Gauhati University Syllabus For B.Sc.(Honors) ZOOLOGY

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Gauhati UniversitySyllabus for B.Sc.(Honors)ZOOLOGYChoice Based Credit System (CBCS)Course effective from academic year 2019-20

Syllabus for B.Sc.(Honors) ZoologyChoice Based Credit System (CBCS)Course effective from academic year 2019-20Gauhati UniversityGuwahati::Assam

Mapping of SubjectsHonours1st SemesterTypeCoreAECSECDSEGENCredits14 6 842 4 82 4 84 6 244 6 24XXX-HG-1XX6ZOOHG-1XX6XXX-HG-1XX6.ZOO-HC-1016Sem edits12 6 722 4 84 4 166 6 36ZOO-RC-1016Sem IYYY-RC-1016ENG-AE-1014ZZZ-RC-1016Honours2nd SemesterTypeCoreAECSECDSEGENCredits14 6 842 4 82 4 84 6 244 6 24Sem 2 6 722 4 84 4 166 6 XX6.ZOO-HC-2016Sem IIYYY-RC-2016ZZZ-RC-2016ENV-AE-2014

BSc Courses3rd - 6th SemestersTypeCoreAECSECDSEGENCredits14 6 842 4 82 4 84 6 244 6 24HonoursSem IIISem IVSem VSem Credits12 6 722 4 84 4 166 6 36ZOO-RC-3016Sem 4016Sem IVYYY-RC-4016ZOO-SE-4XX4ZZZ-RC-4016ZOO-RE-5XX6Sem VZOO-SE-5XX4ZOO-RE-5XX6ZOO-RE-5XX6ZOO-RE-6XX6Sem VIZOO-SE-6XX4ZOO-RE-6XX6ZOO-RE-6XX6

ContentsPreamble .CourseStructure.Structure of BSc Honours(Zoology)Programme .SCHEME FOR CHOICE BASED CREDIT SYSTEM IN B.Sc.Honours(Zoology) .CORE COURSE (HONOURS IN Zoology) .SemesterI.ZOO-HC-1016:Non-chordates 1:Protista to Pseudocoelomates .ZOO-HC-1026: Principles of Ecology .SemesterII .ZOO-HC-2016: Non-chordates II:Coelomates .ZOO-HC-2026: Cell Biology .SemesterIII .ZOO-HC-3016:DIVERSITY OF CHORDATES.ZOO-HC-3026 Physiology: Controlling and Coordinating Systems .ZOO-HC-3036:FUNDAMENTALS OF BIOCHEMISTRY .SemesterIV.ZOO-HC-4016:COMPARATIVE ANATOMY OF VERTEBRATE.ZOO-HC-4026:PHYSIOLOGY: LIFE SUSTAINING.ZOO-HC-4036:BIOCHEMISTRY OF METABOLIC PROCESS .



ZOO-SE-3024: APICULTURE .ZOO-SE-4014: Non-Mulbery Sericlture .ZOO-SE-4024:Wildlife Photography and Eco-tourism .ZOO-SE-4034 Research methodologyAbility Enhancement Compulsory Courses.ENG-AE-1014:ENGLISHCOMMUNICATION .ENV-AE-2014:ENVIRONMENTALSCIENCE.

PreambleThe choice based credit system is naturally the next logical step in acredit based semester system. This makes the system the more learnercentric. A CBCS offers the student a diversity of courses to choose fromand the autonomy to decide on the place, pace and the time of learning.The Gauhati University has decided to introduce the CBCS system atthe under graduate level from the session 2019-20. The CBCS syllabusfor the B.Sc. (Honours) is prepared in the model of syllabus prepared bytheUGC.A student opting for honors course in ZOOLOGY must have andpassed the BIOLOGY as a subject in the Senior Secondary levelexamination.

Course StructureCourseI. Core Course(14 Papers)Core Course Practical / Tutorial*(14 Papers)II. ElectiveCourse (8 Papers)A.1. Discipline Specific Elective (4Papers)A.2. Discipline tsTheory Practical14 4 5614 2 284 4 164 2 8B.1. Generic Elective/4 4 16Interdisciplinary(4 Papers)B.2. Generic ElectivePractical/ Tutorial*4 2 8(4 Papers)2 4 8III. Ability Enhancement Courses1. Ability EnhancementCompulsory (2 Papers of 2 crediteach) Environmental StudiesEnglish/MIL Communication2. Ability EnhancementElective(SkillBased) (Minimum2)2 4 8(2 Papers of 2 credit each)Total148*Core and DSE courses without practicals will have tutorial and have rtutorial,total6credits,sameasthe papers with practical

SemesterStructure of BSc Honours(ZOOLOGY) ProgrammeIIIIIIIVVVITypeCreditsCore14 6 84AECC2 4 8SEC2 4 8ZOO‐HC‐1 ENG‐AE‐10 14016ZOO‐HC‐1026ZOO‐HC‐2 6016ZOO‐HC‐6016DSE4 6 24GEN4 6 24XXX‐HG‐1XX6XXX‐HG‐2XX6XXX‐HG‐ 3XX6XXX‐HG‐ �6YY6‡ZOO‐HE‐6YY6‡

PrograminSCHEME FOR CHOICE BASED CREDIT SYSTEM IN B. Sc.Honours (ZOOLOGY)SEMESTERCOURSE CODECOURSE NAMECreditsEnglishIENG-AE-10144CommunicationsNon Chordates I:ZOO-HC-10164 2 6Protista toPseudocoelomatesNON ChordatesI LabPrinciples ofZOO-HC-10264 2 6EcologyPrinciples ofEcologyLabAAA-HG-1YY6GE-14/5Generic2/1Electi 1vePractical/TutorialTotal Credits in Semester I22EnvironmentalII4AbilityStudiesEnhancement CompulsoryCourse-II**4 2 6ZOO-HC-2016Non ChordatesII: CoelomateChordaNONtes-IILab4 2 6ZOO-HC-2026Cell BiologyCellLab BiologyAAA-HG-2YY6*GE-24/5Generic2/1Electi 2vePractical/TutorialTotal Credits in Semester II22III4 2 6ZOO-HC-3016Diversity ofChordatesDiversity ofChordates Lab4 2 6ZOO-HC-3026Physiology:Controlling andCoordinatingSystemsPhysiolControogylling andCoordinatingLabSystems4 2 6ZOO-HC-3036Fundamental ofBiochemistryFundamental ofBiochemistry LabZOO-SE-3YY4†SEC-14AAA-HG-3YY6*GE-34/5

PrograminIVVGenericElecti 3vePractical/TutorialTotal Credits in Semester IIIComparativeZOO-HC-4016anatomy ofVertebrateComparativeAnatomy ofVertebrate LabZOO-HC-4026Physiology LifeSustaining systemsPhysiology LifeSustaining systemsLabZOO-HC-4036Biochemistry ofMetabolic processBiochemistry ofMetabolic ProcessLabZOO-SE-4YY4†SEC -2AAA-HG-4YY 6*GE-4ElectGeneivericPractical/tutorialTotal Credits in Semester O-HC-5026Principles ofGeneticsPrinciples ofgeneticsLabZOO-HE-5YY6‡DSE-1DSE-1 LabZOO-HE-5YY6‡VIDSE-2DSE-2 LabTotal Credits in Semester logyLabZOO-HE-6YY6‡DSE-3DSE-3 LabZOO-HE-6YY6‡DSE-42/1284 2 64 2 64 2 644/52/1284 2 64 2 64 2 64 2 6244 2 64 2 64 2 64 2 6

PrograminDSE-4 LabTotal Credits in Semester VIGrand TotalCredits24148*Generic Electives (Other Discipline) - GE 1 to GE 41.Botany (4) Lab(4)2.Chemistry (4) Lab (4)3.Anthropology (4) Lab (4)4.Geography (4) Lab (4)5.Geology (4) Lab (4)6.Biotechnology (4) Lab (4)7.Computer Science (4) Lab (4)8.STATISTICS (4) Lab (2)9.MATHEMATICS10.MICROBIOLOGY (4) Lab (2)11.PHYSICS (4) Lab (2)*a)Generic Electives(GE) are to be taken preferably from Botany and Chemistry disciplines.b) Students can choose minimum of two GE papers from different disciplines.‡ Discipline Specific Elective Papers: (Credit: 06 each) (4 papers to be selected)DSE for Semester V DSE-1 (Any One from the following)ZOO-HE-5016: Computational Biology and Biostatistics (4) Lab(2) (Compulsory)DSE-2(Any One from the following)2.ZOO-HE-5026: Animal biotechnology (4) Lab(2)3.ZOO-HE-5036: Endocrinology (4) Lab(2)4.ZOO-HE-5046: Parasitiology (4) Lab(2)DSE for Semester VI1.DSE-3(Any One from the following)5.ZOO-HE-6016: Biology of Insect (4) Lab(2)6.ZOO-HE-6026: FISH and Fisheries (4) Lab(2)DSE-4 (Any One from the following)7.ZOO-HE-6046: Reproductive Biology (4) Lab(2)8.ZOO-HE-6056:Wildlife Conservation and Management (4) Lab (2)9.ZOO-HE-6066: Dissertation in any Zoology Specific Subject (6)†Skill Enhancement Courses (04papers)(Credit:04each)SEC for SemesterIIIAny One from the following1.ZOO-SE-3014: Ornamental fish and Fisheies2.ZOO-SE-3024: Apiculture6SEC for Semester IV

PrograminAny One from the following3.ZOO-SE-4014: Non Mulberry sericuture4.ZOO-SE-4024: Wildlife Photography and Ecotourism5.ZOO-SE-4034: Research Methodology**Ability Enhancement Compulsory Courses (02 papers) (Credit: 04 each)AECC for Semester I1.ENG-AE-1014: English CommunicationsAECC for Semester II2. ENV-AE-2014: Environmental -------------

CORE COURSE ICODE: ZOO-HC-1016NON-CHORDATES I: PROTISTS TO PSEUDOCOELOMATESTHEORYUnit 1: Protista, Parazoa and Metazoa(Credits 4)19General characteristics and Classification uptoclasses Study of Euglena, Amoeba andParameciumLife cycle and pathogenicity of Plasmodium vivax and EntamoebahistolyticaLocomotion and Reproduction in ProtistaEvolution of symmetry and segmentation of MetazoaUnit 2: Porifera7General characteristics and Classification uptoclasses Canal system and spicules in spongesUnit 3: Cnidaria12General characteristics and Classification uptoclasses Metagenesis in ObeliaPolymorphism inCnidaria Corals andcoral reefsUnit 4: Ctenophora4General characteristics and Evolutionary significanceUnit 5: Platyhelminthes10General characteristics and Classification up to classesLife cycle and pathogenicity of Fasciola hepatica and TaeniasoliumUnit 6: NemathelminthesGeneral characteristics and Classification up to classesLifecycle, and pathogenicity of Ascaris lumbricoides and WuchereriabancroftiParasitic adaptations in helminthes8

Note: Classification to be followed from ―Barnes, R.D. (1982). Invertebrate Zoology, VEdition‖NON-CHORDATES I: PROTISTS TO PSEUDOCOELOMATESPRACTICALS(Credits 2)Study of whole mount of Euglena, Amoeba and Paramecium, Binaryfission and Conjugation in ferentplacesfordiversityinprotista3.Study of Sycon(T.S. and L.S.), Hyalonema, Euplectella,Spongilla4.Study of Obelia, Physalia, Millepora, Aurelia, Tubipora, Corallium,Alcyonium, Gorgonia, Metridium, Pennatula, Fungia, Meandrina,Madrepora5.One specimen/slide of anyctenophore6.Study of adult Fasciola hepatica, Taenia solium and their life cycles(Slides/micro- photographs)7.Study of adult Ascaris lumbricoides and its life stages(Slides/micro-photographs)8.To submit a Project Report on any related topic on life cycles.1.Note: Classification to be followed from ―Ruppert and Barnes (2006)Invertebrate Zoology, 8th edition, Holt Saunders International Edition‖SUGGESTED READINGSRuppert and Barnes, R.D. (2006). Invertebrate Zoology, VIII Edition.Holt Saunders InternationalEdition.Barnes, R.S.K., Calow, P., Olive, P.J.W., Golding, D.W. and Spicer,J.I. (2002). The Invertebrates: A New Synthesis, III Edition, BlackwellScienceBarrington, E.J.W. (1979). Invertebrate Structure and Functions. IIEdition, E.L.B.S. andNelson

CORE COURSE IICODE: ZOO-HC-1026PRINCIPLES OFECOLOGYTHEORY(Credits 4)Unit 1: Introduction to Ecology6History of ecology, Autecology and synecology, Levels of organization,Laws of limiting factors, Study of physical factorsUnit2:Population24Unitary and Modular populationsUnique and group attributes of population: Density, natality, mortality,life tables, fecundity tables, survivorship curves, age ratio, sex ratio,dispersal and dispersion Exponential and logistic growth, equation andpatterns, r and K strategies Population regulation - density-dependentand independent factorsPopulation interactions, Gause’s Principle with laboratory and fieldexamples, Lotka-Volterra equation for competition and Predation,functional and numerical responsesUnit3:Community12Community characteristics: species richness, dominance, diversity,abundance, vertical stratification, Ecotone and edge effect; Ecologicalsuccession with one exampleTheories pertaining to climax communityUnit4:Ecosystem14Types of ecosystems with one example in detail, Food chain: Detritusand grazing food chains, Linear and Y-shaped food chains, Food web,Energy flow through the ecosystem, Ecological pyramids and EcologicalefficienciesNutrient and biogeochemical cycle with one example ofNitrogen cycle Human modified ecosystemUnit 5:Applied EcologyEcology in Wildlife Conservation and M10anagement4

PRINCIPLES OF ECOLOGYPRACTICALS(Credits 2)Study of life tables and plotting of survivorship curves of differenttypes from the hypothetical/real data provided2.Determination of population density in a natural/hypotheticalcommunity by quadrate orthesamecommunity3.Study of an aquatic ecosystem: Phytoplankton and zooplankton,Measurement of area, temperature, turbidity/penetration of light, determination ofpH, and Dissolved Oxygen content (Winkler’smethod).4.Report on a visit to National Park/Biodiversity Park/Wild life sanctuary1.SUGGESTED ey,JohnandSons,Inc.Krebs, C. J. (2001). Ecology. VI Edition. gyandfieldbiologyHarperandRowpublisherRicklefs, R.E., (2000). Ecology. V Edition. ChironPres

CORE COURSE IIICODE: ZOO-HC-2016NON-CHORDATES II: COELOMATESTHEORYUnit 1: Introduction to Coelomates(Credits 4)2Evolution of coelom and metamerismUnit 2: Annelida10General characteristics and Classification uptoclasses Excretion in AnnelidaUnit 3: Arthropoda17General characteristics and Classification uptoclasses Vision and Respiration in ArthropodaMetamorphosis in InsectsSocial life in bees andtermitesUnit 4: Onychophora4General characteristics and Evolutionary significanceUnit 5: MolluscaGeneral characteristics and Classification uptoclasses Respiration in Mollusca Torsion anddetorsion in Gastropoda Pearl formation inbivalves Evolutionary significance oftrochophore larvaUnit 6: EchinodermataGeneral characteristics and Classificationupto classes Water-vascular system inAsteroidea Larval forms in EchinodermataAffinities with ChordatesNote: Classification to be followed from ―Ruppert and Barnes (2006)Invertebrate Zoology, 8th edition, Holt Saunders International Edition‖12

NON-CHORDATES II: COELOMATESPRACTICAL(Credits 2)Study of followingspecimens:Annelids-Aphrodite, Nereis, Heteronereis ,Sabella, Serpula, Chaetopterus,Pheretima, HirudinariaArthropods - Limulus, Palamnaeus, Palaemon, Daphnia, Balanus, Sacculina,Cancer, Eupagurus, Scolopendra, Julus, Bombyx, Periplaneta, termites andhoney bees Onychophora - PeripatusMolluscs - Chiton, Dentalium, Pila, Doris, Helix, Unio, Ostrea, Pinctada,Sepia, Octopus, NautilusEchinodermates - Pentaceros/Asterias, Ophiura, Clypeaster, Echinus, nephridiaandpharyngealnephridiaofearthworm3.T.S. through pharynx, gizzard, and typhlosolar intestine ofearthworm4.Mount of mouth parts and dissection of digestive system and nervous systemofPeriplaneta*5.To submit a Project Report on any related topic to larval forms(crustacean, mollusc andechinoderm)1.Note: Classification to be followed from ―Ruppert and Barnes (2006)Invertebrate Zoology, 8th edition, Holt Saunders InternationalEdition‖SUGGESTED READINGSRuppert and Barnes, R.D. (2006). Invertebrate Zoology, VIII Edition.Holt Saunders rates: A New Synthesis, III Edition, Blackwell ScienceBarrington, E.J.W. (1979). Invertebrate Structure and Functions. IIEdition, E.L.B.S. andNelson

CORE COURSE IVCODE: ZOO-HC-2026CELL BIOLOGYTHEORY(Credits4)Unit 1: Over view of Cells3Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells, Virus, Viroids, Mycoplasma, PrionsUnit 2:Plasma Membrane7Various models of plasma membrane transport,Facilitatedtransport Cell junctions: Tight junctions, Desmosomes, GapjunctionsUnit 3:Endomembrane System10Structure and Functions: Endoplasmic Reticulum, Golgi Apparatus, LysosomesUnit 4: Mitochondria and ature,Endosymbiotichypothesis MitochondrialRespiratory Chain, on8Structure and Functions: Microtubules, Microfilaments and Intermediate filamentsUnit6:Nucleus12Structure of Nucleus: Nuclearenvelope, Nuclear pore complex,Nucleolus Chromatin: Euchromatin and Hetrochromatin andpackaging(nucleosome)Unit 7:Cell Division8Mitosis, Meiosis, Cell cycle and its regulationUnit 8:Cell SignalingGPCR and Role of second messenger (cAMP)4

CELL BIOLOGYPRACTICAL(Credits 2)Preparation of temporary stained squash of onion root tip tostudy various stages of mitosis2.Study of various stages of meiosis.3.Preparation of permanent slide to show the presence ofBarrbody in human female blood cells/cheek cells.4.Preparation of permanent slide todemonstrate: iDNA by Feulgen reaction1.ii Mucopolysaccharides by PAS reactioniii Proteins by Mercuro bromophenol blue/FastGreenSUGGESTED READINGSKarp, G. (2010). Cell and Molecular Biology: Concepts andExperiments. VI Edition. John Wiley and Sons.Inc.De Robertis, E.D.P. and De Robertis, E.M.F. (2006). Cell andMolecular Biology. VIII Edition. Lippincott Williams andWilkins,Philadelphia.Cooper, G.M. and Hausman, R.E. (2009). The Cell: A MolecularApproach. V uerAssociates,MA.Becker, W.M., Kleinsmith, L.J., Hardin. J. and Bertoni, G. P.(2009). The World of the Cell.VIIEdition. Pearson Benjamin CummingsPublishing, SanFrancisco.Bruce Albert, Bray Dennis, Levis Julian, Raff Martin, Roberts l,VEdition,GarlandpublishingInc.,NewYorkand London.

CORE COURSE VDIVERSITY OFCHORDATACODE: ZOO-HC-3016THEORYUnit 1: Introduction to Chordates(Credits 4)2General characteristics and outline classificationUnit2:Protochordata8General characteristics of Hemichordata, Urochordata andCephalochordata; Study of larval forms in protochordates;Retrogressive metamorphosis in UrochordataUnit 3: Origin of Chordata3Dipleurula concept and the Echinoderm theory of origin ofchordates Advanced features of vertebrates overProtochordataUnit4:Agnatha2General characteristics and classification of cyclostomes up to thyesandOsteichthyes,classificationupto order Migration, Osmoregulation and Parental care infishesUnit6:Amphibia86Origin ofTetrapoda (Evolutionofterrestrialectotherms); General characteristics andclassification upto order; Parental care in AmphibiansUnit7:Reptilia7General characteristics and classification up to order; Affinities ofSphenodon; Poison apparatus and Biting mechanism in snakesUnit8:Aves8General characteristics and classification up to orderArchaeopteryx-- a connecting link; Principles and aerodynamics offlight, Flight adaptations and Migration in birdsUnit9:MammalsGeneral characters and classification up16to order; Affinities ofPrototheria; Adaptive radiation with reference to locomotory appendages8

Unit10:Zoogeography8Zoo geographical realms, Theories pertaining to distribution ofanimals, Plate tectonic and Continental drift theory, distribution ofvertebrates in different realms17

DIVERSITY OF CHORDATAPRACTICAL(Credits 2)ProtochordataBalanoglossus, Herdmania, Branchiostoma, Colonial UrochordataSections of Balanoglossus through proboscis and branchio genitalregions, Sections of Amphioxus through pharyngeal, intestinal andcaudal regions.Permanent slide of Herdmania spicules1.AgnathaPetromyzon, Myxine2.FishesScoliodon, Sphyrna, Pristis, Torpedo, Chimaera, Mystus,Heteropneustes, Labeo, Exocoetus, Echeneis, Anguilla, Hippocampus,Tetrodon/ Diodon, Anabas, Flat fish3.AmphibiaIchthyophis/Ureotyphlus, Necturus, Bufo, Hyla, Alytes, ,Varanus,Uromastix,Chamaeleon, Ophiosaurus, Draco,Bungarus, Vipera, Naja, Hydrophis, Zamenis, Crocodylus Key forIdentification of poisonous and non-poisonoussnakesAvesStudy of six common birds from different orders. Types of beaks and claws6.MammaliaSorex, Bat (Insectivorous and Frugivorous), Funambulus, Loris,Herpestes, Erinaceous.Mount of weberian ossicles of fishPower point presentation on study of any two animals from twodifferent classes by students (may be included if dissections not givenpermission)7.Classification from Young, J. Z. (2004) to be followedSUGGESTED IEdition.Oxforduniversitypress.Pough H. Vertebrate life, VIII Edition, PearsonInternational.

,R.E.KriegerPubCo.Hall B.K. and Hallgrimsson B. (2008). Strickberger’s Evolution.IV Edition. Jones and Bartlett PublishersInc.

CORE COURSE VIANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY: CONTROLLING AND COORDINATINGSYSTEMSCODE: ZOO-HC-3026THEORYUnit 1: Tissues(Credits 4)6Structure, location, classification and functions of epithelial tissue,connective tissue, muscular tissue and nervous tissueUnit 2: Bone and Cartilage4Structure and types of bones and cartilages, Ossification, bonegrowth and resorptionUnit 3: Nervous System10Structure of neuron, resting membrane potential, Origin of actionpotential and its propagation across the myelinated and unmyelinatednerve fibers; Types of synapse, Synaptic transmission and,Neuromuscular junction; Reflex action and its types - reflex arc;Physiology of hearing and vision.Unit 4: Muscle12Histology of different types of muscle; Ultra structure of skeletalmuscle; Molecular and chemical basis of muscle contraction;Characteristics of muscle twitch; Motor unit, summation and tetanusUnit 5: Reproductive System10Histology of testis and ovary; Physiology of male and femalereproduction; Puberty, Methods of contraception in male and femaleUnit 6: Endocrine SystemHistology of endocrine glands - pineal, pituitary, thyroid,parathyroid, pancreas, adrenal; hormones secreted by them and theirmechanism of action; Classification of hormones; Regulation of ved in neuro endocrine control of anteriorpituitary and endocrines system;Placental hormones18

ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY: CONTROLLING AND COORDINATING SYSTEMSPRACTICALS(Credits 2)*1. Demonstration of the unconditioned reflex action (Deep tendon reflex such as mousepithelium,Striatedmusclefibres and nervecells3.Study of permanent slides of Mammalian skin, Cartilage, Bone,Spinal enal,ThyroidandParathyroid4.Microtomy: Preparation of permanent slide of any fivemammalian(Goat/ rat/mice)tissues(*Subject to UGC guidelines)SUGGESTED BOOKSGuyton, A.C. & Hall, J.E. (2006). Textbook of Medical Physiology. XIEdition. Hercourt Asia PTE Ltd. /W.B. Saunders Company.Tortora, G.J. & Grabowski, S. (2006). Principles of Anatomy &Physiology. XI Edition John Wiley &sonsVictor P. Eroschenko. (2008). diFiore’s Atlas of Histology withFunctional correlations. XII Edition. Lippincott W. &Wilkins.

CORE COURSE VIIFUNDAMENTALS OF BIOCHEMISTRYCODE: ZOO-HC-3036THEORY(CREDITS 4)Unit1:Carbohydrates8Structure and Biological importance: Monosaccharides, Disaccharides,Polysaccharides and GlycoconjugatesUnit2:Lipids8Structure and Significance: Physiologically important saturatedand unsaturated fatty acids, Tri-acylglycerols, Phospholipids,Glycolipids, SteroidsUnit3:Proteins14Amino acids: Structure, Classification and General properties of αamino acids; Physiological importance of essential and non-essential αamino acidsProteins: Bonds stabilizing protein structure; Levels of organizationin proteins; Denaturation; Introduction to simple and conjugateproteinsImmunoglobulins: Basic Structure, Classes and Function, AntigenicDeterminantsUnit 4:NucleicAcids12Structure:Purines s CotCurves: Basepairing, Denaturation and Renaturation of DNATypesofDNA andRNA,Complementarityof DNA, Hpyo- Hyperchromaticity of DNAUnit5:EnzymesNomenclature and classification; Cofactors; Specificity of enzymeaction; Isozymes; Mechanism of enzyme action; Enzyme kinetics;Factors affecting rate of enzyme-catalyzed reactions; Derivation ofMichaelis-Menten equation, Concept of Km and Vmax, LineweaverBurk plot; Multi-substrate reactions; Enzyme inhibition; Allostericenzymes and their kinetics; Regulation of e2n2zyme action18

FUNDAMENTALS OF ve tests of functional groups in carbohydrates, proteins and lipids.Paper chromatography of amino acids.Action of salivary amylase under optimum conditions.Effect of pH, temperature on the action of salivary amylase.Demonstration of proteins separation by SDS-PAGE.SUGGESTED READINGCox, M.M and Nelson, D.L. (2008). Lehninger’s Principles ofBiochemistry, V Edition, W.H. Freeman and Co., Biochemistry,VIEdition,W.H. Freeman and Co., New P.J.,Rodwell,V.W.and Well, P.A. (2009). Harper’s Illustrated Biochemistry, XXVIIIEdition, International Edition, The McGraw- Hill CompaniesInc.Hames, B.D. and Hooper, N.M. (2000). Instant Notes inBiochemistry, II Edition, BIOS Scientific Publishers Ltd.,U.K.Watson, J.D., Baker, T.A., Bell, S.P., Gann, A., Levine, M. andLosick, R. (2008). Molecular Biology of the Gene, VI Edition, ColdSpring Harbor Lab. Press, PearsonPub.

CORE COURSEVIII COMPARATIVEANATOMY OF VERTEBRATESCODE: ZOO-HC-4016THEORYUnit 1:Integumentary System(CREDITS 4)8Structure, functions and derivatives of integumentUnit 2:Skeletal System8Overview of axial and appendicular skeleton, Jaw suspensorium,Visceral archesUnit 3:Digestive System8Alimentary canal and associated glands, dentitionUnit 4:Respiratory System8Skin, gills, lungs and air sacs; Accessory respiratory organsUnit 5:Circulatory System8General plan of circulation, evolution of heart and aortic archesUnit 6:Urinogenital System6Succession of kidney, Evolution of urinogenital ducts, Types ofmammalian uteriUnit 7:Nervous System8Comparative account of brainAutonomic nervous system, Spinal cord, Cranial nerves in mammalsUnit 8:Sense OrgansClassification of receptorsBrief account of visual and auditory receptors in man6

COMPARATIVE ANATOMY loid andctenoidscalesthrough permanent slides/photographs2.Disarticulated skeleton of Frog, Fowl, Rabbit3.Carapace and plastron of turtle/tortoise4.Mammalian skulls: One herbivorous and one carnivorous animal5.Study of structure of any two organs (heart, lung, kidney, eyeand ear) from video recording (may be included if dissection notpermitted)6.Project on skeletal modifications in vertebrates (may beincluded if dissection not permitted)1.SUGGESTED READINGSKardong, K.V. (2005) Vertebrates’ Comparative Anatomy,Function and Evolution. IV Edition. McGraw-Hill HigherEducation Kent, G.C. and Carr R.K. (2000). Comparative Anatomy of theVertebrates. IX Edition. The McGraw-HillCompanies Hilderbrand, M and GaslowG.E. Analysis of Vertebrate Structure,John Wileyand Sons laPublishingHouse


A CBCS offers the student a diversity of courses to choose from and the autonomy to decide on the place, pace and the time of learning. The Gauhati University has decided to introduce the CBCS system at the under graduate level from the session 2019-20. The CBCS syllabus for the B.Sc. (Honours) is prepared

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