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Dice 2018 Tech Salary Report Released January 22, 2018 WHILE TECH SALARIES REMAIN FLAT, EMPLOYERS OFFER OTHER INCENTIVES TO ATTRACT TOP TALENT

Contents PAGE 3 PAGE 8 Reasons for Salary Increase 10-Year Trend in Tech Salaries Top-Paying Skills by Tech Category PAGE 9 PAGE 4 Willingness to Relocate Salary Satisfaction Reasons for Changing Employers PAGE 5 Top Tech Metros by Salary PAGE 6 Salary by State Tech Promotions Salary by Generation Salary by Level Master Salary Prediction and Focus on Flexibility to Win Tech Talent Motivators PAGE 10 Working Remotely PAGE 11 Top-Paying Skills and Experience PAGE 13 Salary by Industry PAGE 7 Salary by Job Title Salary by Experience Hourly Rates for Consultants Salary by Employment Type HOW MUCH IS TECH TALENT WORTH? Get custom salary estimates based on title, experience, location and skills. Go to dice.com/calculator

REASONS FOR SALARY INCREASE While Tech Salaries Remain Flat, Employers Offer Other Incentives to Attract Top Talent Dice’s new salary tools help professionals and employers discover salary data to align expectations with market trends. Salaries for technology professionals in the United States were flat in 2017 with average annual pay of 92,712, a slight 0.7% increase from 2016. The annual salary report from Dice mirrors the stagnant wages broadly across the U.S., but finds over the years that employers have been offering more motivators and benefits to remain competitive when offering the highest pay isn’t an option. 36% Merit raise 23% Changed employers 10% Internal promotion 8% Cost of living Mandated 6% company-wide increase In 2017, a third of tech professionals received a bonus, earning on average 10,254. Average contract rates rose five percent to 72.32 per hour. 6% 5% 3% 2% 1% 1% Became employed (full time, first job, etc.) Higher commission or bill rate Other More hours (overtime) Counteroffer Obtained certification AVERAGE U.S. TECH SALARY 10-YEAR TREND 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 AVG. SALARY AVG. SALARY AVG. SALARY AVG. SALARY AVG. SALARY AVG. SALARY AVG. SALARY AVG. SALARY AVG. SALARY AVG. SALARY 78,035 78,845 79,384 81,327 85,619 87,526 88,479 93,328 92,081 92,712 YR/YR CHANGE YR/YR CHANGE YR/YR CHANGE YR/YR CHANGE YR/YR CHANGE YR/YR CHANGE YR/YR CHANGE YR/YR CHANGE YR/YR CHANGE YR/YR CHANGE 4.6% 1.0% 0.7% 2.4% 5.3% 2.2% 1.1% 5.5% -1.3% 0.7% Dice 2018 Tech Salary Report 3

While tech salaries have remained steady, demand for very specific IT skills is driving salaries upward as employers compete to attract hard-to-find talent. Categories where skills outpace the national average include Cloud, Big Data and Process Management. “There’s a perception that the technology field is the Wild West with outsized compensation and lavish TOP 10 PAYING SKILLS REASONS FOR CHANGING EMPLOYERS SALARY 1 PaaS 2 MapReduce 3 Elasticsearch 4 Amazon Redshift 5 Cloudera SALARY 6 Amazon DynamoDB 7 CMMI 8 webMethods 9 ISO 27000 10 SOA 127,171 125,378 124,650 124,640 124,221 124,054 123,970 123,578 123,575 123,192 WILLINGNESS TO RELOCATE ARE YOU MORE OR LESS WILLING TO RELOCATE TO A NEW CITY OR STATE FOR A JOB THAN ONE YEAR AGO? 40% Same now as a year ago 29% More willing to relocate now 26% Less willing to relocate now 5% Not sure SALARY SATISFACTION SALARY SATISFACTION HAS HELD STEADY. SATISFIED WITH SALARY 54 52 53 54 52 % % % % % Confidence in finding a favorable new position in the next year has declined. 2016 2013 2014 perks. While not true across the board, salaries for skills where employers have to compete for a limited supply do come with a premium,” said Michael Durney, President and CEO of DHI Group, Inc., parent company of Dice. “This disconnect is partly what creates frustration among employers or tech pros when the recruiting process yields a gap between salary expectations and true market trends.” 2015 2016 2017 2017 67% 60% OF THE 42% OF TECH PROS THAT ANTICIPATE CHANGING EMPLOYERS IN 2018, HERE'S WHY. 63% 45% 30% 23% 16% 13% 13% Higher compensation AVERAGE SALARY 79,889 Better working conditions AVERAGE SALARY 87,464 More responsibility AVERAGE SALARY 86,696 Anticipate losing current position AVERAGE SALARY 104,870 Shorter commute AVERAGE SALARY 84,516 Relocation AVERAGE SALARY 83,299 Other AVERAGE SALARY 92,953 Dice 2018 Tech Salary Report 4

TOP TECH METROS BY SALARY 2Boston 1 Silicon Valley 6 3New York 2017 105,329 YR/YR Change 1.9% 2017 114,654 YR/YR Change 0.4% 2017 103,941 YR/YR Change 4.6% 15 9 12 11 23 22 14 7 5 10 San Diego 17 16 24 19 2017 101,025 YR/YR Change -1.8% METRO 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 20 13 18 4 8 Seattle Los Angeles Philadelphia Minneapolis Dallas Denver Chicago Atlanta 2017 YR/YR CHANGE 99,352 99,145 97,415 96,936 95,222 94,668 93,025 92,637 0.1% -0.3% 7.7% -2.5% 0.1% -1.9% -1.7% 5.0% METRO 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Charlotte Portland Houston Austin Phoenix Tampa Raleigh Miami Real-Time Salary Tools To solve the pain point of lacking industry metrics, Dice is launching a new tool leveraging predictive analysis to help employers discover salary estimates based on skills, job titles, years of experience and location in real-time. The new Dice Tech Salary Calculator allows employers to calculate salaries based on a tailored combination 2017 YR/YR CHANGE 92,507 91,192 90,265 90,214 89,749 86,564 86,563 86,300 3.7% 6.5% 2.4% -4.0% -3.0% 6.5% 3.7% 4.6% Wash. D.C. / Baltimore 2017 99,937 YR/YR Change 2.0% 21 METRO 22 Kansas City 23 Detroit 24 Orlando 2017 YR/YR CHANGE 84,428 82,911 81,289 -3.5% -2.9% -6.0% SEE MORE: For additional market information, an interactive map of average U.S. tech salaries by state and key metro area is provided at: dice.com/salarymap of attributes for use in setting budgets, recruiting for in-scope candidates and offering pay commensurate with experience. It uses machine learning to estimate salaries based on more than 600,000 data points. You can find this useful tool at dice.com/calculator. “While Dice’s annual salary survey is an excellent barometer of average salaries and one-time benchmarks for tech pay across the U.S., our Dice 2018 Tech Salary Report 5

Motivators Money? Employers have increasingly been offering tech professionals incentives beyond salary since Dice began tracking this in its annual report. In 2009, half (53%) of companies offered benefits such as paid trainings, more vacation, flexible work hours or the option to telecommute. Today, that has jumped to 71 percent, a testament to employers using creative recruiting tactics to secure top talent when they may not have the budgets to compete with the other company hiring tech talent across the street. proprietary Salary Calculator provides ongoing deep, custom compensation data based on the varying measures that make tech pros exclusive and in demand,” said George McFerran, EVP of Product & Marketing at Dice. “That said, not all employers can compete on pay, especially in hot markets like Silicon Valley, Seattle or New York. For those companies who might not be the cool kid on the block, other factors like good benefits, challenging projects and flexible work schedules can be as rewarding as compensation to tech pros.” SALARY BY STATE 2017 YR/YR CHANGE 76,284 93,833 90,592 85,509 104,445 94,608 98,840 112,255 95,540 82,901 89,708 80,556 88,588 -4.3% 19.9% -0.5% 15.5% -0.2% -1.5% 5.6% 53.2% -1.1% -0.4% 4.3% -0.6% 29.6% STATE AL* AK* AZ AR* CA CO CT DE* DC FL GA HI* ID* STATE IL IN IA* KS* KY* LA* ME* MD MA MI MN MS* MO 2017 YR/YR CHANGE 91,206 76,284 87,193 82,800 80,705 80,372 77,254 99,488 106,047 79,986 96,005 62,791 82,389 -2.1% 2.7% 10.4% -7.1% 0.7% 7.4% 8.5% 6.3% 2.3% -2.9% -3.1% 1.7% 0.1% STATE MT* NE* NV* NH* NJ NM* NY NC ND* OH OK* OR PA 2017 YR/YR CHANGE 76,312 87,986 77,391 89,188 98,604 92,710 105,133 84,813 79,098 83,354 80,123 91,019 89,158 1.4% 7.0% -9.8% -2.0% -0.6% 15.7% 8.6% 0.3% 2.5% 0.1% 3.8% 8.3% 2.1% STATE RI* SC SD* TN TX UT VT* VA WA WV* WI WY* 2017 YR/YR CHANGE 74,265 80,038 51,921 79,352 90,514 86,981 82,269 97,626 97,798 68,182 88,801 77,820 -15.7% 4.2% -21.2% -4.1% -0.4% -3.1% 6.5% -2.2% 1.3% -27.4% 12.4% 13.0% SEE MORE: For additional market information, an interactive map of average U.S. tech salaries by state and key metro area is provided at: dice.com/salarymap * Sample size less than 100 respondents, therefore, not statistically valid, but presented for continuity purposes only. TECH PROMOTIONS WERE THERE MORE PROMOTIONS IN YOUR TECH DEPARTMENT AT YOUR COMPANY IN THE LAST YEAR? 42 % 29% 16% 13 % No, promotions stayed about the same Not sure N/A, all or most are tech pros Yes, there were more promotions SALARY BY GENERATION SALARY BY LEVEL SALARY Millennials 35 Gen X 36-49 70,139 96,474 Baby Boomers 50 106,047 SALARY Head of a Department 124,376 Manager of a Group of Teams 117,072 Team Lead 99,927 Member of a Team 79,756 Work Independently 76,867 Dice 2018 Tech Salary Report 6

TOP SALARY BY JOB TITLE 1 Tech Management (CEO, CIO, CTO, VP, Dir.) 136,786 YR/YR CHANGE -0.1% 2 Systems Architect 135,082 YR/YR CHANGE 7.3% 3 Product Manager 119,141 YR/YR CHANGE N/A 4 Tech Management (Srategist, Architect) 117,748 YR/YR CHANGE 6.1% 6 Software Engineer 7 Database Administrator 8 Developer: Applications 9 Developer: Database 10 QA Engineer 11 Business Analyst 12 Network Engineer 13 Programmer/ Analyst 14 Systems Administrator 15 QA Analyst 16 Web Developer/ Programmer 17 QA Tester 18 Technical Support 19 Desktop Support Specialist 20 Help Desk 114,136 SALARY BY EXPERIENCE YEARS SALARY Under 1 1–2 3–5 6–10 11–15 Over 15 56,036 57,313 68,113 82,410 96,512 112,235 YR/YR CHANGE 105,580 -0.9% 103,258 2.5% 97,744 3.1% 96,829 91,997 90,876 86,009 -2.3% 4.4% 0.0% 1.5% 84,123 -2.5% 83,062 76,033 4.4% -2.6% 74,131 72,453 56,720 -10.4% 3.6% 0.7% 52,334 43,343 3.6% -5.1% Get a custom salary estimate based on title, skills and location for the exact position you're recruiting at dice.com/calculator 5 Project Manager YR/YR CHANGE 2017 JOB TITLE 1.6% HOURLY RATES FOR CONSULTANTS YR/YR CHANGE 0.2% 2.1% 18.2% 5.3% 1.9% 0.6% YEARS BASE RATE PER HOUR 2013 65.70 2014 66.70 2015 69.16 2016 69.05 2017 72.32 YR/YR CHANGE 3.3% 1.5% 3.7% -0.2% 4.7% SALARY BY EMPLOYMENT TYPE U.S. Average 92,712 YR/YR CHANGE 0.7% Full-Time Workers 91,398 YR/YR CHANGE 0.4% Consultant Consultant (Base Rate Per Hour) 114,725 72.32 YR/YR CHANGE 0.2% YR/YR CHANGE 4.7% Dice 2018 Tech Salary Report 7

TOP-PAYING SKILLS BY TECH CATEGORY BIG DATA CLOUD ELASTICSEARCH MAPREDUCE 125,378 124,650 YR/YR CHANGE: 0.3% YR/YR CHANGE: 3.9% CLOUDERA 124,221 YR/YR CHANGE: 4.5% CASSANDRA PAAS 122,792 127,171 YR/YR CHANGE: -0.5% KAFKA SOLR HADOOP HBASE AMAZON REDIS 122,335 119,202 118,551 118,107 117,389 YR/YR CHANGE: -0.3% YR/YR CHANGE: 0.1% YR/YR CHANGE: -0.1% YR/YR CHANGE: -4.7% YR/YR CHANGE: 2.1% PROCESS / PROJECT MANAGEMENT YR/YR CHANGE: 5.6% AMAZON REDSHIFT AMAZON DYNAMODB 124,640 124,054 YR/YR CHANGE: 5.0% YR/YR CHANGE: 4.4% HANA DOCKER OPENSTACK 118,569 115,919 115,797 YR/YR CHANGE: 4.6% AMAZON ROUTE 53 118,891 YR/YR CHANGE: -8.1% YR/YR CHANGE: 0.1% AUTOMATION TOOLS CMMI ISO 27000 PMBOK SOX CHEF JENKINS 123,970 123,575 122,198 119,721 114,160 112,928 YR/YR CHANGE: 3.8% YR/YR CHANGE: 9.8% LEAN KANBAN 114,345 113,872 YR/YR CHANGE: 2.1% YR/YR CHANGE: 0.8% YR/YR CHANGE: 3.4% CHANGE MANAGEMENT 112,188 YR/YR CHANGE: 2.7% YR/YR CHANGE: 2.6% PURE STORAGE 121,708 YR/YR CHANGE: 13.5% YR/YR CHANGE: 1.5% YR/YR CHANGE: -0.4% SCRUM VAGRANT GRADLE 111,253 110,966 110,393 YR/YR CHANGE: 1.3% STORAGE YR/YR CHANGE: -0.4% YR/YR CHANGE: -1.4% DATABASES SYBASE INFORMIX 114,257 117,206 116,239 HP EVA 3PAR EMC 116,740 114,777 YR/YR CHANGE: 14.4% YR/YR CHANGE: 4.7% YR/YR CHANGE: 4.8% YR/YR CHANGE: 6.8% NETAPP HITACHI FIBRE CHANNEL JDBC 113,894 113,667 111,916 116,042 YR/YR CHANGE: 10.3% Source: 2018–2017 Dice Tech Salary Survey SEE MORE: For addtitional salary info on skills, see pages 12-13. YR/YR CHANGE: 9.7% YR/YR CHANGE: 3.0% YR/YR CHANGE: -0.7% YR/YR CHANGE: -2.5% 122,643 YR/YR CHANGE: 5.1% CLOUD FOUNDRY 121,159 YR/YR CHANGE: -2.3% AMAZON CLOUDFRONT 114,390 YR/YR CHANGE: 7.8% PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES ABAP 118,123 YR/YR CHANGE: -1.5% RABBITMQ JAX-RS KORN SHELL 117,557 114,599 114,407 PEARL FORTRAN XSLT 113,760 112,783 112,615 YR/YR CHANGE: 0.6% YR/YR CHANGE: 1.3% YR/YR CHANGE: -2.0% YR/YR CHANGE: 3.1% YR/YR CHANGE: -3.3% YR/YR CHANGE: -2.1% SPECIAL SKILLS YR/YR CHANGE: 8.3% WEBMETHODS ETL 113,145 YR/YR CHANGE: 10.4% YR/YR CHANGE: -1.5% IAAS SOA MICROSTRATEGY 123,192 116,598 UML EDI 113,833 111,832 YR/YR CHANGE: 0.9% YR/YR CHANGE: 11.6% 123,578 YR/YR CHANGE: -1.3% YR/YR CHANGE: 3.0% Dice 201 Tech Salary Report 8

MASTER SALARY PREDICTION AND FOCUS ON FLEXIBILITY TO WIN TECH TALENT While tech salaries overall grew only slightly last year, skills in Big Data, Cloud and Process Management are in high demand and are driving compensation upward. Being aware of these “big picture” salary trends is vital to your success as a talent acquisition professional, but how do you know if the salary being offered for a particular position is truly comparable to what tech pros in your market are actually being paid? For instance, what is a competitive salary for a Data Scientist in San Jose skilled in Hadoop, Scala and Numpy with five years of experience? Introducing Customized, Skills-Based Salary Estimates Until recently, this question was hard to answer; in tech, skills are often more important than job title, years of experience or education in determining competitive compensation. That’s why Dice has launched a new, MOTIVATORS WHAT WAS THE PRIMARY MOTIVATOR YOUR EMPLOYER PROVIDED YOU IN 2017? 15% 10% 3% More interesting or challenging work PERCENTAGE OF EMPLOYERS PROVIDING MOTIVATORS TO RETAIN TALENT. 14% Increased compensation 3% Training and certification courses Flexible work location/telecommute 11% 2% Promotion or new title Flexible work hours More vacation/paid time off 100 80 60 53 % 59% 62% 2010 2011 67% 66% 66% 67% 70% 71% 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 40 20 0 2009 Dice 2018 Tech Salary Report 9

WORKING REMOTELY skills-driven Salary Calculator that accurately pinpoints the compensation necessary to attract the best tech talent in your market. In addition to considering traditional data points like location, title and experience, the Dice Salary Calculator is unique in that it also accounts for the impact that multiple tech skills have on a position’s compensation to more accurately predict a salary. Our proprietary machine-learning model incorporates desired salary information that tech professionals share with potential employers on Dice. The model currently uses over 600,000 data inputs, with new data being added weekly. We’re excited to share this powerful new tool with you. Try it out free at dice.com/calculator. Look Beyond Salary to Compete for Talent Since 2009, our annual Salary Survey has seen steady increases in the number of tech pros who report their employers offering incentives to retain talent, including increased compensation, flexible work location and hours, more challenging assignments, paid training and vacation. In fact, 71% of respondents reported they received some kind of motivator in 2017, as compared to only 53% in 2009. But, what if you can’t offer the cash incentives to attract the tech talent you need? Besides dollar signs, what else are tech candidates looking for? Workplace Flexibility is on the Rise When focusing on non-monetary incentives, flexibility in work location has gained favor in recent years, steadily growing from 10% in 2013 to 14% in 2017. And, for the first time since we began asking about motivators in 2009, increased compensation was offered less frequently as a perk vs. the previous year. So, what’s driving this change in the way tech pros like to work? Digital transformation. Mobile collaboration and messaging technologies plus bandwidth proliferation are now allowing businesses to hire, engage and retain top talent anytime and anywhere in the world, far beyond the physical confines of traditional office space. Tech employees value this flexibility, and they want even more. Dice’s salary survey revealed 60% of tech HOW OFTEN DO YOU PREFER TO WORK REMOTELY IF IT WERE UP TO YOU VS. HOW OFTEN DO YOU CURRENTLY WORK REMOTELY? PREFER Never CURRENTLY 3% 25% A few days a month 14% 27% One day a week 19% 11% Half of the time 20% 5% More than half of the time, but not always 18% 6% Always 22% 11% 4% 15% Not sure / Not allowed at my company for my role 60% OF TECH PROS PREFER TO WORK REMOTELY HALF OF THE TIME OR MORE, BUT ONLY 22% CURRENTLY DO. HOW MUCH OF A PAY CUT WOULD YOU TAKE TO TELECOMMUTE AT LEAST HALF OF THE TIME?* 37% 36% 17% 7% 3% None Up to 10% 11 – 20% 21 – 30% 31% * Dice Snap Poll, Jan. 2018. pros would like to work remotely half of the time or more, but only 22% currently do. To dig deeper into how much tech pros value workplace flexibility, we conducted a separate snap poll and about two-thirds (63%) said they would take a pay cut to telecommute at least half of the time. More than a quarter (27%) would reduce their salary by 11% or more to work remotely half of the time. Be Informed and Flexible in 2018 As you recruit in 2018, remember these two tips to help you land (and keep) top tech talent: Know exactly what top talent is worth using Dice’s new Tech Salary Calculator; and look beyond compensation to incentives like workplace flexibility to keep your tech workforce engaged, motivated and productive. Dice 2018 Tech Salary Report 10

TOP-PAYING TECH SKILLS AND EXPERIENCE SKILL PaaS (Platform as a Service) MapReduce Elasticsearch Amazon Redshift Cloudera Amazon DynamoDB CMMI (Capability Maturity Model Integration) webMethods ISO 27000 SOA (Service Oriented Architecture) Cassandra IaaS (Infrastructure as a Service) Kafka PMBok (Project Management Body of Knowledge) Omnigraffle Pure Storage Cloud Foundry SOX (Sarbanes Oxley) Solr Jetty EMC Documentum Amazon Route 53 HANA (High Performance Analytical Application) Hadoop ABAP (Advanced Business Application Programming) Hbase LoadRunner RabbitMQ Redis Sybase HP Eva MicroStrategy Pig Informatica Informix Hive JDBC (Java Database Connectivity) Docker Big Data OpenStack Zookeeper NoSQL Solaris SDN (Software Defined Network) 3Par JAX-RS (Java API RestFUL Services) Splunk Spark Korn Shell Amazon CloudFront Lean EMC 2017 YR/YR CHANGE 127,171 125,378 124,650 124,640 124,221 124,054 123,970 123,578 123,575 123,192 122,792 122,643 122,335 122,198 121,778 121,708 121,159 5.6% 0.3% 3.9% 4.6% 4.5% 5.0% 3.8% 10.4% 9.8% 0.9% -0.5% 4.4% -0.3% 3.4% -1.6% 13.5% -2.3% 119,721 119,202 119,147 119,121 118,891 118,569 118,551 118,123 118,107 117,921 117,557 117,389 117,206 116,740 116,598 116,529 116,465 116,239 116,100 116,042 115,919 115,884 115,797 115,791 115,751 115,347 114,949 114,777 114,599 114,589 114,579 114,407 114,390 114,345 114,257 2.6% 0.1% -1.5% 8.0% 0.1% -8.1% -0.1% -1.5% -4.7% n/a 0.6% 2.1% 6.8% 14.4% 11.6% -2.2% 2.0% 8.3% -2.1% -0.7% -2.5% 3.0% 5.1% 3.8% -3.1% 3.8% 0.2% 4.7% -2.0% 2.1% 2.6% -3.3% 7.8% 2.1% 4.8% SKILL Chef NetApp Kanban UML (Unified Modeling Language) Waterfall Perl Hitachi Qlik Tech Junit SDLC (System Development Life Cycle) ETL (Extract, Transform and Load) Jenkins Fortran Rackspace AIX (Advanced Interactive eXecutive) XSLT (Extensible Stylesheet Language Transformations) Change Management Weblogic Fibre Channel Apache Oozie EDI (Electronic Data Interchange) Load Balancers FCoE (Fibre Channel Over Ethernet) Mokito JBoss Scrum Rally TCL (Transformation Control Language) Vagrant Groovy PCI (Payment Card Industry) Cloud Computing Teradata Amazon S3 (Simple Cloud Storage Service) Cognos Confluence Gradle Balsamiq Sun Tomcat Ansible TOAD (Tool for Application Development) ITIL (Information Technology Infrastructure Library) Postgres RDBMS (Relational Database Management System) Hibernate Agile Websphere Compellent VSAM (Virtual Storage Access Method) REST (Representational State Transfer) Data Warehouse 2017 YR/YR CHANGE 114,160 113,894 113,872 113,833 113,806 113,760 113,667 113,466 113,307 113,219 113,145 112,928 112,783 112,754 112,617 112,615 112,188 111,968 111,916 111,891 1.5% 10.3% 0.8% -1.3% 1.8% 1.3% 9.7% 9.1% n/a 3.1% -1.5% -0.4% 3.1% 11.5% 1.6% -2.1% 2.7% 0.2% 3.0% 0.4% 111,832 111,692 111,662 111,587 111,449 111,253 111,067 111,043 110,966 110,852 110,833 110,779 110,724 110,531 110,506 110,395 110,393 110,214 110,198 110,043 109,928 109,849 109,609 109,589 109,568 109,516 109,433 109,425 109,388 109,377 109,333 109,252 3.0% 0.5% -3.9% 0.5% 0.6% 1.3% 2.0% 5.7% -0.4% -6.0% 6.6% 2.6% 1.5% 1.9% 3.9% 0.4% -1.4% -0.5% 8.9% 1.0% -9.4% -0.9% 2.6% 2.0% -1.9% -0.9% 0.9% -0.5% -1.9% 11.0% n/a 1.6% Dice 2018 Tech Salary Report 11

SKILL Lawson OS 390 ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) Nginx InfoSphere DataStage Siebel JMeter Objective-C Unified Communication JIRA JDE (JD Edwards) BugZilla Disaster Recovery Data Science ALM/Quality Center (Application Lifecycle Management) SOAP (Simple Object Acess Protocol) Puppet Business Intelligence Oracle eBusiness SaaS (Software as a Service) Test Management WCF (Windows Communication Foundation) Mongo DB Backbone C JSP (JavaServer Pages) Six Sigma MPLS (Multi Protocol Label Switching) Tableau Nimble Glassfish VDP (vSphere Data Protection) Agile Testing Oracle DB DB2 Tivoli Azure SAP BASH (Bourne Again Shell) SAP Testing BABOK (Business Analysis Body of Knowledge) R Unix HL7 (Health Level 7) Database Testing MVS (Multiple Virtual Storage) ISO 9000 SoapUI Workday NumPy XAML (eXtensible Application Markup Language) NetSuite 2017 YR/YR CHANGE 109,110 109,016 108,971 108,955 108,906 108,865 108,850 108,843 108,832 108,680 108,674 108,662 108,436 108,290 107,974 107,878 107,831 107,827 107,768 17.6% 8.6% 2.2% 0.0% 10.6% 1.7% n/a -6.7% 6.8% 1.8% 3.4% n/a 1.1% 1.2% n/a -2.5% -4.5% -2.3% 1.2% 107,763 107,739 107,699 107,640 107,625 107,500 107,456 107,414 107,405 107,303 107,120 107,063 107,038 106,588 106,566 106,476 106,317 106,314 106,284 106,224 106,203 106,001 105,977 105,829 105,807 105,806 105,718 105,636 105,581 105,574 105,526 105,507 105,488 2.0% n/a n/a -3.1% 9.3% -2.6% -3.4% 3.0% 1.9% -0.1% 2.2% -0.1% 12.1% n/a 1.5% 3.8% 2.6% 1.3% 5.2% 0.8% n/a 5.0% -1.7% 1.7% 1.8% n/a 6.2% 3.2% n/a 0.1% -2.8% -3.3% 9.1% SKILL Cucumber WAN Opt Shell Visio IBM Mainframe SAN (Storage Area Network) Selenium z/OS PowerBuilder Virtualization JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) KVM (Kernal-based Virtual Machine) Knockout QTP (QuickTest Professional) Parallels Microsoft Team Foundation Server Telepresence Mantis Apache Web Server Ruby CRM (Customer Relationship Management) Angular Python vCloud Lucidchart Salesforce.com XML (eXtensible Markup Language) T-SQL (Transact SQL) FreeBSD (Free Berkeley Software Distribution) Manual Testing Linux OpenVMS DigitalOcean Cerner Application Delivery Java/J2EE QA (Quality Assurance) MariaDB Data Analysis Epic BMC Remedy GE Electricity IBM Notes (Lotus Notes) TypeScript IIS (Internet Information Systems) Node.js MS Dynamics MS SQL Axure Metro Ethernet C MobileIron 2017 YR/YR CHANGE 105,397 105,381 105,297 104,860 104,519 104,476 104,470 104,300 104,091 104,034 104,009 103,916 103,890 103,862 103,513 103,496 103,438 103,385 103,379 103,287 6.0% -4.5% -0.5% 1.6% 11.6% 1.4% 7.1% 4.7% 7.2% 3.4% -3.0% 10.4% 3.8% n/a 12.0% n/a -0.4% n/a 1.2% 0.6% 103,218 103,199 103,191 103,175 103,141 103,080 103,063 103,036 103,032 102,807 102,803 102,803 102,676 102,635 102,620 102,469 102,286 102,242 102,174 102,127 102,027 102,021 101,996 101,912 101,690 101,642 101,638 101,549 101,544 101,513 101,503 101,475 2.9% -2.2% -2.3% -2.8% 3.2% 1.6% 0.3% 1.2% -3.0% n/a 0.8% 3.6% 5.0% 10.6% 0.0% -2.0% 3.4% -3.0% 2.9% 11.6% 5.6% 13.2% 10.4% 1.7% 0.9% -1.8% 8.4% 2.8% n/a -0.7% -1.4% 7.2% NOTE: Several new tech skills were added to the 2017 survey and therefore yr/yr change is not available. Dice 2018 Tech Salary Report 12

70,000 80,000 90,000 100,000 TOP SALARIES BY INDUSTRY Bank/Financial/Insurance Aerospace & Defense Utilities / Energy Medical / Pharmaceutical / Biotechnology 108,527 104,079 100,622 100,534 YR/YR CHANGE: 4.5% YR/YR CHANGE: 4.1% YR/YR CHANGE: -2.8% YR/YR CHANGE: 3.6% Professional Services Computer Software Computer Hardware Consumer Products Telecommunications 99,808 97,045 96,265 95,400 95,346 YR/YR CHANGE: 1.3% YR/YR CHANGE: -1.4% YR/YR CHANGE: -1.3% YR/YR CHANGE: 0.4% YR/YR CHANGE: 3.0% Entertainment Media Government Manufacturing Internet Services 94,555 93,305 90,498 90,283 YR/YR CHANGE: -1.1% YR/YR CHANGE: 5.4% YR/YR CHANGE: 0.0% YR/YR CHANGE: -1.9% Healthcare Providers Transportation/ Logistics Retail / E-Commerce Marketing/ Advertising Hospitality/ Travel Distributor/ Wholesale 88,358 86,443 84,322 83,461 81,370 80,063 YR/YR CHANGE: 0.1% YR/YR CHANGE: 1.1% YR/YR CHANGE: -5.0% YR/YR CHANGE: -3.7% YR/YR CHANGE: -6.3% YR/YR CHANGE: -10.1% Non-Profit Education 74,220 70,158 YR/YR CHANGE: 3.2% YR/YR CHANGE: -1.0% Dice 2018 Tech Salary Report 13

Dice Salary Survey Methodology The Dice salary survey was administered online by Dice.com, with 10,705 employed technology professionals responding between October 18, 2017 and December 13, 2017. Respondents were invited to participate in the survey in several ways: 1) via an email invitation to Dice’s registered database members, 2) through a notification on the Dice.com home page and/or via site intercept invitations within the site to visitors, and 3) via banner ads on external sites. Additionally, for the first time, technology professionals who were registered users of eFinancialCareers.com were invited to participate in the survey via an email invitation. A cookie methodology was used to ensure that there was no duplication of responses between or within the various sample groups, and duplicate responses from a single email address were removed. Technology professionals earning salaries of 350,000 and above were not automatically eliminated from the survey if they met other criteria. About Dice Dice is a leading tech career hub connecting employers with skilled technology professionals and providing tech professionals with career opportunities, data, insights and advice. Established in 1990, Dice began as one of the first career sites and today provides a comprehensive suite of recruiting solutions, empowering companies and recruiters to make informed hiring decisions. Dice serves multiple markets throughout North America and Europe. www.dice.com. Dice is a DHI Group, Inc. (NYSE:DHX) service. 1.877.386.3323 Dice 2018 Tech Salary Report EMPLOYER 14

Dice 2018 Tech Salary Report4 REASONS FOR CHANGING EMPLOYERS AVERAGE SALARY 79,889 Higher 63% compensation AVERAGE SALARY 87,464 Better working 45% conditions AVERAGE SALARY 86,696 More 30% responsibility AVERAGE SALARY 84,516 Shorter 16% commute AVERAGE SALARY 83,299 13% Relocation AVERAGE SALARY 92,953 13% Other

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OF THE 45% OF TECH PROFESSIONALS THAT ANTICIPATE CHANGING EMPLOYERS IN 2019, HERE'S WHY: 47%Better working conditions AVERAGE SALARY 84,516 68%Higher compensation AVERAGE SALARY 80,925 18%Shorter commute AVERAGE SALARY 83,751 34%More responsibility AVERAGE SALARY 85,144 13%Relocation AVERAGE SALARY 81,192 22%Anticipate losing current position

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