OPERATION & INSTALLATION MANUAL AIS-CTRX Class B AIS . - Free Download PDF

Today
1 Views
0 Downloads
953.60 KB
44 Pages
Transcription

OPERATION & INSTALLATIONMANUALAIS-CTRX Class B AIS TransponderVersion 1.0E True Heading 2006The manual may not in any aspect be copied without the prior authorization from True Heading AB.

AIS-CTRX Class B AIS Transponder ManualTABLE OF CONTENTSTABLE OF CONTENTS. 2REVISION . 5INTRODUCTION . 6GLOSSARY. 7CONDITIONS . 9WARRANTY . 10General. 10Warranty conditions . 10Warranty procedures . 10Other issues . 10SUPPORT . 11GENERAL NOTICE. 12LICENSING . 13INFORMATION ABOUT AIS . 14General. 14Short technical description of AIS. 15Limitations with AIS . 16PRODUCT SPECIFICATION . 17Declaration of Conformity . 18INSTALLING THE AIS-CTRX UNIT . 19Electrical Connections . 19Physical Mounting . 20PROGRAMMING THE TRANSPONDER . 21P1.0E2LD2103

AIS-CTRX Class B AIS Transponder ManualField Programmer. 21USING THE TRANSPONDER. 22Switching on . 22Warning and Fault States . 22Data Port Messages . 22Information Transmitted and Received . 23Built in Test. 23LED Indicators . 23Antennas . 24MAINTENANCE . 25SERIAL DATA INTERFACE . 26Power Connection / Data Connection. 26Serial Port Input/Output . 26Power Up Messages . 26VHF Data Link Messages (NMEA 0183 VDM) . 26VHF data link own vessel messages (NMEA 0183 VDO). 28Regional Assignment Channel Assignment Message (NMEA 0183 ACA) . 28Channel management information source messages (NMEA 0183 ACS). 29AIS Alarm Messages (NMEA 0183 ALR, Text). 29ACK messages. 30ANTENNA CONNECTIONS . 31GPS Antenna. 31VHF antenna . 31Antenna Types and Mounting. 31OPERATIONAL GUIDELINES FOR AIS-CTRX . 32FAQ . 35P1.0E3LD2103

AIS-CTRX Class B AIS Transponder ManualNOTES . 38DRAWINGS. 39Packing List . 39Fixing Template (NOT TO SCALE) . 39General Arrangement . 41Cable Assemblies. 41APPENDIX A ANTENNAS AND ANTENNA MOUNTING . 43GPS Antenna. 43VHF antenna for AIS use. 43WARNINGS. 43P1.0E4LD2103

AIS-CTRX Class B AIS Transponder sP1.0E2006-11-22Anders BergströmNils WillartPreliminary release1.0E2006-11-23Anders BergströmNils WillartFirst releaseP1.0E5LD2103

AIS-CTRX Class B AIS Transponder ManualINTRODUCTIONWe would like to thank you for choosing True Heading AB as supplier of your AIS-CTRX, AIS Class BTransponder. The AIS-CTRX is a high quality AIS Class B Transponder using the latest technology.AIS-CTRX makes it possible to receive information from ships, buoys, lighthouses, SAR helicopters,Coastguard units, Pilot boats, Weather station etc. and to send information about your own ship toothers that are equipped with Automatic Identification System (AIS) transponders or receivers. SEEAND BE SEENIt is today, according to the IMO SOLAS regulation a requirement for all ships above 300 GT to carryAIS. This means that a large number of ships and other types of navigational information providers willbe seen by your AIS-CTRX and contribute to enhanced safety in your navigation.Picture 1 Real traffic scenario between Sweden and Bornholm (Denmark)It is of utmost importance that you read this manual before you start to install and use your AIS-CTRX.P1.0E6LD2103

AIS-CTRX Class B AIS Transponder ManualGLOSSARYACA(AIS) Regional Assignment Channel Assignment MessageACKAcknowledgementACS(AIS) Channel management information source messagesAFSKAudio frequency-shift keyingALR(AIS) Alarm MessageA to NAid to NavigationAISAutomatic Identification SystemATCAir Traffic ControlBIITBuilt In Integrity TestingBNCBayonet fitting type RF connectorCSTDMACarrier Sense Time Division Multiple AccessCOGCourse over GroundCRCarriage ReturnCSCarrier SenseCSTDMACarrier Sense TDMADCDirect CurrentDGNSSDifferential Global Navigation Satellite SystemDGPSDifferential Global Positioning SystemDSCDigital Selective callingETAEstimated Time of ArrivalGALILEOEuropean equivalent to GPSGLONASSGlobal Navigation Satellite SystemGNSSGlobal Navigation Satellite SystemGMSKGaussian Minimum Shift KeyingGPSGlobal Positioning Satellite / SystemHFHigh FrequencyIMOInternational Maritime OrganizationIECInternational Electrotechnical CommissionLEDLight Emitting DiodeLFLine FeedLNALow-noise amplifierMFMedium FrequencyMKDMinimum Keypad and DisplayMMSIMaritime Mobile Service IdentityMPEMaximum Permissible ExposureNMNautical Mile 1852 mNMEANational Marine Electronics AssociationPCPersonal ComputerP1.0E7LD2103

AIS-CTRX Class B AIS Transponder ManualPIPresentation InterfaceRFRadio FrequencyRTCMRadio Technical Commission for Maritime Services CommissionRXReceive or ReceiverRFIRadio frequency interferenceSARSpecific Absorption RateSELVSeparated Extra Low VoltageSMASwedish Maritime AdministrationSMSShort Message SystemSOGSpeed over GroundSOLASSafety Of Life At SeaSOTDMASelf Organized Time Division Multiple Access.SRMSafety Related MessageSRTSoftware Radio TechnologyTDMATime-division Multiple AccessTNCThreaded type BNC connectorTXTransmit or transmitterUTCUniversal Time Co-ordinatedVDM(AIS) VHF Data Link MessagesVDO(AIS) VHF data link own vessel messagesVHFVery High FrequencyVTSVessel Traffic Services (Like ATC but for ships)VSWRVoltage Standing Wave RatioP1.0E8LD2103

AIS-CTRX Class B AIS Transponder ManualCONDITIONSBefore you start using the AIS-CTRX product from True Heading AB it is important that you read andfully understand the installation manual and its instructions. You should only proceed with theinstallation if you are confident that you will be able to do so.True Heading AB cannot be held liable for any injury or damage caused by, during or because of theinstallation of AIS-CTRX. The AIS-CTRX is used at your own risk and it shall be remembered that AISand GPS data depends on the full co-operation of other users and systems.AIS-CTRX is a navigation aid and works in co-operation with other similar systems like e.g. radar,optical lookout etc. The AIS-CTRX installation should be inspected from time to time and checked onits operational quality frequently by the user. Remember that navigation and life at sea always requiresproper seamanship and that the AIS-CTRX is not a replacement for such qualities.NOT ALL VESSELS CARRY AIS. IT IS THEREFORE IMPORTANT TO KEEP PROPER LOOKOUTAT ALL TIMES AND TO USE ALL AVAILABLE MEANS TO AVOID COLLISIONS ANDACCIDENTS.GPS MAY FROM TIME TO TIME INCLUDE ERRORS: THEREFORE, THE POSITION RECEIVEDFROM THE GPS BUILT IN TO AIS-CTRX SHALL ALWAYS BE VERIFED WITH OTHERAVAILABLE MEANS.P1.0E9LD2103

AIS-CTRX Class B AIS Transponder ManualWARRANTYGeneralAIS-CTRX is developed and manufactured to meet high technical requirements and user demands. Ifinstalled correctly and with regular maintenance your AIS-CTRX should provide you with several yearsof operation and a very useful product. For further information provided in the manual and in thisinformation sheet please consult the place where you purchased the AIS-CTRX or direct to oursupport.Warranty conditions- The warranty belongs to the person that purchased the product and cannot be handed over to a thirdparty or person.- The warranty is not valid if serial number is missing, seals broken or if the AIS-CTRX has beenincorrect installed. Neither is the warranty valid if instructions for connection have not been followed,faults caused by wrong usage, own made modifications or service made from none authorized servicestations.- True Heading AB acknowledges that AIS-CTRX at delivery has been controlled and foundoperational.- True Heading AB agrees to repair or replace any faulty unit without any cost according to theconditions set forth during a period of two (2) years from day of purchase.- The warranty includes replacement or repair of faulty unit due to error in components or errors inrelation to the production of the product.- The warranty covers costs for spares, labor, and return shipment. It does not include shipment fromto the repair facility.- True Heading AB will never be liable under the warranty conditions for incorrect use, misuse, andincidental, indirect or consequential damages of the AIS-CTRX.- Proof of purchase is required for any warranty claim of the AIS-CTRX.Warranty proceduresTrue Heading AB repairs and replaces faulty parts or units. The customer is responsible for transportof the defect part or unit to True Heading or its retailer.Warranty claims shall be made to the place where AIS-CTRX was purchased or direct to TrueHeading AB through mail, fax or e-mail to our support department.Other issuesProper seamanship and common sense is applicable when using AIS-CTRX and the products shallonly be seen as a navaid. True Heading AB keeps the right to change the specification of the productwithout prior notice.IF YOU ARE NOT ABLE TO ACCEPT THE TERMS ABOVE, PLEASE RETURN THE AIS-CTRX TOYOUR RETAILER FOR FULL CREDIT BEFORE OPENED AND USED.P1.0E10LD2103

AIS-CTRX Class B AIS Transponder ManualSUPPORTIf you need support, please contact the closest reseller or the location where you acquired the product.The manufacturer can also give support direct:Email: [email protected] or Fax: 46 8 6618020.Please register your purchase of AIS-CTRX with True Heading AB by sending an e-mail [email protected] stating the serial number, date of purchase, your name, address and yourdealer’s name.P1.0E11LD2103

AIS-CTRX Class B AIS Transponder ManualGENERAL NOTICEThe Automatic Identification System (AIS) unit mostly utilise a Global Navigation SatelliteSystem (GNSS) system such as e.g. GPS or GLONASS to determine position.The accuracy of these systems is variable and can be affected by factors such as thepositioning of the antenna, the number of satellites available to determine a position and forhow long satellite information has been received.It is desirable as often as possible to verify both your vessel’s AIS derived position data andother vessels AIS derived position data with visual or radar based observations.The compass safe distance of this unit is 0.5m or greater for 0.3 deviation.P1.0E12LD2103

AIS-CTRX Class B AIS Transponder ManualLICENSINGIMPORTANT: In most countries the operation of an AIS unit is included under the vessels marine VHFradio licence provisions. The vessel on to which the AIS unit is to be installed must therefore possessa valid VHF radiotelephone licence which lists the AIS system and the vessel Call Sign and MMSInumber.Please contact the relevant authority in your country for more information.In accordance with our policy of continuous development and product improvement the AIS-CTRXhardware and/or software may be upgraded from time to time and future versions of the AIS-CTRXmay therefore not correspond exactly with this manual.When necessary upgrades to the product are made, these will be accompanied by updates oraddenda to this manual.Please take time to read this manual carefully to understand its contents fully so that you can installand operate your AIS system correctly.Information contained in this manual is liable to change without notice.True Heading AB disclaims any liability for consequences arising from omissions or inaccuracies inthis manual and any other documentation provided with this product. 2006 True Heading ABP1.0E13LD2103

AIS-CTRX Class B AIS Transponder ManualINFORMATION ABOUT AISGeneralAIS (Automatic Identification System) is the name of a system that makes it possible for ships toidentify other ships and to monitor ship movements. The reason for implementing the AIS system is forthe mariner to obtain more information about ships in the vicinity than what radar is able to provide.AIS gives e.g. information about a ships identity (name, call sign, IMO number and MMSI), size thiseven for ships behind Island or bends that radar cannot detect.AIS is used to enhance safety for life at sea, improve safety and efficiency in navigation and protectthe marine environment.AIS-information transmitted from a ship contains of three (3) different main types:- Static data that was programmed into the AIS equipment at installation and it only needs to bechanged if the ship changes its name, flag or undergoes a major refit where size or ship type ischanged;- Dynamic data contains information that automatically is updated from ship sensors like the headingfrom the Gyro, Position and speed from GNSS equipment. Also navigational status belongs to thegroup of dynamic data but is updated manually by the crew; and- Voyage related data that manually is updated by the crew along the voyage.From the start AIS some times also was referred to as UAIS or as the 4S transponder system thatmeant Ship to Ship and Ship to Shore.IMO adopted 1998 a performance standard for AIS within the SOLAS requirement that described ingeneral how AIS should work. Below follows a brief description of the main requirements for AIS fromthe performance standard: Automatically provide information to AIS land stations, other ships and airborne units e.g. SARhelicopters about the ships identity, Type of ship, Position, Course, Speed, Navigational status(e.g. under way using engine, at anchor) and other safety related information of importance.Be able to receive the same type of information from other ships.Be able to monitor and track other ships.Exchange information with land based AIS systems.AIS is an automatic system that continuously and simultaneously transmits on two channels in themaritime VHF frequency band.AIS can handle several reports in a rapid consecutive flow. To accomplish these AIS uses a techniquecalled Self Organized Time Division Multiple Access (SOTDMA) that guarantees high transmissionsafety and operational robustness.AIS also allows for other types of information from e.g. sensors like Gyro, GPS and echo sounders etc.to be transmitted automatically.Important areas where AIS is used are: P1.0EInformation exchange between ships within VHF range (normally 20-30 NM) to enhancesafety at sea and to improve situation awareness.14LD2103

AIS-CTRX Class B AIS Transponder Manual Information exchange between ships and AIS land stations as e.g. a VTS that controls andmonitors maritime traffic in an area. Automatic reporting in areas with mandatory reporting of different kinds. Exchange of safety related information between ships and between ships and land stations. Services like e.g. meteorological information in real-time from areas of importance, identityand position of floating and fixed aids to navigation to improve identification and navigation.How AIS WorksThe marine Automatic Identification System (AIS) is a location and vessel information reportingsystem. It allows vessels equipped with AIS to automatically and dynamically share and regularlyupdate their position, speed, course and other information such as vessel identity with similarlyequipped craft. Position is derived from a Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) network andcommunication between vessels is by Ver

AIS-CTRX Class B AIS Transponder Manual P1.0E 3 LD2103 Field Programmer..... 21