Explicit Grammar Instructions To Enhance Students' Reading Ability On .

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Y. Aprizani et al. Parole: Journal of Linguistics and Education, 8 (1), 2018 22 Then, researcher did the instrument reliability to find out whether the test is reliable or not. The table below showed the reliability statistics as follows: Table 2. Reliability Statistics Cronbach's Alpha ,710 N of Items 4 It can be seen that the result r11 0,710 in the Cronbach’ alpha with N of item 4 items. It can be concluded that r11 0,710 0, 6 was reliable. To find out each question item whether it was corrected or not, the researchers used Corrected Item-Total Correlation. The table below explained the corrected item. Table 3. Item-Total Statistics Item 1 Item 2 Item 3 Item 4 Scale Mean if Item Deleted 47,60 50,00 49,70 36,00 Scale Variance if Item Deleted 38,989 46,316 48,537 19,368 Corrected ItemTotal Correlation ,608 ,581 ,492 ,648 Cronbach's Alpha if Item Deleted ,592 ,648 ,682 ,670 The table above can be seen that the result of each items in correction item-total correlation were more than rtable 0.444 in item 1, the correction item-total correlation was 0,608 0,444. It means that the item 1 was corrected item. The item 2 was 0,581 0,444. The item was also corrected item. And then the item 3 and 4 were 0.492 and 0,648, the items were more than 0,444. So the items were corrected item. 3.2.Normality test In the step, the researchers find out the normality test. The table below showed the statistics of normality. Table 4. One-Sample Kolmogorov-Smirnov Test N Normal Parametersa,b Mean Std. Deviation Most Extreme Differences Absolute Positive Negative Test Statistic Asymp. Sig. (2-tailed) Group1 20 Group2 20 60,10 9,603 63,95 7,430 ,137 ,137 -,102 ,137 ,200c,d ,149 ,110 -,149 ,149 ,200c,d In the table, it shows Asymp. sig. (2-tailed) 0,200 0,025. It means that the data found by researcher were normal distribution. Because the data were normal, the researchers used a parametric statistics. The researcher measured the hypothesis using Paired sample T-test and Independent T-test as follow below: 3.3. Paired sample T-test The test was used to find out the mean difference of two variable in one group at the experimental group. The result of the test can be seen this table below:

Y. Aprizani et al. Parole: Journal of Linguistics and Education, 8 (1), 2018 25 Widodo, H. (2006). Approaches and procedures for teaching grammar. English Teaching: Practice and Critique, V(1), 122-144. Wren, S. (2001). The cognitive foundation of learning to read: A framework. Austin: Southwest Educational Development Laboratory.

Grammar is a part of learning a language. Grammar can be resulted by the process of teaching and learning. Students cannot learn grammar without giving grammar teaching before. Thornbury (1999) clarifies that grammar is a study of language to form sentences. In this respect, grammar has an important role in sentence construction both i.

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