Engineering OverviewThe Field - Engineering Disciplines - Preparation - Accreditation Day in the Life - Earnings - Employment Career Path Forecast - Professional OrganizationsThe FieldEngineers apply the principles of science and mathematics todevelop economical solutions to technical problems. Their work isthe link between scientific discoveries and the commercialapplications that meet societal and consumer needs.Many engineers develop new products. During the process, theyconsider several factors. For example, in developing an industrialrobot, engineers specify the functional requirements precisely;design and test the robot's components; integrate the componentsto produce the final design; and evaluate the design's overall effectiveness, cost, reliability, andsafety. This process applies to the development of many different products, such as chemicals,computers, power plants, helicopters, and toys.In addition to their involvement in design and development, manyengineers work in testing, production, or maintenance. Theseengineers supervise production in factories, determine the causesof a component’s failure, and test manufactured products tomaintain quality. They also estimate the time and cost required tocomplete projects. Supervisory engineers are responsible for majorcomponents or entire projects.Engineers use computers extensively to produce and analyzedesigns; to simulate and test how a machine, structure, or systemoperates; to generate specifications for parts; to monitor the qualityof products; and to control the efficiency of processes.Nanotechnology, which involves the creation of highperformance materials and components by integrating atomsand molecules, also is introducing entirely new principles to thedesign process.Most engineers specialize. More than 25 major specialties arerecognized by professional societies, and the major brancheshave numerous subdivisions."Engineering Overview"Prepared as part of the Sloan Career Cornerstone Center (www.careercornerstone.org)Note: Some resources in this section are provided by the US Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Engineering DisciplinesMost engineers specialize. More than 25 major specialties arerecognized by professional societies, and the major brancheshave numerous subdivisions. In the United States, degrees inthe different fields of engineering are accredited to ensure thatthe programs provide students with a top notch engineeringeducation. Engineers also may specialize in one industry, suchas motor vehicles, or in one field of technology, such asturbines or semiconductor materials.Engineers in each branch have a base of knowledge andtraining that can be applied in many fields. Electronics engineers, for example, work in themedical, computer, communications, and missile guidance fields. Because there are manyseparate problems to solve in a large engineering project, engineers in one field often workclosely with specialists in other scientific, engineering, and business occupations.The Sloan Career Cornerstone Center offers in-depth information on a continually expandinglist of both engineering and engineering technology degree fields, including:Aerospace EngineeringAgricultural EngineeringArchitectural EngineeringBioengineeringCeramic EngineeringChemical EngineeringCivil EngineeringComputer EngineeringConstruction EngineeringElectrical and Electronics EngineeringEngineering (General), EngineeringPhysics, or Engineering ScienceEngineering ManagementEngineering MechanicsEnvironmental EngineeringForest/Paper EngineeringGeological EngineeringIndustrial EngineeringManufacturing EngineeringMaterials Science and EngineeringMechanical EngineeringMetallurgical EngineeringMicroelectronic EngineeringMining EngineeringNaval Architecture and Marine EngineeringNuclear EngineeringOcean EngineeringPetroleum EngineeringSoftware EngineeringSurveying and GeomaticsSystems Engineeringand even a few more PreparationEngineers typically enter the occupation with a bachelor's degree in an engineering specialty,but some basic research positions may require a graduate degree. Engineers offering theirservices directly to the public must be licensed. Continuing education to keep current withrapidly changing technology is important for engineers.A bachelor's degree in engineering is required for almost all entry-level engineering jobs.College graduates with a degree in a natural science or mathematics occasionally may qualify"Engineering Overview"Prepared as part of the Sloan Career Cornerstone Center (www.careercornerstone.org)Note: Some resources in this section are provided by the US Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.
for some engineering jobs, especially in specialties in high demand. Most engineering degreesare granted in electrical, electronics, mechanical, or civil engineering. However, engineerstrained in one branch may work in related branches. For example, many aerospace engineershave training in mechanical engineering. This flexibility allows employers to meet staffingneeds in new technologies and specialties in which engineers may be in short supply. It alsoallows engineers to shift to fields with better employment prospects or to those that moreclosely match their interests. Click here to view profiles of several engineering undergraduatestudents.Engineers typically enter the occupation with a bachelor's degree in an engineering specialty,but some basic research positions may require a graduate degree. Engineers offering theirservices directly to the public must be licensed. Continuing education to keep current withrapidly changing technology is important for engineers.In addition to the standard engineering degree, many colleges offer 2- or 4-year degreeprograms in engineering technology. These programs, which usually include various hands-onlaboratory classes that focus on current issues, prepare students for practical design andproduction work, rather than for jobs that require more theoretical and scientific knowledge.Graduates of 4-year technology programs may get jobs similar to those obtained by graduateswith a bachelor's degree in engineering. Engineering technology graduates, however, are notqualified to register as professional engineers under the same terms as graduates withdegrees in engineering. Some employers regard technology program graduates as havingskills between those of a technician and an engineer.Graduate training is essential for engineering faculty positions and many research anddevelopment programs, but is not required for the majority of entry-level engineering jobs.Many engineers obtain graduate degrees in engineering or business administration to learnnew technology and broaden their education. Many high-level executives in government andindustry began their careers as engineers.University SelectionAbout 1850 programs at colleges and universities offer bachelor's degrees in engineering thatare accredited by ABET, Inc. and there are about another 750 accredited programs inengineering technology. The Sloan Career Cornerstone Center provides lists of accreditedprograms within specific engineering disciplines.AccreditationABET accreditation is based on an examination of an engineering program's studentachievement, program improvement, faculty, curricular content, facilities, and institutionalcommitment. Although most institutions offer programs in the major branches of engineering,only a few offer programs in the smaller specialties. Also, programs of the same title may varyin content. For example, some programs emphasize industrial practices, preparing students fora job in industry, whereas others are more theoretical and are designed to prepare students forgraduate work. Therefore, students should investigate curricula and check accreditationscarefully before selecting a college.Admissions RequirementsAdmissions requirements for undergraduate engineering schools include a solid background in"Engineering Overview"Prepared as part of the Sloan Career Cornerstone Center (www.careercornerstone.org)Note: Some resources in this section are provided by the US Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.
mathematics (algebra, geometry, trigonometry, and calculus) and science (biology, chemistry,and physics), and courses in English, social studies, humanities, and computer andinformation technology. Bachelor's degree programs in engineering typically are designed tolast 4 years, but many students find that it takes between 4 and 5 years to complete theirstudies. In a typical 4-year college curriculum, the first 2 years are spent studyingmathematics, basic sciences, introductory engineering, humanities, and social sciences. In thelast 2 years, most courses are in engineering, usually with a concentration in one branch. Forexample, the last 2 years of an aerospace program might include courses in fluid mechanics,heat transfer, applied aerodynamics, analytical mechanics, flight vehicle design, trajectorydynamics, and aerospace propulsion systems. Some programs offer a general engineeringcurriculum; students then specialize in graduate school or on the job.Some engineering schools and 2-year colleges haveagreements whereby the 2-year college provides the initialengineering education, and the engineering schoolautomatically admits students for their last 2 years. In addition,a few engineering schools have arrangements whereby astudent spends 3 years in a liberal arts college studying preengineering subjects and 2 years in an engineering schoolstudying core subjects, and then receives a bachelor's degreefrom each school. Some colleges and universities offer 5-yearmaster's degree programs. Some 5-year or even 6-yearcooperative plans combine classroom study and practical work, permitting students to gainvaluable experience and to finance part of their education.Day in the LifeMany engineers work a standard 40-hour week. At times, deadlines ordesign standards may bring extra pressure to a job, sometimesrequiring engineers to work longer hours. Most engineers work in officebuildings, laboratories, or industrial plants. Others may spend timeoutdoors at construction sites and oil and gas exploration andproduction sites, where they monitor or direct operations or solveonsite problems. Some engineers travel extensively to plants orworksites.Teams and CoworkersEngineers should be creative, inquisitive, analytical, and detailoriented. They should be able to work as part of a team and tocommunicate well, both orally and in writing. Communication abilities are important becauseengineers often interact with specialists in a wide range of fields outside engineering.Beginning engineering graduates usually work under the supervision of experienced engineersand, in large companies, also may receive formal classroom or seminar-type training. As newengineers gain knowledge and experience, they are assigned more difficult projects withgreater independence to develop designs, solve problems, and make decisions. Engineersmay advance to become technical specialists or to supervise a staff or team of engineers andtechnicians. Some may eventually become engineering managers or enter other managerial orsales jobs."Engineering Overview"Prepared as part of the Sloan Career Cornerstone Center (www.careercornerstone.org)Note: Some resources in this section are provided by the US Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.
EarningsEarnings for engineers vary significantly by specialty, industry,and education. Variation in median earnings and in the earningsdistributions for engineers in a number of specialties is especiallysignificant. In the Federal Government, mean annual salaries forengineers ranged from 81,085 in agricultural engineering to 126,788 in ceramic engineering in March ghest10%Aerospace engineers 58,130 72,390 92,520 114,530 134,570Agricultural engineers43,15055,43068,73086,400108,470Biomedical engineers47,64059,42077,40098,830121,970Chemical engineers53,73067,42084,680105,000130,240Civil engineers48,14058,96074,60094,470115,630Computer hardware l cs engineers, except tal engineers45,31056,98074,02094,280115,430Health and safety engineers, except miningsafety engineers and l engineers47,72059,12073,82091,020107,270Marine engineers and naval architects43,07057,06074,14094,840118,630Materials l engineers47,90059,23074,92094,400114,740Mining and geological engineers, includingmining safety engineers45,02057,97075,96096,030122,750Nuclear engineers68,30082,54097,080115,170136,880Petroleum engineers57,82080,040108,020148,700 166,400Engineers, all other49,27067,36088,570110,310132,070"Engineering Overview"Prepared as part of the Sloan Career Cornerstone Center (www.careercornerstone.org)Note: Some resources in this section are provided by the US Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Starting SalariesAs a group, engineers earn some of the highest average starting salaries among those holdingbachelor's degrees. Average starting salary offers for graduates of bachelor’s degree programsin engineering, according to a July 2009 survey by the National Association of Colleges andEmployers, were as follows:Petroleum 83,121Chemical64,902Mining and /electronics and ering and biomedical54,158Civil52,048EmploymentEngineers hold 1.6 million jobs in the United States. About 36percent of engineering jobs were found in manufacturingindustries, and another 30 percent were in the professional,scientific, and technical services industries, primarily inarchitectural, engineering, and related services. Manyengineers also worked in the construction,telecommunications, and wholesale trade industries.Federal, State, and local governments employed about 12percent of engineers in 2008. About 6 percent were in theFederal Government, mainly in the U.S. Departments of Defense, Transportation, Agriculture,Interior, and Energy, and in the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Manyengineers in State and local government agencies worked in highway and public worksdepartments. In 2008, about 3 percent of engineers were self-employed, many as consultants.Engineers are employed in every state, in small and large cities and in rural areas. Somebranches of engineering are concentrated in particular industries and geographic areas; forexample, petroleum engineering jobs tend to be located in States with sizable petroleumdeposits, such as Texas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Alaska, and California. Other branches, suchas civil engineering, are widely dispersed, and engineers in these fields often move from placeto place to work on different projects."Engineering Overview"Prepared as part of the Sloan Career Cornerstone Center (www.careercornerstone.org)Note: Some resources in this section are provided by the US Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Engineers are employed in every major industry. The industries employing the most engineersin each specialty are given in the table below, along with the percent of occupationalemployment in the industry.SpecialtyIndustryAerospace engineersAerospace product and parts manufacturing49Agricultural engineersFood manufacturing25Architectural, engineering, and related services15Medical equipment and supplies manufacturing20Scientific research and development services20Chemical manufacturing29Architectural, engineering, and related services15Civil engineersArchitectural, engineering, and related services49Computer hardware engineersComputer and electronic productmanufacturing41Computer systems design and related services19Electrical engineersArchitectural, engineering, and related services21Electronics engineers, except computerComputer and electronic tural, engineering, and related services29State and local government21Health and safety engineers, except miningsafety engineers and inspectorsState and local government10Industrial engineersTransportation equipment manufacturing18Machinery manufacturing8Marine engineers and naval architectsArchitectural, engineering, and related services29Materials engineersPrimary metal manufacturing11Semiconductor and other electronic componentmanufacturing9Architectural, engineering, and related services22Transportation equipment manufacturing14Mining and geological engineers, includingmining safety engineersMining58Nuclear engineersResearch and development in the physical,engineering, and life sciences30Electric power generation, transmission anddistribution27Oil and gas extraction43Biomedical engineersChemical engineersEnvironmental engineersMechanical engineersPetroleum engineersPercent"Engineering Overview"Prepared as part of the Sloan Career Cornerstone Center (www.careercornerstone.org)Note: Some resources in this section are provided by the US Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Career Path ForecastAccording to the U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of LaborStatistics, employment of engineers is expected to grow aboutas fast as the average for all occupations over the nextdecade, but growth will vary by specialty. Biomedicalengineers should experience the fastest growth, while civilengineers should see the largest employment increase.Overall job opportunities in engineering are expected to begood. Overall engineering employment is expected to grow by11 percent over the 2008-18 decade, about as fast as theaverage for all occupations.Engineers traditionally have been concentrated in slower growing or declining manufacturingindustries, in which they will continue to be needed to design, build, test, and improvemanufactured products. However, increasing employment of engineers in engineering,research and development, and consulting services industries should generate most of theemployment growth. The job outlook varies by engineering specialty, as discussed later.Competitive pressures and advancing technology will force companies to improve and updateproduct designs and to optimize their manufacturing processes. Employers will rely onengineers to increase productivity and expand output of goods and services. New technologiescontinue to improve the design process, enabling engineers to produce and analyze variousproduct designs much more rapidly than in the past. Unlike the situation in some otheroccupations, however, technological advances are not expected to substantially limitemployment opportunities in engineering, because engineers are needed to provide the ideasthat lead to improved products and more productive processes.The continued globalization of engineering work will likelydampen domestic employment growth to some degree.There are many well-trained, often English-speaking,engineers available around the world who are willing to workat much lower salaries than U.S. engineers. The rise of theInternet has made it relatively easy for part of the engineeringwork previously done by engineers in this country to be doneby engineers in other countries, a factor that will tend to holddown employment growth. Even so, there will always be aneed for onsite engineers to interact with other employees and clients.Overall job opportunities in engineering are expected to be good, and, indeed, prospects willbe excellent in certain specialties. In addition to openings from job growth, many openings willbe created by the need to replace current engineers who retire; transfer to management, sales,or other occupations; or leave engineering for other reasons.Many engineers work on long-term research and development
are granted in electrical, electronics, mechanical, or civil engineering. However, engineers trained in one branch may work in related branches. For example, many aerospace engineers have training in mechanical engineering. This flexibility allows employers to meet staffing needs in new technologies and specialties in which engineers may be in short supply. It also allows engineers to shift to .
Materials Science and Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Production Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Textile Engineering, Nuclear Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Civil Engineering, other related Engineering discipline Energy Resources Engineering (ERE) The students’ academic background should be: Mechanical Power Engineering, Energy .
Careers in Engineering Guide the brighter choice. Contents ABOUT LSBU 4–5 BUILDING SERVICES ENGINEERING 6–7 CHEMICAL AND PETROLEUM ENGINEERING 8–9 CIVIL ENGINEERING 10–11 ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING 12–13 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING 14–15 MECHATRONICS ENGINEERING 16–17 PRODUCT DESIGN ENGINEERING 18–19 An engineering degree is a big challenge to take on. There is no denying .
OLE MISS ENGINEERING RECOMMENDED COURSE SCHEDULES Biomedical engineering Chemical engineering Civil engineering Computer engineering Computer science Electrical engineering General engineering Geological engineering Geology Mechanical engineering Visit engineering.olemiss.edu/advising for full course information.
Civil Engineering 30 Computer Systems Engineering 32 Engineering Science 34 Electrical and Electronic Engineering 36 Mechanical Engineering 38 Mechatronics Engineering 40 Software Engineering 42 Structural Engineering 44 Course descriptions 46 APPENDIX 84 Find out more 88. 2 Dates to remember 06 Jan Summer School begins 12 Jan Last day to add, change or delete Summer School Courses 01 Feb .
Course Title: Basics Engineering Drawing (Code: 3300007) Diploma Programmes in which this course is offered Semester in which offered Automobile Engineering, Ceramic Engineering, Civil Engineering, Environment Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Mechatronics Engineering, Metallurgy Engineering, Mining
The College of Engineering offers six Bachelor of Science in engineering programs – bioengineering, chemical engineering, civil engineering, computer science and engineering, electrical engineering and mechanical engineering. A seventh program, the Bachelor of Sciencein environmental engineering
ABET ,https://www.abet.org: biomedical engineering, chemical engineering, civil engineering, computer engineering, electrical engineering, environmental engineering, engineering management, mechanical engineering, and engineering. The computer science program is accredited by the Computing Accreditation Commission (CAC) of ABET,
Replacing: ND: Engineering: Electrical Diploma in Engineering Technology in Electrical Engineering (Extended), Replacing: ND: Engineering: Electrical (Extended) Diploma in Engineering Technology in Computer Engineering, Replacing: ND: Engineering: Computer Systems Bachelor of Engineering Technology in Electrical Engineering *New Qualification*