Football Fundamentals

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7/10/17FootballFundamentalsMaking FootballRulesEasier to UnderstandSAOA 2017Football Fundamentals The game of Football has some of the mostintricate and difficult rules of any sport thatwe officiate The rules have exceptions and exceptionsto those exceptions However, there are basic Fundamentalstatements that apply across the rule book1

7/10/17Football Fundamentals These statements are ALWAYS true inHigh School Football Learning these basics will prepare you forthe field of play– Knowing these will help you and your crew dowhat we are out there to doGET THE CALL RIGHTFootball Fundamentals The following presentation will attempt toexplain the Fundamentals of High SchoolFootball Fundamental Statements are found on page82-83 of the 2017 NFHS Football RulesBook Please consult Rule 2(pg 24-38) fordefinition of terms2

7/10/17Status of the Ball The ball is either alive or dead The ball becomes ALIVE by one of thefollowing ONLY:– Snap– Free KickStatus of the Ball The ball becomes DEAD due to action ofthe play– Incomplete Pass– Runner Out of Bounds– Runner is down by a body part other than thehand or foot touching the ground– Touchdown, Touchback or Safety3

7/10/17Status of the Ball Only an Inadvertent Whistle causes the ballto become dead The action of the play has already causedthe ball to become dead NO FOUL causes a live ball to becomedead Catching ALWAYS is preceded bytouching– So if touching causes the ball to become deadcatching has no significanceKicks Any kick can be advanced by thereceivers(R) unless a valid or invalid faircatch signal has been given If a legal fair catch is given:– On a Free Kick in or beyond the NZ– On a Scrimmage Kick beyond the NZTHE BALL IS DEAD WHEN POSSESSEDBY R OR K4

7/10/17Kicks Any KICK that is not a scoring attempt isDEAD when the ball breaks the Goal Lineof RKicks-Batting Batting of any kick is illegal UNLESS:–R Can bat a kick in or behind the NZ in an attempt toblock–K Can bat toward their goal line– Any grounded kick– Any kick not grounded if no R player is in position tocatch the kick5

7/10/17Free Kicks One of the ways the ball becomes alive isthrough a Free Kick(otherwise known as akickoff) Only a Free Kick after a Fair Catch canscore points Free Kick Lines– These are the lines that the teams must remainbehind until the ball is alive– These lines are ALWAYS 10 yds apartFree Kicks The Free Kick ends when– Possession is gained– Kick is OOB– Kick is Touchback ANY foul that occurs during the kick canresult in a rekick Fouls by both teams during the play willrequire a rekick ANY foul that occurs after the kick endsdoes not allow for a rekick6

7/10/17Free Kick First touching of a Free Kick by K must bemarked as it is a penalty enforcement spot First touching is disregarded if:– ANY foul is accepted on the play ANY R player may signal a Fair Catch:– After the ball is alive– Before the kick ends– The R player is in or beyond the Neutral ZoneScrimmage Kicks A Scrimmage Kick is any kick not a freekick(Punt, Field Goal or Try) A Scrimmage Kick recovered by eitherteam behind the Line of Scrimmage can beadvanced by EITHER team(not a try) Touching of a low Scrimmage Kick by R isignored at the Line of Scrimmage If the ball is beyond the Line of Scrimmageand touched by R, then the team inpossession at the end of the down receivesa new series(unless K fouls before the kick,or there was an inadvertent whistle)7

7/10/17Downs Teams are given 4 downs(Series) to reachthe Line to Gain(LTG) No series can begin on any down otherthan first The down begins when the ball becomesalive(SNAP) The down ends when the ball becomesdeadDowns After play has ceased and you account forany action on the play(including penalties)you THEN determine if the LTG wasreached Dead Ball fouls do not account indetermining LTG on 4th down or change ofpossession plays8

7/10/17Downs There are only 4 Automatic First DownFouls––––Roughing the PasserRoughing the KickerRoughing the SnapperRoughing the HolderDowns There are only three fouls that cause theloss of the right to replay the down––––Illegal Forward PassIllegal Handing of the Ball ForwardIntentional GroundingIllegal Touching by Ineligible Receiver9

7/10/17Downs If a penalty is accepted during the last playof a quarter, the quarter is extended for oneuntimed down unless:– The foul includes a loss of down– Penalties administered as Dead Ball Fouls Unsportsmanlike FoulsDead Ball FoulsNonplayer FoulsFouls that specify a safety by rule as enforcementFouls enforced on a subsequent kickoffPossession A Live Ball is ALWAYS in TeamPossession– Loose balls remain in possession of team thatlast had possession A Live Ball is either in possession or loose– A player who has possession of a live ball is aRUNNER– A runner CANNOT fumble before he haspossession of the ball10

7/10/17Possession-Fouls No fouls causes loss of possession of theball After a distance penalty:– The ball belongs to the team in possessionbefore the penalty– Team possession may change if a new series isawarded Possession of a Live Ball in the OpponentsEndzone is ALWAYS A TOUCHDOWNBlocking Blocking is permissible in Football unless:––––Kick Catching InterferenceIllegal BlocksPass InterferencePersonal Foul11

7/10/17Plays There are two types of plays– Loose Ball Plays are plays that have: A fumbleA pass(forward or backward)A kick(legal or illegal)Any action that preceded any of the above– Running Plays are: Any play that is not a loose ballPlays-Legal Forward Passes Any Player eligible to receive a pass at thebeginning of the down, remains eligiblethroughout the down– Any back– The players on the end of the LOS– Either must be numbered 1-49 or 80-99 Interior Linemen are not allowed toadvance beyond the NZ until the forwardpass is in flight12

7/10/17Plays-Legal Forward Passes A handed ball is not a pass Pass Interference can only occur BEYONDthe NZ Any pass can be batted in any direction byan eligible receiver– Exception is a backward pass batted forwardby the passing teamFouls No live ball foul causes the Official tosound his whistle– Dead Ball Fouls do require a whistle toprevent the play from becoming alive or tonotify the Referee of a foul A live ball foul cannot be paired with adead ball foul to create a double foul13

7/10/17Fouls Double Fouls– Fouls by each team during a live ball– After a change of possession, if the foul by theteam in final possession was before the change– After a change of possession, if the penaltyagainst the team first in possession is accepted Multiple Fouls– Fouls by the same team during a live ball Dead Ball Fouls– Fouls that occur while the ball is deadFouls A foul during a try cannot be paired with adead ball foul to create a double foul ormultiple foul You can have multiple on a running playson a down, but you can only have oneloose ball play on a down Batting of any loose ball is illegal– Exception-Grounded Scrimmage Kicks battedby K toward their goal line or non-groundedScrimmage Kicks where there is no R playerin position to catch the ball14

7/10/17Penalty Enforcement The distance for any penalty can be declined All distance for all penalties for all fouls are:––––5 Yds10 Yds15 YdsBut NO foul can advance the ball more than halfthe distance to the goal line of team who ispenalizedPenalty Enforcement All fouls are governed by the All but OnePrinciple except:– Fouls simultaneous with the snap– Dead ball or fouls administered as Dead Ball– Fouls by the Opponents of the Scoring Team ifthe score is accepted(not a safety)– Roughing the passer when the dead ball spot isbeyond the NZ and no change of possession– Kick Catching Interference if the offendedteam does not accept the 15yd penalty fromthe spot of the foul15

7/10/17Penalty Enforcement All dead ball fouls and fouls enforced asdead ball fouls are measured from thesucceeding spot– Unless it is after a scoring play and theoffended team chooses to enforce the foul onthe subsequent kickoff No penalty results in a safety– If the distance for a foul is measured frombehind the offenders goal line, the result is asafety by rulePenalty Enforcement The penalty for any illegal forward passesresult in a loss of down– Unless it is a forward pass after a change ofpossession The loss of down provision of any penalty hasno effect if there was a change of possessionduring the down or if the line to gain wasreached AFTER enforcement The penalty of a live ball foul by thedefensive team is administered from the basicspot except when that spot is in the endzone16

7/10/17When in Doubt Statements There are times when an official may benot be 100% confident in his opinion ofwhat he/she saw When this happens we have statements thatgovern how we should rule in fairness tothe game and the players involved Always keep these statements in mind onthe field of playWhen in Doubt . If a pass is complete or incomplete .– INCOMPLETE If touching, contact or kicking wasaccidental or intentional .– ACCIDENTAL If a pass is forward or backward – FORWARD Runner is down or not – DOWN17

7/10/17When in Doubt . If a pass was thrown forward or fumbled – THROWN FORWARD If a kick or passed was touched or not – NOT TOUCHED If a ball was caught or not – NO CATCH Legal Block or Clip – LEGAL BLOCKWhen in Doubt . Is it a Touchback or Safety – TOUCHBACK If a block is above or below the waist – ABOVE Is it a fumble or a dead ball – DEAD BALL Roughing vs Running into Kicker – ROUGHING Five or Fifteen Facemask – FIFTEEN18

7/10/17When in Doubt . Remember these statements:– NO CHEAP TURNOVERS– PLAYER SAFETY IS #1 PRIORITY– BIG PENALTIES ONLY BUCKS NOT DOES– SAFETY– POINT OF ATTACK– 5 MOMS IN THE STANDS KNOW IT’S A FOUL– BE ADMINISTRATORS OF THE GAMENOT PARTICIPANTS– YOU CANNOT MISQUOTE SILENCE IF YOU DON’T KNOW THEN DON’T SPEAKWhen in Doubt . Professionalism starts when you receiveyour assignment– Study your position in the Officials Manual– Study rules pertinent to your position BJ should know Rule 6 coldR should know Rule 10 coldU should know Rule 1 and 9 coldL and H should know rule 6 and 7 cold19

7/10/17When in Doubt .Communicate with your POD leader in preparation of thegame– Ask questions that you may be unsure of– Use your POD to gain knowledge and answeryour questions– Show up at assigned times for pregame– Come prepared with proper uniform– Listen and participate in pregameMOST IMPORTANT PARTHAVE FUN&GET THE CALL RIGHT20

Football Fundamentals Making Football Rules Easier to Understand SAOA 2017 Football Fundamentals The game of Football has some of the most intricate and difficult rules of any sport that we officiate The rules have exceptions and exceptions to those exceptions However, there are basic Fundamental statements that apply across the rule book

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