National Strategy For Artificial Intelligence

3y ago
1.57 MB
67 Pages
Last View : 18d ago
Last Download : 4m ago
Upload by : Randy Pettway

Norwegian Ministryof Local Government and ModernisationNational Strategy forArtificial IntelligenceStrategy

ForewordIt is difficult to predict the future, but we know that Norway will beaffected by the age wave, climate change and increasing globalisation, and that in the coming years we must work smarter andmore efficiently to remain competitive and maintain the same levelof welfare. Digitalisation and new technologies are the key toachieving this, and artificial intelligence will be a vital component.Artificial intelligence represents vast opportunities for us as individuals, for business andindustry, and for the public sector. If used in the right way, technology can contribute toachieving the Sustainable Development Goals – not just in Norway, but globally.There are many good examples of AI in use in Norway, and in the coming years we willlikely see many more, especially in business and industry and the public sector. While theUnited States and China have come far with consumer-oriented applications, our strengthlies in the fact that our industry, business and public sector are more technologicallyadvanced and digitalised than in most other countries. Norway is world-leading in theprocess industry, green shipping, aquaculture and petroleum activities. We have one of themost digitalised public sectors in the world. We must continue to build on theseadvantages in our development and use of artificial intelligence.Norwegian society is characterised by trust and respect for fundamental values such ashuman rights and privacy. This is something we perhaps take for granted in Norway, butleading the way in developing human-friendly and trustworthy artificial intelligence mayprove a key advantage in today's global competition.There is no denying the fact that AI also presents some difficult questions. Who isresponsible for the consequences of a decision that is made by AI? What happens whenautonomous systems make decisions which we disagree with and which, in a worst-casescenario, cause harm? And how do we make sure that the technology does not intentionally or unintentionally perpetuate and reinforce discrimination and prejudice? Whenfaced with dilemmas like these, it can be useful to have some fundamental principles toturn to for guidance: transparency, explainability and cautious testing. These principlesmust also be applied when we develop and use solutions built on artificial intelligence.While working on this strategy I have had opportunities to meet people who work onartificial intelligence in academia, business and industry, and the public sector. I have hadmeetings with employer and employee organisations who see that artificial intelligence willimpact the labour market in the time ahead. An overview of most of these meetings isavailable at, along with all the written input I received. Iwould like to thank everyone who shared their engagement and insights.I hope this strategy can serve as a framework for both public and private entities seeking todevelop and use artificial intelligence. Together we will explore the potential that lies in thisexciting technology!Nikolai AstrupMinister of Digitalisation2

ContentsIntroduction and summary . 512What is AI? . 91.1Definition . 91.2How does artificial intelligence work? . 10A good basis for AI . 132.1Data and data management . 13Open public data . 13Personal data. 13Data sharing principles . 14Methods of sharing data . 172.2Language data and language resources . 192.3Regulations . 21Digitalisation-friendly regulations . 21Regulatory challenges in the health area . 22Regulatory sandboxes . 24Public Administration Act and Archival Act . 262.4Infrastructure: networks and computing power . 29Deployment of the electronic communication networks . 29High-performance computing (HPC) . 30Norwegian data centres as a resource for AI . 313Developing and leveraging AI . 333.1Research and higher education . 34Research. 34The Government's ambition for Norwegian AI research . 36Higher education . 393.2Skills. 43Courses and further education programmes . 43Workplace training . 454Enhancing innovation capacity using AI . 474.1Industrial policy instruments . 484.2AI-based innovation in the public sector. 533

5Trustworthy AI . 565.1Issues related to artificial intelligence . 575.2Ethical principles for artificial intelligence . 58Privacy by design and ethics . 60Artificial intelligence and research ethics . 60Challenges for consumers . 61International cooperation on ethical and trustworthy AI . 625.3Security . 64Security in AI-based systems . 64Use of AI for enhanced cyber security. 664

Artificial intelligence will not only enable us to perform tasks inincreasingly better ways; it will also enable us to perform them in«Progress», Akinori Goto (JP)Photo: Ars Electronica/Design societycompletely new ways. The Government wants Norway to take the lead indeveloping and using AI that respects individuals' rights and freedoms.Introduction and summaryArtificial intelligence (AI) represents vast opportunities for us as individuals and forsociety at large. AI can lead to new, more effective business models and to effective,user-centric services in the public sector.Norway is well positioned for succeeding with artificial intelligence. We have: a high level of public trust in both the business and public sectors a population and business sector that are digitally competent An excellent infrastructure and high-quality registry data that span overmany decades well developed e-governance and public agencies that have come a longway with digitalisation and that have the capacity and expertise toexperiment with new technologies tripartite cooperation between employers, unions and government, whichfacilitates cooperation when restructuring is necessaryTechnology will not only enable us to perform tasks in increasingly better ways; it willalso enable us to perform them in completely new ways. But development and use ofAI can also present challenges.Norwegian society is characterised by trust and respect for fundamental values suchas human rights and privacy. The Government wants Norway to lead the way in5

developing and using AI with respect for individual rights and freedoms. This canbecome a key advantage in today's global competition.The Government believes that: artificial intelligence that is developed and used in Norway should be builton ethical principles and respect human rights and democracy research, development and use of artificial intelligence in Norway shouldpromote responsible and trustworthy AI development and use of AI in Norway should safeguard the integrity andprivacy of the individual cyber security should be built into the development, operation andadministration of systems that use AI supervisory authorities should oversee that AI systems in their areas ofsupervision are operated in accordance with the principles for responsibleand trustworthy use of AIA good basis for artificial intelligenceThe Government will facilitate world-class AI infrastructure in Norway in the form ofdigitalisation-friendly regulations, good language resources, fast and robustcommunication networks, and sufficient computing power. It will facilitate data sharingwithin and across industries and sectors.DataData is vital for the development and use of AI. Today vast amounts of information aregenerated from many different sources. AI and machine learning can use this data togive us important insights.Access to high-quality datasets is essential for exploiting the potential of AI. TheGovernment will facilitate data sharing in both the public and private sectors andbetween sectors.RegulationsThe Government will evaluate whether there are regulations that hamper appropriateand desired use of artificial intelligence in the public and private sectors. There will berequirements for transparency and accountability in new systems for publicadministration in which AI is used. The Government is positive towards establishingregulatory sandboxes in areas where this is called for. Such initiatives already exist inconnection with autonomous transport. The Government will also establish anadvisory body and a regulatory sandbox for AI in the area of data protection.LanguageLanguage technologies such as speech recognition and language comprehensionrepresent an important component of AI. To enable Norwegian citizens to participatein increasingly advanced services in their own language, we need good languageresources in both Norwegian language forms and in Sami. The Government willfacilitate the collection of and access to language resources.6

Communication networks and computing powerDevelopment and use of AI requires a sound communication infrastructure and accessto computing power. The work on communication infrastructure, and on 5G networksin particular, is a priority area for the Government. Access to sufficient computingpower will be secured through the use of national and international resources for highperformance computing.Developing and leveraging artificial intelligenceNorway will invest in AI in areas where we have distinct advantages, such as health,seas and oceans, public administration, energy and mobility.The Government wants Norwegian organisations to be attractive cooperation partnersfor leading business and research communities in AI. Norway will continue to pursueits investment in basic and applied ICT research. Policy instruments that stimulateinvestment in strong research communities, such as the Research Council of Norway'scentre schemes, will be central to AI investments.Artificial intelligence will have a dominant place in Horizon Europe, the EU's nextframework programme for research and innovation. Moreover, the EU has proposedthe establishment of a comprehensive digitalisation programme, Digital EuropeProgramme (DEP), for the period 2021–2027. The programme will focus on initiatives inhigh-performance computing and artificial intelligence. The Government has signed anon-binding declaration of intent to participate in Horizon Europe and will considerNorway's participation in

Artificial intelligence (AI) represents vast opportunities for us as individuals and for society at large. AI can lead to new, more effective business models and to effective, user-centric services in the public sector. Norway is well positioned for succeeding with artificial intelligence. We have: a high level of public trust in both the business and public sectors a population and business .

Related Documents:

Bruksanvisning för bilstereo . Bruksanvisning for bilstereo . Instrukcja obsługi samochodowego odtwarzacza stereo . Operating Instructions for Car Stereo . 610-104 . SV . Bruksanvisning i original

Artificial Intelligence -a brief introduction Project Management and Artificial Intelligence -Beyond human imagination! November 2018 7 Artificial Intelligence Applications Artificial Intelligence is the ability of a system to perform tasks through intelligent deduction, when provided with an abstract set of information.

10 tips och tricks för att lyckas med ert sap-projekt 20 SAPSANYTT 2/2015 De flesta projektledare känner säkert till Cobb’s paradox. Martin Cobb verkade som CIO för sekretariatet för Treasury Board of Canada 1995 då han ställde frågan

service i Norge och Finland drivs inom ramen för ett enskilt företag (NRK. 1 och Yleisradio), fin ns det i Sverige tre: Ett för tv (Sveriges Television , SVT ), ett för radio (Sveriges Radio , SR ) och ett för utbildnings program (Sveriges Utbildningsradio, UR, vilket till följd av sin begränsade storlek inte återfinns bland de 25 största

Hotell För hotell anges de tre klasserna A/B, C och D. Det betyder att den "normala" standarden C är acceptabel men att motiven för en högre standard är starka. Ljudklass C motsvarar de tidigare normkraven för hotell, ljudklass A/B motsvarar kraven för moderna hotell med hög standard och ljudklass D kan användas vid

LÄS NOGGRANT FÖLJANDE VILLKOR FÖR APPLE DEVELOPER PROGRAM LICENCE . Apple Developer Program License Agreement Syfte Du vill använda Apple-mjukvara (enligt definitionen nedan) för att utveckla en eller flera Applikationer (enligt definitionen nedan) för Apple-märkta produkter. . Applikationer som utvecklas för iOS-produkter, Apple .

and artificial intelligence expert, joined Ernst & Young as the person in charge of its global innovative artificial intelligence team. In recent years, many countries have been competing to carry out research and application of artificial intelli-gence, and the call for he use of artificial

BCS Foundation Certificate in Artificial Intelligence V1.1 Oct 2020 Syllabus Learning Objectives 1. Ethical and Sustainable Human and Artificial Intelligence (20%) Candidates will be able to: 1.1. Recall the general definition of Human and Artificial Intelligence (AI). 1.1.1. Describe the concept of intelligent agents. 1.1.2. Describe a modern .