Handouts And Exercises To Help Students Integrate .

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EmbeddingHandouts and exercises to helpstudents integrate quotationsinto their writing.Created by Room 213

Why do you use

You use quotations to:Support points that you have madeLend credibility to your arguments

For example:If you make the point that texting and driving isdangerous, the following quote will not onlysupport that point, but also lend credibility toyour argument:According to The Virginia Tech TransportationInstitute, “text messaging creates a crash risk23 times worse than driving while notdistracted.”

How do you use

First, you need to make aPOINT

POINTWhat is it thatyou are tryingto prove?

Then, you need to supply somePROOF

PROOFWhat evidencewill you use toprove yourpoint?

Finally, you need to give anEXPLANATION

EXPLANATIONWhy/how is theproof youprovidesignificant?

POINTPROOFTopic SentenceQuotation/ParaphraseEXPLANATIONAnalysis

POINTTopic SentenceTexting and driving is a dangerous practice.PROOFQuotation/ParaphraseAccording to The Virginia Tech Transportation Institute,“text messaging creates a crash risk 23 times worsethan driving while not distracted.”EXPLANATIONAnalysisThis statistic makes it clear that texting behind thewheel is a crazy idea.

You also need to provide some context:Give the reader enough information forthe quote to make sense.Yusufali says " the issue at hand is more than a mere piece ofcloth” (193).Yusufali says her hijab empowers her and asks "what kind of depthcan there be in a world like this?” (194).She is upset with her husband, and says he "ploughs them like aplot of land” (Kingsolver 303).These make little sense as no context has been provided. Whendone properly, the sentence should make sense, even if youhaven’t read the text.

Provide some context:See what happens when some context is given:Yusufali says " the issue at hand is more than a merepiece of cloth” (193).with context:Yusufali explains the prejudice she incurs because shewears a hijab, but acknowledges that " the issue athand is more than a mere piece of cloth” (193).

Provide some context:See what happens when some context is given:Yusufali asks "what kind of depth can there be in aworld like this?“(194).with context:Yusufali points out that most North American womenare constantly judged by their looks and asks "whatkind of depth can there be in a world like this?” (194).

Provide some context:See what happens when some context is given:She is upset with her husband, and says he "ploughsthem like a plot of land” (Kingsolver 303).with context:Orleanna's disillusionment with Nathan is clear. whatbothers her the most, however, is what he has done totheir daughters. She observes that he has ploughed"them like a plot of land". Her simile illustrates not onlyNathan's controlling nature, but also the feeling ofownership he has over his daughters (Kingsolver 303).

Explain the Significance:This is thepart ofNorth Americans must change theireating habits before it’s too late. TheNew England Journal of Medicinereported in 2005 that “because ofobesity, Americans for the first time incenturies, are projected to have ashorter life expectancy”(Shroeder). Thisfrightening statistic should be enough forparents to think twice about what theyfeed their children.

Embedding

Embedding your quotation:Every time you do so, followthis simple “formula”:Your words the quotation acomplete sentence (in-text citation).Note where theperiod goes

Embedding your quotation:Your words the quotation a complete sentence.Atticus says “and walk around in it” (103).Is this correct?

Embedding your quotation:Your words the quotation a complete sentence.Atticus says “and walk around in it” (103).

Embedding your quotation:Your words the quotation a complete sentence.Atticus tells Scout that in order to understand someone, she must “Climb into his skinand walk around in it”(103).Is this correct?

Embedding your quotation:Your words the quotation a complete sentence.Atticus tells Scout that in order to understandsomeone, she must “Climb into his skin and walkaround in it”(103).

Embedding your quotation when citing authority:Authority’s name strong verb thequotation a complete sentence(in-text citation) .

Embedding your quotation when citing authority:Authority’s name strong verb thequotation a complete sentence.In his speech at the 9/11 Museum dedication,President Obama declared that “nothing canchange who we are as Americans” (Baker andFarrell).

Things you need to know about

Embedding your quotation:The grammatical construction in thequote must match your own:Atticus tells Scout that in order to understand people, she must “Climb into his skin andwalk around in it”(103).This doesn’t matchwith writer’s intro-why?

Embedding your quotation:The grammatical construction in thequote must match your own:Atticus tells Scout that in order to understand people, she must “Climb into his skin andwalk around in it”(103).People is plural buthis is singular

Embedding your quotation:Atticus tells Scout that in order to understand someone, she must “Climb into his skinand walk around in it”(103).This time it works:both pronouns aresingular

Embedding your quotation:If you need to change a word to makeit work, use [ ] around the word youhave to change.Original: “I love learning to use quotations properly.”Becomes: One of my students exclaimed that he“love[s] learning to use quotations properly.”

Embedding your quotation:If you need to change a word to makeit work, use [ ] around the word youhave to change.Original: “Choosing to do it while driving is a crazy idea.”Becomes: “Choosing to [text] while driving is a crazyidea.”

Embedding your quotation:If you need to change a word to makeit work, use [ ] around the word youhave to change.Original: Atticus tells Scout that in order to under-standpeople, she must “Climb into his skin and walk around in it”(103).Changed: Atticus tells Scout that in order to understand people, she must “Climb into [their] skin and walkaround in it” (103).

Embedding your quotation:If you don’t feel like you need all of thequotation to make your point, use anellipse .Original: “I’m not telling you to do anything” he saidsoftly, “only asking you” (MacLeod 188).Changed: His father simply states “I’m not telling you todo anything only asking you” (MacLeod 188).The writer does not need the omitted parts to make the point.With the ellipse, it is still a complete sentence.

Embedding your quotation:If the quotation takes up more thanfour lines, you need a block quotation:1. Introduce the quotation as you normally would.2. Skip a line.3. Indent the whole quotation 4-5 space from the lefthand margin.4. End each line 4-5 spaces before the right-handmargin.5. DO NOT use quotation marks.

Embedding your quotation:If the quotation takes up more than fourlines, you need a block quotation:Atticus tells his children,As you grow older, you'll see white men cheat black menevery day of your life, but let me tell you something anddon't you forget it - whenever a white man does that toa black man, no matter who he is, how rich he is, or howfine a family he comes from, he is trash (286).These wise words from their father help them in their quest tounderstand what it means to be part of a group called “fine folks”.

Using the best words to

There are so many ways to say“said”:SaidRevealedBlurtedWhispered InterjectedExpressed ExclaimedSighed

There are so many ways to say“said”:SaidBlurtedRevealedWhispered InterjectedExpressed ExclaimedSighedBrainstorm more

SaidRevealedBlurtedWhispered InterjectedExpressed edRemarkedSobbedWailedSobbedGaspedPronounced MentionedBragged

There are so many ways to say“said” when using “expert”opinion:SaidContendsAccording toPurportsSuggestsBelievesStatesAdmits

There are so many ways to say“said” when using “expert”opinion:Dr. Price of Oberlin College contends that Opponents of the proposal suggest Ninety percent of respondents believe

There are so many ways to say“said” when using “expert”opinion:SaidContendsAccording toPurportsSuggestsBelievesStatesAdmitsBrainstorm more

SaidContendsAccording msComments ksClaimsCriticizesPoints outConsiders

Embedding your quotation: If the quotation takes up more than four lines, you need a block quotation: 1. Introduce the quotation as you normally would. 2. Skip a line. 3. Indent the whole quotation 4-5 space from the left-hand margin. 4. End each line 4-5 spaces before the right-hand margin. 5. DO NOT use quotation marks.

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