Pesticide Usage Survey Report 264 Soft Fruit In The United-PDF Free Download

PESTICIDE USAGE SURVEY REPORT 264 SOFT FRUIT IN THE UNITED
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A NATIONAL STATISTICS SURVEY, National Statistics are produced to high professional standards set out in the Code of Practice for Official Statistics They. are free from any political interference The UK Statistics Authority has a statutory duty to assess National Statistics for. compliance with this Code of Practice Further information is available from the Office for National Statistics website. http www ons gov uk ons index html The statistics undergo regular quality assurance reviews to ensure that they meet. customers needs, The United Kingdom Statistics Authority has designated these statistics as National Statistics in accordance with the. Statistics and Registration Service Act 2007 and signifying compliance with the Code of Practice for Official Statistics. Designation can be broadly interpreted to mean that the statistics. meet identified user needs, are well explained and readily accessible. are produced according to sound methods and, are managed impartially and objectively in the public interest. Once statistics have been designated as National Statistics it is a statutory requirement that the Code of Practice shall. continue to be observed, If you have any enquiries or feedback on the statistics included in this report they can be directed to the contact given.
Pesticide Usage Survey Team e mail PUS fera co uk Telephone 01904 462694. Alternatively please contact Fera at science fera co uk. The data are used for a number of purposes including. Informing the pesticide risk assessment authorisation process. Policy including assessing the economic and or environmental implications of the introduction of new active. substances and the withdrawal non authorisation of pesticide products the data reported to organisations such as. the OECD and EU enabling the UK to honour international agreements evaluating changes in growing methods. and Integrated Pest Management where this has an impact on pesticide usage. Informing the targeting of monitoring programmes for residues in food and the environment. Contributing to assessing the impact of pesticide use principally as part of the Pesticides Forum s Annual. Quantifying pesticide usage and changes in the use of active substances over time. Responding to enquiries for example Parliamentary Questions correspondence queries under the Freedom of. Information Act or Environmental Information Regulations etc. Providing information to assist research projects which can support all of the above activities. Training teaching programmes which are designed to improve practice in the use of pesticides by the. farming training industries, Informing the Wildlife Incident Investigation Scheme WIIS programme to help identify potential misuse of. pesticides, REVISIONS POLICY, This report presents a comprehensive summary of data for soft fruit crops grown and taken to harvest in 2014 We will. provide information on any revisions we make to the report or the datasets if any inaccuracies or errors occur Details of. any revisions including the date upon which they were changed will appear on the following website. https secure fera defra gov uk pusstats surveys index cfm. CONTENTS Page, Executive Summary 1, Introduction 2. Explanatory notes for the 2014 report 3, Pesticide usage 7. Pesticide usage on Strawberries 8, Pesticide usage on Bush Fruit 13.
Blackcurrants fresh market 13, Blackcurrants processing 17. Redcurrants and whitecurrants 22, Gooseberries 26, Blueberries 30. Pesticide usage on Cane Fruit 34, Raspberries 34, Blackberries 39. Hybrid berries 44, Pesticide usage on Vines 48, Appendix 1 Application Tables 52. Appendix 2 Definitions 68, Appendix 3 Methodology 69.
Appendix 4 Standard Error Calculations 72, Appendix 5 First Raising Factors for Soft Fruit Crops 74. Acknowledgements 75, References 75, EXECUTIVE SUMMARY. This report presents information on all aspects of pesticide usage during the 2013 2014 growing season on soft fruit crops. comprising strawberries blackcurrants redcurrants and whitecurrants gooseberries blueberries raspberries. blackberries hybrid berries and grapevines A total of 336 holdings growing soft fruit were visited throughout the United. Kingdom and the area of soft fruit grown on these holdings represented 39 of the total area of soft fruit grown The. data on the area of pesticide treatments and the amounts of active substances applied have been raised to give estimates of. national pesticide usage, The area of soft fruit grown in the United Kingdom had increased by 10 since 2001 and by 3 since 2012 Four crops. accounted for 89 of the total area of soft fruit grown strawberries 38 blackcurrants for processing 22. raspberries 15 and grapevines 14 An estimated 29 of the total area of soft fruit crops was grown in London. South East Region 22 in West Midlands 16 in Scotland Scotland accounted for 19 of the raspberry crop 15 in. Eastern Region 8 in South West Region 3 in East Midlands Region 2 in Yorkshire the Humber 2 in Wales. 1 in the North West and less than 1 in the North East and Northern Ireland. There has been a 77 increase in the registered pesticide treated area despite the relatively small 10 increase in the. area grown in the United Kingdom between 2001 and 2014 The total registered pesticide treated area of soft fruit in the. United Kingdom in 2014 was 10 greater than that in 2012 despite the cropping area decreasing by 3 By contrast the. weight of pesticides applied decreased by 22 since 2001 and by 26 since 2012 This is primarily due to changes in. the use of soil sterilants which are applied at relatively high rates compared to other pesticides the area treated with soil. sterilants had decreased by 63 since 2001 and by 87 since 2012. Approximately 55 of the total pesticide treated area was cropped with strawberries 15 with vines 15 with. blackcurrants for processing and 11 with raspberries. Fungicides accounted for 56 of the total pesticide treated area of soft fruit grown in the United Kingdom in 2014. insecticides 13 herbicides 12 sulphur 9 acaricides 5 biological control agents 2 molluscicides and repellents. 2 growth stimulants and physical control agents 1 each and disinfectants soil sterilants and growth regulators less. than 1 each In terms of weight of pesticides applied fungicides accounted for 51 of the total sulphur 28 soil. sterilants 8 herbicides 7 physical control agents and growth stimulants 1 each and acaricides molluscicides. biological control agents and growth regulators all less than 1. The most extensively used fungicide formulations applied were myclobutanil fenhexamid potassium hydrogen. bicarbonate cyprodinil fludioxonil and boscalid pyraclostrobin Sulphur was used as a fungicide on almost all crops but. mainly on strawberries vines and blackcurrants for processing. The most extensively used herbicide formulations were diquat glufosinate ammonium glyphosate and pendimethalin. The pyrethroids were the most extensively used insecticides accounting for 30 of the insecticide treated area followed. by the organophosphates 22 neonicotinoids 19 and carbamates 13 Lambda cyhalothrin was the principal. pyrethroid recorded chlorpyrifos the only organophosphate and thiacloprid the principal neonicotinoid encountered. Phytoseiulus persimilis was used on 38 of the biological control agent treated area and Neoseiulus cucumeris on 26. were the main biological control organisms used, In contrast to the previous report biopesticides are now grouped with their intended use Bacillus subtilis was the main. fungicidal biopesticide recorded Beauveria bassiana ATCC 74040 the main insecticidal biopesticide Gliocladium. catenulatum strain J1446 was recorded for the first time in 2014. Three acaricides abamectin 37 clofentezine 31 and tebufenpyrad 11 comprised almost 80 of the total. quantity of acaricides applied, Metaldehyde 63 by area treated ferric phosphate 32 and methiocarb 5 accounted for all of the molluscicides.
specified there was a very small area of unspecified molluscicides. The only soil sterilants recorded in 2014 were dazomet and chloropicrin Use of both fell by 64 and by 99. respectively between 2012 and 2014, INTRODUCTION, The Expert Committee on Pesticides ECP advises government on all aspects of pesticide use In order to. discharge this function the Committee must regularly monitor the usage of all pesticides It needs accurate data. on the usage of individual pesticides Pesticide usage data is now also required under the EU Statistics. Regulation 1185 2009 EC, As part of the on going process for obtaining data the Pesticide Usage Survey Teams of Fera a joint venture. between Capita PLC and the Department for Environment Food Rural Affairs Defra Science Advice for. Scottish Agriculture SASA a division of the Scottish Government s Agriculture Food and Rural Communities. Directorate and the Agri Food Biosciences Institute AFBI a Non Departmental Public Body of the. Department of Agriculture and Rural Development Northern Ireland DARD conducted surveys of pesticide. usage in soft fruit crops in 2013 14 by visiting holdings throughout the United Kingdom during the winter of. Since 2010 all surveys of pesticide usage in agriculture and horticulture have been fully co ordinated by the. survey teams of England Wales Scotland and Northern Ireland The methodology used for sample selection. and the collection of data from sample holdings is identical in each region Reports are produced of pesticide. usage throughout the United Kingdom All teams have undertaken recent United Kingdom Statistics Authority. UKSA audits, This was the third survey of pesticide usage on soft fruit crops in the United Kingdom and the seventh such. survey on soft fruit crops carried out by the Great Britain Pesticide Usage Survey Teams The previous report. for the United Kingdom was published in 2013 covering pesticide usage on soft fruit crops in 2012 Garthwaite. et al 2013, Additional data on crop agronomy are collected for all surveys but may not be presented within the report For. additional data relating to the surveys please refer to the contacts below. Information on all aspects of pesticide usage in the United Kingdom as a whole or for Wales or the Defra. regions of England may be obtained from the Pesticide Usage Survey Team at Fera Sand Hutton York UK. For further information please contact, The survey team e mail PUS fera co uk Telephone 01904 462 694.
Or visit the website https secure fera defra gov uk pusstats surveys index cfm. Alternatively please contact Fera at science fera co uk. Further data relating specifically to Scotland may be obtained from the Pesticide Usage Survey Team at Science. and Advice for Scottish Agriculture Edinburgh Also available at. http www sasa gov uk pesticides pesticide usage pesticide usage survey reports. Copies of reports on pesticide usage in Northern Ireland may be obtained from Her Majesty s Stationery Offices. Also available at, http www afbini gov uk index services services specialist advice pesticide usage overview pesticide reports. Recently published reports for the United Kingdom Great Britain England Wales and Northern Ireland can. also be viewed and downloaded on the Internet at, https secure fera defra gov uk pusstats surveys index cfm. EXPLANATORY NOTES FOR THE 2014 REPORT, This report is based on almost 42 000 rows of pesticide data The following are some explanatory notes to help. the reader, Authorised non authorised pesticides biopesticides biological control agents terminology and. classification for purposes of this report, Previous soft fruit reports used the term registered pesticides however the requirements of Regulation.
1107 2009 mean that we need to change the terminology used in this report. Pesticides products require to be authorised their constituent active substances require to be. Biopesticides such as Bacillus subtilis also require to be authorised. Biological control agents usually living parasites or predators the most important group encountered in. edible protected crops do not require authorisation. Pesticides For clarity this report refers to all authorised active substances and pesticides products including. biopesticides simply as pesticides and active substances All biopesticides have been grouped with either. insecticides or fungicides depending on their intended target be it a fungal pathogen or insect pest. Biological control agents This category includes macro biological control agents such as predatory mites. and parasitic wasps In previous years biopesticides and biological control agents were grouped. together However this report treats biological control agents separately since they do not require authorisation. Volumetric Rates, Because of the range of crops grown and the differing methods of application the water volumes used vary from. crop to crop and from grower to grower The range of water volumes used by horticultural growers varies from. 150 200 litres per hectare which are similar to the water volumes used for many arable crops up to 2 000 litres. per hectare for crops such as strawberries Whilst rates per hectare are generally applicable to broad acre crops. most applications to protected crops are based on volumetric rates where there is a dilution rate based on the. number of grams or millilitres of product used per litre of water Therefore as the volume of water goes up so. does the rate of application As such some of the rates in the report may seem high but they are. This was the third survey of pesticide usage on soft fruit crops in the United Kingdom and the seventh such survey on soft fruit crops carried out by the Great Britain Pesticide Usage Survey Teams The previous report for the United Kingdom was published in 2013 covering pesticide usage on soft fruit crops in 2012 Garthwaite et al 2013

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