Principles Of Emergency Management IS

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Principles of EmergencyManagementIndependent StudyFebruary 2006FEMA

TABLE OF CONTENTSPageCourse Overview. 1Unit 1: Course IntroductionIntroduction . 1.1How to Complete This Course . 1.1Unit 1 Objectives. 1.4Course Objectives. 1.4Case Study: Tornado in Barneveld, Wisconsin. 1.5Your Place in the Emergency Management System. 1.7Case Study: Hazardous Chemical Release. 1.8Activity: Where Do I Fit? . 1.10Summary and Transition. 1.11Unit 2: Overview of the Integrated Emergency Management SystemIntroduction and Unit Overview. 2.1Recent Changes to Emergency Planning Requirements. 2.1Why an Integrated Emergency Management System?. 2.7Emergency Management Concepts and Terms . 2.7Partners in the Coordination Network . 2.10Activity: Partners in the Coordination Network. 2.14Emergency Management in Local Government. 2.16Activity: Where Is Emergency Management in My Community? . 2.18Summary and Transition. 2.19For More Information . 2.19Knowledge Check . 2.20Unit 3: The Spectrum of Incident Management ActionsIntroduction and Unit Overview. 3.1Introduction to the Spectrum of Incident Management Actions . 3.1Prevention. 3.3Preparedness. 3.4Response. 3.12Activity: Response Operations. 3.15Recovery. 3.16Mitigation. 3.19Activity: Identifying Mitigation Measures . 3.24Summary and Transition. 3.25For More Information . 3.25Knowledge Check . 3.26Principles of Emergency ManagementPage i

TABLE OF CONTENTSPageUnit 4: Roles of Key ParticipantsIntroduction and Unit Overview. 4.1The Role of the Local Emergency Program Manager. 4.1State Emergency Management Role . 4.3How the Private Sector and Voluntary Organizations Assist Emergency Managers . 4.6Federal Emergency Management Role . 4.7The National Response Plan . 4.8Activity: Emergency Management Partners . 4.12Emergency Management Functional Groups . 4.14Case Study: Emergency Management Coordination . 4.16Summary and Transition. 4.19For More Information . 4.19Knowledge Check . 4.20Unit 5: The Plan as Program CenterpieceIntroduction and Unit Overview. 5.1What Is an EOP and What Does It Do?. 5.1Activity: Where Do I Fit Into the EOP?. 5.3Case Study: An EOP in Action. 5.4Importance of the Hazard Analysis to the Planning Process . 5.5What Is In a Hazard Analysis?. 5.5Job Aid 5.1: Hazard Analysis Worksheet. 5.6Using a Hazard Analysis to Determine Risk . 5.10EOP Structure and Contents . 5.11Summary and Transition. 5.18For More Information . 5.18Knowledge Check . 5.19Unit 6: Planning and CoordinationIntroduction and Unit Overview. 6.1Linking Hazard Analysis to Capability Assessment . 6.2Activity: What Can Your Organization Offer?. 6.4The EOP and the Incident Command System . 6.5The EOP and the EOC . 6.13Activity: The EOP, ICS, and EOC . 6.15Case Study: Multiple-Agency Coordination . 6.17Augmenting Local Resources . 6.20Maintaining an Effective EOP . 6.23Interfacing With Other Plans . 6.25Summary and Transition. 6.27For More Information . 6.27Knowledge Check . 6.28Principles of Emergency ManagementPage ii

TABLE OF CONTENTSPageUnit 7: Functions of an Emergency Management ProgramIntroduction and Unit Overview. 7.1Introduction to Emergency Management Functions . 7.1Basis in Local Law . 7.2Emergency Management Core Functions . 7.2Emergency Management Program Functions . 7.3Case Study: Train Derailment Review . 7.6Activity: Emergency Management Functions in Action . 7.8Activity: Comparing Functions . 7.10Summary and Transition. 7.12Knowledge Check . 7.13Unit 8: Applying Emergency Management PrinciplesIntroduction and Unit Overview. 8.1Applying the Integrated Emergency Management System . 8.1Activity: Interdependence Within the Emergency Management Team . 8.2Activity: Problem Solving In Crisis-Prone County . 8.7Summary and Transition. 8.12Knowledge Check . 8.13Unit 9: Course SummaryIntroduction and Unit Overview. 9.1Integrated Emergency Management System. 9.1The Spectrum of Incident Management Actions . 9.2The Plan as Program Centerpiece. 9.4Planning and Coordination. 9.5Functions of an Emergency Management Program . 9.7Emergency Management Program Partners. 9.8Applying Emergency Management Principles . 9.9Next Steps . 9.10Appendix A: Job AidAppendix B: Acronym ListAppendix C: Emergency Supply KitPrinciples of Emergency ManagementPage iii

Course Overview

COURSE OVERVIEWAbout This CourseAll communities are vulnerable to a variety of hazards. Emergencymanagement provides a structure for anticipating and dealing with emergencyincidents.Emergency management involves participants at all governmental levels and inthe private sector. Activities are geared according to phases before, during,and after emergency events. The effectiveness of emergency managementrests on a network of relationships among partners in the system.This course is one in the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)Professional Development Series. The goal of this course is to introduce you tothe fundamentals of emergency management as an integrated system,surveying how the resources and capabilities of all functions at all levels can benetworked together in all phases for all hazards.FEMA’s Independent Study ProgramFEMA’s Independent Study Program is one of the delivery channels that theEmergency Management Institute (EMI) uses to provide training to the generalpublic and specific audiences. This course is part of FEMA’s IndependentStudy Program. In addition to this course, the Independent Study Programincludes other courses in the Professional Development Series (PDS), as wellas courses in radiological emergency management, the role of the emergencymanager, hazardous materials, and disaster assistance.FEMA’s independent study courses are available at no charge and include afinal examination. You may test individually or through group training.Principles of Emergency ManagementPage 1

COURSE OVERVIEWFEMA’s Independent Study Program (Continued)If you need assistance or if you have questionsl, you may contact the IndependentStudy Program Administrative Office at:FEMA Independent Study ProgramAdministrative OfficeEmergency Management Institute16825 South Seton AvenueEmmitsburg, MD 21727(301) 447-1200Information about FEMA’s Independent Study Program also is available on theInternet at:, and click on FEMA Independent StudyCourse PrerequisitesThere are no prerequisites for this course.Final ExaminationThis course includes a written Final Examination, which you must complete andsubmit to FEMA’s Independent Study Office for scoring. To obtain credit fortaking this course, you must successfully complete this examination with ascore of 75 percent or above. You may take the Final Examination as manytimes as necessary.Principles of Emergency ManagementPage 2

Unit 1: Course Introduction

UNIT 1: COURSE INTRODUCTIONIntroductionWhen an emergency or disaster strikes, you work as part of a complexemergency management network that calls upon many functions, resources,and capabilities. Your ability to function effectively relates to yourunderstanding of how the emergency management system works and how youragency fits into the network. This course will present the fundamentalemergency management principles and provide opportunities for you to applywhat you learn.How to Complete This CourseThis independent study course is designed so that you can complete it on yourown, at your own pace. Take a break after each unit, and give yourself time tothink about the material, particularly how it affects your work and some of thesituations you have encountered as an emergency management professional.On the other hand, this course may be done in a group setting guided by aninstructor. This Independent Study can also be used in such groups.Principles of Emergency Management contains nine units. Each unit isdescribed below. Unit 1: Course Introduction, offers an overview of the course content. Unit 2: Overview of the Integrated Emergency Management System,presents an overview of the integrated emergency management system. Unit 3: The Spectrum of Incident Management Actions, describes thephases of emergency management activities. Unit 4: Roles of Key Participants, examines the role of the localemergency program manager and relationships with State and Federalemergency managers. Unit 5: The Plan as Program Centerpiece, focuses on community-specificrisks and describes the hazard analysis process, and links hazard analysisto the EOP. Unit 6: Planning and Coordination, addresses resource requirements,how to supplement resources, the ICS-EOC interface, and the connectionbetween planning and emergency management.Principles of Emergency ManagementPage 1.1

UNIT 1: COURSE INTRODUCTIONHow to Complete This Course (Continued) Unit 7: Functions of an Emergency Management Program, presents thecore functions of an emergency management program. Unit 8: Applying Emergency Management Principles, provides practicein applying emergency management principles in a problem-solving activity. Unit 9: Course Summary, summarizes the course content. At theconclusion of this unit, you will have an opportunity to evaluate the courseand your success in meeting your personal learning goals.ActivitiesThis course will involve you actively as a learner by including activities thathighlight basic concepts. It will also provide you with guidance on actionsrequired in specific situations through the use of case studies. These activitiesemphasize different learning points, so be sure to complete all of them.Compare your answers to the answers provided following each activity. If youranswers are correct, continue on with the material. If your answers areincorrect, go back and review the material before continuing.Knowledge ChecksTo help you know when to proceed to the next unit, Units 2 through 8 arefollowed by a Knowledge Check that asks you to answer questions that pertainto the unit content. The answers are given at the end of each knowledgecheck. When you finish each Knowledge Check, check your answers, andreview the parts of the text that you do not understand. Do not proceed to thenext unit until you are sure that you have mastered the current unit.AppendicesIn addition to the nine units, this course also includes three appendices.Appendix A includes a job aid, Appendix B includes an acronym list, andAppendix C includes the Emergency Supply Kit.Principles of Emergency ManagementPage 1.2

UNIT 1: COURSE INTRODUCTIONFinal ExaminationWhen you have completed all of the units, take the final examination online at, click on FEMA Independent Study and follow the links tothe courseoryou may use an Opscan Answer Sheet Form. To obtain an Opscan Form go to, click on FEMA Independent Study and go to Opscan Request.EMI will score your test and notify you of the results.Sample Learning ScheduleComplete this course at your own pace. If you are working independently, youshould be able to finish the entire course—including knowledge checks,activities, and the final examination—in approximately 10 hours. This followinglearning schedule is only an example, intended to show relative times devotedto each unit.UnitSuggested Time30 minutesUnit 1: Course IntroductionUnit 2: Overview of the Integrated Emergency Management 60 minutesSystem60 minutesUnit 3: The Spectrum of Incident Management ActionsUnit 4: Roles of Key Participants60 minutes90 minutesUnit 5: The

UNIT 1: COURSE INTRODUCTION Principles of Emergency Management Page 1.2 How to Complete This Course (Continued) Unit 7: Functions of an Emergency Management Program, presents the core functions of an emergency management program. Unit 8: Applying Emergency Management Principles, provides practice in applying emergency management principles in a problem-solving activity.

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