Asphalt 107 Maintenance: Striping 101

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Asphalt 107Maintenance: Striping 101Sam GranadosIntegrated Snow Removal, IncWheat Ridge, CO 80033www.integratedsnow.com

Introduction1.2.3.4.5.6.7.Stripes and linesPaintParking stall sizes and typesADA requirementsLayout considerationsMarking typesCement parking structures2

Striping 101 Today we will be talking about basic striping.3

Lines Does anyone know the equation of a line?4

Lines5

Lines Let me rephrase the question—a straight line 5

Lines Let me rephrase the question—a straight line f(x) m(x) b5

Lines Let me rephrase the question—a straight line f(x) m(x) by m(x) b5

Lines6

Lines Now that you know the equation of a line, here is thedefinition of a line:6

Lines Now that you know the equation of a line, here is thedefinition of a line: Line: A straight geometric element that is generatedby a moving point and that has extension only alongthe data of the point.6

Lines Now that you know the equation of a line, here is thedefinition of a line: Line: A straight geometric element that is generatedby a moving point and that has extension only alongthe data of the point.We could get really seriousand go into linear equationsof linear functions.We won’t though.6

3 Types of Stripes7

3 Types of Stripes1.New layout.7

3 Types of Stripes1.2.New layout.Restripes.7

3 Types of Stripes1.2.3.New layout.Restripes.Resurfaced restripes.7

Parking Stripes A line is 4” wide by 15’-18’ long.8

Paint9

Paint There are two types of paint.9

Paint 1.There are two types of paint.Alykd i.e. oil based.9

Paint 1.2.There are two types of paint.Alykd i.e. oil based.Latex.9

Paint Alkyd is for restripes and new layouts.10

Paint Latex is used for resurfaced lots, though it canbe used for restriping and new layouts, too.11

Specifications A new line should be 15 mils thick (usually done intwo coats).This line is 15 mils thick12

Millage13

Millage The first coat seals the asphalt and the second coat isapplied to get your millage once the first coat has dried.13

Millage The first coat seals the asphalt and the second coat isapplied to get your millage once the first coat has dried.If you are in the neighborhood of 15 mils you should begetting 305 L.F./gallon /- 4% of your 4” line.13

Parking StallsThere are three types ofparking stalls.1.Straight in parking90 Diagram courtesy of http://www.qcode.us/codes/danapoint/view.php?topic 9-9 35-9 35 070&frames on14

Parking Stalls2.Angle parking45 -60 Diagram courtesy of http://www.qcode.us/codes/danapoint/view.php?topic 9-9 35-9 35 070&frames on15

Parking Stalls3.Parallel parking.90 , yet parallel toa border.The lines areperpendicular.Diagram courtesy of http://www.qcode.us/codes/danapoint/view.php?topic 9-9 35-9 35 070&frames on16

Parking StallsThere are three sizes of stalls.1.Typical 9’x18’.**Depending on the zoning of each city, there are certain guidelines you must follow.17

Parking Stalls2.Handicap minimum 8’stall-minimum 5’ accessway.**Depending on the zoning of each city, there are certain guidelines you must follow.18

Parking Stalls3.Compact 7.5’x15’ or 8.5’x16’.**Depending on the zoning of each city, there are certain guidelines you must follow.19

Aisle Width Typical stalls require a minimum 22’ aisle waybetween stalls. Generally, 24’ is used throughout.20

Aisle Width Angle parking requires a minimum of 16’ aisle way.21

Aisle WidthDiagram courtesy of opic 36-3-36 310-36 310 080&frames on22

Aisle Width Parallel parking requires a minimum of 22’ aisle waywith 2-way traffic.Diagram courtesy of opic 36-3-36 310-36 310 080&frames on22

Aisle Width Parallel parking requires a minimum of 22’ aisle waywith 2-way traffic.Parallel parking requires a minimum of 12’ aisle wayfor 1-way traffic.Diagram courtesy of opic 36-3-36 310-36 310 080&frames on22

Recommended Stall Configurations23

Parking DimensionsFrom Ramsey/Sleeper Architectural Graphic Standards, 9th ed., The American Institute of Architects, 1994.24

ADA Code On July 26, 1990, TheAmericans withDisabilities Act (ADA) wassigned into law.25

ADA Code On July 26, 1990, TheAmericans withDisabilities Act (ADA) wassigned into law.It became effective onJuly 26, 1992.25

ADA Code On July 26, 1990, TheAmericans withDisabilities Act (ADA) wassigned into law.It became effective onJuly 26, 1992.Section 4.6 in the ADAHandbook will give you allof the 1990 ADArequirements.25

ADA Handicap Stall Parking RequirementTotal Parking in LotRequired Minimum Number of Accessible Spaces1 to 25126 to 50251 to 75376 to 1004101 to 1505151 to 2006201 to 3007301 to 4008401 to 5009501 to 10002 percent of total1001 and over20 plus 1 for each 100 over 1000Data courtesy of ex.html26

ADA Signage Requirements To be in compliance withADA code, signage mustbe on the pavement aswell as on an uprightsign.Diagram courtesy of http://www.ada.gov/reg3a/fig43a.htm27

ADA Required SlopeDiagram courtesy of ex.html28

ADA Required Cross SlopeDiagram courtesy of ex.html29

ADA Minimum RequirementDiagram courtesy of ex.html30

Standard ADAFrom Ramsey/Sleeper Architectural Graphic Standards, 9th ed., The American Institute of Architects, 1994.31

ADA Van AccessibleDiagram courtesy of ex.html32

ADA Van Space at End RowFrom Ramsey/Sleeper Architectural Graphic Standards, 9th ed., The American Institute of Architects, 1994.33

Universal H.C.From Ramsey/Sleeper Architectural Graphic Standards, 9th ed., The American Institute of Architects, 1994.34

ADA Parallel Parking RequirementDiagram courtesy of ex.html35

OverhangsFrom Ramsey/Sleeper Architectural Graphic Standards, 9th ed., The American Institute of Architects, 1994.36

Overhangs Minimum 2’ overhangrequirement.From Ramsey/Sleeper Architectural Graphic Standards, 9th ed., The American Institute of Architects, 1994.36

Overhangs Minimum 2’ overhangrequirement.Optimum 3’ overhangresults in bestclearance.From Ramsey/Sleeper Architectural Graphic Standards, 9th ed., The American Institute of Architects, 1994.36

OverhangsFrom Ramsey/Sleeper Architectural Graphic Standards, 9th ed., The American Institute of Architects, 1994.37

Overhangs Overhang variancesare needed wherecurbs, sidewalks, andsignage exist.From Ramsey/Sleeper Architectural Graphic Standards, 9th ed., The American Institute of Architects, 1994.37

Overhangs Overhang variancesare needed wherecurbs, sidewalks, andsignage exist.Overhangs also comeinto effect whereretaining walls arepresent.From Ramsey/Sleeper Architectural Graphic Standards, 9th ed., The American Institute of Architects, 1994.37

Vertical ClearanceDiagram courtesy of http://www.qcode.us/codes/danapoint/view.php?topic 9-9 35-9 35 070&frames on38

Parking Stall EncroachmentsDiagram courtesy of http://www.qcode.us/codes/danapoint/view.php?topic 9-9 35-9 35 070&frames on39

Codes: No Parking and Fire Lane To legally tow in a fire lane, there must be bothmarkings on the curb or pavement and onupright signage.40

Drive Lane SignageDiagram courtesy of Fire Lane Sign Requirements by the City of Colorado Springs Fire Department, 1999.41

Stop Bars and Symbols42

Field Verification43

Field Verification Verify the lot beforestarting to layout.43

Field Verification Verify the lot beforestarting to layout.9 out of 10 times theislands or dimensions willbe off.43

Field Verification Verify the lot beforestarting to layout.9 out of 10 times theislands or dimensions willbe off.Do this first or it can costyou large amounts oftime.43

Curbs44

Curbs TBOC—top back of curb.44

Curbs TBOC—top back of curb.FOC—front of curb.44

Curbs TBOC—top back of curb.FOC—front of curb.That 6” can cost youdearly.44

Precision Layout45

Precision Layout It is simple 45

Precision Layout It is simple Always repeat your steps.45

Precision Layout It is simple Always repeat your steps.Always use a tape measure.45

Precision Layout It is simple Always repeat your steps.Always use a tape measure.Never use a wheel to layout.45

Precision Layout It is simple Always repeat your steps.Always use a tape measure.Never use a wheel to layout.45

Precision Layout It is simple Always repeat your steps.Always use a tape measure.Never use a wheel to layout.If you have 40 stalls and you are off ¼” everytime your layout will be off by 10”.45

Precision Layout Use strings, lasers, or theodolite instruments ifpossible. (i.e. Airports or long lining.)46

Passenger Loading ZonesFrom Ramsey/Sleeper Architectural Graphic Standards, 9th ed., The American Institute of Architects, 1994.47

Parking StructuresFrom Ramsey/Sleeper Architectural Graphic Standards, 9th ed., The American Institute of Architects, 1994.48

Parking StructuresFrom Ramsey/Sleeper Architectural Graphic Standards, 9th ed., The American Institute of Architects, 1994.49

Small Lot—One WayFrom Ramsey/Sleeper Architectural Graphic Standards, 9th ed., The American Institute of Architects, 1994.50

CarportsFrom Ramsey/Sleeper Architectural Graphic Standards, 9th ed., The American Institute of Architects, 1994.51

“As Built” aka Design Work52

“As Built” aka Design Work Change orders.52

“As Built” aka Design Work Change orders.Not in original plans.52

“As Built” aka Design Work Change orders.Not in original plans.Owner’s or generalcontractor’s by passarchitect and engineeringfirms.52

“As Built” aka Design Work Change orders.Not in original plans.Owner’s or generalcontractor’s by passarchitect and engineeringfirms.Emergency work.52

“As Built” aka Design Work Change orders.Not in original plans.Owner’s or generalcontractor’s by passarchitect and engineeringfirms.Emergency work.Know the codes in themunicipality.52

“As Built” aka Design Work Change orders.Not in original plans.Owner’s or generalcontractor’s by passarchitect and engineeringfirms.Emergency work.Know the codes in themunicipality.Weekend warriors usuallycannot perform.52

Airless Marking Machines53

Airless Marking Machines Provide professionalquality crisp lines.53

Airless Marking Machines Provide professionalquality crisp lines.Easy to use.53

Airless Marking Machines Provide professionalquality crisp lines.Easy to use.Low maintenance.53

Airless Marking Machines Provide professionalquality crisp lines.Easy to use.Low maintenance.Cost more.53

Air Marking Machines54

Air Marking Machines Mix air with the paint.54

Air Marking Machines Mix air with the paint.More forgiving.54

Air Marking Machines Mix air with the paint.More forgiving.Fuzzy.54

Air Marking Machines Mix air with the paint.More forgiving.Fuzzy.More maintenance.54

Air Marking Machines Mix air with the paint.More forgiving.Fuzzy.More maintenance.Cheaper.54

Air Marking Machines Mix air with the paint.More forgiving.Fuzzy.More maintenance.Cheaper.Time/money.54

Pre-Formed Markings55

Pre-Formed Markings Preformed thermoplastic markings are analternative to traditional line markings.55

Pre-Formed Markings Preformed thermoplastic markings are analternative to traditional line markings.Last longer.55

Pre-Formed Markings Preformed thermoplastic markings are analternative to traditional line markings.Last longer.Great for complex designs.55

Pre-Formed Markings Preformed thermoplastic markings are analternative to traditional line markings.Last longer.Great for complex designs.Great for symbols.55

Pre-Formed Markings Preformed thermoplastic markings are analternative to traditional line markings.Last longer.Great for complex designs.Great for symbols.Great for traction.55

Pre-Formed Markings Preformed thermoplastic markings are analternative to traditional line markings.Last longer.Great for complex designs.Great for symbols.Great for traction.Not good for snow belt regions.55

Wheel Stops56

Wheel Stops Concrete.56

Wheel Stops Concrete.Plastic.56

Wheel Stops Concrete.Plastic.Aid in preventing sign or retaining wall damage.56

Wheel Stops Concrete.Plastic.Aid in preventing sign or retaining wall damage.Popular in parking structures.56

Wheel Stops Concrete.Plastic.Aid in preventing sign or retaining wall damage.Popular in parking structures.A must in ADA handicap parking areas.56

Wheel Stops Concrete.Plastic.Aid in preventing sign or retaining wall damage.Popular in parking structures.A must in ADA handicap parking areas.Paint wheel stop before installing.56

Wheel Stops Concrete.Plastic.Aid in preventing sign or retaining wall damage.Popular in parking structures.A must in ADA handicap parking areas.Paint wheel stop before installing.Paint stripes before installing.56

Bollards57

Bollards Labor intensive.57

Bollards Labor intensive.Prevent damage to othercars and pedestrians.57

Bollards Labor intensive.Prevent damage to othercars and pedestrians.Precision layout is amust.57

Bollards Labor intensive.Prevent damage to othercars and pedestrians.Precision layout is amust.Install once layout iscomplete.57

Crosswalks58

Crosswalks Two types:58

Crosswalks 1.Two types:Hatched58

Crosswalks 1.2.Two types:Hatched2’X8’ bars58

Thank you for the opportunity to present today!Have a great day!For more information or questions, contact:303.271.9249www.integratedsnow.comJohn Maldonado, VP Sales59

From Ramsey/Sleeper Architectural Graphic Standards, 9th ed., The American Institute of Architects, 1994. 37 Overhangs Overhang variances are needed where curbs, sidewalks, and signage exist. Overhangs also come into effect where retaining walls are present. From Ramsey/Sleeper Architectural Graphic Standards, 9th ed., The American Institute of Architects, 1994. 38 Vertical Clearance Diagram .

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