors Del Brinkman Journali

2017 Sessions for Newspaper Professionals Multiple newspaper roundtable discussions, focusing on: Operational focused issues Community newspaper issues Corporate newspaper issues Alliance for Audited Media Newspaper Valuation / M&A Activity Revenue Recognition Project Management

Islam and American slavery. Every slave sold to the white slave trader was purchased from a Muslim wholesaler. Indeed, Islam has been involved in the slave trade for 1400 years. The slave market in Mecca was not closed until the mid-twentieth century. Islam has an explicit doctrine of slavery, but this book is the first time

been recognized as a central feature of African and indeed global economic history. This importance has only been accentuated by recent scholarship suggesting a link between the intensity of the slave trade and present-day socioeconomic outcomes. 2. This paper attempts to fill a gap in the literature by offering an integrated analysis of the African slave trade between the 16. th. and the 19 .

issued an ordinance that read: “That it shall be the duty of the Night Watchman of the City to arrest each and every slave found on the streets after dark and before 9 o’clock, unless such slave have a written pass from his or her master ” Slave advertisements in newspapers, a whipping post, and

and sunshine of love were not for her. She drank the cup of sin, and shame, and misery, whereof her persecuted race are compelled to drink.1 This shows the stereotyped difference between white and black women, how slave owners fathered slave children, and how slave women would experience sin and shame due to sexual abuse by their masters.

The most excellent Master timer algorithm is central to the process of PTP. It specify the technique by which each clock decide the best master timer in its sub field out of all clocks it can see, with itself. One node can only be Slave or Master Slave. In case of person Master Slave it container decide suitable Slave depending on

2. What was the impact of the abolition? 3. What happened to the number of imported slaves to the United States between 1805 and 1808? Explain the change. 4. How many voyages landed in mainland North America after the abolition of the slave trade? (remember Florida is

also make connections with their own consumerism and contemporary slavery. 7 Activity 1: Britain and the transatlantic slave trade - global connections Find an object in your museum that is connected to the transatlantic slave trade - see some examples here on the slave collar image (top right of this page). Explore the provenance of the object

male). Qualified by “person of color.” . fugitive slave. – Required to send slave to master OR – Deliver to District Constable (Sheriff). Sheriff to advertise (by 1860, in newspaper advertising county’s sheriff’s sales). Schedule of fees for food, lodging, travel paid by owner/agent to

Compliance & Marketing Guide 4 8. Television advertisements, other than display advertisements, that do not exceed 15 seconds in length; 9. Advertisements of the type or character making it impractical to include the offi cial advertising statement—including promotional items, such as c

Basic Engineering Design Process Chris Hamilton, P.E. Assistant State Conservation Engineer 2008 ICE Training. What is an Engineering Design? An orderly process of collecting, recording, and analyzing all the facts and data needed to arrive at a satisfactory solution to a problem. NEM-VA501.09 through VA501.19 outlines the policy for performing engineering work for NRCS in Virginia. EFH .