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Classical Sociological TheorySOC 221, Hunter College, Summer I 2020M, T, W, TH 5:45 – 7:19pm, ONLINETom BuecheleOffice Hour: After Class or AppointmentEmail: tbuechel@hunter.cuny.eduCourse Description:The purpose of this course is to introduce students to the “classical” sociological canon,including the writings of Karl Marx, Max Weber, and Emile Durkheim. We will considerthese theorists’ work in their historical and intellectual contexts while critically assessingtheir ongoing relevance today. Since we will be reading primary texts which can be difficult,students are required to read consistently and come to class prepared with questionsand comments and class time will be spent discussing the presentation and the reading.YOU MUST BRING THE PRINTED TEXTS WITH YOU TO CLASS.FURTHER DISCRIPTION: Sociological Theory is the core and scaffolding of Sociology. Whenanyone is asked to describe a discipline as important as sociology, three deceptively simple but inreality quite complex questions arise. The first, “What is sociology?” can only be answeredsociologically along with the second: “What is society?” Finally, a third question arises from the titleof the first sociology course taught in America, what are the “ends and uses of society?” In order tounderstand sociology and its objects in context, we will examine many key texts in the developmentof sociological theory. This class is based on a close reading of sociological theory texts, with aheavy emphasis on what it means to produce CONCEPTS as the building blocks of sociologicaltheory. We will read direct passages from the assigned texts in class so once again I emphasizethat you must BRING THE PRINTED TEXT(S) with you to class in order to participate (moreon the participation below).Consider these questions as you read and write:* What are the institutions and logics that organize modern society? What makes “modern”society different from those of the past?*What is the individual’s relationship to society? In what ways is her/his consciousnessshaped by social structures and social relationships?*What is power? Where is power located? Who exercises it and how?*How and why does society change over time?*How are these author’s ideas relevant today? Why have they become canonical in the field?

Course GoalsThis course will:A. Familiarize students with some of the important concepts and theories in Sociology and theSocial Sciences.B. Provide students with the opportunity to directly engage some of the primary texts insociological theory.C. Deepen students understanding of the continuities and discontinuities of the sciences of lifeand society.F. Provide students with a foundation for study in sociology and the liberal arts.Student Learning OutcomesAt the end of this semester, students will: demonstrate familiarity with the key concepts in classical Sociological theory and the historicalcontext of their development. recognize many of the important theoretical tendencies in Sociology and the Social Sciences thesources of some of our most fundamental social and political questions. apply the methods of inquiry and analysis of sociological theories to address problems, answersquestions, and construct arguments. apply a variety of reading practices, e.g., close reading, interpretation, skepticism, mapping,critique. demonstrate the ability to make an argument, develop a thesis and support it with well-reasonedargument and relevant evidence communicate arguments persuasively using oral and written communication. address awareness of reader or audience for their work.Course Requirements and gradingCritical Response Question and Answer Paragraphs(35%)Homework will take the form of critical response questions and answers of approximatelya paragraph long each question with answer. The questions MUST be based on the textitself and must reference the specific section/s of the text that you are deriving yourquestion/s from. Questions can include things that confused you in the text that you'd likeclarification of and/or questions that you think the text raises about society. You need tocite the page and specific passage you are deriving your question from, i.e. the question

should be specific and demonstrate that you've engaged with the text and have attemptedto make sense of the reading even if it was unclear to you, hence the basis of the question/s.Attempt to answer the questions you pose, even if you are unsure that you have a correctanswer. Critical response question posts that do not demonstrate this clearly will not beaccepted.Late submissions will result in a deduction of points. It is your responsibility to let meknow if you run into problems with completing your assignments on time. Gratuitousspelling and grammar mistakes may negatively affect your grade so do make sure that youedit your work before you post!(*Note: Save your homework responses and back them up in a word document as to notlose your work. SAVE your word documents! It is your responsibility to complete yourassignments on time and losing your homework because you neglected to back it up is nota valid excuse, i.e. BACK UP ALL YOUR WORK.)Participation (10%)Examples of contributions that advance the class discussion include: answering a questionposed by me or another classmate, posing thoughtful questions, stating disagreement withthe author/other students/myself and backing that position up with a solid argument. Toparticipate in a thoughtful manner, you must support your opinions with textual referencesand be open to critique and/or disagreement. You are expected to be prepared to havesomething to say if I call on you. To fully participate in a class where the texts areinstrumental to the class discussion and content you must keep up with the readingassignments. You are expected to be in class ON TIME, 5:45pm (on our onlineplatform). Persistent absences or lateness may result in a reduction of your final gradeconsistent with the policies of the university and of the department of Sociology.(NOTE: Attendance is of paramount importance. If you know in advance that you have anobligation that you cannot get out of let me know ASAP. Too many absences will not onlyreflect poorly on your participation grade but will put you at a disadvantage in terms ofunderstanding the material and being prepared to effectively complete writing assignments.I am very thorough in covering the material during class so if you miss that class you alsomiss my coverage. Also, as has been my experience in previous semesters of teaching, wemay fall behind the schedule as it may take more than one class to sufficiently cover a text.If this happens, I will let you know, and if you miss a class it is your responsibility tocontact myself or another classmate to make sure you know what will be covered for thecoming class.)3 In Class Quizzes (35% total)Final Essay (20%)Academic Honesty

There is a wealth of secondary sources available in the library and on the internet, andstudents are welcome to consult these texts to aid their understanding. However, if you useanother author’s ideas in your papers, you MUST cite the source. If you quote directly froman author (primary or secondary), you MUST put the text in quotes and cite the source.(This includes textbooks, encyclopedia entries, Wikapedia, Sparknotes, or anythingon the internet, TV shows, and more.) Failure to do so will result in an automatic ‘F’ forthe assignment. Also, any plagiarized material will result in an automatic ‘F’ for thatassignment and possible academic discipline as stated by Hunter College policy. It is yourresponsibility to know if something is indeed plagiarism, and if you are unsure please askme.Further information regarding Plagiarism: Plagiarism takes many formsincluding passing off someone else’s ideas as your own and/or not citing sources. It'sabout the use of ideas not just the specific order of the words. I’ve provided a link to theCUNY Policy on Academic Integrity -integrity), the Council of WritingProgram Administrators ), andPurdue Owl ( so that you can familiarize yourselfwith what specifically constitutes plagiarism.(NOTE: A word of caution: Grammarly and other online writing software are tools thatcould identify some forms of plagiarism, but they are not the final arbiter of whatconstitutes plagiarism. Grammarly, for example, is a proprietary software company (forprofit) and not approved, officiated, or recognized by any academic institution.)Grading BreakdownQuality PointsA AAB BBC CDFGrade Definition97.5 - 100%92.5 - 97.4%90.0 - 92.4%87.5 - 89.9%82.5 - 87.4%80.0 - 82.4%77.5 - 79.9%70.0 - 77.4%60.0 - 69.9%0.0 - 59.9%Class policies*Cell phones must be turned off and stowed away during class.*The only screens you are permitted to have open during class are our shared platformand the class webpage:

* If you miss a class, it is your responsibility to find out what happened from anotherstudent.* I will respond to email within 24 hours. Please put the course title and your name in thesubject line.All class readings will be available online m.SUBJECT TO CHANGEWeek 1:T May 26IntroductionKarl Marx: Historical Materialism, Ideology and The Critiqueof Capitalist Social RelationsW May 27C. Wright Mills “The Promise”Karl Marx, “Theses On Feuerbach”Th May 28Karl Marx and Fredrick Engles. On Alienation: Part I: Concerning theProduction of Consciousness (From The German Ideology)Week 2:M June 1On Alienation: Part I: Concerning the Production of Consciousness(Continued)T June 2Karl Marx and Fredrick Engles“On Alienation: Part II: EstrangedLabourWed June 3“On Alienation: Part II Estranged Labour (Continued)Th June 4Marx “Species-Being” from “Estranged Labor”Week 3:M June 8Capital Vol. 1, Chap.1, Section 4 “The Fetishism of Commodities andthe Secret Thereof”T June 9Capital Vol. 1, Chap.1, Section 4 “The Fetishism of Commodities andthe Secret Thereof (Continued)W June 10Film Lecture: Capitalism Hits the Fan

Max Weber: Religion, Belief and Rationalization in ModernSociety (Sociology as a Humanist Science)Th June 11Introduction to "The Foundations of Social Theory" in Max Weber:Selections in Translation p.3 – 6Week 4:M June 15Max Weber “Basic Sociological Terms”T June 16Weber “Class, Status Groups and PartiesW June 17Weber. “Power, and Domination” and “Political OrganizationsTh June 18Weber “The Types of Legitimate Organization” from Economy andSociety:1. Domination and Legitimacy (p.212 - 215)2. The Three Pure Types of Authority (p.215 - 216)3. Legal Authority: The Pure Type (p.217 - p.223)4. Traditional Authority: The Pure Type (p.226 - p.228)5. Charismatic Authority (p.241 - 242.)Week 5:M June 22Anthony Giddens “Introduction to The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit ofCapitalism”T June 23"Intellectual Orientations: 2 Bureaucracy and Charisma: A Philosophy ofHistory" of Weber by H.H. Gerth andW June 24Concluding WeberEmile Durkheim: Social Evolution and Sociology as the Science of MoralityTh June 25Emile Durkheim “Social Facts” from The Rules of SociologicalMethod, p.50-Week: 6M June 29Robert Bellah's “Introduction” to Durkheim On Morality and Society (1 17T June 30Bellah Continued (Durkheim on the Division of Labor in Society)W July 1Bellah Continued (Durkheim of Suicide and Anomie)

Th July 2Review of Course Material in Preparation of the Final.Final Week:M July 6Final ReviewFinal Essay (TBA)ADA Policy (Suggested language from the Office of AccessABILITY)”In compliance with the American Disability Act of 1990 (ADA) and with Section 504 of theRehabilitation Act of 1973, Hunter College is committed to ensuring educational parity andaccommodations for all students with documented disabilities and/or medical conditions. It isrecommended that all students with documented disabilities (Emotional, Medical, Physical, and/orLearning) consult the Office of AccessABILITY, located in Room E1214B, to secure necessaryacademic accommodations. For further information and assistance, please call: (212) 772- 4857or (212) 650-3230.”Hunter College Policy on Sexual Misconduct (required on all syllabi by Senate resolution)“In compliance with the CUNY Policy on Sexual Misconduct, Hunter College reaffirms theprohibition of any sexual misconduct, which includes sexual violence, sexual harassment, andgender-based harassment retaliation against students, employees, or visitors, as well as certainintimate relationships. Students who have experienced any form of sexual violence on or offcampus (including CUNY-sponsored trips and events) are entitled to the rights outlined in the Billof Rights for Hunter College.a. Sexual Violence: Students are strongly encouraged to immediately report the incident bycalling 911, contacting NYPD Special Victims Division Hotline (646-610-7272) or their local policeprecinct, or contacting the College's Public Safety Office (212-772-4444).b. All Other Forms of Sexual Misconduct: Students are also encouraged to contact the College'sTitle IX Campus Coordinator, Dean John Rose ( or 212-650-3262) orColleen Barry ( or 212-772-4534) and seek complimentaryservices through the Counseling and Wellness Services Office, Hunter East 1123.CUNY Policy on Sexual MisconductLink: a/Policy-on-Sexual- Misconduct-12-1-14with-links.pdf[http]Hunter College Policy on Academic Integrity (required on all syllabi by Senate resolution)“Hunter College regards acts of academic dishonesty (e.g., plagiarism, cheating on examinations,obtaining unfair advantage, and falsification of records and official documents) as seriousoffenses against the values of intellectual honesty. The College is committed to enforcing theCUNY Policy on Academic Integrity and will pursue cases of academic dishonesty according to theHunter College Academic Integrity Procedures.”Related to the issue of plagiarism, please be very clear about ewhat you consider plagiarism anddiscuss with students websites and sources you dod not wnat them using. Here is some Hunterguidelines iarism-prevention If you wantto penalize a student for academic dishonesty, you must refer them to Office of AcademicIntegrity, which may result in their expulsion so you may want to contact the Sociology officebefore doing so. tudent-conduct/academic-integrity[http]

Society (Sociology as a Humanist Science) Th June 11 Introduction to "The Foundations of Social Theory" inMax Weber: Selections in Translation p.3 – 6 Week 4: M June 15 Max Weber “Basic Sociological Terms” T June 16 Weber “Class, Status Groups and Parties W June 17 We

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