Solomon’s Knot

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Solomon’s KnotHow Law Can End the Poverty of NationsAcademic Trade31WHY LAW IS CRITICAL TO INNOVATIONAND ECONOMIC GROWTHRobert D. Cooter &Hans-Bernd SchäferSustained growth depends on innovation, whether it’s cuttingedge software from Silicon Valley, an improved assembly linein Sichuan, or a new export market for Swaziland’s leather. Developing a new idea requires money, which poses a problem oftrust. The innovator must trust the investor with his idea andthe investor must trust the innovator with her money. RobertCooter and Hans-Bernd Schäfer call this the “double trust dilemma of development.” Nowhere is this problem more acutethan in poorer nations, where the failure to solve it results instagnant economies.In Solomon’s Knot, Cooter and Schäfer propose a legaltheory of economic growth that details how effective property,contract, and business laws help to unite capital and ideas.They also demonstrate why ineffective private and businesslaws are the root cause of the poverty of nations in today’sworld. Without the legal institutions that allow innovation andentrepreneurship to thrive, other attempts to spur economicgrowth are destined to fail.Robert D. Cooter is the Herman F. Selvin Professor of Law atthe University of California, Berkeley. His books include TheStrategic Constitution (Princeton). Hans-Bernd Schäfer isprofessor of law and economics at the Bucerius Law School inHamburg, Germany, and professor emeritus at the University ofHamburg. His books include The Economic Analysis of Civil Law.The Kauffman Foundation Serieson Innovation and Entrepreneurship“Cooter and Schäfer provide a thorough introduction to growth economicsthrough the lens of law and economics.They do a masterful job of weaving inhistorical anecdotes from all over theworld, detailed discussions of historical transformations, theoretical literature, empirical studies, and numerousclever hypotheticals. Scholars as well asgeneral readers will find this book to bevery useful and informative.”—Henry N. Butler, George MasonUniversityJANUARYCloth 29.95S978-0-691-14792-5328 pages. 19 line illus. 27 tables. 6 x 9.LAW z ECONOMICSpress.princeton.edu

32Academic TradeAN EXPLORATION OF THE MODERNPREOCCUPATION WITH IDENTITY,FROM EMINENT CRITIC PETER BROOKSEnigmas of IdentityPeter Brooks“We know that it matters crucially to be able to say who weare, why we are here, and where we are going,” Peter Brookswrites in Enigmas of Identity. Many of us are also uncomfortably aware that we cannot provide a convincing account of ouridentity to others or even ourselves. Despite or because of thatfailure, we keep searching for identity, making it up, trying toauthenticate it, and inventing excuses for our unpersuasivestories about it. This wide-ranging book draws on literature,law, and psychoanalysis to examine important aspects of theemergence of identity as a peculiarly modern preoccupation.In particular, the book addresses the social, legal, andpersonal anxieties provoked by the rise of individualismand selfhood in modern culture. Paying special attention toRousseau, Freud, and Proust, Brooks also looks at the intersection of individual life stories with the law, and considersthe creation of an introspective project that culminates inpsychoanalysis.Elegant and provocative, Enigmas of Identity offers new insights into the questions and clues about who we think we are.“Peter Brooks has written a splendidmeditation on the search for the self:erudite, illuminating, and eloquent.He shows how this search leads to anobsessive focus on markers of identityand stories of imposture. Rousseau,Balzac, Stendhal, Proust, and Freud arecentral interlocutors, but Brooks makesreference to a wide range of other texts,and deftly weaves developments in U.S.law into his discussion.”—Martha C. Nussbaum, author of Notfor Profit: Why Democracy Needs theHumanitiesNOVEMBERCloth 29.95S978-0-691-15158-8248 pages. 1 color illus. 6 x 9.LITERATURE z LAWpress.princeton.eduPeter Brooks is the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Scholarat Princeton University. He is the author of many works ofliterary criticism, including Henry James Goes to Paris(Princeton), Reading for the Plot, Psychoanalysis and Storytelling, and Troubling Confessions. He is also the author of twonovels, The Emperor’s Body and World Elsewhere.

The 1970sA New Global History fromCivil Rights to Economic InequalityAcademic Trade33A NEW FRAMEWORK FOR UNDERSTANDINGTHE IMPORTANCE OF THE 1970sFOR THE UNITED STATES AND THE WORLDThomas BorstelmannThe 1970s looks at an iconic decade when the cultural left andeconomic right came to the fore in American society and theworld at large. While many have seen the 1970s as simply aperiod of failures epitomized by Watergate, inflation, the oilcrisis, global unrest, and disillusionment with military effortsin Vietnam, Thomas Borstelmann creates a new frameworkfor understanding the period and its legacy. He demonstrateshow the 1970s increased social inclusiveness and, at the sametime, encouraged commitments to the free market and wariness of government. As a result, American culture and muchof the rest of the world became more—and less—equal.Borstelmann explores how the 1970s forged the contoursof contemporary America. Military, political, and economiccrises undercut citizens’ confidence in government. Free market enthusiasm led to lower taxes, a volunteer army, individual401(k) retirement plans, free agency in sports, deregulatedairlines, and expansions in gambling and pornography. At thesame time, the movement for civil rights grew, promotingchanges for women, gays, immigrants, and the disabled. Anddevelopments were not limited to the United States. Manycountries gave up colonial and racial hierarchies to developa new formal commitment to human rights, while economicderegulation spread to other parts of the world, from Chile andthe United Kingdom to China.Placing a tempestuous political culture within a globalperspective, The 1970s shows that the decade wrought irrevocable transformations upon American society and the broaderworld that continue to resonate today.Thomas (“Tim”) Borstelmann is the Elwood N. and KatherineThompson Distinguished Professor of Modern World History at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln. His other booksinclude The Cold War and the Color Line and Apartheid’sReluctant Uncle.“The importance of the 1970s inexplaining contemporary Americaand large parts of the world cannot beoverstated. Borstelmann makes a clearand compelling point about how thedecade’s developments shaped or playedout over the remainder of the centuryand beyond. The breadth of the book’smaterial is extremely impressive andutterly up-to-date.”—Thomas Bender, author of A NationAmong NationsAmerica in the WorldSven Beckert and Jeremi Suri, Series EditorsDECEMBERCloth 29.95S978-0-691-14156-5384 pages. 13 halftones. 6 x 9.HISTORYpress.princeton.edu

34Academic TradeA NEW APPROACH TO UNDERSTANDING JEWISHTHOUGHT SINCE THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURYHow JudaismBecame a ReligionAn Introduction to Modern Jewish ThoughtLeora Batnitzky“Leora Batnitzky’s wonderful overviewof modern Jewish thought is also strikingly novel. She shows that modernJewish philosophy and culture arealways responses to a single question: Isit desirable—or even possible—to makeJudaism the religion it had never beenbefore? This book is an outstandingachievement that will consolidate Batnitzky’s reputation as the most thoughtful and remarkable scholar of modernJewish thought of our time.”—Samuel Moyn, Columbia UniversityOCTOBERCloth 27.95S978-0-691-13072-9208 pages. 6 x 9.RELIGION z JEWISH STUDIESpress.princeton.eduIs Judaism a religion, a culture, a nationality—or a mixtureof all of these? In How Judaism Became a Religion, LeoraBatnitzky boldly argues that this question more than anyother has driven modern Jewish thought since the eighteenthcentury. This wide-ranging and lucid introduction tells thestory of how Judaism came to be defined as a religion in themodern period—and why Jewish thinkers have fought as wellas championed this idea.Ever since the Enlightenment, Jewish thinkers havedebated whether and how Judaism—largely a religion ofpractice and public adherence to law—can fit into a modern, Protestant conception of religion as an individual andprivate matter of belief or faith. Batnitzky makes the novelargument that it is this clash between the modern categoryof religion and Judaism that is responsible for much of thecreative tension in modern Jewish thought. Tracing how theidea of Jewish religion has been defended and resisted fromthe eighteenth century to today, the book discusses many ofthe major Jewish thinkers of the past three centuries, including Moses Mendelssohn, Abraham Geiger, Hermann Cohen,Martin Buber, Zvi Yehuda Kook, Theodor Herzl, and MordecaiKaplan. At the same time, it tells the story of modern orthodoxy, the German-Jewish renaissance, Jewish religion after theHolocaust, the emergence of the Jewish individual, the birthof Jewish nationalism, and Jewish religion in America.More than an introduction, How Judaism Became a Religionpresents a compelling new perspective on the history of modernJewish thought.Leora Batnitzky is professor and chair in the Department ofReligion at Princeton University, where she also directs theTikvah Project on Jewish Thought. She is the author of LeoStrauss and Emmanuel Levinas: Philosophy and the Politics ofRevelation and Idolatry and Representation: The Philosophy ofFranz Rosenzweig Reconsidered (Princeton).

The Spirit of CitiesWhy the Identity of a City Matters in a Global AgeAcademic Trade35A LIVELY AND PERSONAL BOOK THATRETURNS THE CITY TO POLITICAL THOUGHTDaniel A. Bell &Avner de-ShalitCities shape the lives and outlooks of billions of people,yet they have been overshadowed in contemporary politicalthought by nation-states, identity groups, and concepts likejustice and freedom. The Spirit of Cities revives the classicalidea that a city expresses its own distinctive ethos or values.In the ancient world, Athens was synonymous with democracyand Sparta represented military discipline. In this original andengaging book, Daniel Bell and Avner de-Shalit explore howthis classical idea can be applied to today’s cities, and theyexplain why philosophy and the social sciences need to rediscover the spirit of cities.Bell and de-Shalit look at nine modern cities and theprevailing ethos that distinguishes each one. The cities areJerusalem (religion), Montreal (language), Singapore (nationbuilding), Hong Kong (materialism), Beijing (political power),Oxford (learning), Berlin (tolerance and intolerance), Paris(romance), and New York (ambition). Bell and de-Shalit drawupon the richly varied histories of each city, as well as novels,poems, biographies, tourist guides, architectural landmarks,and the authors’ own personal reflections and insights. Theyshow how the ethos of each city is expressed in political, cultural, and economic life, and also how pride in a city’s ethoscan oppose the homogenizing tendencies of globalization andcurb the excesses of nationalism.The Spirit of Cities is unreservedly impressionistic. Combining strolling and storytelling with cutting-edge theory, thebook encourages debate and opens up new avenues of inquiryin philosophy and the social sciences. It is a must-read forlovers of cities everywhere.Daniel A. Bell is the Zhiyuan Chair Professor of Arts andHumanities at Shanghai Jiaotong University and professor ofpolitical theory and director of the Center for International andComparative Political Philosophy at Tsinghua University in Beijing. His books include China’s New Confucianism and BeyondLiberal Democracy (both Princeton). Avner de-Shalit holds theMax Kampelman Chair for Democracy and Human Rights andis dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. His books include Disadvantage and Powerto the People: Teaching Political Philosophy in Skeptical Times.“The Spirit of Cities presents a new approach to the study of cities in whichthe focus is placed on a city’s definingethos or values. The style of the bookis attractively conversational and evenautobiographical. . . . For a lover of cities—and perhaps even for one who isnot—The Spirit of Cities is consistentlygood reading.”—Nathan Glazer, author of From aCause to a Style: Modernist Architecture’sEncounter with the American CityOCTOBERCloth 35.00S978-0-691-15144-1352 pages. 10 halftones. 6 x 9.POLITICAL THEORY z URBAN STUDIESpress.princeton.edu

36Academic TradeHOW LATINO CATHOLICS AND AMERICAARE TRANSFORMING ONE ANOTHERLatino CatholicismTransformation in America’s Largest ChurchTimothy Matovina“This is a first-rate work of scholarship.Matovina is a theologian, and he paysattention to serious religious questions.But he is also a historian, and a verygood one, and he turns the Latino storyinto a genuinely American story, andthat is a terrific achievement.”—David J. O’Brien, author of From theHeart of the American Church: CatholicHigher Education and American CultureDECEMBERCloth 29.95S978-0-691-13979-1288 pages. 6 x 9.RELIGION z AMERICAN STUDIESpress.princeton.eduMost histories of Catholicism in the United States focus onthe experience of Euro-American Catholics, whose views onsuch concerns as church reform, social issues, and sexualethics have dominated public debates. Latino Catholicismprovides a comprehensive overview of the Latino Catholicexperience in America from the sixteenth century to today, andoffers the most in-depth examination to date of the importantways the U.S. Catholic Church, its evolving Latino majority,and American culture are mutually transforming one another.Timothy Matovina assesses how Latinos’ attemptsto celebrate their faith and bring it to bear on the everydayrealities of their lives have shaped parishes, apostolic movements, leadership, ministries, worship, voting patterns, socialactivism, and much more. At the same time, the lives andfaith of Latino Catholics are being dramatically refashionedthrough the multiple pressures of assimilation, the upsurgeof Pentecostal and evangelical religion, religious pluralismand growing secularization, and ongoing controversies overimmigration and clergy sexual abuse. Going beyond thewidely noted divide between progressive and conservativeCatholics, Matovina shows how U.S. Catholicism is beingshaped by the rise of a largely working-class Latino population in a church whose leadership at all levels is still predominantly Euro-American and middle class.Latino Catholicism highlights the vital contributions ofLatinos to American religious and social life, demonstratingin particular how their engagement with the U.S. culturalmilieu is the most significant factor behind their ecclesial andsocietal impact.Timothy Matovina is professor of theology and the William andAnna Jean Cushwa Director of the Cushwa Center for the Studyof American Catholicism at the University of Notre Dame. Hisbooks include Guadalupe and Her Faithful: Latino Catholics inSan Antonio, from Colonial Origins to the Present and Horizonsof the Sacred: Mexican Traditions in U.S. Catholicism.

Strings AttachedUntangling the Ethics of IncentivesAcademic Trade37THE LEGITIMATE AND ILLEGITIMATE USEOF INCENTIVES IN SOCIETY TODAYRuth W. GrantIncentives can be found everywhere—in schools, businesses,factories, and government—influencing people’s choicesabout almost everything, from financial decisions and tobaccouse to exercise and child rearing. So long as people have achoice, incentives seem innocuous. But Strings Attached demonstrates that when incentives are viewed as a kind of powerrather than as a form of exchange, many ethical questionsarise: How do incentives affect character and institutionalculture? Can incentives be manipulative or exploitative, even ifpeople are free to refuse them? What are the responsibilities ofthe powerful in using incentives? Ruth Grant shows that, likeall other forms of power, incentives can be subject to abuse,and she identifies their legitimate and illegitimate uses.Grant offers a history of the growth of incentives in earlytwentieth-century America, identifies standards for judgingincentives, and examines incentives in four areas—plea bargaining, recruiting medical research subjects, InternationalMonetary Fund loan conditions, and motivating students. Inevery case, the analysis of incentives in terms of power yieldsstrikingly different and more complex judgments than ananalysis that views incentives as trades, in which the desiredbehavior is freely exchanged for the incentives offered.Challenging the role and function of incentives in ademocracy, Strings Attached questions whether the penchantfor constant incentivizing undermines active, autonomouscitizenship. Readers of this book are sure to view the ethics ofincentives in a new light.Ruth W. Grant is professor of political science and philosophyand a senior fellow of the Kenan Institute for Ethics at DukeUniversity. She is the author of John Locke’s Liberalism andHypocrisy and Integrity.“This remarkable book asks somedeceptively simple questions: With whatnorms should we judge the use of incentives? How can we compare incentives tocoercion and persuasion? With characteristically lucid prose and a productiveblend of theory and case studies, RuthGrant illuminates an often-neglectedarena of inquiry. . . . [Her] reflectionscould hardly be more relevant.”—William Galston, The BrookingsInstitutionDECEMBERCloth 24.95S978-0-691-15160-1200 pages. 2 line illus. 6 x 9.POLITICSCopublished with the Russell Sage Foundationpress.princeton.edu

38Academic TradeWHAT KANSAS REALLY TELLS USABOUT RED STATE AMERICARed State ReligionFaith and Politics in America’s HeartlandRobert Wuthnow“This is a fascinating portrait of theinterplay between religion and politicsin the Midwest over the past 150 years.It also provides a necessary corrective toaccounts that have long portrayed Kansas as a monolithic cultural backwaterpopulated by dupes who cannot grasptheir own interests. As a native son,Robert Wuthnow has an understandingof Kansas that runs deep; as a leadingscholar, he provides an analysis withbroad implications. This is an illuminating and impressive book.”—Brian Steensland, Indiana UniversityDECEMBERCloth 35.00S978-0-691-15055-0488 pages. 13 line illus. 6 x 9.RELIGION z POLITICSpress.princeton.eduNo state has voted Republican more consistently or widelyor for longer than Kansas. To understand red state politics,Kansas is the place. It is also the place to understand redstate religion. The Kansas board of education has repeatedlychallenged the teaching of evolution, Kansas voters overwhelmingly passed a constitutional ban on gay marriage, thestate is a hotbed of antiabortion protest—and churches havebeen involved in all of these efforts. Yet in 1867 suffragist LucyStone could plausibly proclaim that, in the cause of universalsuffrage, “Kansas leads the world!” How did Kansas go frombeing a progressive state to one of the most conservative?In Red State Religion, Robert Wuthnow tells the story ofreligiously motivated political activism in Kansas from territorialdays to the present. He examines how faith mixed with politicsas both ordinary Kansans and leaders such as John Brown,Carrie Nation, William Allen White, and Dwight Eisenhowerstruggled over the pivotal issues of their times, from slaveryand prohibition to populism and anticommunism. Beyondproviding surprising new explanations of why Kansas becamea conservative stronghold, the book sheds new light on therole of religion in red states across the Midwest and the UnitedStates. Contrary to recent influential accounts, Wuthnow arguesthat Kansas conservatism is largely pragmatic, not ideological,and that religion in the state has less to do with politics andcontentious moral activism than with relationships betweenneighbors, friends, and fellow churchgoers.This is an important book for anyone who wants to understand the role of religion in American poli

doxy, the German-Jewish renaissance, Jewish religion after the Holocaust, the emergence of the Jewish individual, the birth of Jewish nationalism, and Jewish religion in America. More than an introduction, How Judaism Became a Religion presents a compelling new perspective on the history of modern Jewish thought.

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