Standard Specification For Forged Or Rolled Alloy-Steel .

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Designation: A 182/A 182M – 99An American National StandardEndorsed by Manufacturers StandardizationSociety of the Valve and Fittings IndustryUsed in USDOE-NE StandardsStandard Specification forForged or Rolled Alloy-Steel Pipe Flanges, Forged Fittings,and Valves and Parts for High-Temperature Service1This standard is issued under the fixed designation A 182/A 182M; the number immediately following the designation indicates the yearof original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval.A superscript epsilon (e) indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.Wrought Carbon Steel and Alloy Steel for Moderate andElevated Temperatures3A 262 Practices for Detecting Susceptibility to Intergranular Attack in Austenitic Stainless Steels4A 275/A 275M Test Method for Magnetic Particle Examination of Steel Forgings5A 336/A 336M Specification for Steel Forgings, Alloy, forPressure and High-Temperature Parts5A 370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testingof Steel Products4A 403/A 403M Specification for Wrought Austenitic Stainless Steel Piping Fittings3A 479/A 479M Specification for Stainless and HeatResisting Steel Bars and Shapes for Use in Boilers andOther Pressure Vessels5A 484/A 484M Specification for General Requirements forStainless and Heat-Resisting Bars, Billets, and Forgings5A 739 Specification for Steel Bars, Alloy, Hot-Wrought, forElevated Temperature or Pressure-Containing Parts, orBoth5A 751 Test Methods, Practices, and Terminology forChemical Analysis of Steel Products4A 763 Practices for Detecting Susceptibility to Intergranular Attack in Ferritic Stainless Steels4A 788 Specification for Steel Forgings, General Requirements5E 112 Test Methods for Determining the Average GrainSize6E 165 Practice for Liquid Penetrant Inspection Method7E 340 Test Method for Macroetching Metals and Alloys62.2 MSS Standard:SP 25 Standard Marking System for Valves, Fittings,Flanges and Unions82.3 ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Codes:91. Scope1.1 This specification2 covers forged low alloy and stainlesssteel piping components for use in pressure systems. Includedare flanges, fittings, valves, and similar parts to specifieddimensions or to dimensional standards such as the ASMEspecifications that are referenced in Section 2.1.2 For bars and products machined directly from bar, referto Specifications A 479/A 479M and A 739, for the similargrades available in those specifications. Products made to thisspecification are limited to a maximum weight of 10 000 lb[4540 kg]. For larger products and products for other applications, refer to Specification A 336 for the similar gradesavailable in that specification.1.3 Several grades of low alloy steels and ferritic, martensitic, austenitic, and ferritic-austenitic stainless steels are included in this specification. Selection will depend upon designand service requirements.1.4 Supplementary requirements are provided for use whenadditional testing or inspection is desired. These shall applyonly when specified individually by the purchaser in the order.1.5 This specification is expressed in both inch-pound unitsand in SI units. However, unless the order specifies theapplicable “M” specification designation (SI units), the material shall be furnished to inch-pound units.1.6 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI unitsare to be regarded separately as the standard. Within the text,the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in eachsystem are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system mustbe used independently of the other. Combining values from thetwo systems may result in nonconformance with the specification.2. Referenced Documents2.1 ASTM Standards:A 234/A 234M Specification for Piping Fittings of3Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 01.01.Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 01.03.5Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 01.05.6Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 03.01.7Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 03.03.8Available from Manufacturers’ Standardization Society of the Valve andFittings Industry, 1815 N. Fort Myer Drive, Arlington, VA 22209.9Available from American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 345 E. 47th St.,New York, NY 10017.41This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A-1 on Steel,Stainless Steel, and Related Alloys and is the direct responsibility of SubcommitteeA01.22 on Steel Forgings and Wrought Fittings for Piping Applications and BoltingMaterials for Piping and Special Purpose Applications.Current edition approved Nov. 10, 1999. Published January 2000. Originallypublished as A 182 – 35 T. Last previous edition A 182/A 182M – 98a.2For ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code applications see related Specification SA-182 in Section II of that Code.Copyright ASTM, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, United States.1

A 182/A 182M4.4 The material shall be forged as close as practicable tothe specified shape and size. Except for flanges of any type,forged or rolled bar may be used without additional hotworking for small cylindrically shaped parts within the limitsdefined by Specification A 234/A 234M for low alloy steelsand martensitic stainless steels and Specification A 403/A 403M for austenitic and ferritic-austenitic stainless steels.Elbows, return bends, tees, and header tees shall not bemachined directly from bar stock.4.5 Except as provided for in 4.4, the finished product shallbe a forging as defined in the Terminology section of Specification A 788.Section IX Welding QualificationsSFA-5.4 Specification for Corrosion-Resisting Chromiumand Chromium-Nickel Steel Covered Welding ElectrodesSFA-5.5 Specification for Low-Alloy Steel Covered ArcWelding ElectrodesSFA-5.9 Specification for Corrosion-Resisting Chromiumand Chromium-Nickel Steel Welding Rods and BareElectrodesSFA-5.11 Specification for Nickel and Nickel-Alloy Covered Welding ElectrodesB 16.5 Dimensional Standards for Steel Pipe Flanges andFlanged FittingsB 16.10 Face-to-Face and End-to-End Dimensions of Ferrous ValvesB 16.11 Forged Steel Fittings, Socket Weld, and Threaded5. Heat Treatment105.1 After hot working, forgings shall be cooled to a temperature below 1000 F [538 C] prior to heat treating inaccordance with the requirements of Table 1.5.2 Low Alloy Steels and Ferritic and Martensitic StainlessSteels—The low alloy steels and ferritic and martensiticstainless steels shall be heat treated in accordance with therequirements of 5.1 and Table Grade F 22V shall be furnished in the normalized andtempered, or liquid quenched and tempered condition. Theminimum austenitizing temperature shall be 1650 F [900 C],and the minimum tempering temperature shall be 1250 F[677 C].5.2.2 Liquid Quenching—When agreed to by the purchaser,liquid quenching followed by tempering shall be permittedprovided the temperatures in Table 1 for each grade areutilized. Marking—Parts that are liquid quenched and tempered shall be marked “QT.”5.2.3 Alternatively, Grade F 1, F 2, and F 12, Classes oneand two may be given a heat treatment of 1200 F (650 C)minimum after final hot or cold forming.5.3 Austenitic and Ferritic-Austenitic Stainless Steels—Theaustenitic and ferritic-austenitic stainless steels shall be heattreated in accordance with the requirements of 5.1 and Table Alternatively, immediately following hot working,while the temperature of the forging is not less than theminimum solutioning temperature specified in Table 1, forgings made from austenitic grades (except grades F 304H,F 316H, F 321, F 321H, F 347, F 347H, F 348, and F 348H)may be individually rapidly quenched in accordance with therequirements of Table 1.3. Ordering Information3.1 It is the purchaser’s responsibility to specify in thepurchase order all ordering information necessary to purchasethe needed material. Examples of such information include butare not limited to the following:3.1.1 Quantity,3.1.2 Size and pressure class or dimensions (Tolerances andsurface finishes should be included),3.1.3 Specification number, grade, and class if applicable(The year date should be included),3.1.4 Supplementary requirements,3.1.5 Additional requirements (See 5.2.2, Table 2 footnotes,7.3, 15.1, and 18.2), and3.1.6 Requirement, if any, that manufacturer shall submitdrawings for approval showing the shape of the rough forgingbefore machining and the exact location of test specimenmaterial (see 7.3.1).4. Manufacture4.1 The low-alloy ferritic steels may be made by theopen-hearth, electric-furnace, or basic-oxygen process withseparate degassing and refining optional. The basic-oxygenprocess shall be limited to steels containing not over 6 %chromium.4.2 The stainless steels shall be melted by one of thefollowing processes: (a) electric-furnace (with separate degassing and refining optional); (b) vacuum-furnace; or (c) one ofthe former followed by vacuum or electroslag-consumableremelting. Grade F XM-27Cb may be produced by electronbeam melting. Because of difficulties that may be met inretaining nitrogen, vacuum melting or remelting processesshould not be specified for Grades F XM-11, F 304LN,F 316LN, F 304N, F 316N, F XM-19, F 44, F 45, F 48, F 49,F 50, F 51, F 52, F 53, F 54, F 55, F 58, F 59, or F 60.4.3 A sufficient discard shall be made to secure freedomfrom injurious piping and undue segregation.10A solution annealing temperature above 1950 F [1065 C] may impair theresistance to intergranular corrosion after subsequent exposure to sensitizingconditions in F 321, F 321H, F 347, F 347H, F 348, F 348H. When specified by thepurchaser, a lower temperature stabilization or resolution annealing shall be usedsubsequent to the initial high temperature solution anneal (see SupplementaryRequirement S16).2

A 182/A 182M5.3.2 See Supplementary Requirement S14 if a particularheat treatment method is to be employed.5.4 Time of Heat Treatment—Heat treatment of forgingsmay be performed before machining.5.5 Forged or Rolled Bar—Forged or rolled austeniticstainless bar from which small cylindrically shaped parts are tobe machined, as permitted by 4.4, and the parts machined fromsuch bar, without heat treatment after machining, shall befurnished to the annealing requirements of Specification A 479or this specification, with subsequent light cold drawing andstraightening permitted (see Supplementary Requirement S9 ifannealing must be the final operation).TABLE 1 Heat Treating RequirementsGradeHeat Treat TypeAustenitizing/SolutioningTemperature, min F ( rmalizeannealnormalizeanneal1650 [900]1650 [900]1650 [900]1650 [900]1750 [955]1750 [955]1750 [955]1750 [955]1900-2000 [1040-1095]1900 [1040]1900-2000 [1040-1095]1650 [900]1650 [900]1650 [900]1650 [900]1750 [955]normalize and temperannealnormalize and temperannealnormalizenormalize and temper175016501650175017501750F ot specifiednot specifiednot requirednot specifiednot specifiednot requirednot specifiednot specifiednot specifiednot specified1750 [955]1750 [955]1850 [1010]F XM-27 CbF 429F 430annealannealannealCoolingMediaQuenching CoolBelow F ( C)Tempering Temperature,min F ( C)furnace coolair coolfurnace coolair coolfurnace coolair coolfurnace coolair coolair coolair coolair cool or liquidfurnace coolair coolfurnace coolair coolfurnace coolBBair coolfurnace coolair coolfurnace coolair coolair coolB1250 [675]BBLow Alloy SteelsF2F5, F 5aF9F 91F 92F911F 11, Class 1, 2, 3F 12, Class 1, 2F 21, F 3V, nd F3VCbF 22, Class 1, 3FRand temperand temperand temperandandandandtempertempertempertemperand temperand temper[955][900][900][955][955][955]B1150 [620]BBB1150 [620]BBB1250 1150 [620]BBB1150 [620]BBB1250 [675]BBBBB1250 [675]furnace coolair coolBB400 [205]BB1325 [725]1325 [725]furnace coolair coolBB400 [205]BB1250 [675]1250 [675]furnace coolair coolfurnace coolair coolfurnace coolair coolair coolBBMartensitic Stainless SteelsF 6a Class 1F 6a Class 2F 6a Class 3F 6a Class 4F 6band temperand temperand temperand temperand temperand temper400 [205]1100 [595]BB400 [205]1000 [540]BB400 [205]200 [95]1150 [620]1040-1120 [560-600]BBBBBBFerritic Stainless Steels1850 [1010]1850 [1010]not specifiedfurnace coolfurnace coolfurnace cool3

A 182/A 182MTABLE 1 ContinuedAustenitizing/SolutioningTemperature, min F ( C)AGradeHeat Treat 7596061solution treat and quenchsolution treat and quench1925 [1050]1870 tionsolution1880 [1025]1920-2060 [1050-1125]2010-2085 [1100-1140]1940 [1060]1975-2050 [1080-1120]1870 [1020]1920-2060 [1050-1125]CoolingMediaQuenching CoolBelow F ( C)Tempering Temperature,min F ( 260]BAustenitic Stainless ch

3 Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 01.01. 4 Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 01.03. 5 Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 01.05. 6 Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 03.01. 7 Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 03.03. 8 Available from Manufacturers’ Standardization Society of the Valve and Fittings Industry, 1815 N. Fort Myer Drive, Arlington, VA 22209. 9 Available from American Society of .

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