1977 Gas Mileage Guide: Second Edition

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How ToUse This GuideMid-Size-Between 130 and 160 cubic feetinside (pages 23-24).Large-160 or more cubic feet inside (pages24-25).4This "Gas Mileage Guide" gives /th estimatedfuel economy in miles per gallonl( P 6 of 1977model year cars, station wagons, a d ;fit trucks.These vehicles were certified by EPA as ofJanuary 24, 1977.Truck ClassesSmall Pickups-Trucks having Gross VehicleWeight Ratings (truck weight plus carryingcapacity) under 4500 pounds (page 25). Standard Pickups-Trucks having GVWR'sover 4500 pounds (page 26).Van/Speclal Purpose class-All other lighttrucks (pages 27-28).In each size class, you will find the followinginformation on every model type:All new car dealers are required tbthis Guide in their showroom.How The Guide lo 0rg zedTo help you compare the fuelsized vehicles, the passengerwagons are grouped intotheir interior size, anutillty. This meansapproximately thesame class. Trucks are groupedin terms of gross vehicle weightManufacturer and car line namesThe manufacturers are listed alphabetically. Undereach manufacturer, the car lines are listedalphabetically.Vehicle DescriptionCar ClassesTwo-Seater-Cars designedonly two adults (page 20).Sedans,.ISubcompact-Cars having up1t o 100 cubic feetof passenger and luggage volub (pages 9-13).Compact-Cars having 100 to 1 0 cubic feetinside (pages 13-1 5).Mid-Size-Cars having 110 to 12 c u i c feetinside (pages 16-1 8).Large-Cars having more tha 1 0 cubic feetinside @age 19).Station WagonsidI ISmall-Less than 130 cubic f d tand cargo volume (pages 21-22).aEach line in the Guide shows a different modei rna car line. For each model. there aredesignations of the engine size and thetype of transmission ("A" for automat c:"M"for manual). The type of each vehicle's fuelsystem is indicated either by "FI" for fuelinjection or by the number of barrels in thecarburetor. The interior volume index columnlists two numbers (in cubic feet). The first is anestimate of the size of the passengercompartment: the second, the size of thetrunk or. in station wagons and hatchbacks,the cargo space behind the second seat.Three Fuel Economy EstimatesCity fuel economy reflects trips for local errands,driving to work, and general stop-and-go driving inurban and suburban areas.Highway fuel economy reflects long-distancedriving on non-urban roads and on interstatehighways at a speed averaging about 50 MPHwith no stops.3

fuel economy is a weighted average ofhighway estimates based on Federalstudies of average US.alue (which assumesnd half highway driving) ISwhat the average driver can expect in overallummer driving on level roads after the car haseen broken in.Fuel CostThis value is an estimate of what you would payfor fuel in 1 year if you drive 15,000 miles and pay65 cents per gallon for gasoline (or 55 cents pergallon for diesel fuel). Check the Fuel Costadditional information on yearly fuel costs aterent prices per galion.II you don't know which class a vehicle is in, turnto the index where manufacturers and car linesare listed alphabetically. Aiter each model name,the appropriate size class is given. By locatingthat size class and the manufacturer, you will beable to find the specific model. The index islocated on pages 28-32.Additional information is provided in this Guide on.o Factors that affect fuel economy (page 6).@ EPA fuel economy tests (page 8).All 1977 passenger .automobiles and light trucksare required to h w e gas mileage labels if theyhave gross vehicle weights of 6000 pounds orless. There are two types of labels. The one thatwill appear on most vehicles is the General Label.The fuel econcmy numbers on these labels arethe same as those that appear in this "GasMileage Guide" and are based on an average offuel economy test results for similar versions of agiven model.ich will be clearly markedve additional informationabout that vehicle's characteristics andnomy estimates that relate to aal vehicle within the model line.cause of this, the Specific Label in some casesI have fuel economy estimates that are differentfrom the General Label values in the "GasMileage Guide."Also, the estimates on a Specific Label may notfall into the range of fuel economy estimateslisted for its class. This is because a specificmodel may be more fuel efficient than the averagefor the model type-uel Costs, Iner 10,000 MilesExample: If you pay an average of 60 cents per gallonand your car gets 12 MPG, your fuel cost for 10,000miles of driving is 500. If you drive 20,000 miles ayear, your annual fuel cost will be twice this figure, or 1,000. If you own a car that gets 20 MPG, yourannual fuel cost for 10,000 miles at 60 cents pergallon is 300.

Factors That AffecFuel Economy4How You DriveThe fuel economy numbers in thisresult of carefully controlled testswell-maintained test vehicles. Anybetween the test conditions and theyour vehicle, your driving habits, andtraffic conditions under which youwill probably result in a different fuelfrom that listed for your car.f emperatureISummer temperatures (over 70 F.)fuel economy than winterfor example, there can bepercent fuel economycombined MPGWind'1Wind can increase or decrease fuelExamples for a car that normally(combined) are:18 MPH tailwind-abouteconomy (2.4 MPG).18 MPH crosswind-- aboutl-percent lobs in fueleconomy (0.2 MPG).18 MPH headwind-about 10-percefuel economy (2 MPG).PrecipitationIRain or snow, and the wet roads that re/suit,cancause an approximate 10-percent loss ib fbeleconomy (2 MPG for a 20-MPG vehiclel.IRoad ConditionRough or loose road surfaces (suchgravel) can also cause a fuelranging between 10 and 30 percentMPG for a PO-MPG vehicle). Carson hilly roads than flat roads. Thegoing downhill does notgoing uphill. Mountaingreater fuel economy penalty.IAn engine that is already warmed up (such as onethat was used in the last 4 hours) requires lessfuel to reach its most efficient operating conditionthan a "cold" engine (such as one in a car parkedovernight). Trip length also affects fuel economy.Shorter trips (under 5 miles) do not allow theengine to reach its best operating condition,whereas longer trips allow the peak operatingtemperature and engine condition to be obtained.This does not mean that you can save fuel byincreasing the length of your short trips. It doesmean that.by combining numerous short trips intoa single, longer trip you can save fuel by reducingthe total miles driven as well as taking advantageof your vehicle's warmed-up condition.Smooth, even driving improves fuel economyperformance; therefore, try to avoid sudden stopsand starts. By anticipating stop lights andintersections, you can slow down gradually. Also,avoid rapid accelerations. On the highway, you willimprove your fuel economy by driving at or belowthe 55-MPH speed limit.Your Vehicle's ConditionThe condition of your vehicle is important, too, forfuel economy reasons:Maintain your vehicle according to themanufacturer's specifications. On the average,a tuned-up vehicle gets approximately 3 to 9percent better fuel economy than one that hasnot been properly maintained.Keep the tires inflated to the proper pressure.Underinflated tires can cause a fuel economyloss.For a more detailed technical discussion of thefactors that affect fuei economy, write for"Factors Affecting Fuel Economy"Public Information Center (PM-215)US. Environmental Protection AgencyWashington, D.C. 20460

\Fuelom tests conducted or approved bythe U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).These tests are performed on vehicles submittedy the auto industry to EPA to demonstrateompliance with the requirements of the Ciean Airct and the Energy Policy and Conservation Act.Each vehicle is tested under precisely controlledconditions by professional drivers in a laboratorydynamometer. The dynamometer is amachine that permits exact sirnulvehicle's operation under variousconditions. Temperature is controlled in thelaboratory in a range of 68" to 86 F. in order toprovide the same temperature conditions for allvehicles.*0ulates a 7.5-mile, stop-and-go tripwith a speed range of 0 to 56 MPH, and anaverage speed of 20 MPH. The trip takes 23minutes and has 18 stops. Eighteen percent ofthe trip is spent idling, such as would be expectedin the city at traffic lights or in rush-hour traffic.Two kinds of engine starts are used. One is a coldstart, which is similar to starting a car in themorning after it has been parked all night. Theother is a hot start, which is similar to starting avehicle after having parked it for a short timehile shopping. The information from this test isthen combined to represent the fuel economy ofthat vehicle during a realistic mixture of hot andcold starts during urban driving conditions.begins with the vehan average speed of about 50 MPH and lasts 13minutes. The speed during the test ranges from 0to 60 MPH. If your highway driving speedaverages faster han the test's average of 50expect to achieve poorer fueleconomy than the highway fuel economyestimate in this Guide-about 10 to 15 percentless for every 10 MPH above 50 MPH.*8GREMLINAVANT lAVANT! TSUN'NOT EQUIPPED WITH CATALYST

SUBCOMPACT C A R SS U S C O M F k C ? CARSFuel EconornvJAGUARDATSUN5210F-102WSX710810DODGEJAGUAR XJJAGUAR U CLATFIATLANCIA BETA128131 MlRAFlORlMUDACOSMOGLCRX-3FORDMAVERICKRX-4MUSTANG I1PINTOHONDAACCORDCVCCPLYMOUTHARROWCIVICCIVIC cvcc'NOT EQUIPPED WITH CATALYST#AVAILABLE IN PuERTO RIG0 ONLYwcER#8/4.IA'NOT EQUIPPED WiTH CATALYST#AVAILABLE IN PUERTO RlCO ONLY

RRASTRESCIROCCORENAULTAMERICANMOTORS12HORNET1717 ONAWICKVOLKSWAGENSKYLARKBEETLEDASHERDASHER DIESELht4'"NOT EQUIPPED WlTH CATALYST#AVAILABLE IN PUERTO RlCOCADILUCSEVILLECHEVROLETMONTE CARL0'NOT EQUIPPED WITH CATALYST

COMPACT C A R SCOMPACT C A R SIManutaclurersVah cleDercr ppi-,o E."f 5;?.5peBFuel Economv; p;i:tsC sY LCirfManufacturersZ2 2:5E0 eg.5F% .CHEVROLETMAMAMADOOQEASPEN11224411M 2A2M 2A 2A2A 16816280SE16816300D18315'11122223116Q3l I66018'NOT EQUIPPED WlTH CATALYST 443 488 513 5425650 5742320 424 488 486 542 513 574SO9 75020181917I613242420181816171615 406 406 48825421542S6CS 574 609 650OLOSMOBILEGMECAPEUGEOT504 DIESELPLYMOUTHVOLAREPONYIACGRAND PRlXVENTURAIPHOENIXROLLS-ROYCEROLLS ROYCE/BENTLEYVOLVO24026'3AMAAAA1FIFIFlFlFIOLO MO ILEOMEGA222019181517MAA222151141511423116231 16301183011830518412/813014130141631616316'NOT EQUIPPED WlTH 3/14A288/12MFIAFlFIFI89/1489/1489/1489114AMAMA: : I I: :I

Menufacturets1Vehicle Descrl NMERCURYCONTINENTALMARK V1513COUGARlCOUGARXR-7' DUE TO ENGINE SUBSTITUTION BY THE MANUFACTURER. THE COMBINED MPG MAY BE I MPG LESS ON THE CAR YOU RECEIVE171615MERCEDES-BEN2450 SEL450 SEL 6 4LL

MID-SIZE CARSVehicle anufaclurers I anutactumrsPONTIAC1Vehicle Descri tionCHRYSLERLEMANSLARGE CARSManufacturersVehlcloFuel A 88WICKELECTRALESABRETORONADOPLYMOUTHGRAN OLET' DUE TO ENGINE SUBSTITUTION BY THE MANUFACTURER. THE U)MBINED MPO MAY BE 1 MPG LESS ON THE CAR YOU RECElVE'WE TO ENGINE SUBSTITUTION BY THEBINED MPG MAY BE 1 MPG LESS ON THE CARCTURER. THECElVEWM.

ManufacturersVshicle 0@scrr&nFuel\Y-II,-so"13 ".CORVETTE5650s574MOTORS54646488PACER WAGON6464 361S42A54665886 8865886 650 443 361MIDGETAUDIFOX WAGONCHEVROLETVEGA WAGONDATSUF-10 WAGON710 WAGON810 WAGONPORSCHE5574 5425542 464911sTRIUMPHCOLT WAGONFIATSPITFIRE 361 4065406It443'NOT EOUIPPED WlTH CATALYSTDODGE128 WAGON131 ESTATEWAGONFORDPINTO WAGONHONDACIVIC c v c cWAGON'NOT EQUIPPED WlTH CATALYST

SMALL STATION WAGONSoncMfD-SIZE STATION W A G O N SManufacturers1V e h c kD e s c r o t i iPsE81624M2sRX-4 WAGON213611011 ASTRE SAFARIWAGONM27RENAULTCOUGAR WAGON 35118262212 WAGON3227TOYOTA40018OLDSMOBILEVISTA CRUISERWAGON3501840318PEUGEOT32272524504 DIESELWAGON28211014'M141 14'14114'PLYMOUTHFURY WAGONVOLKSWAGENDASHER WAGONDIESELLINCOLNMERCURYVOLARE WAGON40-'NOT EQUIPPED WITH CATALYST#AVAILABLE IN WERTO RiCO CLEMANS SAFARIWAGON3 0 1I 6' DUE TO ENGINE SUBSTITUTION BY THE MANUFACTURER. THEBINED MPG MAY BE 2 MPG LESS ON THE CAR YOU RECEIVECOM-

0uk4anufsclurersWshlcle Descripl onManutnctumraFuel EconomyIVehicle Descri ttonIFuelVQLVO245 WAGONWAGONPLYMOUTH,GRAN FURYWAGON0018I / /4018ManufncturersVehicleEconomy1 i!PONTIAC SAFARIWAGON' DUE TO ENGINE SUBSTITUTION BY THE MANUFACTURER. THE COMBWED MPG MAY BE 2 MPG LEES ON THE CAR YOU LERWAGONLUV PICKUPOATSUNPICKUPDODGEROYAL MONACOWAGONLINGOLNMERCURYMERCURYWAGONTOYQTA'NOT EQUIPPEO WITH CATALYST

Manufacturers1V e h c lD ei s c r p t o nFuel EconcPAQEPOST mIc VEHICLEGREMLINHORNETHORNET WAGONMATAlXWlMATAWR WAGONPACERPACER WAGONJEEPJEEP(CJ-5EJ-7)LVMOUTUTILITYAVAMI liSUBCOMPACT CARSB320(SUBCOMPACT CARSSUBCOMPACT CARS8CENTURYlREGALEECTRAESTATE WAGONLESABREOPEL BY TOYQTHILUX C A BCrlASSlSLAND CRUISERLAND CRUISERWAGON9132118241321SUBCOMPACT CARSWALL STATION WAGONSCOMPACT CARSCENTURY WAGONVANMlDSiZESTATION WAGONS,MlDSlZE CARSURGE CARSURGE STATION WAGONSURGE CARSSUBCOMPACT CARSURGE CARSSUBCOMPACTCOMPACT CARSCARS1818B18913CHECKERMIDSIZE CARS16L W CAB CHASSISL W PICKUPMALIBUMALlBU WAGONMONTE CARL0MOWANOVA .PICKUPVANVEGAM G A WAGONLARGE CARSCANE STATION WAGONS1924PICKUP810 WAGON2725 '1623IS8142627162s2QOSx710 WAGON81020269-101021F-10F-10 WAGON710B9182492152102002I61813TWO SEATERSSTANDARD PICKUPTRUCKSVANSlSPEClAL W R POSETRUCKSSMALL PICKUP TRUCKSMlPSlZE CARSMIPSIZESTATION WAGONSCOMPACT CARSSUBCOMPACT CARS-PACTCARSSTANDARD PICKUPTRUCKSVANSlSPEClAL PURPOSETRUCKSSUBCOMPACT CARSSMALL STATION WAGONSMIDSIZE CARSWashington, D.C. n923EUXWIADOURGE CARSFor additional single copies of the "1977 GasMileage Guide," write:131827VOLKSWAGEN.B27LARGE CARSVWSISPECIAL PURPOSETRUCKSMIDSIZE CARSURGE CARSCOMPACT CARSSUBCOMPACT CARSSUBCOMPACT CARS'NOT EQUIPPED WITH CATALYST27FOXFOX WAGONlWLs53Dllb30CSIBUS (WAGON.KOMBI.CAMPMOBILE)VWSlSPEClAL PURPOSETRUCKS.---.-.-SUBCOMPACT CARSSMALL STATION WAGONSSUBCOMPACT CARSSMALL STATION WAG3NS10207027102129

ASPENASPEN WAGONCELESTEwSE&-TWAGONMONACOUONMX) WAGONROYAL MONACOROYAL MONACOMUlL PKXUP TRUCKSWKoMPACT CARS8uBcoMPACT CARSSUML PlCKUP TRUCKSSUBCOWPACT CARS8UBCOMPACT CARSSTATION WAGONSSUKoMPACT CARSSMALL STATION WAGONSLANClA BETALANaA BETASCORPIONXIID124 SPORTCOMPACT CARSCOMPA-TCARSCOUPAT" CARSCOMPACT CARSCOMPACT CARSMlPSlZE CARSMlPSUE CARSMSEATERS128BRONCOTWOSEATEASTWOSEATEASCOURIER UBCHASSlSCOURIER PICKUPKJADFORD WAGONGRANADAUR(3E STAilONWAGONSLTD IILTD I1 WAGONMAVERMMUSTANG I1PlCKUPTHUNDERBIRDVAN ECQNC INEICLUB WAGON)PICXUPVANGRAN FURYORlrNNAYWAOONmmVANVOLAREVOURE WAGONSUBCOWPACT CARSSMAU S T A W WAGONS8UBCOklPACT CARSa x P A C T CARS

ROLLSROYCUCARS95S U W U WAWRSUBCOLlPACTCARSSMA4.L S T A W WAf33MaBPmEV12SUBCOUPACT CARSSUBCOMPACT URSsM4I.L STATON WAGONSSUBCOMPACTURSSMALL STATION WAGONSSMMLPKXUPTRuacsvms/S!'EaAL RlRPOSETRUCKSVANSlSpEaAL FmmsELANDCRUlSEflWAGONTRUCKSVANS/ SPEClM PUR#36ETRUCKSCAMPMoelLE)DAY(ERSUBCOMPACT CARSDASHER I)rESELSUBCOMPACT CARSOASHB WAGONSMALL STATlOhl WAGONSeEWAGONR.SMALL STATION WAGONSUitSeLRABBITWeCOMPACT CARSSUBCOMPACT CARSSUBCaMPACT CARS2402435 WAMNW P A C T UlRSMlDSlZESTATKW WAOONSCOMPACT CARSMlDSlzESTATION WAGONSRABBIT DIESELSaROOCO260265 WAMN*US. GOVERNMENT P W M G OFFICE: 19770228-3211212a222

Two-Seater-Cars designed only two adults (page 20). Sedans , . I Subcompact-Cars having up1 to 100 cubic feet of passenger and luggage volub (pages 9-13). a Compact-Cars having 100 to 1 0 cubic feet inside (pages 1 3-1 5). Mid-Size-Cars having 1 10 to 12 cuic feet inside (pages 16-1 8). Large-Cars

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