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Writing Folder 1

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Cambridge University Press0521608848 - Objective IELTS Student’s BookMichael Black and Annette CapelExcerptMore informationWriting folder 1Task 2 Planning an essayIn Task 2 of both the General Training and Academic Writing Modules candidates have towrite an essay of at least 250 words. You should spend about 40 minutes on this task and itis a good idea to take up to five minutes planning your essay before you start writing.1 Read the two tasks, A and B. Which task would appear on the Academic WritingModule and which on the General Training Writing Module? Why?ABWrite about the following topic.Write about the following topic.Some people believe that professional sportsmenand women are paid too much money nowadays inrelation to their usefulness to society.Do you agree or disagree?Give reasons for your answer and include any relevantexamples from your own knowledge or experience.The amount of sport shown on television everyweek has increased significantly and this ishaving an impact on live sports events.Do you think the benefits of having more televisedsport are greater than the disadvantages?Give reasons for your answer and include any relevantexamples from your own knowledge or experience.Write at least 250 words.Write at least 250 words.2 Here are two possible ways of designing an essay plan. Match eachplan to its task in exercise 1.Mind map:- fewer at live matchestickets cost moregreat varietytelevisedsportsproblem for smaller clubsclose-ups of playersflexible timingParagraph plan:18Para 1Introduction– outline topic– give my basic opinion (agree/disagree)Para 2Salaries / prospects of top sports players– include examples: David Beckham? Martina Navratilova?Para 3Salaries of other 'useful' jobs– doctors– teachers– firefightersPara 4Role of sport in societyPara 5Conclusion– restate my opinion– finish with a strong sentencewriting folder 1 Cambridge University Presswww.cambridge.org

Cambridge University Press0521608848 - Objective IELTS Student’s BookMichael Black and Annette CapelExcerptMore information3 Read this essay and divide it into paragraphscorresponding to the paragraph plan in exercise 2.Cross out any material you consider to beirrelevant or inappropriate. For any paragraph thatlooks too short, decide what needs to be added, bychecking against the plan.How useful are sports players to our society? Do theyearn too much money? This essay will discuss thesequestions. If we consider the top sports players, it istrue that they are paid huge salaries. For example, thefootballer David Beckham earns millions with his club andthen he is paid more money to endorse the products ofvarious sports companies. I wish I could earn a milliondollars by wearing a pair of football boots! Sportsmentend to earn a lot more money than their femaleequivalents. In tennis, Martina Navratilova has won moretitles than the greatest male players but her earningsare probably significantly less. The most useful jobs insociety are those that help people: doctors make peoplebetter when they are sick and teachers prepare a newgeneration for entry into society. Perhaps the most usefuljob of all is that of the firefighter, who saves lives andproperty on a regular basis. Yet firefighters are paid verylittle and often have to do a second job to earn enoughmoney to live on. Other people in society apart fromsports players earn a lot of money. Some businessmen aremillionaires. Sport is undoubtedly one of our main forms ofentertainment today. Even if people don't go to livematches, they watch sport on television, either broadcastlive or the highlights afterwards. However, this doesn'tjustify such large salaries, in my opinion.4 The essay in exercise 3 opens with two ‘rhetorical’questions. Used sparingly, rhetorical questions canbe an effective way of introducing the topic orraising a new point in an essay. Turn these notes fortask B into rhetorical questions, starting with theword given and adding any other words necessary.12345so much sport broadcast Why ?in the best interests of sport Is ?effects of this on players What ?tickets sold at matches How many ?viewers cope with sport overload Can ?5 Look back at the Style extra on time adverbials(page 15). Expressions like these are useful fortask B. Why?6 Write the following sentences under the three taskB headings below. Then add your own ideas.1234567Ticket prices have risen dramatically.Sport has become an important form of entertainment.Smaller clubs have suffered financial losses.Top players can ask for large salaries.Fewer people attend live football matches nowadays.There are more TV channels than ten years ago.Larger football clubs benefit financially from TVrevenue.8 More people have developed an interest in sport.Reasons for growth of televised sportBenefitsDisadvantages7 Now write the first draft of an answer to task B.Try to include some of the information you havejust worked on in exercises 4, 5 and 6. Your essayshould contain five paragraphs, including anintroduction and a conclusion.8 Use the checklist below to make any changesnecessary and then write your final answer.ChecklistHave you answered all aspects of the task? included an introduction and a conclusion? made your paragraphing clear and logical? checked all your material is relevant? used any rhetorical questions? checked your spelling and grammar? written at least 250 words?writing folder 1 Cambridge University Press19www.cambridge.org

Cambridge University Press0521608848 - Objective IELTS Student’s BookMichael Black and Annette CapelExcerptMore information9. 1Old and newSHANGHAI:1 Compare and contrast these two cities, using thephotos for ideas. Focus on architecture,transportation and demography (changes in thepopulation).THE PRESENT ANDTHE FUTURESpeaking Part 22N Read the Part 2 prompt card and listen to therecording. Is everything the candidate says relevantto the task? Is her register appropriate?5Describe a city that you know well.You should say:how big the city iswhat kind of buildings it haswhat transportation is available10and explain what you particularly like or dislikeabout this city.153N Listen again and tick the words you hear. Checkyou understand all the words, using a dictionary utskirtsrapid transit systemsubsidence4 After class, prepare brief notes about a city of yourchoice for the Part 2 task in exercise 2. Practisetalking for at least a minute, and try to use some ofthis useful language from the recording.Useful languageBy . I mean .How can I put it?Of course .60That is to say .To put it another way .It goes without saying that . Obviously .202530Shanghai is now the world’s most denselypopulated city, according to Wu Jiang, deputydirector of the city’s urban planning administrationbureau. ‘Ten million people are living in centralShanghai and another ten in the suburbs. We mademistakes and now we are establishing several plansthat will control the development of newskyscrapers and deal with the problems they havecreated.’ Shanghai has been rising faster andhigher than any city in the history of the world, butthis is proving too much for the ground beneath tobear. ‘Shanghai’s ground condition is very soft,’says architect Kuo-Liang Lee. ‘The rock bed isabout 300 metres from the surface and theunderground water table is higher, only 1.5 metresat most from the surface. There are now more than4,000 buildings over 100 metres tall in Shanghai.That results in extremely severe ground settlement.’This is just one of the reasons why Wu Jiang andhis colleagues are trying to halt the annexation ofShanghai’s skies. Other factors are dearth ofgreenery, serious pollution, inadequate transportand overcrowding on the streets of the city. Amongthe planned solutions are a metro system, a hugemotorway network and an attempt at massivegreening of the choking and dusty streets.Several of the existing skyscrapers are among thetallest human constructions ever built and some ofthem are also among the most impressive inarchitectural terms. The 420-metre-high Jin MaoTower, for example, is an extraordinary skyscraper,emblematic of the successful mingling of westernand eastern styles. It reflects Chinese pagoda design,unit 9 Cambridge University Presswww.cambridge.org

Cambridge University Press0521608848 - Objective IELTS Student’s BookMichael Black and Annette CapelExcerptMore informationReading5 Read the passage quickly without stopping. Underline any words orphrases that are unfamiliar to you as you read. When you have finished,compare your underlinings in groups and discuss possible meaning.about 675 words6 Complete each sentence with the correct ending A–Jfrom the box.Example:0 According to Wu Jiang, the population of Shanghai isEaround 20 million, .1 The architect Kuo-Liang Lee explains that high-riseconstruction is unsustainable in Shanghai .2 Wu Jiang’s department has already discussedproposals .3 The writer approves of the Jin Mao Tower .4 Thomas Chow criticises recent roadbuilding in Pudong.5 Thomas Chow believes the imitation of westernarchitecture has been a mistake .6 One aim behind Wu Jiang’s plans for the orbitaldevelopment of Shanghai is .35404550while at the same time echoing the art deco style ofManhattan’s most beautiful skyscrapers. A hotel occupiesits upper 36 floors and spectacular views are offered onthe 88th floor observation deck, both of the city outsideand looking down the hollow insides of the building – notrecommended for those suffering from vertigo!Alongside these architectural wonders, however, are theless attractive results of the 21st-century buildingboom. Thomas Chow, co-director of the Shanghai-basedSurv architecture and design practice, recentlypresented a paper to the Shanghai Design Biennaleentitled ‘Five Ways to Ruin a City’. In it, he suggestedthat the city’s ill-considered and rapid growth hadmade it barely habitable. ‘In downtown Lujiazhui inPudong, the scale is hostile and everything appears tohave been enlarged on a photocopier; towers aretowering, boulevards are 12 lanes wide (anduncrossable), without any relationship to human scale,ABCDEFGHIJbecause of its hybrid architectural style.for failing to slow down construction rates.to improve the city’s infrastructure.because of its impact on public transport.with half of these living downtown.to persuade city dwellers to relocate.for being alien to residents’ needs.because of the subsidence caused.to negate its effect on pollution levels.due to its lessening of Shanghai’s identity.Style extra7Study the way these linking words are used in thepassage. There is practice of them in the Workbook.Other factors Alongside One . another . a thirdAmong Worse yet Thusactivity or urban life,’ he wrote. Worse yet, he argued,Shanghai’s character was being obliterated in favour ofcheap and tacky design solutions without creativity orsoul. In Chow’s view, ‘The market’s rapid pace ofwholesale importation of foreign imagery has resultedin a scary, perverse and at times ridiculous trend ofturning modern cities into Disney-lands. The urbanlandscape is being littered with wholesale copies andreplications of foreign styles.’Wu Jiang wants to change all that. He talks excitedly ofreducing plot ratios and making central Shanghai greenand pleasant. ‘If we want Shanghai to be the best cityin the world, it’s impossible to carry on with this kindof building. You can’t reduce that density throughpolitical power. You have to make it attractive forpeople to leave and live in new cities nearby.’ And so,on the outskirts of Shanghai, connected by massivenew motorways and rapid transit railways, ten newcities, each of one million people and each with tensatellite towns of 200,000 people, are being built.One, New Harbour City, will have the biggest docksin the world; another, An Ting, will be a huge carmanufacturing city; a third, called Song Jiang, willbe a university centre.60657075Thus Shanghai hopes to build itself out of the problemthat it has built itself into. At a pace unparalleled inthe rest of the world, it is again racing down the trackto a brighter future.old and new Cambridge University Press5561www.cambridge.org

Cambridge University Press0521608848 - Objective IELTS Student’s BookMichael Black and Annette CapelExcerptMore information9. 21 Where were the world’s first cities established? Using the picturesabove and the words below, describe favoured locations and explaintheir advantages to early settlers.agriculture defensive positionresources trading centreinvaderirrigationquestions 1–9 with words youhear in the recording.riveN Then listen and answeris r2 You are going to hear part of alecture on the ancient Sumeriancities of Ur and Uruk. Beforeyou listen, read the summarybelow and decide whatinformation you need to listenfor to fill the spaces.grTiListeninglivestockMediterranean SeaEuphratesriverUrukUrComplete the summary below.Write NO MORE THAN ONE WORDAND/OR A NUMBER for eachanswer.UrThe excavations of Ur led by Leonard Woolley (1922 – 1 .) revealed that Urwas founded over 2 . years ago. Its inhabitants were among the earliest peopleto bring water and 3 . under their control.Away from the river, conditions made it difficult to 4 . everyone. As thepopulation increased, the inhabitants needed to get more supplies through 5 . .The world’s first writing system arose in Ur to record how much 6 . they had.UrukPopulation exceeded 7 . (compared to 34,000 in Ur at the same time).Uruk was known as the 8 . city.Uruk was actually two cities combined: Kullab and Eanna, the 9 . centre.62unit 9 Cambridge University Presswww.cambridge.org

Cambridge University Press0521608848 - Objective IELTS Student’s BookMichael Black and Annette CapelExcerptMore informationVocabulary Word building3 Complete these extracts from the recording with aword related to a word from the ndsettleextensiveFrom the .work ofWoolley and his team .1 One of the most important .projects ever undertaken .2 Ur was . located close to theEuphrates and Tigris rivers.3 Its first . would have been selfsufficient.4 Ur was an important . ,religious and commercial centre.5 Ur-Nammu established his kingship in Ur and its. .Grammar Inversion4 The beginning of this sentence from the recordingcontains ‘inversion’.Hardly had the Third Dynasty begun when it wasbrought to an abrupt end by invaders.4 the ticket price rise / would be imposed / it wasannounced / had been implemented / when /a further 5% increase (Hardly)6 Join the ideas in 1–7 and a–g using Not only . andadding a word or phrase from the box.a furtherEXAMPLE:alsoas welltoo1 c Not only did Paris put in a bid for the2012 Olympics, Madrid did too.1 Paris put in a bid for the 2012 Olympics.2 The city of Bogotá has got an excellent bus service.3 10 million inhabitants live in the centre ofShanghai.4 There are a lot of art galleries in London.5 High-rise buildings can lack style and originality.6 The ancient city of Ur was built beside theEuphrates river.7 Siena offers visitors a historic centre.abcdefg10 million live in its suburbs.It was close to the Tigris.Madrid did.The countryside nearby is very beautiful.There are several museums.They are sometimes poorly constructed.It encourages the use of bicycles wherever possible.7 Instead of the example in exercise 6, we could say:What is the stylistic effect of starting the sentencein this way, instead of saying:Paris put in a bid for the 2012 Olympics and so didMadrid.The Third Dynasty had hardly begun when .Join these sentences in the same way.Here are some more examples of inversion.Underline the subject and describe its position ineach sentence.1 The train drivers are on strike. The bus driversare on strike.2 The Tokyo flight took off on time. The Taipeiflight took off on time.3 Madrid has a metro. Bilbao has a metro.4 I can take the metro. You can take the metro.5 John should walk to work. I should walk to work.6 Kiosks sell bus tickets. Subway stations sell bustickets.1 Not only was Ur the world’s first city, it was alsothe home of the earliest writing system.2 Little did I know Chris had already bought ticketsfor the match as a surprise for me.3 In front of the ancient doorway stands a stone lion.G page 1405 Put the following sentences in order, starting withthe adverbs given in brackets.EXAMPLE:the new bridge / had to be declared /before / unsafe / had been used / it(Barely)Barely had the new bridge been usedbefore it had to be declared unsafe.1 Tom wanted to / than / we / walk to the castle/had got back to the hotel (No sooner)2 I / walking around a city / as safe as this / late atnight / had felt (Seldom)3 they / the office / had entered / the phone startedringing / when (Scarcely)8 If the first half of the sentence contains a negativeverb form, you must use neither or nor. Formsentences using the information in brackets.EXAMPLE:The Pisa flight wasn’t full. (Rome)The Pisa flight wasn’t full and neither wasthe Rome one.The Pisa flight wasn’t full, nor was theRome one.1 I hadn’t been to Prague before. (Dominic)2 The school can’t provide parking spaces. (thesports centre)3 You won’t be in time for the next train. (I)4 Fortunately, the car wasn’t damaged. (my bike)old and new Cambridge University Press63www.cambridge.org

Cambridge University Press0521608848 - Objective IELTS Student’s BookMichael Black and Annette CapelExcerptMore informationTest folder 5Multiple choice(Academic Reading, General TrainingReading and Listening Modules)If you have to choose one answer, therewill be three options (in the ListeningModule, and occasionally in Reading) orfour options (only in Reading).If you have to choose more than oneanswer, there will be more options. In thiscase, the order of your answers isn’timportant: for example, if the answers areA, C, D, and you write D, A, C, they willstill be counted as correct.Each question normally focuses on one partof the passage. However, in the ReadingModules you may be asked one multiplechoice question about the whole passage.The questions follow the order ofinformation in the passage.The options usually do not follow theorder of information in the passage.The questions and options are normallyparaphrases of the passage.AdviceAll modules Read the instructions carefully.Note how many answers arerequired for each question. Read the first question. Look or listenfor the relevant part of the passage.Read or listen carefully, consideringall the options. Consider the options in relation tothe question. In some cases anoption may be true, but does notanswer the question. Eliminateoptions by putting a cross (X)beside them when you are sure theyare wrong. Always choose only the requirednumber of options for each question. Make sure you answer everyquestion – you won’t lose marks forwrong answers.64Listening1 N This passage is similar to those in Section 4 of the ListeningModule.Questions 1–6Choose the correct letter, A, B or C.1 Rich people have been known to live in suburbsA at least since the 6th century BC.B since the 1st century BC.C only in modern times.2 During the Middle Ages and Renaissance, LondonA encouraged poor people to move to the edge of the city.B expand

Cambridge University Press 0521608848 - Objective IELTS Student’s Book Michael Black and Annette Capel Excerpt More information. writing folder 1 19 3 Read this essay and divide it into paragraphs corresponding to the paragraph plan in exercise 2. . . 2