Lesson 1: Introduction To Ham Radio - Free Download PDF

12d ago
1 Views
0 Downloads
1.29 MB
71 Pages
Transcription

Lesson 1: Introduction to HamRadioCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Preparation forAmateur RadioTechnician ClassExam

TopicsRadiosAmateur RadioFCC and ITUClasses of LicensesAmateur Radio ExamsLicensesCall SignsWho does Ham Radio?Exam Questions for this sectionCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 1

ReadingIntroductionChapter 1 – 1.1-1.14, 1.16-1.17Copyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 2

RadiosRadios come in all kinds of forms and areused for many purposesThey all share in common the use of RadioFrequenciesWhat is a radio frequency?Copyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 3

Copyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 4

Radios: UsesQuestions for the class:Where do you use radios today?Where else do you know of that radios areused?Copyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 5

Radios: UsesCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 6

Radios: UsesNASA photosCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 7

Amateur RadioAn amateur radio station is a radiostation in the amateur service usedfor radio communicationsA station licensee is the personresponsible for the proper operationof the station in accordance with theFCC rulesA control operator is an amateuroperator designated by the stationlicensee to be responsible fortransmissionsCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 8

Amateur RadioAn amateur space station is an amateurstation located more than 50 kilometerabove the Earth’s surfaceThere is an amateur space station on boardthe International Space StationAny licensed amateur operator can be thecontrol operator of an amateur spacestationSo only astronauts and cosmonauts who arelicensed hams can use it!Copyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 9

FCCFederal Communications CommissionThis agency makes and enforces the rulesfor the amateur service in the United StatesThe rules we follow are in a documentcalled Part 97The FCC established amateur radio for thefollowing purposes:Increase number of trained radio operatorsImprove international good willCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 10

ITUThe International Telecommunication Unioncoordinates radio regulations throughout theworldThere are 3 ITU regionsRegion 1 Africa, Europe, Russia, and part of theMiddle EastRegion 2 North and South America, the CaribbeanIslands, Alaska, and HawaiiRegion 3 Australia, China, India, the rest of theMiddle East, and Pacific Ocean islands such as GuamCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 11

Classes of Amateur LicenseBefore you can operator an amateur station in theUS, the FCC must grant you an amateuroperator/primary station licenseThere are currently 4 classes of AmateurOperator License granted by the FCC:TechnicianTechnician with Morse Code (historical)GeneralAmateur ExtraEach license grants you the use of particularradio frequenciesCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 12

Amateur Radio ExamsAll licenses require you to pass a written testGeneral and Amateur Extra class licenses also requirethat you pass a test of Morse Code at 5 wpmThe tests are as follows:Element 1 Morse Code (5 minutes)Element 2 Written test for Technician (35 questions)Element 3 Written test for General (35 questions)Element 4 Written test for Extra (50 questions)You only have to pass each part once Copyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 13

Amateur Radio ExamsThe tests are changed periodicallyEach element has a question pool that isgood for 3 yearsThere are 35 questions on the TechniciantestYou have to get 26 correct to passYou apply for the test on form 605Copyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 14

Amateur Radio ExamsAll tests are given by at least 3 VolunteerExaminers (VE)A VE is an amateur who is accredited by one or moreVECs (Amateur Radio Relay League (ARRL) is a VEC)He or she volunteers to administer amateur licenseexamsWhen you pass an Element, the VEs at the testissue you a Certificate of Successful Completionof ExaminationThis is the only thing that proves you passed the testuntil you receive your license, so don’t lose it!Copyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 15

Amateur Radio ExamsElement 1, Morse Code tests, are used for twodifferent purposesHistorically, a Technician could pass Morse Code toget access to additional frequencies below 30 MHz The Certificate of Successful Completion of Examination forElement 1 was the proof that the Technician was legal tooperate at those frequenciesToday, a Technician passes Morse Code as part of therequirements for a General or Extra license The credit for passing Morse Code for an upgrade is good for365 daysCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 16

Amateur Radio ExamsUsually Element 1 exams are audibleIf an applicant has a physical disability, the testmay be given using a vibrating surface or aflashing lightCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 17

LicensesLicenses are good for 10 yearsYou renew your license just by asking for itYou don’t have to pass another testRenewal can be done no more than 90 days beforeyou license expiresYou can renew by mail on form 605, or through theUniversal Licensing System (ULS) on the World WideWebIf you forget to renew, there is a 2 year graceperiod during which you can get your licensebackYou cannot broadcast until you renew your licenseCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 18

LicensesHow soon after I pass the exam can Ibroadcast?As soon as the FCC grants you a license andthe data appears in the FCC’s ULS databaseYou may operate wherever the amateurservice is regulated by the FCCYou can operate as an amateur radiooperator in a country other than your homecountry if there is a reciprocal operatingauthority between the two countriesCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 19

Call SignsYou use your call sign to identify youramateur station when you are transmittingValid call signs in the US start with A, K, N,or WThey contain a single digit, 0-9A valid US call sign is KB3TMJCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 20

Call SignsCall signs are awarded in sequence whenyou get your licenseA new call sign is created this way:ITU prefix letter(s)Call sign district numeralA suffix in strict alphabetic orderOregon is district 7, California is district 6Copyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 21

Call SignsIn addition, call signs are formatted in groups foreach license classGroup A Amateur Extra1x2 or 2x1 formatGroup B Advanced or Extra2x2 formatGroup C Technician or General1x3 formatGroup D Novice, Technician or General2x3 formatCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 22

Call SignsThe Vanity Call Sign program lets youapply for any available call sign in yourgroupMany people do this to get a call sign withtheir initials!There is a small fee for vanity call signsCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 23

Call SignsClub signsA ham radio club can get a call signOne member of the club must be the trustee who isprimarily responsible for the licenseThe club applies through an FCC-approved ClubStation Call Sign AdministratorSpecial eventsAny licensed amateur can apply for a 15 day or lessspecial event call signThis has a 1x1 formatThese special call signs are administered through theFCC-approved Special-Event Call Sign AdministratorCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 24

Who does Ham Radio?Copyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 25

Who does Ham Radio?Anyone can become an amateur licenseein the US except a representative of aforeign governmentThere are no age limitsCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 26

Who can I talk to?You can communicate with an amateur in aforeign country at any time, unless it is notallowed by either governmentThere is no limit to the distance you cancommunicate using amateur radioYou are limited only by frequencies and poweroutputWith the right conditions, you can talk tosomeone on the other side of the world withrelatively low powerCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 27

Why do Ham Radio?FunMeet people all over the worldWin contestsBuild radios and antennasBounce signals off satellites & the moonCommunity service Copyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 28

Why are we called Hams?Amateur Radio Operators are called HamsWhy?The answer has been lost to historyCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 29

Exam QuestionsThe following slides contain questions fromthe exam pool that are covered in thissection of the notesCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 30

T1A01T1A01 Who makes and enforces the rules forthe amateur service in the United States?A. The Congress of the United StatesB. The Federal Communications Commission(FCC)C. The Volunteer Examiner Coordinators (VECs)D. The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)Copyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 31

T1A02T1A02 What are two of the five fundamental purposesfor the amateur service in the United States?A. To protect historical radio data, and help the publicunderstand radio historyB. To help foreign countries improve communication andtechnical skills, and encourage visits from foreign hamsC. To modernize radio schematic drawings, and increase thepool of electrical drafting peopleD. To increase the number of trained radio operators andelectronics experts, and improve international goodwillCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 32

T1A03T1A03 What is the definition of an amateurstation?A. A radio station in a public radio service used forradiocommunicationsB. A radio station using radiocommunications for acommercial purposeC. A radio station using equipment for training newbroadcast operators and techniciansD. A radio station in the amateur service used forradiocommunicationsCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 33

T1A08T1A08 What is an amateur space station?A. An amateur station operated on an unusedfrequencyB. An amateur station awaiting its new call lettersfrom the FCCC. An amateur station located more than 50kilometers above the Earth's surfaceD. An amateur station that communicates with theInternational Space StationCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 34

T1A09T1A09 Who may be the control operator of anamateur space station?A. An amateur holding an Amateur Extra classoperator license grantB. Any licensed amateur operatorC. Anyone designated by the commander of thespacecraftD. No one unless specifically authorized by thegovernmentCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 35

T1B12T1B12 When are you allowed to communicatewith an amateur in a foreign country?A. Only when the foreign amateur uses EnglishB. Only when you have permission from the FCCC. Only when a third party agreement existsbetween the US and the foreign countryD. At any time, unless it is not allowed by eithergovernmentCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 36

T1B14T1B14 What does it mean for an amateur station tooperate under reciprocal operating authority?A. The amateur is operating in a country other than his homecountryB. The amateur is allowing a third party to talk to an amateurin another countryC. The amateur has permission to communicate in a foreignlanguageD. The amateur has permission to communicate withamateurs in another countryCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 37

T1C01T1C01 Which of the following is required before youcan operate an amateur station in the US?A. You must hold an FCC operator's training permit for alicensed radio stationB. You must submit an FCC Form 605 together with alicense examination feeC. The FCC must grant you an amateur operator/primarystation licenseD. The FCC must issue you a Certificate of SuccessfulCompletion of Amateur TrainingCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 38

T1C02T1C02 What are the US amateur operatorlicenses that a new amateur might earn?A. Novice, Technician, General, AdvancedB. Technician, Technician Plus, General, AdvancedC. Novice, Technician Plus, General, AdvancedD. Technician, Technician with Morse code,General, Amateur ExtraCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 39

T1C03T1C03 How soon after you pass theexamination elements required for your firstAmateur Radio license may you transmit?A. ImmediatelyB. 30 days after the test dateC. As soon as the FCC grants you a license and thedata appears in the FCC's ULS data baseD. As soon as you receive your license from theFCCCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 40

T1C04T1C04 How soon before the expiration date ofyour license may you send the FCC acompleted Form 605 or file with the UniversalLicensing System on the World Wide Web fora renewal?A. No more than 90 daysB. No more than 30 daysC. Within 6 to 9 monthsD. Within 6 months to a yearCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 41

T1C05T1C05 What is the normal term for an amateurstation license grant?A. 5 yearsB. 7 yearsC. 10 yearsD. For the lifetime of the licenseeCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 42

T1C06T1C06 What is the "grace period" during whichthe FCC will renew an expired 10-year license?A. 2 yearsB. 5 yearsC. 10 yearsD. There is no grace periodCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 43

T1C07T1C07 What is your responsibility as a stationlicensee?A. You must allow another amateur to operate yourstation upon requestB. You must be present whenever the station isoperatedC. You must notify the FCC if another amateur actsas the control operatorD. You are responsible for the proper operation ofthe station in accordance with the FCC rulesCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 44

T1C08T1C08 Where does a US amateur license allowyou to operate?A. Anywhere in the worldB. Wherever the amateur service is regulated by theFCCC. Within 50 km of your primary station locationD. Only at the mailing address printed on yourlicenseCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 45

T1C10T1C10 To what distance limit may Technicianclass licensees communicate?A. Up to 200 milesB. There is no distance limitC. Only to line of sight contacts distancesD. Only to contacts inside the USACopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 46

T1C11T1C11 If you forget to renew your amateurlicense and it expires, may you continue totransmit?A. No, transmitting is not allowedB. Yes, but only if you identify using the suffix"GP"C. Yes, but only during authorized netsD. Yes, any time for up to two years (the "graceperiod" for renewal)Copyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 47

T1D01T1D01 Who can become an amateur licensee inthe US?A. Anyone except a representative of a foreigngovernmentB. Only a citizen of the United StatesC. Anyone except an employee of the USgovernmentD. AnyoneCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 48

T1D02T1D02 What age must you be to hold anamateur license?A. 14 years or olderB. 18 years or olderC. 70 years or youngerD. There are no age limitsCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 49

T1D03T1D03 What government agency grants youramateur radio license?A. The Department of DefenseB. The State Licensing BureauC. The Department of CommerceD. The Federal Communications CommissionCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 50

T1D04T1D04 What element credit is earned bypassing the Technician class writtenexamination?A. Element 1B. Element 2C. Element 3D. Element 4Copyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 51

T1D05T1D05 If you are a Technician licensee who haspassed a Morse code exam, what is one document youcan use to prove that you are authorized to use certainamateur frequencies below 30 MHz?A. A certificate from the FCC showing that you havenotified them that you will be using the HF bands B.A certificate showing that you have attended a class in HFcommunicationsC. A Certificate of Successful Completion of Examinationshowing that you have passed a Morse code examD. No special proof is requiredCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 52

T1D06T1D06 What is a Volunteer Examiner (VE)?A. A certified instructor who volunteers to examineamateur teaching manualsB. An FCC employee who accredits volunteers toadminister amateur license examsC. An amateur, accredited by one or more VECs,who volunteers to administer amateur license examsD. An amateur, registered with the ElectronicIndustries Association, who volunteers to examineamateur station equipmentCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 53

T1D07T1D07 What minimum examinations must youpass for a Technician amateur license?A. A written exam, Element 1 and a 5 WPM codeexam, Element 2B. A 5 WPM code exam, Element 1 and a writtenexam, Element 3C. A single 35 question multiple choice writtenexam, Element 2D. A written exam, Element 2 and a 5 WPM codeexam, Element 4Copyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 54

T1D08T1D08 How may an Element 1 exam beadministered to an applicant with a physicaldisability?A. It may be skipped if a doctor signs a statementsaying the applicant is too disabled to pass the examB. By holding an open book examC. By lowering the exam's pass rate to 50 percentcorrectD. By using a vibrating surface or flashing lightCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 55

T1D09T1D09 What is the purpose of the Element 1examination?A. To test Morse code comprehension at 5 wordsper-minuteB. To test knowledge of block diagramsC. To test antenna-building skillsD. To test knowledge of rules and regulationsCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 56

T1D10T1D10 If a Technician class licensee passesonly the 5 words-per-minute Morse code test atan exam session, how long will this credit bevalid for license upgrade purposes?A. 365 daysB. Until the current license expiresC. IndefinitelyD. Until two years following the expiration of thecurrent licenseCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 57

T1D11[T1D11 - This question has been formallywithdrawn by the QPC. It will not be used ontests.]Copyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 58

T1E01T1E01 Which of the following call signs is avalid US amateur call?A. UZ4FWDB. KBL7766C. KB3TMJD. VE3BKJCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 59

T1E02T1E02 What letters must be used for the firstletter in US amateur call signs?A. K, N, U and WB. A, K, N and WC. A, B, C and DD. A, N, V and WCopyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 60

T1E03T1E03 What numbers are normally used in USamateur call signs?A. Any two-digit number, 10 through 99B. Any two-digit number, 22 through 45C. A single digit, 1 though 9D. A single digit, 0 through 9Copyright Winters2 2004Version 1.0Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 61

T1E04T1E04 In which ITU region is Alaska?A. ITU Region 1B. ITU Region 2C. ITU Region 3D

Version 1.0 Lesson 1: Intro to Ham Radio - 16 Amateur Radio Exams ¾Element 1, Morse Code tests, are used for two different purposes Historically, a Technician could pass Morse Code to get access to additional frequencies below 30 MHz • The Certificate of Successful Completion of Examination for Element 1 was the proof that the Technician was legal to operate at those frequencies Today, a ...