GIS: A Tool For Water Conservation Planning & Tracking - PNWS-AWWA

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GIS: A Tool For Water Conservation Planning & Tracking Rachel Lanigan, PE CarolloTemplateWaterWave.pptx Jill Hoyenga (EWEB)

CarolloTemplateWaterWave.pptx Why use GIS for Water Conservation? It tells us: Important customer conservation characteristics Where to target specific water conservation measures 2

CarolloTemplateWaterWave.pptx Eugene Water and Electric Board (EWEB) 3

Seasonal Water Use Monthly Indoor vs. Outdoor Water Use 1,800 Water Use (MG/mo) 1,600 1,400 1,200 1,000 800 Outdoor 600 Avg Indoor 400 200 CarolloTemplateWaterWave.pptx 0 4

Project Goals CarolloTemplateWaterWave.pptx Tailor EWEB’s Water Conservation Program to prioritize conservation measures according to areas of greatest potential Project Objectives: 1. Identify potential water conservation still remaining; 2. Evaluate water conservation measures appropriate to EWEB; 3. Provide GIS tool for evaluating conservation and future planning. 5

EWEB GIS Tool Goals CarolloTemplateWaterWave.pptx – Spatially identify conservation potential – Estimate water use budgets – Integrate demands with master planning – Water use tracking – Conservation program tracking 6

GIS Tool Methodology & Analysis CarolloTemplateWaterWave.pptx GIS Inputs Consumption Inputs GIS Analysis Consumption Analysis GIS Outputs GIS GIS Tool Output TOOL s 7

Inputs (aka “the Wish List”) Basemap (GIS) CarolloTemplateWaterWave.pptx Conservation Program Participation Water Use Benchmarks GIS TOOL Consumption Data 8

What data sources did we have to start with? Available data sources CarolloTemplateWaterWave.pptx – GIS – Water Billing Data – Conservation Studies GIS Inputs – Taxlots (Base) – Land Use – Pervious Surface (Residential Only) – Building Footprints – Pressure Zones – Water Accounts – Benchmarks 9

CarolloTemplateWaterWave.pptx Data Challenges: duplicate parcels with different taxlot IDs Also Duplicate Taxlot IDs 10

Data Challenges: Multiple Land Use types per Taxlot ID CarolloTemplateWaterWave.pptx 30 to 5 land use classifications 11

CarolloTemplateWaterWave.pptx Data Challenge: Pervious Area Calculated for Some Properties 12

CarolloTemplateWaterWave.pptx Data Challenge: Building footprints were digitized from older aerial photos 13

CarolloTemplateWaterWave.pptx Data Challenge: Building footprints overlapped taxlot boundaries 14

Lastly, we connected water accounts and assigned the pressure zone CarolloTemplateWaterWave.pptx 31 Pressure Zones 15

GIS Tool Methodology & Analysis CarolloTemplateWaterWave.pptx GIS Inputs GIS Analysis GIS Outputs Consumption Inputs 16

GIS Outputs Become Conservation Inputs Lot Acreage Total area Year Built New Standards Old Standards Pervious Area Outdoor Water Use CarolloTemplateWaterWave.pptx Water Account Data Historical Usage Land Use Commercial Industrial Institutional Residential Building Square Footage Indoor Water Use 17

GIS Tool Methodology & Analysis CarolloTemplateWaterWave.pptx GIS Inputs Consumption Inputs GIS Analysis GIS Outputs Consumption Analysis 18

Conservation Potential – Indoor Indoor Water Use CarolloTemplateWaterWave.pptx - Outdoor Water Use Current Water Use (gpd) Current Water Use (gpd) Benchmark Water Use (gpd) Irrigation Water Budget (gpd) Indoor Conservation Potential - Outdoor Conservation Potential 19

Indoor Water Use Conservation Potential was estimated by Benchmarks CarolloTemplateWaterWave.pptx – Residential Benchmark - gallons per day per account – Hotels, Restaurants, Offices, Grocery Stores, Offices, and Schools Benchmark – gallons per day per square foot – All Other Customer Types Benchmark - based on percentage Ranges from13-49% – Based on literature 20

Outdoor Water Use Conservation Potential was estimated by Water Use Budget – Pervious Acreage Developed in geospatial analysis – Crop Coefficient % area covered in crops Agreed on by client Generally 60%, parks and golf courses 100% CarolloTemplateWaterWave.pptx – Evapotranspiration Value 4.94 inches in August in Eugene, Oregon Water Use Budget (Acreage) x (Crop Coefficient) x (ET Value) 21

Analysis Outputs 2012 Outdoor CarolloTemplateWaterWave.pptx 2012 Indoor 2012 Indoor Target Account Data Geospatial Analysis Conservation Benchmarks 2012 Outdoor Target Potential Conservation Savings Per Taxlot 22

GIS Tool Output Benchmarks Conservation Program Participation Consumption Data GIS TOOL CarolloTemplateWaterWave.pptx Basemap (GIS) Spatial Conservation Potential 23

CarolloTemplateWaterWave.pptx Tool Results – Indoor Cons Potential 24

Tool Results – Outdoor Cons Potential CarolloTemplateWaterWave.pptx Insert spreadsheet and maps/graphics here 25

CarolloTemplateWaterWave.pptx Resulting Total Potential Customer Type Indoor Conservation Potential (MGY) Outdoor Conservation Potential (MGD) SFR 217 0 MFR 79 1.66 Commercial 120 2.08 Institutional 51 0.71 Industrial 108 0 Irrigation N/A 0 Other 33 1.05 Total 608 5.49 Percent of Current Water Use 13% 15% 26

Lessons Learned Start with your “Wish List” – Identify your data gaps – What other agency has the data you need? Results are only as good as your input data – GIS base & water billing data linkage needs to be maintained & updated Roll with the punches CarolloTemplateWaterWave.pptx – Don’t let the data issues get in the way of completing a high quality project Document your data assumptions & methodology 27

GIS Tool Growth and Expansion Potential Data and sources to improve GIS Tool – Imagery analysis to improve impervious/pervious surface and building footprint analysis – Add additional features from the Inputs “Wish List” Single-Family Residential number of bathrooms & bedrooms Retrofit of low-flow fixtures and appliances CII Building Area (sf) CarolloTemplateWaterWave.pptx GIS Tool Future Updates – Track conservation efforts – Recalculate conservation potential Tie into demand planning 28

CarolloTemplateWaterWave.pptx Questions 29

CarolloTemplateWaterWave.pptx Water Conservation Recommendations Measure Lifespan (years) Volume Savings Amortized Cost per 1,000 Gallons Irrigation Controller Rebate 10 37 gpd 1.59 Soil Moisture Sensor Rebate 20 10 gpd 0.16 Efficient Sprinkler Rebate 5 3.5 gpd 1.09 Pressure Regulating Spray Head Rebate Ukn 3.5 gpd 1.09 Sprinkler Check Valve Rebate Ukn Variable Variable Drip Irrigation Retrofit Rebate 10 to 30 48 gpd 0.96 WaterSense High Efficiency Toilet 20 11 gpd 0.63 Single Pass Cooling Retrofit Variable 80-95% Variable ENERGY STAR Clothes Washer 12 to 14 19 gpd 4.81 Water Smart Readers 10 17 gpd 0.89 Leak Detection and Repair n/a 4.2 gpd 5.08 Pressure Reducing Valves 35 Variable Variable 30

Estimated Conservation Potential – Indoor Water Use CarolloTemplateWaterWave.pptx Customer 2011 Number Historic Indoor Indoor Water Conservation Type of Customers Water Use Use Benchmark Potential (gpd/account) (gpd/account) (MGY) SFR 51,315 132 120 217 MFR 3,899 559 504 79 Customer Type Historic Indoor Water Use (MGY) Conservation Weighted Reduction (%) Estimated Efficient Water Use (MGY) Conservation Potential (MGY) Commercial 516 23 396 120 Institutional 306 17 254 51 Industrial 275 39 167 108 Other 265 13 232 33 31

CarolloTemplateWaterWave.pptx Resulting Conservation Potential – Outdoor Water Use Customer Type 2011 Number of Customers SFR 51,315 368 383 0 MFR 3,899 1,048 623 1.66 Commercial 2,751 1,571 814 2.08 Institutional 1,159 3,899 3,290 0.71 Industrial 565 1,394 2,252 0 Irrigation 249 5,122 35,710 0 Other 826 1,925 658 1.05 Total Historic Peak Benchmark Conservation Outdoor Peak Outdoor Potential Water Use Water Use (mgd) (gpd/account) (gpd/account) 5.49 32

GIS Tool Outputs Every property has: Taxlot ID Spatial Location Land Use Type Building Age Pressure Zone Water Account # CarolloTemplateWaterWave.pptx Link to historic water use Water Consumption Analysis Inputs Building Footprint Pervious Area 33

Tailor EWEB's Water Conservation Program to prioritize conservation measures according to areas of greatest potential Project Objectives: 1. Identify potential water conservation still remaining; 2. Evaluate water conservation measures appropriate to EWEB; 3. Provide GIS tool for evaluating conservation and future planning.

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