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Tanks - Michigan

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UIP 11, PAGE 1TANKSSECTION UIP 11DEFINITIONS AND COMMENTSAPI refers to the standard specifications of the American PetroleumInstitute.ASME refers to the standard specifications for pressure tank designof the American Society of Mechanical Engineers.WATER TANKS are normally measured in gallons.OIL TANKS are normally measured in barrels of 42 gallons each.STEEL RING CURB is a steel ring used to hold the foundation sandor gravel in place. The tank bottom is then placed on the sand. Alltanks do not have curb rings.HORTON SPHERE, HEMISPHEROID, DEWAR, etc., are types oflarge liquid- and gas-pressure vessels.Many special tanks found in use cannot be included here, such asthose for storage of exotic fuels, or those used in food or beverageprocessing which are in the nature of industrial processing equipment.The costs of the tanks listed in this section are averages of totalcosts in place at the site including necessary foundations and tankfittings, but not pilings, pipe, fencing, site roads, etc.The tanks included in this section are those used primarily for liquidand industrial storage.The tank costs listed do not include an allowance for cathodic protection. Add 2% – 5% of the tank cost when found.WEIGHTS AND MEASURES111111111gallon (water)gallongallongallongallonacre footcubic footbarrel (oil)barrel qualsequals8.34 pounds.1337 cubic foot.1074 bushel.8327 Imperial gallon3.7853 liters325,900 gallons.8032 bushel42 gallons31.5 gallonsPressure in pounds per square inch of column of water equals .434times the height of the column in feet.Circumference of a circleArea of a circleArea of an ellipseVolume of a sphereVolume of a cone 3.1416 x the diameter.7854 x square of the diameter.7854 x product of both diameters.5236 x cube of the diameterarea of base x 1/3 of the altitudeCapacity in barrels (oil) D2 x .1399 x height(diameter and height in feet)Capacity in gallons D2 x 5.8748 x height(diameter and height in feet)Capacity in bushels D2 x .6308 x height(diameter and height in feet) 2003 - State of MichiganCAPACITY OFCYLINDRICAL TANKS OR RESERVOIRS(Per foot of depth or 283.04,606.24,941.05,287.75,646.1BARRELS(42 ,340.3338,388.5BARRELS(42 4,532.75,596.06,771.28,056.9TYPICAL TANK LIVESTank lives can vary widely depending on the storage loads and conditions placed on the individual tank, the method of installation andappropriate maintenance and warranties. The typical lives listedbelow represent averages under standard applications. Lives maybe shortened under severe requirements, such as extremely corrosive materials and/or atmospheric conditions or lengthened undervery mild circumstances, by special coatings, double walls, etc.Concrete tanks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Galvanized steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Steel oil storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Steel surface water storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Elevated steel tanks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Underground steel, single wall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .double walled . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .fiber coated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Galvanized steel chemical storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Stainless steel chemical storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Polyethylene chemical storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Fiberglass chemical storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Underground fiberglass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Wood . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Steel pressure tanks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Years30 – 5515 – 2025 – 3030 – 4030 – 4010 – 2025 – 3525 – 353 – 1715 – 3015 – 2015 – 2030 – 3520 – 2520 – 25

UIP 11, PAGE 2TANKSSECTION UIP 11SPHEROIDHEMISPHEROIDWOOD TANK ON TOWERHORIZONTALPRESSURETANKBOLTED STEEL – APISPHERE FOR LIQUID STORAGEELEVATEDWATER TANKWELDED STEELWATER TANKGALVANIZEDBULK STORAGEHEMISPHERICAL BOTTOM TANKSHORTON SPHEROIDELLIPSOIDAL BOTTOM TANKS 2003 - State of Michigan

UIP 11, PAGE 3TANKSSECTION UIP 11ELEVATED STEEL TANKSWELDED STEEL WATER TANKSCosts are averages for each of the high-stress and low-stressareas. A check of local building codes will indicate which areasrequire extra structural strength to resist possible hurricane or seismic forces. Costs include tank, tower, riser pipe, ladder, and otherequipment normally installed, completely erected as well as typicalfoundations and painting.Costs are average costs of surface reservoirs including typical tankancillaries such as roofs, ladders, painting, fittings on tank, etc.Steel standpipes (height exceeds diameter) will cost 35% more.Sand and gravel foundations with steel retaining rings are includedon those of 1,000,000 gallons capacity, or less, concrete foundations on larger tanks.LOW-STRESS AREASCAPAC.COST(gallons)Average costs in areas not requiring earthquake-(including zone 1areas) or hurricane-resistant structures.CAPACITY(gallons)TOWER gallons)10,000 21,750200,000 131,2502,000,000 00240,7505,000,0001,159,00099,75025,000 152,000 169,000 196,000 00165,000181,000208,000268,000125,000107,500 1,000,000357,2507,500,0001,544,000150,000116,250 1,500,000498,750 ,0001,803,0001,978,0002,257,000HIGH-STRESS AREASAverage costs in areas requiring earthquake-(zones 3 and 4) or hurricane-resistant structures.CAPACITYTOWER HEIGHTBOLTED STEEL WATER TANKSCosts are average costs for factory coated, bolted steel surfacereservoirs erected on sand or gravel with a steel ring curb, including typical accessories such as roof, ladders, manways, vents, fittings on tank, and liquid level indicators, etc. Concrete foundationscost an additional 5.00 to 6.75 per cubic foot. Tank and foundation costs depend on seismic zone. For areas requiring earthquakeresistant structures add 5% to the tank cost and use 7.75 per cubicfoot for a concrete foundation cost. Modular knockdown containment tanks with membrane liner and cover will cost 5% to 15% less.CAPAC.DIMEN.TANKCAPAC.DIMEN.TANK(gallons)(d x h)COST(gallons)(d x h)COST10,00015' x 8' 13,500300,00047' x 24' 94,25030,00018' x 16'23,500400,00053' x 24'119,250100,00026' x 20'38,250500,00060' x 24'150,000125,00029' x 24'46,750600,00064' x 24'175,25025,000 183,000 203,000 235,000 304,000150,00032' x 24'55,500900,00078' x 037' x 16'69,250 1,200,00091' x gallons)50'75'100'150'CONCRETE WATER TANKSCosts are averages of completely erected surface reservoirs, including foundations, dome roofs, and typical tank ancillaries. Siteworkand exterior piping are extra. Small precast modular tanks, up to30,000 gallons, cost 5,325 to 6,450 per 5,000-gallon 55,0002,098,00010,000 40,500200,000 000,0001,344,000Average cost of cut and fill reservoirs with concrete or asphaltlinings and metal, wood or concrete roof structures, per unit ofrated 125,000180,000 1,000,000585,5007,500,0002,138,000150,000203,250 1,500,000718,000 6,000 .25 to .29 per gallon or 80,000 to 94,750 per acre foot 2003 - State of Michigan(gallons)CAPAC.(gallons)(gallons) 865,500

UIP 11, PAGE 4TANKSSECTION UIP 11WOOD TANKSCosts are averages for redwood or fir tanks completely erected onthe buyer’s foundation. Add 33% for cypress tanks. Sizes given aretypical diameters and heights, in feet. Smaller tanks up to 10,000gallons have 2" staves, larger tanks have 3". For elevated tanks,add tower cost. Add 36 to 41 per foot of diameter for sand andgravel foundation with retaining ring. Concrete slab foundationcosts an additional 5.00 to 6.75 per cubic foot. Add wood cover,joists, and ladders to basic tank cost as L(gallons)(d x h)COSTCOVERCOVERJOISTSLADDERLADDER2004x 31,250 225-----45----------3004x 41,550225-----45----------5005x 42,050310 60055----------1,0006x 63,12545070590 135 1801,5007x 64,0005058401251351802,0008x 64,8005909801501351803,0008x 86,0255909801501752254,00010 x 87,1757851,3152401752255,00011 x 88,6759801,5403101752257,50012 x 1010,6501,2901,73535521527010,00014 x 1013,4501,4852,10053021527015,00014 x 1419,1501,4852,10053029036020,00016 x 1423,6251,8402,85571529036030,00018 x 1630,5752,0853,41590532040550,00022 x 1842,3252,6104,5901,12536545075,00026 x 2054,5003,1555,7101,350405495100,00030 x 2066,2503,4957,0301,725405495150,00037 x 2086,4004,9159,1852,525405495200,00043 x 20104,3255,67511,3703,100405495 GALVANIZED STEEL TANKSTOWERSCosts are averages of 13- to 20-gauge, coated, corrugated steeltanks, installed or erected on the buyer’s foundation. Prices includeconical roof with manhole, freight and typical accessories. Deduct15% for open tanks. Add 36 to 41 per foot of diameter for sandand gravel foundation with retaining ring. Add an additional 5.00 to 6.75 per cubic foot for concrete slab foundation. For elevatedtanks, add tower cost.Costs are averages of painted towers for flat-bottom tanks, includingadded cost of erection of tank above ground, footings, piping toground, valves, balconies, ladders to balconies, and indicator gauges.CAPAC.(gallons)500DIMEN.(d x h)4xTANKCAPAC.COST(gallons)5½ 1,00010,000CAPAC.(gallons)TOWER HEIGHT12'25'50'75' 3,900 4,750-----TANK1,5004,5005,750 9,400----------(d x h)COST2,0005,0506,35010,350 16,350-----12 x 12 7,4003,0005,9007,30011,65018,500 6x51,65015,00015 x 119,2002,0007x6½2,65020,00018½ x 1112,7753,0008x83,27530,00022 x 1117,6504,0008 x 113,97550,00024 x 1525,5005,0009 x 104,52575,00034 x 1137,8007,50010 x 126,100100,00034 x 9,00075,000----------42,30062,00096,050In areas subject to earthquakes or hurricanes, a rough estimate ofadditional cost can be obtained from the following formulas:12'25'50'75'100'towers . . . . . 1,000 plus .031 per gallon of tank capacity. . . . . . . . . . . 1,475 plus .045 per gallon of tank capacity. . . . . . . . . . . 2,275 plus .059 per gallon of tank capacity. . . . . . . . . . . 3,875 plus .086 per gallon of tank capacity. . . . . . . . . . . 6,550 plus .113 per gallon of tank capacity 2003 - State of Michigan

UIP 11, PAGE 5TANKSSECTION UIP 11VAULTED ABOVEGROUNDPETROLEUM STORAGE TANKSCosts are average for UL-listed cylindrical internal steel tanksencased inside a 6" precast concrete vault, providing a 4-hour firewall and ballistic protection. The protective concrete outer shell isprecast in two sections, allowing periodic internal tank inspection.Concrete support legs are cast monolithic with the lower section ofthe concrete vault. Costs include fittings and installation on thebuyer’s foundation. For supplemental internal overspill containmenttank (7 to 25 gallons), add 900 to 2,250. For steps and platform,add 575 to 2,625.CAPACITYSIZE(gallons)(feet)Single WallSINGLE COMPARTMENTDouble WallDUAL COMPARTMENT3004½ x 7 7,500 9,425----------5505½ x 78,47510,725----------1,0005½ x 1210,90013,950 12,325 15,6752,0007x 1416,65021,55018,20023,5254,0009½ x 1326,00034,00030,25039,2506,0009½ x 1833,50043,75037,75049,250Single WallDouble Wall8,0009½ x 2344,75058,25048,75063,50010,0009½ x 2948,75063,50052,75068,50012,0009½ x 3458,75077,00063,25082,250UNDERGROUND FUEL STORAGECosts are averages for fiberglass and steel tanks, completelyinstalled, including fittings, access manway, excavation and backfill.For multiple installations, two or more in one hole, deduct 7% foreach extra tank, considering the largest tank in the hole as thebase. For difficult soil conditions, add for extra cost of d bedding, as necessary. All tanks carry Underwriters’ Label. Add 5.00 to 6.75 per cubic foot for concrete pad. Costs do not includepiping. Add 3,125 to 4,725 for leakage-monitoring system pertank. Sizes are approximate averages of all tank types. For multicompartment tanks, add 3,800 to 7,625 per tank.FIBERGLASSSTEEL (sti-P3)FIBER COATED STEELLENGTH SINGLE WALL DOUBLE WALL SINGLE WALL DOUBLE WALL SINGLE WALL DOUBLE WALL(feet)TANK COSTTANK COSTTANK COSTTANK COSTTANK COSTTANK COST3003555046 0,35016,175 7,175 2,700 3,975 3,000-----3,0754,6003,975 081,475-----82,600 2003 - State of Michigan

UIP 11, PAGE 6TANKSSECTION UIP 11WELDED STEEL TANKSBOLTED STEEL TANKS(API)(API)Costs are averages for tanks erected on sand or gravel with steelring curb, and include cone roofs with supports as needed, outsideladder, roof and shell manholes, threaded and/or flanged openingsas needed for operation, roof vents, and paint. Catwalks, stairways,and platforms are not included.Costs include roof deck and supports, sand and gravel foundationwith retaining ring, painting and typical basic fittings. Sizes areapproximate diameter and height of typical els)2,000SIZE(feet)TANKCOST30 x 16 58,50075,0003,00030 x 2466,000100,000140 x 37648,5004,00030 x 3275,000125,000160 x 35788,5005,00038 x 2485,000150,000180 x 33924,0007,50038 x 3698,500200,000200 x 361,127,75010,00055 x 24124,000250,000220 x 361,288,00015,00055 x 36155,750300,000240 x 371,512,00020,00060 x 40189,250350,000260 x 371,680,00030,00080 x 34252,000400,000260 x 421,876,00050,00090 x 44360,750500,000280 x 462,236,750120 x 36 rels)SIZE(feet)TANKCOST1009x8 6,2502,00030 x 162009 x 169,7503,00030 x 24 58,50066,25050016 x 1621,2505,00039 x 2476,75075016 x 2428,2507,50039 x 3694,0001,00022 x 1635,00010,00055 x 24114,0001,50022 x 2447,50015,00055 x 36148,000For bulk oil loading rack platforms, see Section UIP 14.Add 975 to 1,775 per foot of diameter for pontoon floating roof.Add 1,075 to 1,325 per foot of diameter for double-deck roof.HORIZONTAL BULK STORAGEVERTICAL BULK STORAGECosts are averages for completely installed steel tanks, includingsaddles or legs, and fittings, on owners’ foundations. Typical tankdimension is diameter x length.Costs are averages of 10- and 12-gauge bolted galvanized tanks,including sand and gravel foundations, fittings and roof. Concreteslab foundations cost an additional 5.25 to 7.00 per cubic foot.Typical tank dimension is diameter x 006,000SIZE(feet)4 x 105x 95 x 125 x 186 x 196 x 247 x 21COST )7 x 2610 x 1710 x 2110 x 2510 x 3410½ x 3910½ x 46COST gallons)(feet)2,0007x 83,0008x 84,0008 x 115,0009 x 117,50010 x 1310,00011 x 15COST 020,00030,00040,00050,00060,000SIZE(feet)13 x 1614 x 1817 x 1919 x 2021 x 2023 x 20COST 13,15016,37523,32530,25036,60043,800HORIZONTAL PLASTIC TANKSVERTICAL PLASTIC TANKSCosts are averages for completely installed fiberglass or polyethylene tanks, including saddles or legs, and fittings, on owners’ foundations. Sizes are approximate diameters and length sof typical tanks.Costs are averages for fiberglass or polyethylene tanks completelyerected on buyers’ foundations, including fittings and roof. Add 38to 44 per foot of diameter for sand and gravel foundation withretaining ring. Concrete slab foundations cost an additional 5.25 to 7.00 per cubic foot. Sizes are approximate diameters and heightsof typical tanks.CAPAC.(gallons)125250500750SIZE(feet)2½ x 3½3 x 44 x 64 x 9COST 0SIZE(feet)4 x 11½5 x 118 x 1210 x 12COST 2,2503,5755,0506,275VERTICAL WELDED TANKSCosts are averages for mild steel welded tanks, including sand andgravel foundations, fittings and roof. Concrete slab foundations costan additional 5.00 to 6.75 per cubic foot. Sizes are approximatediameters and heights of typical 00SIZE(feet)7x 67x 88 x 119 x 1110 x 1311 x 15COST 0020,00030,00040,00050,00060,000SIZE(feet)13 x 1614 x 1817 x 1919 x 2021 x 2023 x 20COST )5007501,0001,5002,0002,5003,000SIZE(feet)4x 64x 95x 75 x 10½7x 78 x 7½8x 9COST 05,0006,5009,00012,00016,00020,000SIZE(feet)8 x 128½ x 12½10 x 1212 x 1212 x 14½14 x 1415 x 15COST 4,8255,9757,67510,52514,00018,20022,350NOTE: Plastic tank prices can vary plus or minus 15% dependingon the corrosive strength of the material being stored. For fiberglass underground corrosive strength chemical storage tanks seeUnderground Fuel Storage/Fiberglass and add 15% to 25%. 2003 - State of Michigan

UIP 11, PAGE 7TANKSSECTION UIP 11BOLTED INDUSTRIAL BINSBOLTED INDUSTRIAL BINSCYLINDRICALHOPPERSThe following costs are averages of bolted industrial bins for drystorage, installed without bottoms on bu

API refers to the standard specifications of the American Petroleum Institute. ASME refers to the standard specifications for pressure tank design of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. WATER TANKS are normally measured in gallons. OIL TANKS are normally measured in barrels of 42 gallons each. STEEL RING CURB is a steel ring used to hold the foundation sand or gravel in place. The .