Syllabus For Master Of Pharmacy (M. Pharm) - Saurashtra University

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Syllabus ForMaster of Pharmacy(M. Pharm)(Two year full time course)Pharmaceutical BiotechnologyDepartment of Pharmaceutical SciencesSaurashtra UniversityRajkot - 360 005

Saurashtra University - RAJKOTSemester & Credit systemFor Various Subject specialization of M. Pharm. ProgrammeM. Pharm. Semester – ISr.No.123456SubjectCodeType re – ISubjectModern AnalyticalTechnique-IPractical –I(ModernAnalytical Technique-I)Fundamentals ofBiotechnologyCore – IIPractical - II(Fundamentals ofBiotechnology)Core – IIIAdvanced Biochemistry,Bioprecessing andImmunotechnologyMultidiscipl Elective – Iinary - I1. PharmaceuticalPreformulation2. Pharmaceutical andIndustrialBiotechnology3. Methods in BiologicalEvaluation of DrugsTeaching SchemeTheoryPracticalHours/week Hours/week3-Credits3-636-6-1264-44-4Total Credits26

M. Pharm. Semester – IISr. SubjectNo. Code123456Type Core – IVSubjectModern AnalyticalTechnique-IIPractical-III (ModernAnalytical Technique-II)Proteins and ProteinFormulationsCore – VPractical - IV ( Proteinsand ProteinFormulations)Core – VIBioinformaticsMultidiscip Elective – IIlinary - II1. NDDS:Multidisciplinary andRegulatory Aspectrs2. Analysis ofRecombinant Proteinsand Diagnostics3. Quality ImprovementTechniques in DrugManufacturingTeaching SchemeTheoryPracticalHours/week Hours/week3-Credits3-636-6-12644-44Total Credits26

M. Pharm. Semester – IIISr.No.12345SubjectCodeType bjectResearch MethodologyPatent, Design ofexperiments andBiostatisticsCore – VII Subject Specialization-V(Recombinant DNATechnology and GeneTherapy) (Core-VII)Core –Practical – V (SubjectVIIISpecialization-V) (CoreVIII)(Recombinant DNATechnology and GeneTherapy)Core – IX Seminar to DissertationTeaching SchemeTheoryPracticalHours/week Hours/week4-Credits44-46-6-1264Total Credits424

M. Pharm. Semester – IVSr. SubjectNo. Code1Type ofSubjectCore- X toXIISubjectDissertation & VivaVoiceTeaching SchemeTheoryPracticalHours/week Hours/weekTotal CreditsTotal Credits: 96Credits2020

SAURASHTRA UNIVERSITY SYLLABUSM. Pharm. Semester-IInterdisciplinary paper - IModern Analytical Techniques-I TheorySubject code: 1612010002010100(Three hours per week, 3 credits)UNIT-I(12 hours)UV‐VISIBLE SPECTROSCOPY:Brief review of electromagnetic spectrum and absorption of radiations. Thechromophore concept, absorption law and limitations. Theory of electronicspectroscopy, absorption by organic molecules, choice of solvent and solvent effects.Applications of UV‐Visible spectroscopy, Woodward –Fischer rules for calculatingabsorption maximum, interpretation of spectra, multi‐component assay, differencespectra and derivative spectra.INFRARED SPECTROPHOTOMETRY:Introduction, basic principles, and sampling techniques, interpretation of spectra,applications in Pharmacy. FT‐IR, Attenuated Total Reflectance (ATR), near infra redSpectroscopy (NIR) ‐theory and applications.UNIT-II(11 hours)ATOMIC ABSORPTION AND PLASMA EMISSION SPECTROSCOPY:Principle, instrumentation, interferences and applications in Pharmacy.REFERENCE STANDARDSReference standards source, preparation, characterization, usage, storage and records.

UNIT-III(11 hours)NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE SPECTROSCOPYFundamental Principles and Theory, Instrumentation, solvents, chemical shift, andfactors affecting chemical shift, spin‐spin coupling, coupling constant, and factorsinfluencing the value of coupling constant, spin‐spin decoupling, proton exchangereactions, simplification of complex spectra, FTNMR, 2D ‐NMR and applications inPharmacy, interpretation of spectra. C13 NMR‐Introduction, Natural abundance, C13NMR Spectra and its structural applications.UNIT-IV(11 hours)MASS SPECTROSCOPYBasic principles and instrumentation, ion formation and types, fragmentationprocesses and fragmentation pattern, Chemical ionization mass spectroscopy (CIMS),Field Ionization Mass, Fast atom Bombardment MS (FAB-MS), Matrix assisted laserdesorption/ ionization MS (MALDI-MS), Interpretation of spectra and application inpharmacy.Books Recommended:1. Instrumental Methods of Analysis - Scoog and West.2. Spectrometric Identification of Organic Compounds - Silverstein et., al.3. Instrumental Method of Analysis - Willard Dean & Merrit.4. Text Book of Inorganic Chemistry — A.I. Vogel.5. Pharmaceutical Chemistry Vol. I & Vol. II — Becket and Stanlake.6. Pharmaceutical Chemistry Vol. I & Vol. II — L.G.Chatten.7. Text Book of Pharmaceutical Analysis - K.A. Connors.8. Pharmaceutical Analysis — Hiquchi, Bechmman, Hassan.9. Methods of Drug Analysis — Gearien, Graboski.10. Text Book of BioPharmaceutic Analysis — Robert Smith and James Stewart.11. Pharmaceutical Analysis — Modern methods — Part A and B — Munson James.W.12. Quantitative Analysis of Drugs — Garrot.13. Quantitative Analysis of Drugs in Pharmaceutical Formulations — P. D. Sethi.14. IP/BP/USP.15. Application of Absorption Spectroscopy of Organic Compounds — Dyer.16. Analytical Profiles of Drug Substances — Florey [Volume 13].17. Spectroscopy of Organic Compound - P. 5. Kalsi, Wiely Eastern Ltd., New Delhi.18. Absorption Spectroscopy of Organic Molecules — V. M. Parikh, Addision —Wesley Publishing Company, London.

SAURASHTRA UNIVERSITY M. PHARM. SYLLABUSSemester – IModern Analytical Techniques-I, Interdisciplinary paper - IISubject code: ---Practical-I(Six hours per week, 3 credits)1. Use of colorimeter for analysis of Pharmacopoeial compounds and theirformulations.2. Use of Spectrophotometer for analysis for Pharmacopoeial compounds andtheir formulations.3. Simultaneous estimation of combination formulations (minimum of 4experiments)a. Vitaminsb. Oral antidiabeticsc. NSAIDsd. Antimicrobialse. Antihistaminesf. Antihypertensive etc.4. Effect of pH and solvent on UV Spectrum of certain drugs.5. Experiments on flame photometry.6. Use of fluorimeter for analysis of Pharmacopoieal compounds.7. IR, NMR and Mass Spectroscopy – Interpretation of spectra & Structuralelucidationa. (at least for 4 compounds each).2. Any other relevant exercises based on theory.

SAURASHTRA UNIVERSITY M. PHARM. SYLLABUSSemester – I (Pharmaceutical Biotechnology)Subject of Specialization paper – I (Core Subject-I)Fundamentals of Biotechnology TheorySubject code: 1612020302010200(Four hours per week, 6 credits)Unit - I1. Microbial biotechnology: Bacteria, actinomycetes, fungi, algae and viruses- structure, chemistry,morphology, nomenclature, general classification, molecular & genotypictaxonomy, cultural, physiologicaland reproductive features, methods ofisolation, cultivation, and maintenance of pure cultures. Industrially importantmicroo rganisms- examples and applications. Microbial pathology – identifying features of pathogenic bacteria, fungi andviruses, mechanism of microbial pathogenicity, etiology and pathology ofcommon microbial diseases and currently recommended therapies for commonbacterial, fungal & viral infections.Unit - II2. Molecular Biology : Structure of nucleus and chromosome, Nucleic acids and composition,Different structures of DNA, DNA packaging, C-value paradox, genomicorganization in prokaryotes and Archaebacteria. Bacterial characteristicsdetermined by plasmids, Molecular properties of plasmid, Plasmid stability,method for studying plasmids. Central dogma of molecular biology: Replication, Transcription and posttranscriptional/transcriptional controls, transcription factors. Gene regulation: Gene copy number, transcriptional control and translationalcontrol.RNA processing: Modification and Maturation, RNA splicing, RNA editing,RNA amplification. Control of diversity in protein synthesis through alternateRNA splicing mechanisms.Unit - III3. Cellular Biology: Cell structure & function- cell organelles, cytoskeleton & cell movements, basicaspects of cell regulation, bioenergetics and fuelling reactions of aerobics andanaerobics, secondarymetabolism & its applications. Intracellular vesiculartraffic, cell communication,cell cycle and apoptosis, mechanism of celldivision. Cell junctions/adhesion and extra cellular matrix, germ cells andfertilization, histology – the life and death of cells in tissues. Cell Cycle and Cytoskeleton: Cell Division and its Regulation, G-Protein CoupledReceptors, Kinases, Nuclear receptors, Cytoskeleton & cell movements,Intermediate Filaments. Microtubules, Functional Role and Therapeutic Potentialof Cytoskeleton. Apoptosis and Oncogenes: - Programmed Cell Death, Tumor cells, Proto-

oncogenes, oncogenic mutations, cell cycle & controls, carcinogens & repair. Differentiation and Developmental Biology : Fertilization, Events ofFertilization, In- Vitro Fertilization, Embryonic Germ Cells, Stem Cells and itsApplicationUnit - IV4. Genomics : Basic understanding of genome and its structure & function- genome, differencebetween eukaryotic and prokaryotic genome, transcriptome, proteome,phylogenetics. : Genes in development, the dynamic genome; DNA in flux,Control of Prokaryotic gene expression. Studying mapping, sequencing humangenome & understanding genome sequence, genetic disorders, Positional cloning,mutation, repair & recombination. Functional analysis of gene variation, Genotyping techniques, Single NucleotidePolymorphism, Pharmacogenomic Management.Books Recommended:1. Microbiology : Pelczar2. General microbiology by R.Y. Steiner3. Essential and application of microbiology, ZUDYKANDAL4. Actionomyocytes : Waxman S.A.5. Genomes by T. A. Brown.6. Molecular Cell Biology by Lodish.7. Genes V And VI by Lewin Benjamin.8. Biotechnology the biological principles by M. D. Trevan, S. Bofley.9. Modern Biotechnology by Primrose.10. Eukaryotic Gene Regulation by David Lachman.11. Microbial genetics by David Friefelder.12. Functional genomics-Methods & Applications by Brown.13. Molecular cloning by Sambrooke.14. Industrial Microbiology by LE Casida

SAURASHTRA UNIVERSITY M. PHARM. SYLLABUSSemester – I (Pharmaceutical Biotechnology)Subject of Specialization paper – I (Core Subject-II)Fundamentals of Biotechnology PracticalSubject code: ---(Four hours per week, 6 credits)Practicals :Laboratory examination including oral and practical examination in general courseillustrative of theory section in the syllabus –Laboratory Procedure – Instrument Introduction and Handling,Maintenance, Aseptic condition maintenance, Sterilization, Microscopy, etc.2. Basic Microbiology Practicals: Culturing and harvesting of microbes.Staining and identification. Maintenance.3. Isolation of human DNA, quality assessment by spectrophotometer and gelelectrophoresis, restriction digestion of DNA, and separation of DNA fragmentsby gel electrophoresis, staining of bands with ETH-Br, DNA visualization.4. Isolation of RNA from microbial sources and estimation.1. Basic

SAURASHTRA UNIVERSITY M. PHARM. SYLLABUSSemester – I (Pharmaceutical Biotechnology) Subject ofSpecialization paper – II (Core Subject-III)Advanced Biochemistry, Bioprocessing and Immunotechnology TheorySubject code: 1612030302010300(Three hours per week, 4 credits)Unit – I1. Biochemistry Brief introduction to carbohydrate metabolism and diseases related tocarbohydrate metabolism: Diabetes mellitus, methyl keto urea, galactosmiasglycogen storage disease, lactose intolerance and glucose tolerance test. Lipid metabolism: Oxidation of fatty acid, alpha, beta, gamma-oxidation andenergetics, control of metabolism, essential fatty acids and ecosinoids,(prostaglandins, thromboxanes and leukotriene) phospholipids, sphingolipidsclinical orientation of lipid metabolism. Disease related to lipid metabolism.Hyper lipidamiya, cholesterol metabolism, fatty liver and lipotropic factors,hypolipoproteinous atherosclerosis. Metabolism of ammonia and nitrogen containing monomers: Nitrogen balance,essential amino acid, transamination, deamination, conversion of amino acids tospecialized product assimilation of ammonia urea cycle, metabolic disorders,formation of bile salts and pigment and clinical significance. Biological oxidation: Redox potential, energy rich compounds. The respiratorychain, mechanism and energetics of oxidative phoshosporylation, study ofcytochromes, bioenergetics, production of ATP and its biological significance.Unit - II2. Enzymology : Introduction, classification, general properties of enzymes, sources of enzymes,extraction and purification, Enzyme kinetics, enzyme regulation, applicationsof enzymology: biological preparations/ analytical reagents, diagnostics,therapeutics, inborn errors of enzymes, of production of important enzymes(examples), Techniques of immobilization of enzymes and their applications inindustry, Biosensor technology, Immobilized Enzyme engineering, Kinetics ofimmobilized enzymes.Unit - III3. Immunology: Cellular basis of Immune response, Immunity to Viruses, Bacteria and fungi,Immunodeficiency diseases, Immune system, cells-tissues-organs of immunesystem, immunological tolerance, immunity to virus, bacteria, fungi, protozoa,worms. Primary and secondary immuno deficiency, autoimmune diseases, cellmigration, inflammation, cytokines and cytokine receptors, T cell receptors,MHC, antigen presentation, antibodies and cell cooperation in antibodyresponse, Hypersensitivity TYPE I, II, II, IV, Hypersensitivity reactions,Vaccine technology: Immuno-diagnostics.

Vaccine technology: conventional vaccines, novel methods for vaccineproduction, anti- idiotype vaccine, DNA vaccine, genetically engineeredvaccine, iscoms, synthetic peptides, and immunodiagnostics Hybridoma techniques – fusion methods for myeloma cells and BLymphocytes, selection and screening techniques. Production and purification ofmonoclonal antibodies and their applications in clinical diagnosis, immunotherapyand pharmaceutical research.Unit - IV4. Fermentation technology: Fermenter design, aeration agitation, mass transfer in fermentation, Reactorsof immobilizedenzymes: design and application, theory of fermentationsystem, fermentation kinetics scale up, screening techniques of microorganisms,detailed study of few industrial important microbial metabolites, computerizedcontrol of fermentation process: system configuration, Scale up of fermentationprocesses: principles, theoretical considerations and techniques used, Productrecovery, isolation and purification of fermentation products: filtration, solventextraction, adsorption and partition, paper/gas/thin-layer and ion-exchangechromatography, electrophoresis and counter- current distribution, crystallization,turbidity analysis and cell yield determination, metabolic responses, enzymaticassays, bioautographic techniques, disintegration of cells for product recovery. Products of fermentation: Organic solvents (alcohol. Acetone, butane) Organicacids (citric acid, lactic and gluconic acid). Antibiotics (penicillin, streptomycin ,tetracycline , erythromycin , griseofulvin, neomycin , cephalosporins , ergotalkaloids, vitamins (vitamin C), Amino acids: glutamic acid and lysine.Books Recommended:1. Immunology by Ivan Roitt, Jonathan Brostooff and David Male.2. Immunology by Weir.3. Biochemical Engineering by Steel.4. Harper’s Illustrated Biochemistry by Robert K. Murray.5. The foundations of biochemistry by Lehninger.6. Biochemistry by Jeremy M. Berg, 5th edition.7. Principles of Biochemistry by Zubay.8. Principles of Biochemistry by U. Satyanarayan.9. Encyclopedia ofBioprocess technology: Fermentation,10. Bioseparation by Michael C. Flickinger and Stephen W. Drew.11.Microbiology: Pelczar.12.Fermentation and biochemical engineering handbook: Henry C Vogel.

Multidisciplinary/ Elective Subject-ISAURASHTRA UNIVERSITY M. PHARM SYLLABUSSemester – IMultidisciplinary / Elective paper - IPharmaceutical Preformulation TheorySubject code: 1612040002010401(Three hours per week, 4 credits)UNIT – IGeneral Considerations, Spectroscopy and Assay development, dissociation,partitioning and Solubility of Pharmaceutical Solids, pKa, salts, solvents, K o/w,drug design, phase solubility analysis, solubilisation, release, dissolution andpermeation, chiral drug substances, characterization scheme.UNIT – IISolid state properties, crystal morphology, melting point and its analysis,microscopy and particle size analysis,laws of crystallography, habit,polymorphism, pseudomorphism, isomorphism, purity, solubility, hygroscopicity,study methods for evaluation of solid state.UNIT - IIIDosage form consideration in preformulation, solid dosage form, solutionformulations, evaluations and its regulatory considerations, stability testing.UNIT – IVPreformulation study, Stability aspect and PEGylation based stability ofBiopharmaceutical drugs, Stability study of Phytomedicines

REFERENCES1. Pharmaceutics by G. Banker.Physical Characterization of Pharmaceutical Solids by H. Brittain.Polymorphism in Pharmaceutical Solids by H. Brittain.Solid State Chemistry of Drugs by S.R. Byrn.Chemical Stability of Pharmaceuticals by K.A. Connors.Pharmaceutical Preformulation and Formulation by M. Gibson.Solubility Behavior of Organic Compounds by D.J.W. Grant and T.Higuchi.8. Remingtons ―Pharmaceutical Sciences‖ 19th edition.9. Pharmaceutical Preformulation by J. Wells.10. Solubility and Solubilisation in Aqueous Media by S. Yalkowsky.11. Pharmaceutics ―The Science of Dosage form design‖ by Aulton.12. Hand book of Preformulation by Sarfaraz K. Niazi.

SAURASHTRA UNIVERSITY M. PHARM. SYLLABUSSemester – IMultidisciplinary / Elective paper - IPharmaceutical and Industrial Biotechnology TheorySubject code: 1612040002010403(Three hours per week, 4 credits)Theory: 4 hours/week (4 Credits)Unit IIndustrial aspects: Stability studies of biotechnology derived products, Effects ofvarious environmental /processing on stability of the formulation and techniquesfor stabilization of product against the same regulatory requirement related tostability testing with emphasis on matrixing bracketing techniques, Climatic zonesUnit IIConcept of biotech process validation, Cell lines culture process validation andcharacterization, Purification process for viral clearance, validation of recovery,Purification, Cleaning, Filtration, Issues of DNA vaccines and plasmid DNAvaccinesUnit IIIAnalytical methods in protein formulation: concentration, size, purity, surfacecharge, identity, structure/sepuence, shape, activity.Unit IVIndustrial application of biotech products: industrial enzymes (examples),immobilization of enzymes, their applications in industry, Immobilized Enzymeengineering, Kinetics of immobilized enzymes, novel methods for enzyme andvaccine production.READING MATERIAL1. Jens T. Cartensen and C. T. Rhodes, Drug stability principle and practice,3rd ed. Vol. 107, Marcel Dekker

2. Rodney pealman, Y. John wang, formulation characterization and stabilityof protein drugs, (1996)3. Eugene J. McNally, Jayne E. Hasted, protein formulation and delivery 2ndEd. Informa-healthcare.4. Sven frokjaer and lars hovgaard, pharmaceutical formulationdevelopment of peptides and proteins (2000) Taylor and Franceis5. Sarfaraz K. Niazi, Handbook of Preformularion (2007), InformaHealthcare

SAURASHTRA UNIVERSITY M. PHARM. SYLLABUSSemester – IMultidisciplinary / Elective paper - IMethods in Biological Evaluation of Drugs TheorySubject code: 1612040002010402(Three hours per week, 4 credits)Unit-1A. Biological standardization, general principles, Scope and limitation of bioassay, bioassay of some official drugs.B. Preclinical drug evaluation of its biological activity, potency and toxicityToxicity test in animals including acute, sub-acute and chronic toxicity,ED50 and LD50 determination, special toxicity test like teratogenecity andmutagenecity. Various guidelines for toxicity studies. Animal experimentsassessing safety of packaging materials.6C. Selected topics in screening of drugs:2a. Recent advances in Transgenic and Knockout animalsb. Administration of Neuropeptides and Neurohormones byIntracerebroventricular (ICV) route in rats.c. Screening models for drug abuse like alcohol addiction, dependenceand withdrawal syndrome.d. Biostatistics and calculation of doses in experimental pharmacologyUnit -2A. Pyrogens: Sources, Chemistry and properties of bacterial pyrogens andendotoxins, Official pyrogen tests2B. Microbiological assay of antibiotics and vitamins.4C. Biological evaluation of drugs--Screening and evaluation ( includingprinciples of screening , development of models for diseases : In vivomodels / In vitro models / cell line study ) techniques of the following:Unit -3A. ,Sympathomimetics, Sympathetic blocking agents, Ganglion stimulants andblockers, Neuromuscular stimulants and blockers.84

B. General and local Anesthetics, Sedatives and Hypnotics, Antiepileptics,Psychopharmacological agents, Analgesics, Anti-inflammatory agents,Anti-Parkinson’s drugs, CNS Stimulants.12C. Cardiotonics, Anti-hypertensive drugs, Anti-arrhythmic drugs, Drugs used inIschemic Heart Diseases, Drugs used in Atherosclerosis.10Unit -4A. Drugs used in Peptic Ulcer, Respiratory disorders, Hormone and Endocrinedisorders. Anti fertility agents and diuretics.8B. Various models for Cataract, glaucoma, inflammatory bowel disease4Books recommended (Latest Edition):1. Screening methods in pharmacology (vol I & II)–R.A. Turner2. Drug Discovery and Evaluation in Pharmacology assay: Vogel3. Design and analysis of animal studies in pharmaceutical development,Chow, Shein, Ching.4. Evaluation of Drug Activity: Pharmacometrics D.R. Laurence5. Animal and Clinical pharmacologic Techniques in Drug Evaluation-Nodineand Siegler6. Pharmacology and Toxicology- Kale S.R.7. Fundamentals of experimental Pharmacology- Ghosh M.N.8. Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology- Goyal R.K.9. Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology- Kulkarni S.K.

M. Pharm. Semester-IISAURASHTRA UNIVERSITY M. PHARM. SYLLABUSSemester – IIInterdisciplinary paper - IIIModern Analytical Techniques-II TheorySubject code: 1612010002020100(Three hours per week, 3 credits)UNIT-ICHROMATOGRAPHIC TECHNIQUES: 15 Hours1. Classification of chromatographic methods based on mechanism ofseparation.2. Theories of chromatographic separation. Principles, elution techniques,instrumentation, derivatization and applications of gas chromatography,3. HPLC and HPTLC. Principles, elution techniques, applications of ionexchange and ion pair chromatography, affinity chromatography, sizeexclusion chromatography, chiral chromatography, super fluidchromatography (SFC), GC‐MS and LC‐MS.UNIT-IITHERMAL METHODS OF ANALYSIS : 5 Hours1. Theory, instrumentation and applications of Thermo Gravimetric Analysis(TGA), Differential, Thermal Analysis (DTA), Differential ScanningCalorimetry (DSC) and Thermo Mechanical Analysis (TMA).UNIT-IIIX‐RAY DIFFRACTION METHODS : 4 Hours1. Introduction, generation of X‐rays, X‐ray diffraction, Bragg’s law, X‐raypowder diffraction, interpretation of diffraction patterns and applicationsOPTICAL ROTARY DISPERSION : 2 Hours1. Principle, Plain curves, curves with cotton effect, octant rule and itsapplications with example, circular dichroism and its relation to ORD.UNIT-IVRADIO IMMUNO ASSAY : 4 Hours1. Introduction, Principle, Theory and Methods in Radio Immuno Assay,Related Immuno Assay procedures and Applications of RIA Techniques.Enzyme immuno assay‐ ELISA and EMITELECTROPHORESIS: 3 Hours

1. Theory and principles, classifications, instrumentation, moving boundaryelectrophoresis, Zone Electrophoresis (ZE), Isoelectric focusing (IEF) andapplications.Books Recommended:1. Instrumental Methods of Analysis - Scoog and West.2. Spectrometric Identification of Organic Compounds - Silverstein et., al.3. Instrumental Method of Analysis - Willard Dean & Merrit.4. Text Book of Inorganic Chemistry — A.I. Vogel.5. Pharmaceutical Chemistry Vol. I & Vol. II — Becket and Stanlake.6. Pharmaceutical Chemistry Vol. I & Vol. II — L.G.Chatten.7. Text Book of Pharmaceutical Analysis - K.A. Connors.8. Pharmaceutical Analysis — Hiquchi, Bechmman, Hassan.9. Methods of Drug Analysis — Gearien, Graboski.10. Text Book of BioPharmaceutic Analysis — Robert Smith and JamesStewart.11. Pharmaceutical Analysis — Modern methods — Part A and B — MunsonJames. W.12. Quantitative Analysis of Drugs — Garrot.13. Quantitative Analysis of Drugs in Pharmaceutical Formulations — P. D.Sethi.14. IP/BP/USP.15. Application of Absorption Spectroscopy of Organic Compounds — Dyer.16. Analytical Profiles of Drug Substances — Florey [Volume 13].17. Spectroscopy of Organic Compound - P. 5. Kalsi, Wiely Eastern Ltd., NewDelhi.18. Absorption Spectroscopy of Organic Molecules — V. M. Parikh, Addision— Wesley19. Publishing Company, London.

SAURASHTRA UNIVERSITY M. PHARM. SYLLABUSSemester – IIInterdisciplinary paper - IVModern Analytical Techniques-II PracticalSubject code: ---(Three hours per week, 3 credits)1. Experiments on Electrophoresis.2. Experiments of Chromatography.a) Thin Layer Chromatography.b) Paper Chromatography.3. Experiments based on HPLC & GC.4. Thermaograph – Interpretation of spectra (at least for 4 compounds each).5. Any other relevant exercises based on theory.

SAURASHTRA UNIVERSITY M. PHARM. SYLLABUSSemester – II (Pharmaceutical Biotechnology) Subject ofSpecialization paper – III (Core Subject-IV)Proteins and Protein Formulations TheorySubject code: 1612020302020200(Four hours per week, 6 credits)Unit IProtein engineering: Concepts for protein engineering. Isolation and purificationof proteins, Stability and activity based approaches of protein engineering,Chemical and Physical Considerations in Protein and Peptide Stability, Differentmethods for protein engineering, Site- directed mutagenesis, gene shuffling, and directevolutionUnit IIProteomics: Protein identification and characterization: Methods/strategies, proteinidentification, de novo protein characterization, Isotope labelling, N- and C-terminaltags.2-Dimensional gel electrophoresis -methods (including IPGs), -resolution reproducibility and image analysis -future developmentsUnit IIIProtein formulation: Different strategies used in the formulation of DNA andproteins, Analytical and biophysical parameters of proteins and DNA in preformulation, Liposomes, Nano-spears, Nano-particulate system, PEGilation,Biological Activity, Biophysical Characterization Techniques, Forced degradationstudies of protein.Unit IVMethods of protein sequencing: mass spectrometry, Edman degradation, Trypticand/or Chymotryptic Peptide Mapping.READING MATERIAL1. Lodhish et. Al. Molecular Cell Biology,. W. H. Freeman and CompanyProtein Purification – Hand Book – 1998 Amersham pharmacia biotechEngelbert Buxbaum, Fundamentals of Protein Structure and Function(2007), Springer ScienceSheldon J. Park, Jennifer R. Cochran, Protein Engineering and Design(2009), CRC press.Robert K. Skopes. Protein purification, principle and practice (1993), springerlink.David Whitford, Proteins-Structure and Function (2005), John Wiley & SonsLtd.James Swarbrick, Protein Formulation and Delivery (2008) Informa

Healthcare USA, Inc.8. Rodney Pearlman, Y. John Wang Formulation, Characterization, and Stabilityof Protein Drugs (2002), Kluwer Academic Publishers.

SAURASHTRA UNIVERSITY M. PHARM. SYLLABUSSemester – II (Pharmaceutical Biotechnology) Subject ofSpecialization paper – III (Core Subject-IV)Proteins and Protein FormulationsSubject code: ----Practical (Four hours per week, 6credits)1. Protein Characterization2. Cell biology3. Enzyme biochemistry:4. Recombinant DNA Technology5. Protein formulations

SAURASHTRA UNIVERSITY M. PHARM. SYLLABUSSemester – II (Pharmaceutical Biotechnology)Subject of Specialization paper – IV (Core Subject-VI)Bioinformatics TheorySubject code: 1612030302020300(Three hours per week, 4 credits)Unit I Bioinformatics basics: Computers in biology and medicine Importance ofUnix and Linux systems and its basic commands, database concepts, proteinand nucleic acid databases. Structural data bases. Biological XML DTD's;Pattern matching algorithm basics. Computational tools for DNA sequence analysis: GCG: The Wisconsinpackage of sequence analysis programs, web-based interfaces for the GCGsequence analysis programs. Databases and search tools: Biological back ground for sequence analysis.Identification of protein sequence from DNA sequence. Searching of databasessimilar sequence. The NCBI; Publicly available tools, resources at EBI,resources on the web; Database mining tools.Unit II DNA sequence analysis: The gene bank sequence database; Submitting DNAsequence to the databases and database searching, sequence alignment, pairwise alignment techniques, multiple sequence analysis, multiple sequencealignment; Flexible sequence similarity searching with the FAST3 programpackage, the use of CLUSTAL Wand CLUSTAL X for the multiple sequencealignment. Submitting DNA protein sequence to databases: Where and how to submit,SEQUIN, genome centres; Submitting aligned set of sequences, updates andinternet resources.Unit III Protein Modeling: Introduction; Force field methods; Energ, buried and exposedresidues, side chains and neighbours; Fixed regions, hydrogen bonds, mappingproperties onto surfaces; Fitting monomers, rms fit of conformers, assigningsecondary structures; in completion, backbone construction and side chain addition; Small peptidemethodology, software accessibility, building peptides; Protein displays;Substructure manipulations, annealing. Peptidomimetics: Introduction, classification; Conformationally restricted

peptides, design, pseudopeptides, peptidomimetics and transition state analogs;Biologically active template; Amino acid replacements; Peptidomimetics andrational drug design; CADD techniques in peptidomimetics; Development of nonpeptide peptidomimetics. Protein Structure Prediction: Protein folding and model generation;Secon

RNA processing: Modification and Maturation, RNA splicing, RNA editing, RNA amplification. Control of diversity in protein synthesis through alternate RNA splicing mechanisms. Unit - III 3. Cellular Biology: Cell stru ctur e&functi on- ll rganell s, yto keleton cell move nts, ba ic

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