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Journal of Wildlife Management and Wildlife Society BulletinAuthor GuidelinesFebruary 2016Prepared byPAUL R. KRAUSMAN, Editor-in-Chief, Journal of Wildlife Management; University ofArizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USADAVID A. HAUKOS, Editor-in-Chief, Wildlife Society Bulletin; U.S. Geological Survey,Kansas Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, Kansas State University,Manhattan, KS 66506, USAALLISON S. COX,1 Content Editor, Journal of Wildlife Management, Gainesville, FL 32068,USAANNA S. C. KNIPPS,1 Editorial Assistant, Journal of Wildlife Management, Golden, CO 80401,USAJANET L. WALLACE,2 Editorial Assistant, Wildlife Society Bulletin, Lubbock, TX 79416TRACY E. BOAL,2 Editorial Assistant, Wildlife Society Bulletin, Lubbock, TX 794241Journal of Wildlife Management Editorial Office: jwm@wildlife.org2Wildlife Society Bulletin Editorial Office:

2Krausman et al.Table of ContentsNAVIGATING THE GUIDELINES. 4TWS JOURNAL POLICIES . 5PREVIOUS PUBLICATION .5SECURING APPROPRIATE APPROVAL(S) .6Animal Care and Use .6Human subjects .7COPYRIGHT .7EMBARGO POLICY .7PAGE CHARGES .8SUBJECT MATTER DIFFERENCES BETWEEN JOURNALS . 9JOURNAL OF WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT SUBJECT MATTER. 10Research Articles and Notes . 10Commentary . 11Review . 11Letter to the Editor . 11Invited Paper . 12Special Section. 12Book Review . 13WILDILFE SOCIETY BULLETIN SUBJECT MATTER . 13Original Article . 13Emerging Issues. 14Tools and Technology. 14In My Opinion. 14From the Field . 15Letter to the Editor . 15Special Section. 15Invited Articles. 16FORMAT . 16PAGE FORMAT . 16TITLE PAGE: RUNNING HEAD, TITLE, AND AUTHORS . 17ABSTRACT . 19KEY WORDS . 20TEXT PAGES . 20Headings . 20Major Sections of Manuscript . 21LITERATURE CITED . 24FIGURES AND TABLES . 25Figures. 26Tables . 27APPENDICES . 29SUPPLEMENTAL MATERIAL. 30STYLE AND USAGE . 31NUMBERS AND UNIT NAMES . 32TIME AND DATES . 33

3Krausman et al.MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS . 33EQUATIONS . 34ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS . 35PUNCTUATION . 36ENUMERATING SERIES OF ITEMS. 37COMMON AND SCIENTIFIC NAMES . 37MEASUREMENT UNITS . 38CITING LITERATURE IN TEXT . 39Citing unpublished sources in text . 40Citing equipment and statistical software . 41SUBMISSIONS . 42COVER LETTER . 42REVIEW PROCESS . 43Appeal and resubmission . 44Accepted manuscripts . 44Page proofs. 44ACKNOWLEDGMENTS . 45APPENDIX A. ONLINE MANUSCRIPT SUBMITTAL . 46LOGGING IN TO YOUR SCHOLARONE ACCOUNT . 46SUBMIT A NEW MANUSCRIPT . 46REVISED MANUSCRIPTS . 47APPENDIX B. LITERATURE CITED . 48Book . 48Court cases . 49Foreign language publication . 49Government publication . 49Journals . 50Multiple citations for the same first author . 51Newspaper, newsletter, and magazine articles . 51Software package. 52Symposia and proceedings . 52Theses and dissertations . 53Web citation . 53APPENDIX C. REQUIRED ABBREVIATIONS FOR TABLES, FIGURES, ANDPARENTHETIC EXPRESSIONS . 54APPENDIX D: FORMAT TEMPLATE . 57

4Krausman et al.NAVIGATING THE GUIDELINESThese Guidelines apply to submissions to Journal of Wildlife Management (JWM, The Journal)and Wildlife Society Bulletin (WSB, The Bulletin), which are published by The Wildlife Society(TWS, The Society). These 2 journals have similar styles but different focuses. Therefore,authors should review subject matter guidelines to select the appropriate outlet (see SubjectMatter Differences) before submission (Appendix A). The Society also publishes WildlifeMonographs; guidelines are at -5455.Once you have decided to submit to JWM or WSB, it may be helpful to use the templateand condensed summary of journal format and style available at the end of this document. Youcan then refer to the table of contents above to quickly navigate to specific topics on journalpolicy, procedures, format, or style. All manuscripts submitted to TWS publications must followthe guidelines for authors so their manuscripts are in the proper style and format, includeappropriate subject matter, and are written in proper English. Those that review your work(i.e., editorial staff, associate editor, referees) are familiar with the guidelines and expect themto be followed. Manuscripts that have been written without adherence to the appropriateguidelines are rarely accepted for publication. Thus, the first step to receiving positive reviews ofsolid data and ideas is to write according to the guidelines. We cannot emphasize this enoughand papers not in the proper format will be returned without review. If you have questionsrelated to the preparation of your work, send us an email and we will do what we can to assist.Journal of Wildlife Management editorial office: jwm@wildlife.orgWildlife Society Bulletin editorial office:

5Krausman et al.TWS JOURNAL POLICIESPREVIOUS PUBLICATIONGuidelines for previous publication are flexible in certain instances, such as technical analyses offindings published previously for lay audiences. If any portion of the manuscript has beenpublished or reported elsewhere, explain all similarities between information in the manuscriptand the other publication, and furnish a citation of such publications or manuscripts.For all purposes of TWS journals, a paper is considered published if it:1. Appears in a serial publication abstracted by Biological Abstracts or a similar referencevolume.2. Appears in a book (including conference proceedings) printed in 500 copies and widelydistributed to libraries.3. Has been published as part of a numbered series by an agency.4. Is a symposium proceeding. The Society will consider symposium proceedings on a caseby-case basis. Contact the specific journal for approval before submitting your symposiaproceeding.A manuscript is not considered published if it:1. Is a thesis or dissertation, but these need to be cited in the manuscript.2. Is a brief abstract of a talk given at a professional meeting or symposium.3. Is an unpublished report required by sponsors and not distributed as part of a numberedseries or in other ways that might result in accession by libraries.

6Krausman et al.SECURING APPROPRIATE APPROVAL(S)Scientists must ensure their research activities are conducted such that the welfare of animalsthey are studying (e.g., attaching radio-transmitters, marking animals) or the rights of humans(e.g., sending a survey) are considered. Consequently, all peer-reviewed manuscripts submittedfor publication should demonstrate that these concerns have been addressed as required by theirinstitution or organization. Include documentation in the Methods section at the end of the textdescribing the applicable methods.A NIMAL C AREANDU SEThe appropriate documentation that proper animal care and use was applied when using livevertebrate animals for research and applicable protocol numbers should be included in Methods.Examples include an Institutional Animal Care and Use Protocol number (as designated by mostU.S. universities), the number of the permit or license issued to hold animals (such as withprivate breeders), or a statement that procedures were part of a study plan approved by theagency. Authors may also refer to taxon-specific guidelines for the use of wild vertebrates toensure animals are being treated ethically and humanely. These requirements apply tomanuscript reporting results of studies that directly involve vertebrate animals, includingobservational studies. Manuscripts reporting summaries or analyses of data derived from studiesof vertebrate animals conducted by others are expected to include authorial assertion that theoriginal data collection followed protocols and guidelines related to use of vertebrate animals ineffect at the time the data were collected.

7Krausman et al.H UMANSUBJECTSAppropriate documentation that proper approval was obtained to perform research involvinghumans (primarily surveys) should be provided. Examples include a Human Subjects Protocol oran Institutional Review Board number as designated by most United States universities orsurveys conducted by federal scientists have gone through the federal review process.COPYRIGHTIf a manuscript not in the public domain is accepted for publication, authors or their employersmust transfer copyright to TWS. If the manuscript is authored by a United States governmentemployee as part of his or her official duties, the manuscript is not copyrightable. Such work iscalled a “Work of the U.S. Government” and is in the public domain. However, if the manuscriptwas not part of the employee’s official duties, it may be copyrighted. If the manuscript wasjointly written by government and nongovernment employees, the authors understand that theyare delegating the right of copyright to the government employee, who must sign the copyrightagreement. Manuscript submission implies entrusting copyright (or equivalent trust in publicdomain work) to the editors until the manuscript is rejected, withdrawn, or accepted forpublication. If the manuscript is accepted, TWS retains copyright.EMBARGO POLICYThe Wildlife Society reserves the right to halt consideration or publication of a manuscript if theEmbargo Policy is broken. The Embargo Policy follows:

8Krausman et al. No news coverage of the manuscript may appear anywhere before the article has beenpublished online via Wiley Online Library Early View. Embargoed information is not tobe made public in any format including print, television, radio, or via internet before theembargo date. For information on online publication dates, please contact journal staff. Please do not participate in news conferences until after online publication. Authors with manuscripts in production may speak with the press about their work.However, authors should not give interviews on the work until the week before onlinepublication, and then only if the journalist agrees to abide by the embargo. Authors are welcome to present results of their upcoming manuscripts at professionalmeetings to colleagues. Comments to press reporters attending your scheduled session at a professional meetingshould be limited to clarifying the specifics of your presentation. In such situations, weask that you do not expand beyond the content of your talk or give copies of themanuscript, data, overheads, or slides to reporters.PAGE CHARGESPage charges are mandatory and the submitting author is required to acknowledge that she or heaccepts responsibility for page charges should the manuscript be accepted for publication. Allmanuscripts are subject to page charges except Letters to the Editor, Invited Papers, and BookReviews. Color page fees will be invoiced prior to production of page proofs. Page charges areas follows (as of Jan 2016):

9Krausman et al.Journal of Wildlife Management (online and print journal)If any author is a member of The Wildlife Society: 90 per published page for the first 8 pages 150 for every page thereafter 650 per printed color pageIf none of the authors is a member of The Wildlife Society: 150 per page 650 per printed color pageWildlife Society Bulletin (online journal) 50 per published page (no charge for color)One printed page equals approximately 2.5 typed pages. Page charges will be billed at the timeof publication. Color plate charges (JWM) will be billed, and must be paid in full, beforepublication. Visit The Wildlife Society for membership information and rates.SUBJECT MATTER DIFFERENCES BETWEEN JOURNALSThe Society publishes manuscripts containing information from original research that contributesto the scientific foundations of wildlife management. The Society defines wildlife asinvertebrates, fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals that are not domesticated; however,we discourage submission of manuscripts focused on fish species to avoid overlap with journalsof The American Fisheries Society.In general, JWM focuses on wildlife relationships that can lead to management and

10Krausman et al.conservation recommendations and WSB focuses on evaluations of management actions. Seebelow for a detailed description of acceptable subject matter for each journal. As a general rule,TWS is flexible on submission lengths. However, authors should concentrate on succinct andclear writing to improve readability. Journal and Bulletin articles are typically 50 doublespaced pages including tables and figures.JOURNAL OF WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT SUBJECT MATTERSuitable topics include the results and interpretations of investigations into the biology andecology of wildlife that can be used for management. The link to management of wildliferesources must be clear and concise. Manuscripts in JWM also address theoretical and conceptualaspects of wildlife management, including development of new approaches to quantitativeanalyses, modeling of wildlife populations and habitats, and other topics germane to advancingthe science of wildlife management. Submissions to JWM fall into 8 main types: ResearchArticle, Note, Commentary, Review, Letter to the Editor, Invited Paper, Special Section, andBook Review.R ESEARCH A RTICLESANDN OTESResearch Articles and Notes focus on aspects of wildlife that can assist management andconservation by providing life-history data, modeling, new analytical and quantitativeapproaches, theory, and new approaches to understand human dimensions. Notes are shorter thanarticles and may present new findings based on limited sample sizes or scale. Examples ofsubjects include 1) investigations into the biology and ecology of wildlife with direct

11Krausman et implications (e.g., life histories, demography, population ecology, movement,habitat relations), 2) new analytical and quantitative methodological approaches related towildlife science (e.g., statistical, quantitative), 3) human dimensions related to theory andresearch (e.g., new approaches to understand human dimension surveys), and 4) economicsrelated to theory and research.C OMMENTARYCommentaries are essays that question values, priorities, precepts, and philosophical foundationsunder which wildlife management operates. These manuscripts can uncover dogma, falseassumptions, and misguided policy, or stimulate thought and innovation. Commentaries are inresponse to an issue, movement, policy, or program that could affect wildlife or its habitat, andsubject area can be broad. The manuscript must be well documented and prepared professionally.R EVIEWReview articles are an opportunity to provide an in-depth overview of a particular topic. Avariety of topics are amenable to reviews including but not limited to analytical approaches,study design, effects of a management practice, effects of a disturbance, and the like. Reviewarticles need not conform to typical format headings and can be flexible to accommodate thetopic.L ETTERTO THEE DITOR

12Krausman et al.Letters to the Editor (hereafter Letters) are short contributions that address issues relevant toJWM. Appropriate topics include comments on recently published manuscripts (and authorresponses to the comments) or on topics or methods relevant to JWM or wildlife management.Letters should be short ( 1,000 words) and consist of a short title, author name and address, text,and Literature Cited if necessary. Letters are selected by the Editor-in-Chief (EIC) and are nottypically subject to peer-review, but they may be assigned to an Associate Editor for review or arecommendation. Letters are not subject to page charges.I NVITED P APERThe EIC has the option to solicit Invited Papers that review and synthesize important topics thatpertain to the scientific foundations of wildlife management. Invited Papers must include aManagement Implications section, are not necessarily subject to peer-review, and are not subjectto page charges.S PECIAL S ECTIONSpecial Sections are an opportunity to present a series of papers focused on a topic that is timely,relevant, and of interest to the readers of JWM. Typically, these sections consist of 4–8 papersthat provide an in-depth presentation of a particular topic. Submit a brief prospectus outlining thetopic and proposed paper titles and authors to the EIC for consideration. All manuscriptssubmitted as part of a Special Section will undergo the same review process as regular journalarticles and must meet journal standards (and page charges will apply).

13Krausman et al.B OOK R EVIEWBook Reviews provide a brief synopsis and commentary on a book relevant to some aspect of thefield of wildlife science and management. Before submitting a Book Review, please contact theJWM Book Review Editor. Book Reviews are not subject to page charges.WILDILFE SOCIETY BULLETIN SUBJECT MATTERThe Wildlife Society Bulletin (WSB) is a journal for wildlife practitioners that effectivelyintegrates cutting-edge science with management and conservation applications. Importantpolicy and human-dimension issues, particularly those that focus on the integration of science,policy, and regulations, are also included. The WSB includes articles on contemporary wildlifemanagement and conservation, education, administration, law enforcement, human dimensions,and review articles on the philosophy and history of wildlife management and conservation.Submissions to WSB fall into 8 main categories: Original Article, Emerging Issues, Tools andTechnology, In My Opinion, From the Field, Letter to the Editor, Special Section, and InvitedArticles.O RIGINAL A RTICLEOriginal Articles are the traditional wildlife science manuscripts published in the WSB. These aretypically field studies and structured with Introduction, Study Area, Methods, Results,Discussion, and, as appropriate, Management Implications sections. Original Article paperspublished in the WSB bring forward examples of integrating wildlife science and management.

14Krausman et al.Data in Original Articles should cover multiple years/seasons of collection and be suitable forinference beyond the study site.E MERGING I SSUESSubmissions in the Emerging Issues category address new ways of approaching managementactions or propose new conceptual models for understanding the implications of management.Articles in Emerging Issues can include significant pilot studies, single year/season studies, orresource-limited studies that highlight potential issues in wildlife science, conservation, andmanagement. Emerging Issues papers do not have Management Implications sections.T OOLSANDT ECHNOLOGYTools and Technology papers are typically brief and describe new techniques and technology ormodifications of well-known techniques that may be of use to managers. Tools and Technologypapers do not have Management Implications sections.I N M Y O PINIONIn My Opinion articles combine original data with strong opinion regarding inferences fromthose data. The In My Opinion section allows authors the license to include strong opinions andperhaps even value-laden statements that are not usually found in traditional scientific papers.We believe that this adds value to the Bulletin and makes for interesting discussion amongwildlife professionals.

15Krausman et al.F ROMTHEF IELDWhile in the field collecting data or conducting data analyses, you may have a serendipitousflash of insight about something that is directly or tangentially relates to the project at hand.There might be a smattering of data that hint at a new research direction, or perhaps someoutlying values that are actually real and not a function of entering wrong numbers in aspreadsheet. From The Field papers cover situations where you might not have enough data foran Original Article but do have enough information to support and share some new insight.Another aspect of From the Field articles is the introspection by veteran managers andconservationists by sharing insights gained over the course of their careers. We vigor

Journal of Wildlife Management and Wildlife Society Bulletin Author Guidelines February 2016 Prepared by PAUL R. KRAUSMAN, Editor-in-Chief, Journal of Wildlife Management; University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA DAVID A. HAUKOS, Editor-in-Chief, Wildlife Society Bulletin; U.S. Geological Survey, Kansas Co

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