The Role Of The Occupational Health Nurse - WordPress

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The Role of the OccupationalHealth NurseCanada Bread & The Occupational Health Nurses Association ofNova Scotia Safety Services of Nova Scotia26 March 2009 Jeannette E. Combes RN MN COHN(C)2:00PM - 3:15PM Concurrent Sessions

Find out what One stop shopping for all your health,wellness, environmental and safety needs find out what an Occupational Health Nursecan do to help improve your bottom line andimprove employee morale and productivity.

Learning Objectives Qualifications of the Occupational Health NurseDiscuss OHN Nursing & Independent PracticeNew knowledge & insights – Learning curvesDefine Primary CareWork place stress & the importance of workDiscuss the different generations of workers in theworkplace Occupational Health Nurses Traits

An Occupational Health Nurse is Registered Nurse licensed by CRNNS Professional with specialized education andexperience User of nursing process and standards Able to work independently or in a team An initial referral source for employee health

Nursing Process AssessPlanImplementationEvaluationOn going Evaluation

College of Registered Nurses ofNova Scotia Self governing nursing licensing bodyHave standards of practise.Core CompetenciesSelf evaluation toolAnnual renewal of licence

What can OHNs do? Assessment and case managementEmergency responseHealth / Medical surveillanceVision / audiometry / spirometry screeningReturn to work programsEmployee educationHazard identification / surveillance

What can OHNs do? Environmental auditingEmployee wellness programsEmployee Assistance Program developmentWorkers compensation liaisonImmunization programsRecord keepingEpidemiology – Healthy Worker Effect

What can an OHN do? Programs evaluationMaintain confidentialitySafety committee resourceErgonomic program resourceWHMIS / OH&S Act / First aid educationClinical monitoring

Where do OHNs Work Business / manufacturing / processingGovernment agencies / DepartmentsHealth care facilitiesCommunity health/Public HealthSelf employed / ConsultantsOffshoreInsurance Companies: Case Management

When did OHN Nursing Begin?

“Father of Occupational MedicineBernardino Ramazzini”

Primary Health Care Providers Primary care includes health promotion, diseaseprevention, health maintenance, counseling, patienteducation, diagnosis and treatment of acute andchronic illnesses in a variety of health care settings(office, inpatient, critical care, long-term care, homecare, day care, etc.). Primary care is performed andmanaged by a trusted health care provider oftencollaborating with other health professionals, andutilizing consultation or referral as appropriate

Primary Health Care Providers Primary care provides patient advocacy in the healthcare system and workplace to accomplish costeffective care by coordination of health careservices. Primary care promotes effectivecommunication with patients and encourages therole of the patient as a partner in health care.

Primary Health Care – OHNNursing Primary care is that care provided by Trusted HealthCare providers specifically trained for and skilled incomprehensive first contact and continuing care forpersons with any undiagnosed or diagnosed sign,symptom, or health concern which maybe biological(environmental), behavioral or social in origin

Learning Curve for OHNs Independent/ Remote PracticeOccupational Health Practice & Primary CareReportable and recordable injuries,Components of industrial hygieneWorkers Compensation LegislationErgonomicsFunctions specific to health surveillance

Learning Curve for OHNs Occupational Health & Safety Act Occupational Safety Practice Toxicology Environmental Risks to Health Social & Behavioural Aspects of OccupationalHealth Men’s Health

Importance of Work Work is one of the most fundamental aspects in aperson’s life, providing the individual with a meansof financial support and, as importantly, acontributory role in society. A person’s employmentis an essential component of his or her sense ofidentity, self-worth and emotional well-being.”(Supreme Court of Canada 1987).

Linda Blevins, an occupational health nurse with theEmployee Health Clinic, checks blood pressure forMarta Collins, a family health nurse at Hall Health.You can get your blood pressure checked at theEmployee Health Clinic, too.

Work Factors Threatening Mental Health & PhysicalSafety (Shain 2001) Lack of status rewardsDiscriminationHarassmentPoor communicationToo little or too muchresponsibility Lack of influence overday to day work Work overload andtime pressure Lack of training and/orpreparation Ambiguity in jobresponsibility neglect of legal andsafety obligations

Difference Populations Cared For Traditionalists – born prior to 1946 Baby Boomers – 80 million strong 19461964 Generation X (1965-1981)– 46 million Millennial generation (1982-2000) 76 millionstrong

Baby Boomers (1946-1964) Like life in the fast line However they cannot run as fast as they useto Idealistic & and optimistic with manyresponsibilities with aging parents & growingkids Like more time off – most valuable reward

Generation X Born in 1965-1981 Major influence that shaped this generation wasdivorce Influenced by the explosion of media High independent and entrepreneurial Highly skeptical generation Lots of learning opportunities. Stimulating career. (Lancaster & Stillman, 2003)

Millennials (1982-2000) Digital generation Have had boomers as parents who haveencouraged them to seek work that hasmeaning Technology Needed in work places at warp speed butnot coming as fast enough.

Why are OHNs Cost Effective? Decreased sick leaveReduced cost of premiumsIncreased employee morale / productivityIncreased experienced employee retentionTesting / referral in-houseControl of standards / consultants

Why have an OHN at yourworkplace? Generalist and referral sourceEmployee advocateNegotiatorExpert interpreterFuture requirements

Program Planning - Assessment Health status of worker populations, such asnutritional status, exercise habits, personalbehaviours, and lifestyle related to risks. Environmental assessments at work sitesidentifies existing and potential health andsafety hazards – date on worker injury andillness data

Assessment Tools QuestionnairesHealth Risk appraisalsWorkplace walk-through reportsEmployee health and safety recordsCase management reportsInterviews with employees & managementHealth Insurance claimsWorkers compensation formsMedical utilizations data.

Planning What is the health of your employeepopulation? Program planning is the recipe for theimplementing health services goals andobjectives

DID YOU KNOW? Currently Nova Scotia is one of the unhealthiestprovinces. Nova Scotia has the second lowest life expectancyin Canada. It has the second highest rate in deaths. It has the highest rate in cancer deaths, breastcancer deaths and respiratory (lung) deaths. It has the second highest rate in circulatory deaths(heart) and lung cancer deaths. The health status for Nova Scotia is that is has thehighest rate of arthritis/rheumatism, diabetes, selfreported fair/poor health and self-reported functionalproblems (Power, 2001).

Health Determinants What determines an individual’s health isbased on their social-economic environment,their physical environment, their individualcapacity and coping skills, their personalhealth practices and their access to atrusted health care provider and healthservices (Power, 2001).

Federation of Occupational Health Nurseswithin the European Union - Est.1993

Statistics - AAOHN Workers' Compensation Costs average 100,000 per 100 full-timeworkers per year (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 9/07). Full-time workersare defined as those working 2,000 hours a year.Health Care Insurance Costs average 3,780 per full-time employeeper year. This annualized figure was derived from a Bureau of LaborStatistics, 9/07 average of 1.89 per hour x 2,000 hours.Lost Work Time Cases average 4.4 cases per 100 full-time employeesper year (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 9/07).Our CalculationsWorkers' Compensation calculation: [100 / # of FT empl.] x [Total WCCost per Year]Health Care Costs: Direct comparison to average, no calculationrequired.Lost Work Time Cases calculation: [100 / # of FT empl.] x [Total no. ofcases].

Nurses – The best at Caring

Did you know All nurses are leaders – 1 in every 70people are nurses.

Who Supports The OHN in theWorkplace? Workers Compensation Act Occupational Health and Safety Act College of Nursing – Protecting the publicthrough professional standards Canadian Nurses Protective Society Union

Nursing Facts in 40 nurses end up in court (2006) - BUTDocumentationExcellent Nursing CareNursing Litigation Issues are:Failure to communicateInadequate patient assessmentMedication ErrorsUnsafe and improper equipment use.Reference Chris Rokosh, Litigation Stress in Nurses: Aliterature review and survey.

Where did I learn these traits? All I really need to know I learned inKINDERGARTEN(Reference: Robert Fulghum)

Rules Share everythingPlay fairDon’t hit peoplePut things back where you found themClean up your own messDon’t take things that aren’t yoursSay your sorry when you hurt somebody.

Rules Wash your hands before you eatFlushWarm cookies and milk are good for youLive a balance life – learn some and thinksome and draw and paint and sing anddance and play and work every day some Take an afternoon nap

Rules When you go out into the world, watch outfor traffic, hold hands, and stick together. Wonder. The biggest word of all LOOK. If all governments had a basic policy toalways put things back where they foundthem and to clean up their own mess – justthink what it would be like.

Adult Rules Drive soberBuckle upWear the gearGet trainedLook before you move

Qualities of an OHN (8 attitudes ofleadership) Lively intellectual curiosity .Genuine interest in what other people think .Feeling of special responsibility to envision a future that isdifferent from what has been done in the past.A hunch that most risks are there not be avoided but to be taken.A mindset that crises are normal and tension is a good thing.A realization that paranoia and self-pity are reserved for peoplewho don’t want to be leaders. A sense of personal responsibility for the general outcomeof your efforts. Unwarranted optimism. 1 Cleveland, H. (2002) Nobody in Charge: Essays on the Future of Leadership; San Francisco: JosseyBass.

DID YOU KNOW The economic stimulus package means 2.5million construction worker physicals, drugscreens, and work compensation injury care. Is your workplace ready for OccupationalHealth Nursing and Occupational HealthMedicine?

11 Magic things I have learned asan OHN Health and Safety come hand in handChallenge opportunityTrust your instincts/gutListen to your colleagues and employeesMake your boss look goodIf you don't ask you don't getListen, learn, networkWork through othersChange can be managedYou can make a differenceNothing ventured nothing gained.

Summary No matter how old you are – when you goout into the world, it is best to hold handsand stick together. When you are ripe you rot when your greenyou grow .Robert Fulghum

Primary Health Care Providers Primary care includes health promotion, disease prevention, health maintenance, counseling, patient education, diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic illnesses in a variety of health care settings (office, inpatient, critical care, long-term care, home care, day care, etc.). Primary care is performed and

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