Cambridge Essential English Dictionary

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CambridgeEssentialEnglishDictionarysecond editionDictionary Guide WorksheetsPhotocopiable activities for learning dictionary skillsDesigned for use with the Cambridge Essential English Dictionary,Second Edition

cambridge university pressCambridge, New York, Melbourne, Madrid, Cape Town, Singapore,São Paulo, Delhi, Dubai, TokyoCambridge University PressThe Edinburgh Building, Cambridge CB2 8RU, UKwww.cambridge.orgInformation on this title: Cambridge University Press 2011It is normally necessary for written permission for copying to be obtained in advancefrom a publisher. These worksheets are designed to be copied and distributed in class.The normal requirements are waived here and it is not necessary to write to CambridgeUniversity Press for permission for an individual teacher to make copies for use within hisor her own classroom. Only those pages that carry the wording “Copyright CambridgeUniversity Press” may be copied.Design: Boag Associates; Claire Parson

These Dictionary Guide Worksheets are downloadable versions ofthe Guide to the Dictionary presented in the Cambridge EssentialEnglish Dictionary, Second Edition. The Guide is designed to help youdevelop skills in using a dictionary.The worksheets are grouped as five separate units, which can be usedfor independent study or in the classroom.Unit 1: Finding your way around the dictionaryWhat is an entry?Alphabetical orderFinding an entryVariantsUnit 2: Information about the wordIrregular forms of verbsIrregular forms of nounsIrregular forms of adjectivesPronunciationsEnglish Profile levelsUnit 3: Parts of b, auxiliary verbPhrasal verbAdverbConjunctionUnit 4: The entry for the wordDefinitionsPhrasesExample sentencesPicturesUnit 5: More about the wordFormal and informalBritish and American EnglishRelated wordsOppositesCommon error notes iii

Unit 1: Finding your way around the dictionaryWhat is an entry?A dictionary entry tells you what a word means and how to use it. At thebeginning of each entry in this dictionary is the main form of the word, incolour. This is the headword. A headword can be one word (light) or it canbe more than one word (light bulb).This guide will help you to use the entries in the dictionary. It will showyou how to look for the entry you want and what information you will findin the entry.Alphabetical orderThe English alphabet has 26 letters. The order of the letters is:Small letters: a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y zCapital letters: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y ZThe entries in the dictionary are in alphabetical order. We ignore spacesand punctuation marks when putting words in alphabetical order. Forexample, fairy tale is found between the words fairy and faith.If you are trying to decide the alphabetical order of two words with thesame first letter, look at the second letter. Go through each letter of theword from left to right until you find a letter that is different. The firstletter that is different shows you what order the words should be in.To help you remember the alphabetical order of English, the alphabet isshown down the side of each page of the dictionary.1 Put these words in alphabetical 782 Put these words in alphabetical gue5678Finding an entryWhen you open the dictionary, you will see a word at the top of each page.These help you to find the page that the word you are looking for is on. Theword at the top of the left page is the first entry on that page, and the wordat the top of the right page is the last entry on that page. If the word youare looking for comes in alphabetical order between these two words, it willbe on the two pages you are looking at.Cambridge Essential English Dictionary, Second EditionDictionary Guide WorksheetsCopyright Cambridge University Press 2011 Unit 1: Finding your way around the dictionary   1

erecent events in the town.designedtodonepersuadepeople tothat something is true or exists: eviYouhaven’tyour buttonsup.buyB1 a race, party, competition, etc.2 hsomething:a newspaper/television/dence of global warming There is noB1 a switch2that you press tofthathasbeenorganizedforaparticuonline advertisementscientific evidence that the drug iscontrola piece of equipment: Press thelaritime: They organize a lot of socialharmful.a higher,) more difficult rtising / ˈædvətaɪzɪŋ / noung[no events.2 information that is given or thingsnced Englishcourseeonewho worksin business,plural]buy/ baɪ / verb (buying, bought)jeventually / ɪˈventʃuəli / advthat are shown in a court of law toving developedto a morehavingan importantjobthebusinessofpersuadingpeopletoA1 to get something by giving moneyhin the end, especially after a longhelp to prove that someone has donestage:advancedtechnologytion / ˈbʌs ˌsteɪʃən / nounbuyit:productsservices:worksforI went toortheshop toSarahbuy somek We all hope that an agreementtime:a crime: He was arrested despite theplacewhereabusstartsorinadvertising.milk.iage / ədˈvɑːntɪdʒ / nouncanreachedeventually.lack of evidence against him.3 Draw a line from the headwordtobethewordsthat it will appear between.journey:Thebusstationisinlmething good that helps you:r / noun3 give evidence to give informationr / ver/ˈevəe of town.vantageof living in town isgood whoaboutport.j .praiseand answer questions in a court ofB11someonebuyswhatsomethingA2suggestionsyou think1 A2 at any time: Have you ever beenmheso near.p /shopsˈbʌs ˌstɒp/ nounlaw: She was called to give evidence atexpensive,such asa house:He’sstill.whichsomeoneshoulddo:This bookgivesskiing? No one ever calls me.2policewe’d.advantagesomethingtowhere a busofstopsto allowB1pashis trial.lookingfor savinga buyermoney.for his house.advice onI tookkyour 2 ever since B1 always since thatthingsthatandareoff:goodorforthatto get onWaitmen3 e:Wemetatschoolandhavebeenevident / ˈevɪdənt / adj formal lbuzz / bʌz / verbp a situation: Takegiveyoua continuouspiece of advice?friends ever since.obvious to everyone and easy to siersports ,facilitiesoɪzi /ofadjbusiest)while3 hardlyever B1 almost never: Weor understand: It was evident from hisbee:I can ng hard, or giving your5 posterDVD. .easyhardly ever go out these days.voice that he was upset.advantageofsomeone/some1p ever UK B1 for all time in thethat this word is not countn to a particular activity: MumbyRemember/ baɪ / preposition4 foror I’vesomethingevil1 / ˈiːvəl / adjable. used to show the person or nytreatin thesomeonekitchen. gotfuture:onI’mthenot pagesgoing tothatlive hereforwith mouse41 A2Whichofadvice.these words will you findstartordertogetwhatyouwant:Ivery bad and cruel: an evil monsterIneedsomeqf jobs to keep you busy.thing that does something: a painting ever.endwithmust? hadDrawunder the words that will be onevilthesetwoell takesadvantageof his agenerIVanneedGoghan advice.2 / ˈiːvəl / noun [no plural]o a linebyandof activityor people:busyThe buildingbeenSeealsoforever fre.Tomake advicerpages.ntdestroyedby fire.singular, say a piece ofaforcethat is very bad or makes bad5everso/eversuchavery/avery:Itadvice.2 A2 through doing or using somea busyperiod, ryouhave a lotpthings happen: The theme of the play isever so kind of you to meet us ature/ ədˈventʃə/ nounmouthmoremuch wasmoodmymugmovesxcitingto do:andI’ve sometimeshad a busy dangerday.thing:I sent it by email.getthe battle between good and evil.thes airport. She’s ever such a good We’llCommon mistake: adviceor advise?there by bʌt / weakbət /quiteconjunctionerience:They /hada fewevolution/ ˌiːvəˈluːʃən / noun [nonota toconfuse thenounA2careful3 Bebeforeparticulartimeor date:tmustn’tMrmothermusicMs136everyto onintroducesomething new, extremelyrestheir travels.plural]advice with the verb advise./ ˈevri / determinerApplications have to be in by the 31st.rly something that is different1 the way in which living things gradI advise you to see a lawyer.1 A1 each one of a group of people orərəs / adj4 B1largenearinoramountnext to: orI’lldegree:meet you byurous/ ədˈventʃuhatyou havejust said:I’d drive 2 veryneedlethatknowsyou putthreadually change and develop over milI advice youto see a lawyer.things:Hethe thenameof everythepostoffice.enturouspersonse, but I don’thavelikesmy tocar.trythroughextreme painlions of years: Darwin’s theory of evoluachildin the school.5 theholdinga particularpartof somedifficultgoing to be 3 atvoodwas things:good butI’mexpensive.3 keepan toeyeon someone/somethingfurthestsomething:tionA1 used2showthat something isadvise/ ədˈvaɪzpoint/ verbof(advising,one or something:grabbedmet byventurous with my cooking.SometimeswordsShecanbe spelledinmoreregularly:oneway,oror anotherto watchorthanlook aftersomeonein theextreme2 awordgradual process of change andbrepeatedTheygo campingadvised) south of the islandng / bʌt / weak / bət / prepositionthe arm.wsomething:Couldyoukeepaneyeondevelopment:the evolution of laneverysummer. These different spellingstousedtell /someonethatthey onebut Andrew/ ˈædvɜːb/ nounextremelyɪkˈstriːmli/advpast: He sped by me on a motorcycle.utothe kids for a moment?guage the painter’s artistic evolutiondosomething:IwouldadvisehimcB1rd that gives more informavery:extremelybeautifulHeeverybody/ pronoun orin bracketsdifferentare shownat the/ ˈevriˌbɒdibeginningof the entries:7 used towordsshow measurementsx someone’s4 ineyes in someone’ssee extremelya doctor. hard.r / nounouta verb,adjective, phrase, or worksex- / eks- / prefixA2 another word for everyoner / ˈbʊtʃəamounts:twelve by ten feet of floorvopinion:Inmyparents’eyes,I’lldate extremedverb.In thesentenceused to show that someone is noeone whopreparesand‘Hesellsspace sportsI’mpaid /bythe hour.ɪkˌstriːmˈspɔːts/r / aɪzə(alsoyalways be a child.‘quickly’ is an adverb.longer what they were: my ex-girlfriendnoun2everybody)wbyadvisor)/ baɪ / adverB1activitiesthatareexcitinganddan/ ˈaɪbraʊI’ve/ noun/ noun[noUKplural]exact / ɪɡˈzækt / adjA2zevery person:received a replysomeonejob is to giveadvice/ˈbʌtəˈædvɜːt/ nounpast:I sat whosethere, watchingpeoplewalk eyebrowgerous:most extremesports,suchthe thinline thatis aboveeachfood made fromB1 completely correct: I don’t knowfromeveryoneEveryoneagreedaboutI alovesubject:a financialadviseradvertisementmft,ofyellowxby.fas snowboarding.eye the decision.hat you put on breadthe exact price.withbye/ exclamation (also bye-bye)oodpage ðC7ʃ she on θ thinthis ʒ decision dʒ jar tʃ chip æ /catenounbed ə ago ɪ sit i baby ɒ hot ʌ run y ʊ put eyeaɪ // baɪeverything/ ˈevriθɪŋexactly / ɪɡˈzæktli / advgeyelash / ˈaɪlæʃ/ noun/ (pronounalso lash)A1 goodbye: Bye, see you tomorrow.1 A1one offly / ˈbʌtəflaɪ / noun (pluralA2of1one1 A2 used when you are giving omthetwo / organsies)bytebaɪt / nounzlostin thefire. asking for information that is comWhat’shthe everythingedge of youreyelids:falseeye- thein ayourunitfacefor measuring the amount ofnsect with large, colouredpletely correct: What exactly is thematter,lashes Nick, is everything all right?thatyou use to a computer can storeinformationisee with: Saraɑːfather ɜː bird iː see/ nounɔː saw uː too aɪ my aʊ how eə hair eɪ day əʊ no ɪə near ɔɪ boy ʊə pure aɪə fire aʊə sour eyelid/ ˈaɪlɪdhas black hairthe piece of skin that covers your eyesjand brownwhen you close themrd iː see ɔː saw uː too aɪ my aʊ how eə haireyes. eɪ day əʊSheno ɪə near ɔɪ boy ʊə pure aɪə fire aʊə sour kclosed her eyeseyesight / ˈaɪsaɪt / noun [no plural]and fell asleep.the ability to see: My eyesight isl2 the small hole at the end of agetting worse.ssman, businessan / ˈbɪznɪsmən /, / ˈbɪznɪsed/ ədˈvɑːnst/ adj/ noun(plural businessmen,Variantsmnopqrstuvwxyzɑː father ɜː bird iː see ɔː saw uː too aɪ my aʊ how eə hair eɪ day əʊ no ɪə near ɔɪ boy ʊə pure aɪə fire aʊə sour Cambridge Essential English Dictionary, Second EditionDictionary Guide WorksheetsCopyright Cambridge University Press 2011 Unit 1: Finding your way around the dictionary   2

nopqrstuavbwcxdyezfghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzthing come to an end: Eventuallygossipsomeone spoke, breaking the silence. 169break down phrasal verbB1 / Ifa carunderstand the difference between goodgolfɡɒlf/ or machine breaks down, itbrass / brɑːs / noun [no plural]stops[noworking:and bad.nounplural] My car broke down ona shiny yellow metal: a door with athea waywork.A22 something that is an advantage orgametoyoubrass handlebreakinto something phrasal verbhelp to a person or situation: It’s hardplayby hittingB1 to getwork, but it’s for your own good.a smallball into a building or car usingbrave / breɪv / adjforce,usually to steal something:3 do someone good to be useful orwitha long,B1 Not afraid of dangerous or difficultwhat helpful to someone: A holiday will doSomeonebroke into the office and stolestick intosituations: He died after a brave fight 449 good.holesaagainst rb / ˈwestən / adj4 for good forever: When he was 20,largearea startbravelyadv ‘You’ll go, won’t you?’‘Well, I’m not sure.’1 inor fromthe westfrompart somethingof an area:tobecomeseparatedhegrassa left home for good.əbravery/ ˈbreɪv ri / noun [no plural]shed362 bywesternFranceforce:A largepieceof ice hadgolfernoun4formsgoodbye/ ɡʊdˈbaɪ / exclamationSomeof nouns,verbs, and adjectiveshavespecialformsorspellings.actionsor /behaviorthat showwell/ welnoun2 relatedthethecountriesbrokenoff tofromiceberg. of Northb something you say when you leaveA1someoneisbravea deepincoming?’the groundfromwhich nd westernEurope:verbabreaksomethingoff phrasalsomeone or when they leave you:you canget /water,gasan1areaofdiplomatlandsomethingusedfor playinggolfbreadnounoil,[no orplural]nuts,orseeds:a ofsoon.’ / bredWesternto separatefrom ,andbetterandGoodbyeVicki! See you next week.A1 a 1/basicmade by mixing andsnail’selseshellby breaking it: He broke offwe’llwiːlthingshed/ ʃed/ /foodnoungone/ɡɒn/goodevening/ ˌɡʊd ˈiːvnɪŋ / formofwewill:We’llbehomeona pieceof /chocolate.a small building used to keep thingsshe’ll/ ʃiːldpastparticipleof goin water or anotherA2 coveredation1 toa loafof whitebread shed Friday.2endsomethingsuchas tools:a gardenshortform ofshe will: suddenly: SheA1 something you say to someone inliquid:a thewettowel1 / breɪk / verb (broke, broken)1 /offbrokeengagementtwo) weeksbreakgoodɡʊd/ adj(better, bestShe’llbeawayuntile eveningwell 2behavedˌwel bɪˈheɪvd/ adjshed/ ʃed / verb /(shedding, shed)A2 raining: a wet and windy daythe2beforethewedding.A2 to separate into two or moreA1 enjoyable or nice: a good book11 Tuesday.behavingin askin,politeandetc.quietshedleaves,hair,to way:loseB1 not dry yet: wet paint3good-looking/ ˌɡʊdˈlʊkɪŋ / adjouthavephrasalverbtime at thepieces,or tobecausemakesomethingDid youa good breakfThe childrenarepoliteand wellsomethingit fallsoff: separateA lot ofshellfish/ ˈʃelfɪʃ /A2 attractive: a good-looking womanIf somethingdangerous or unpleasantintotwomorepieces:Theyhad eesshedortheirleavesintheautumn.noun[noplural] to get suddenlystarts:TheA1 ofbreak a window2 breaksaout,highquality:Thefoodat thismorning / ˌɡʊd ˈmɔːnɪŋ /shortformof wehave: We’veboughtafire goodgseacreaturesthatshe’d/ ʃiːd/well/ aˌwelˈdrest/ adj body:brokeoutisinverythe early2 A2 dressedtodamagebonein yourrestaurantgood. morning. in shells and are1shortformofshehad:BythetimeIB1 wearingqualityout toin do1914.A1 ableShebroke herattractive,leg in the goodaccident.3 brokesomething well: AnnaA1h something you say to someoneeaten as le/ cook.weɪl/clothes:a she’dwell-dressedwomanphrasalverbA23to stopworkingorto makeisbreaka goodupwhen you meet them in the morning1r/2 short form of she would: She knew thatshelter/ˈʃeltənoun4 A1 kind or helpful: She’s a goodwellknown/ ˌwel ˈnəʊn / adjigoodness/ ˈɡʊdnəs / nounshe’dnounPasttenses,past(‘-ing’thatB1 aɑː father ɜːbebirdlate. iː see ɔː saw participles, uː too aɪ my aʊ howand eə hairpresent friend.eɪ dayəʊ veryno participlesɪə near ɔɪ boy ʊə pure aɪə fire forms)aʊə sour A2 famous: These pictures show her1 [no plural] the quality in people that1a placethat nyouaresheep/ʃiːp/nounarebeforenot sheregularareshownat the entryforortheverb.Thereis also a makeslistwas wellknown.j ofthem behave well and treat a wellweatherdanger:a bombthat lookslikepleasedaboutsomething:Oh peoplethe kindly: She believes in the2[noplural]protectionfrombada fishand atlivesA1 a farm animalhe’sarrivedlast.goodnessof human nature.kor danger:Weortookshelterinseawelloff/ ˌwelˈɒf / adj and the past participle.A1the6 weatherwhoseskinis tense,havinga positiveusefulverb,itspast2 informal something you say when ntsareeffect: Fruit is good for you.covered with wool: aarewhat/ wɒt/l surprised: My goodness, he’s a big2 / ˈʃeltər / verb that you sayreallyofwelloff. ahavewell-offtheirfamilyown entries,flocksheep7 A1 informalsomethingshelterIrregularformswhichtellyou to go to the baby,mainisn’t erorinsideabuildrsheer/ ʃɪəwellofpaidˌwel ˈpeɪd / adjdeterminerformthe/ /adjword:mgoodnight / ˌɡʊd ˈnaɪt / exclamationhowyou knowis: bad‘Howweatherareingsomeoneto be protectedfrom1used toa saythata feelingor qualityearninglot ofmoney:a well-paidjob1 A1 used to ask for informationA1 something you say when you leaveyou,Emily?’ ‘I’mgood, thanks!’or danger:We shelteredfrom the rainis very strong: a look of sheer delightabout something: What’s this? Whatnsomeonein the evening or when somewent/ went/A2 A a8 undergoodtree.child or animal behavessheerdetermination time is it?one is going to bedpast tense of gowell.2 very steep: a sheer cliff faceshepherd/ˈʃepəd/noun2 A1 informal used when you have notoA2 suitable or satisfactory: When9 someonewept / wept /whosejob ishasto lookafteryou goods / ɡʊdz / plural nounheard whatsomeonesaid andwouldbeagoodtimetocall?B1items that are made to be sold: Wepast tense and past participle of weepsheepwant themrepeat it: ‘Do you want ap pies, cakes, and other baked goods.1 Write the past tense and past participleoftothese10 B1 morallyright: averbs.good personselldrink Tom?’‘What?’sheriff/ ˈʃerɪf/ nounwere / wɜr // ɡuːs / noun (plural geese)B13Commonusedmistake:to meansomethinggoodanelectedlawofficerin orthewell?US without goosetensepastparticipleqpasttense of be, usedpastwith ‘you’,‘we’,a large water bird similar to a duckgivingis itanaadjectivename: IandheardwhatGoodis usedto he said.and ‘they’: They were happy.she’s/ʃiːz/1 breakDo youknow what I mean?describenouns.gorgeous/ ˈɡɔːdʒəs / adj shortr1formof she is: She’s very nice.we’re / wɪər /4informalusedto ask what someoneShe’sagoodcook.B1 very beautiful or pleasant: You look2make2shortformofshehas:She’sbeenshort form of we are: Hurry! We’re late!wantswhen hadtheya goodcall you:‘Jenny?’ ‘Yes,Her childreneducation.gorgeousin that dress!sworkingvery hard.Wellis an adverb and is used to describewhat?’3 get / wɜːnt /weren’t1gorilla/ ɡəˈrɪlə / nounshield/ʃiːld/nounverbs.5 what about ? A2 used to suggestshortof were not: They weren’ta tbig, black, hairy animal, like a large4 formswimasomething:large,objectaboutthat askingsoldiersMartinhold inShecooksflatwell.Whattothere.monkeyfrontof theirbodiesto protect themHer childrenwerewell takeu1 / ˈɡɒsɪp / noun [no plural]selveswest,West / west / noun [no plural]gossip6 what a/an B1 used to give your2 / ɡʊd21 A2 the direction that you face to see good/ nounconversation about other people’sopinion:/ ʃiːldWhatawful day!shield/ anverbvthe sun goformsdown: Whichway is west?1 toprivatelives that might not be true:plural]if eor thinksomethingIrregularof nouns2 the west A2 the part of an area thataninteresting piece of hat couldhappenin thefromsomethingbad: Sheshieldedherwis farthertowardwest thanfromsun.example book, books./ ʃiːt/ noun s,theforj yes ŋ Commonring ʃ she mistake:θ thin ð this ʒ decision dʒ jar tʃ chip æ cat e bed ə ago ɪ sit i baby ɒ hot ʌ run ʊ put rest:westpieceof theofstatehasona alotbedofwhatB1 The1alargeclothshiftplural/ ʃɪft / nounSomenounsdo not have this regularform. If a plural form ofx a have not heard what someonethatyou lie on or under1Whena changein something: There d:want them to repeat it,is notregular,it isglass,shownin etc.bracketsafterthe2 a sheetof paper,metal,beena shiftin publiconpolite.thisyyou cansay what?,but opinionthis is notAmericaEuropeA2 a flat andpiecewesternof paper,glass, etc.matter.It is better to say sorry? or pardon?. west adj A2 the west shore of the lake2 a‘It’speriodof workin a place‘Isuchasshelf/ ʃelf/ noun (plural shelves / ʃelvz /)ten o’clock.’ ‘Sorry/Pardon?’said it’szWestVirginia A2 a board used to put things 2 west advWe drove west.often attached to a wall: kitchenshin / ʃɪn / nounshelvesj yes ŋ ring ʃ she θ thin ð this ʒ decision dʒ jar tʃ chip æthecat fronte bed partə ago ofɪ sita ilegbabybetween ɒ hot ʌ run ʊ put theknee and the footshell / ʃel / nounthe hard outer covering of some creaf See The Body on page C2brandies)a strong alcoholic drink made fromwineUnit 2: Information about the wordIrregular forms2 Look up these nouns. Write down their plural form.ɑː father ɜː bird iː see ɔː saw uː too aɪ my aʊ how eə hair eɪ day əʊ no ɪə near ɔɪ boy ʊə pure aɪə fire aʊə sour osheepwifeCambridge Essential English Dictionary, Second EditionDictionary Guide WorksheetsCopyright Cambridge University Press 2011 Unit 2: Information about the word   1abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz

abcdefghdifferent person: a fancy dress partyfantastic / fænˈtæstɪk / adj informalA2 very good: He looks fantastic in thatsuit. fantastically adv They’re doing fantastically ( very) well.B1the job of working on a farmfarmyard / ˈfɑːmjɑːd / nounan area of land with farm buildingsaround itfarther / ˈfɑːðər / adj, advcomparative of far: more distant: Icouldn’t walk any farther.fantasy / ˈfæntəsi / noun (plural3 fantasiesLook upunder the/ ˈfɑːðɪstcorrectplural) these nouns. Put a line farthest/ adj,adv form.a pleasant situation or event that you1 citywhichcitiesimagine,is not realcitysor true: cityesSteve’s fantasy was to have a big house2lifelifeslifslivesand an expensive car.superlative of far: most distant: Whichplanet is farthest from the sun?fascinated / ˈfæsɪneɪtɪd / adjvery interested: They were absolutely3firemanfiremansfiremenfiremensFAQ / ˌefeɪˈkjuː / nounfascinated by the video game.a setofquestionsthatmanypeople4 tomato tomatoes tomatosfascinatingtomates / ˈfæsɪneɪtɪŋ / adjask when they use the Internet or avery interesting: a fascinating storycomputer program, or a documentfashion / ˈfæʃən / nouncontainingthese questionsand theirIrregularformsof adjectives1 A2 the most popular style of clothesanswersjorThebehaviourat a rms.comparativeformused to showrfar / fɑː / advhair is in fashion now. Fur coatsk thatA2 used to talk1 someonehow distantoraboutsomethinghas moreofaparticularqualitythansomeonehave gone out of fashion.something is: How far is it to the2 B1 comparative[no plural] the businessof es–er2totheendYoungof theadjectiveor use the word more before it.verymuch:peopleare farfashionable / ˈfæʃənəbl / adjmmore independent these days.populara particulartime: fash- or3asfarasIknowusedtosaywhatThe superlative form of adjectives isB1usedto atshowthat someoneionable clothesyou think is true, although you do notnsomethinghas more of a particularfqualitythan anyoneOpposite unfashionableadj or anything else.know all the facts: As far as I ��estto the end of the1theyarecomingtotheparty.ofast / fɑːst / adj4 by far usedto saythatsomethingis before1 A1 it.quick: fast cars a fast swimmeradjective,or usethewordmostvery much the biggest, the best, etc.:pf Opposite slow adjThis is his best book by far.2thatIf a clockor watchis fast, areit showsaComparativeandsuperlativeformsare notregularshownat the5 so far B1 until now: So far, weqtime that is later than the correctbeginningof muchthe entry:haven’t madeprogress on thetime: My watch is five minutes fast.project.rfast2 / fɑːst / advfar2 / fɑːr / adj (farther or further,1 A2 quickly: We ran as fast as wesfarthest or furthest)could.describing the part of something that2 fast asleep completely asleeptis most distant from you: His office is3 in a firm or tight way: He tried to getat the far end of the corridor.away, but she held him fast.ufare / feər / nounfasten / ˈfɑːsən / verbthe pricethat to travel1 B1 to close orandattachsomething: forms.4 B1Lookup theseWriteontheir comparativesuperlativeva plane, train, bus, etc.: plane/bus faresFasten your seat belts.comparative superlative2 to attach one thing to another: Hefarm/ fɑːm / nounwfastened the shelf to the wall.A1 land and buildings used for growixyz1 bading crops and keeping animals: a2 farmheavydairy( where cows are raised formilk)3 lazyfarmer / ˈfɑːmər / noungood who owns or looks afterA24 someonea farm5 wellfast food / ˌfɑːst ˈfuːd / noun [no plural]A2 hot food that is served veryquickly in a restaurant because it isalready madefat1 / fæt / adj (fatter, fattest)A1Someone who is fat weighs tooɑː father ɜː bird iː see ɔː saw uː too aɪ my aʊ how eə hair eɪ day əʊ no ɪə near ɔɪ boy ʊə pure aɪə fire aʊə sour PronunciationsPronunciations are shown after the headword. For example, thepronunciation for the word dog is shown like this: /dɒg/. Thepronunciations are written using the symbols of the InternationalPhonetic Alphabet (IPA). The list on the inside front cover of the dictionarytells you how to read the pronunciation symbols. The most difficultsymbols are also shown at the bottom of each page, with an example of aword that contains that sound.The symbols ˈ and ˌ show you which part of the word to say strongly. Thehigh symbol ˈ shows you the part of the word that you should say in thestrongest voice. The low symbol ˌ shows you the part of the word that youshould say in a strong voice, but not as strong as ˈ .The dictionary entries do not show pronunciation for abbreviations usedonly in writing, such as cm, lb, mm.Cambridge Essential English Dictionary, Second EditionDictionary Guide WorksheetsCopyright Cambridge University Press 2011 Unit 2: Information about the word   2

5 Look up these words. Draw a line from the word to its �kʃənəri/6 Put a line under the part of the word that has the strongest stress.1 doctor2 incorrect3 award4 question545 record (noun)k someone to come somewhere: camcorder / ˈkæmˌkɔːdər / noun6 record (verb)ed me into her office.a camera that you hold in your handmeone) back phrasal verbelephone someone a secondto telephone someone whoned you earliersomeone phrasal verbo to a place in order to gete: I’ll call for you at eight.phrasal verbisit a place or person for ame, usually while you areomewhere else: I’ll call in onhome.mething off phrasal verbde that something that isd will not happen: The gameed off because of bad weather.ːl / noune act of using the telephone:e a call at the weekend. I gotrom Sue this morning.e act of shouting somethingnd made by a bird or otherkɔːlər / noune who makes a telephone call:ymous callerˈkɔːlɪn / noun US (UK phone-in)sion or radio programme inhe public can ask questions orinions over the telephonekɑːm / adjlaxed and not worried orned: a calm voicethe weather or the sea is calm,et and peaceful.y adv in a relaxed way: Heowly and calmly.and that records moving picturesEnglishProfilelevelscame / keɪm/past tense of comeIn thedictionary entries you will see the numbers and letters A1, A2, B1.camelTheseareEnglish Profile levels, and they show you the words or meanings/ ˈkæməl / nounB1 a largeof wordsthat you need to know at different levels. A1 words are the mostanimal thatbasicwords and should be learned first, followed by A2 words, then B1lives in hot,words.You can use these levels to decide what are the important words thatdry placeshas oneoryouandneedto study.In the entry below you can see that camera is an A1two humpsword.( raised partson its back)camera / ˈkæmərə / nounA1 a piece of equipment used to takephotographscamp1 / kæmp / nounB1 an areawhere wordspeople stay71 Lookup theseandinwrite down the English Profile level.tents for a short time, usually onholiday1 bread2 an area containing temporary build2 orhomeingstents (noun)used for s

These Dictionary Guide Worksheets are downloadable versions of the Guide to the Dictionary presented in the Cambridge Essential English Dictionary, Second Edition. The Guide is designed to help you develop skills in using a dictionary. The worksheets are grouped as five separate units, whi

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