2020 OKLAHOMA Crash Facts

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Oklahoma Highway Safety Office2020 Highway Safety Crash Facts Book2020 OKLAHOMACrash FactsOklahoma Department of Public SafetyHighway Safety Office3223 N. Lincoln Blvd.Oklahoma City, OK 73105-5403Telephone (405) 523-1570Fax (405) 523-1586www.ohso.ok.govFall 2021This publication is issued by the Oklahoma Department of Public Safety as authorized by the Commissioner of Public Safety , and prepared bythe Oklahoma Highway Safety Office. It is available at: http://ohso.ok.gov/crash-data2.

TABLE OF CONTENTSSection 1. Summary and Background. pp. 1-19Section 2. Crashes and Persons in Crashes. pp. 20-32Crashes – Statewide. pp. 21-26Crashes in Cities. pp. 27-28Persons in Crashes. pp. 29-32Section 3. Drivers in Crashes. pp. 33-47All Drivers. pp. 34-39Teen Drivers (Aged 16-19). pp. 40-43Older Drivers (Aged 65 ). pp. 44-47Section 4. Non-Motorists (Pedestrians and Pedalcyclists) . pp. 48-63Pedestrians in Crashes. pp. 49-56Pedestrian and Pedalcyclist Fatalities. pp. 57Pedalcyclists in Crashes. pp. 58-63Section 5. Motorcyclists. pp. 64-77Motorcyclists in Crashes pp. 65-76Motorcycle Involved Crashes . p. 77Section 6. Miscellaneous Transportation. pp. 78-90Large Trucks. pp. 79-83School Buses. pp. 84-87Trains. pp. 88-90Section 7. Alcohol- and Drug-Related Crashes. pp. 91-117Alcohol-Related Crashes. pp. 92-104Drug-Related Crashes. pp. 105-117i

TABLE OF CONTENTSSection 8. Speed-Related Crashes. pp. 118-132Speed-Related Crashes – Statewide. pp. 119-122Speed-Related Crashes in Cities. pp. 123-124Persons in Speed-Related Crashes. pp. 125-129Drivers in Speed-Related Crashes. pp. 130-132Section 9. Distracted Driving Crashes. pp. 133-147Distracted Driving Crashes – Statewide. pp. 134-137Distracted Driving Crashes in Cities. pp. 138-139Persons in Distracted Driving Crashes.pp. 140-144Distracted Drivers in Crashes. pp. 145-147Section 10. Occupant Protection and Child Passenger Safety .pp. 148-160Occupant Protection – All Persons . pp. 159-155Child Passenger Safety – All Children Age 0-12 . pp. 156-160Section 11. Holiday Crash Facts . pp. 161-169New Year’s DaySt. Patrick’s DayMemorial DayIndependence DayLabor DayHalloweenThanksgivingChristmasii

TABLE OF CONTENTSSummary & BackgroundoooooooooooIntroduction & glossary . . pp. 2-4Oklahoma background . p. 5Crash summary . . pp. 6-7Miles of highway . p. 8Oklahoma’s licensed drivers . . pp. 9-10Historical traffic statistics . . pp. 11-12Crash rates . . pp. 13-14Crash & injury time lines . . p. 15Fatal crash history . p. 16Fatality & injury rates . . pp. 17-18Safety equipment. . . p. 19iii

INTRODUCTION & GLOSSARYThe purpose of this document is to provide a description of Oklahoma traffic crash, injury, and fatality data. Thisdocument is a resource for local transportation, law enforcement, health, and other agencies charged with theresponsibility of coping with the increasing number and cost of traffic crashes.This introduction section is intended to provide readers with an overall description of traffic safety across the stateof Oklahoma for the calendar year 2020. The tables and charts provided in the following sections include morespecific details about crashes and injuries across various regions of the state (i.e. counties and cities), as well asdata on particular aspects of traffic safety in Oklahoma (i.e. impaired driving, distracted driving, occupantprotection, etc.)Reporting Year:2020 calendar year.Fatalities:On January 1, 2001, Oklahoma's reporting standards for fatalities were changed to meetnational standards. Fatalities that occur within 30 days of a traffic crash are reported asfatalities.Agency:Reporting agencies include: Oklahoma Highway Patrol, city police, sheriff departments, gameor park rangers, campus police, or other agencies.For the purpose of this document:OHP Oklahoma Highway PatrolNon-OHP all reporting agencies except OHPStatewide all reporting agenciesExclusions:The Department of Public Safety database is used with one exclusion: non-traffic crashes.Non-traffic crashes are those occurring on private property, deliberate acts, medical episodessuch as heart attacks, legal interventions, suicides, industrial crashes, drownings, boat crashes,incidents, and others. These crash records are kept in the DPS database but are not used forstatistical purposes, and are therefore not represented in this document.Glossary –Alcohol-Related:Indicates the presence of any amount of alcohol.Beginning with 2007 crash data, additional data relating to alcohol has been addedto the crash data. This additional data accounts for improved reporting of alcoholrelated fatalities and injuries. The additional information is from Medical ExaminerReports on fatalities and Board of Tests.Contributing Factor:Previously the “cause of crash” indicated the primary cause of the collision and itwas not possible to determine individual driver actions and behaviors. With the2007 revision of the Official Oklahoma Traffic Collision Report form, the cause wasreplaced with a contributing factor for each driver which allows more in depthanalyses.Crash Data:The Records Management Division of the Oklahoma Department of Public Safetymaintains a database of crash records as reported by law enforcement agenciesthroughout Oklahoma. This database includes crashes resulting in injury, death or2

INTRODUCTION & GLOSSARYover 5001 property damage. Crashes occurring on private or public property arenot included in this database. Data elements included relate to information onvehicles, roadways, crash circumstances, drivers, passengers, pedestrians,motorcyclists, and bicyclists involved in these crashes.Driver:A driver is an occupant who is in actual physical control of a transport vehicle or,for an out-of-control vehicle, an occupant who was in control until control waslost.Drug-Related:Indicates the presence of drugs, whether illegal or prescription.KABCO Scale:This scale is used for classifying injury severity. The letters in this scale indicate thefollowing injury severities:K Fatal injury – Any injury that directly results in the death of a living personwithin 30 days of a motor vehicle crash.A Suspected serious injury – Any injury, other than a fatal injury, which preventsthe injured person from walking, driving or normally continuing the activitiesthe person was capable of performing before the injury occurred. Formerly an“incapacitating injury.”B Suspected minor injury – Any injury other than a fatal injury or a suspectedserious injury that is evident to observers at the scene. Formerly a “nonincapacitating injury.”C Possible injury – Any injury reported or claimed which is not a fatal injury,incapacitating injury or non-incapacitating evident injury.O Non injury – No personal injury. Non injury crashes may also be referred to as‘Property Damage Only’ crashes, or PDO.The overall injury severity assigned to each crash is based on the person in thecrash who sustained the worst injury.Large Truck:Large trucks include the following vehicle configurations as shown on the OfficialOklahoma Traffic Collision Report. Single Unit Truck - 2 Axles, Single Unit Truck - 3or More Axles, Truck/Trailer, Truck-Tractor/Semi-Trailer, Truck-Tractor/DoubleTrailers, Truck/Tractor/Triple Trailers and Truck more than 10,000 lbs. - CannotClassify. This replaces the previous year’s sections about commercial vehicles.Passenger:A passenger is any occupant of a road vehicle other than its driver.Pedalcyclist:An operator or occupant of a non-motorized other road vehicle that is propelledby pedaling.1Title 47 § 40-1023

INTRODUCTION & GLOSSARYPedestrian:A pedestrian is any person who is not an occupant of a road vehicle.Rural Area:A rural area is any area which is not within urban areas. For the purposes ofreporting here, a crash is classified as rural if it occurs inside the limits of apopulated area whose population is 4,999 or fewer, or if it has been marked asoccurring “near,” rather than “in,” a city.Unsafe Speed:The revision of the Official Oklahoma Traffic Collision Report in 2007 allowsreporting of a contributing factor for each vehicle involved in a crash instead of asingle cause of the crash. This accounts for the increased reporting of crashesinvolving unsafe speed.Urban Area:An urban area includes the area within boundaries that have been fixed byresponsible state and local officials in cooperation with each other and approvedby the Federal Highway Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation. For anarea to be considered urban, it must have a population of 5,000 or more, asdesignated by the U.S. Bureau of the Census.Work Zone:A work zone is an area of a trafficway where construction, maintenance, or utilitywork activities are identified by warning signs/signals/indicators, including thoseon transport vehicles. It extends from the first warning sign, signal, or flashinglights to the “END ROAD WORK” sign or the last traffic control device pertinent forthat work activity.VMT:Vehicle Miles Traveled.4

OKLAHOMA BACKGROUNDPopulation (2020 Estimate)1 3,959,353Square Miles2 69,898Miles of Roadway3 .116,274Registered Vehicles4 .4,481,774Registered Automobiles5 3,356,245Registered Motorcycles6 .133,895Licensed Drivers7 .2,629,640Vehicle Miles Traveled8 .42,817,565,156Population in Major Cities9Population Estimates 2020Above 30,000Oklahoma City 662,314Tulsa . 403,166Norman . 125,762Broken Arrow . 111,648Edmond . 95,346Lawton 93,164Moore . 63,102Midwest City . 57,591Stillwater . 50,306Enid . 49,542Owasso . 37,241Muskogee . 36,831Bartlesville 36,602Shawnee 31,555123456789U.S. Census Bureau.Ibid.Oklahoma Department of Transportation, Planning Division, Current Planning Branch, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.Annual Vehicle Registration Report. July 1, 2019 - June 30, 2020. Oklahoma Tax Commission, Motor Vehicle Division, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.Ibid.Ibid.Oklahoma Department of Public Safety.Oklahoma Department of Transportation. Planning Division, Current Planning Branch, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.U.S. Census Bureau 2020 Population Estimates by Place.5

CRASH SUMMARY20192020% ChangeCrashes per Day201169-15.9%Statewide Mileage Death Rate (per 100 million 418-17.0%Total Crashes73,26761,739-15.7%Fatal CrashesStatewide Crashes5846023.1%Injury Crashes*22,52218,808-16.5%Property Damage Only Crashes50,16142,329-15.6%Alcohol-Related 4%Total Crashes3,1712,949-7.0%Fatal CrashesInjury Crashes14617620.5%1,3061,142-12.6%Large Truck %Total Crashes5,6384,784-15.1%Fatal 16-11.1%Total Crashes37382.7%Fatal Crashes21-50.0%Injury Crashes121525.0%Injury CrashesTrain Involved CrashesFatalitiesUnsafe Speed 3.7%Total Crashes8,9017,823-12.1%Fatal 6.5%30-100.0%Injury CrashesMotorcyclists in CrashesFatalitiesInjuriesSchool Bus CrashesFatalitiesInjuries13931-77.7%Total Crashes225114-49.3%Fatal Crashes10-100.0%Injury Crashes4618-60.9%6

CRASH SUMMARY20192020% dalcyclists in CrashesFatalitiesInjuriesPedestrians in CrashesFatalitiesInjuriesSeatbelt Use RatesStatewide84.7%Child Restraint89.3%No seat belt surveyswere conducted in 2020* Injuries and injury crashes include suspected serious (A), suspected minor (B), and possible (C) injuries.** The methodology by which speed-related fatal crashes was altered in 2020, and therefore data from 2020 is not comparable to previousyears.7

MILES OF HIGHWAYMiles of Highway In The State of OklahomaState, County, and City Maintained RoadsState MaintainedYear as ofDec. 31RuralMunicipalCounty MaintainedPavedUnpavedCity MaintainedPavedTurnpikesUnpaved(Includes 124,26962,41411,7981,086573112,694Beginning with the 2002 Fact Book, reporting of road mileage has been changed to the Oklahoma Department of Transportation’sstandard. It was determined that this gives a more accurate description of the roadways in Oklahoma. 274The Information in this chart was obtained from the Planning Division of the Department of Transportation.*Large change due to improved accuracy in inventory. **Mileage difference due to change in State Laws.***Urbanized areas include cities with a population of greater than 50,000. Urban areas have a population of 5,000-49,990, and ruralareas include places with a population of 4,999 or fewer and all unincorporated places.8

OKLAHOMA’S LICENSED DRIVERSLicenses by Class and Age Group (2020)Class AFemaleMaleClass BTotalFemaleMaleClass CTotalFemaleMaleClass 72Under 670-7410175-7980-8485 852,629,640License Endorsements e/Triple27,428HHazardous MaterialPPassenger138031,602XEndorsements N & HMMotorcycle230,55311,781SSchool Bus20,290License Class A - Any combination of VehicleLicense Class B - Any Vehicle with a GVWR of 26,000 or More Pounds. May Tow Vehicle Not in Excess of 10,000 Pounds GVWR.Includes Class C and D Vehicles.License Class C - Any Vehicle or Combination of Vehicles Except Class A & B Which is Required to be Placarded for HazardousMaterials or Designed for 16 Occupants and Class D Vehicle.License Class D - All Vehicles or Combination of Vehicles except A, B, & C.9

OKLAHOMA’S LICENSED DRIVERS2019 Licensed Driversby Age & Percentage of TotalTotal DriversAge GroupUnder 50-5455-5960-6465-6970-7475-7980-8485 TotalsFemaleMale1% of Total 4051.46%48.54%100.00%10

HISTORICAL TRAFFIC STATISTICSOklahoma Traffic StatisticsCrashesYearLicensedDriversRegistered MileageVehicles ( ,38593324,04989,00435,7431,0703.6411

HISTORICAL TRAFFIC STATISTICSOklahoma Traffic StatisticsCrashesYearLicensedDriversRegistered MileageVehicles ( ,481,77442,81560218,80861,73927,4186541.53* Vehicle Registration Statistics Furnished by Oklahoma Tax Commission Adjusted Due to Change in Vehicle Laws.12

CRASH RATES2020 Crash Rates by CountyPopulation & Vehicle Miles TraveledCountyEstimatedPopulation*Vehicle MilesTraveled**Fatal CrashesRateRatePerper 100Fatal5,000MillionCrashesPopVMTInjury CrashesRateRatePerper 100Injury5,000MillionCrashesPopVMTTotal CrashesRateRatePerper 79395.1790.1013

CRASH RATES2020 Crash Rates by CountyPopulation & Vehicle Miles TraveledInjury CrashesRateRatePerper 100Injury5,000MillionCrashesPopVMTTotal CrashesRateRatePerper 27.4614.5419388.3446.7863.14MajorNowataVehicle MilesTraveled**Fatal CrashesRateRatePerper r 72,253,19860.70

Oklahoma Tax Commission, Motor Vehicle Division, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. 5 Ibid. 6 Ibid. 7 Oklahoma Department of Public Safety. 8 Oklahoma Department of Transportation. Planning Division, Current Planning Branch, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. 9 U.S. Census Bureau 20 Population Estimates by Place. CRASH SUMMARY 6 2019 2020 % Change Crashes per

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